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Erik Seedhouse, Monday, 9-15-14 September 16, 2014

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Erik Seedhouse, Monday, 9-15-14

http://archived.thespaceshow.com/shows/2316-BWB-2014-09-15.mp3

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Guest:  Erik Seedhouse.  Topics:  Erik’s latest book, “Beyond Human: Engineering Our Future Evolution,” & human modification for long duration spaceflight.  Please direct all comments and questions regarding Space Show programs/guest(s) to the Space Show blog, http://thespaceshow.wordpress.com.  Comments and questions should be relevant to the specific Space Show program. Written Transcripts of Space Show programs are a violation of our copyright and are not permitted without prior written consent, even if for your own use. We do not permit the commercial use of Space Show programs or any part thereof, nor do we permit editing, YouTube clips, or clips placed on other private channels & websites. Space Show programs can be quoted, but the quote must be cited or referenced using the proper citation format. Contact The Space Show for further information. In addition, please remember that your Amazon purchases can help support The Space Show/OGLF. See http://www.onegiantleapfoundation.org/amazon.htm.  For those listening to archives using live365.com and rating the programs, please email me as to why you assign a specific rating to the show. This will help me bring better programming to the audience.

We welcomed Erik Seedhouse back to the program to discuss his latest book “Beyond Human: Engineering Our Future Evolution.”  During the first segment of our 90 minute program, Erik talked about long duration spaceflight and critical issues in radiation and microgravity that he believes may force changes or modifications in humans in order to survive the trips and live on Mars or another celestial location.  He also talked about changes here on Earth such as advances in bioprinting, especially for organs.  Our guest spent lots of time on the radiation challenges, shielding, and the need for possible genetic modification.  Another point he made was for nuclear propulsion to cut the travel time to Mars and other locals down and make the voyage safer.  His favorite advanced propulsion system was Vasimr.  Dr. Rowe called in and brought up his concerns with the cardiovascular  (CV) system in space, a subject Bill has talked about on many Space Show programs.  Erik’s research did not focus on the CV system so he was unable to comment on what Dr. Rowe was discussing.  Next, Erik spoke about muscle atrophy and other microgravity challenges and suggested human modification would address those areas as well.  He also talked about animal and human cloning, then a listener brought up a subject from our recent open lines program re pregnancy, childbirth, and kids in space.  Erik suggested there might be sterilization as a requirement or abortive medication on board.  I commented that this would cause a firestorm with the public, especially on publicly financed missions.

In our second segment, our lead off topic was a Posthuman/Transhuman future.  Erik cited examples and also used the classic movie Gattaca as an example.  Listener Paul sent in an email about the ethics behind what Erik was talking about.  Erik was asked about the lifespan of humans that might live on Mars or the Moon, then Ben asked if long duration spaceflight and humans in space were an economic driver for human genetic engineering.  Erik said no, that it was a very small part of the industry with organ printing as one of the major drivers.  Todd inquired about exercise and this led Erik to talk about genetic screening to select the most qualified people for the spaceflight missions.  As we neared the end of the show, Erik told us about his next book about expeditions, then he talked about Virgin Galactic and XCOR.

Please post your comments/questions on TSS blog.  You can reach Erik through me. Also, when buying the book, use the Amazon OGLF portal so Amazon will contribute to The Space Show.

Open Lines, Sunday, 9-14-14 September 15, 2014

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Open Lines, Sunday, 9-14-14

http://archived.thespaceshow.com/shows/2315-BWB-2014-09-14.mp3

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Guest:  Open Lines with Dr. David Livingston.  Topics:  A variety of space topics were discussed by listeners.  Please direct all comments and questions regarding Space Show programs/guest(s) to the Space Show blog, http://thespaceshow.wordpress.com.  Comments and questions should be relevant to the specific Space Show program. Written Transcripts of Space Show programs are a violation of our copyright and are not permitted without prior written consent, even if for your own use. We do not permit the commercial use of Space Show programs or any part thereof, nor do we permit editing, YouTube clips, or clips placed on other private channels & websites. Space Show programs can be quoted, but the quote must be cited or referenced using the proper citation format. Contact The Space Show for further information. In addition, please remember that your Amazon purchases can help support The Space Show/OGLF. See http://www.onegiantleapfoundation.org/amazon.htm.  For those listening to archives using live365.com and rating the programs, please email me as to why you assign a specific rating to the show. This will help me bring better programming to the audience.

Today’s Open Lines discussion covered lots of topics with a variety of callers in each segment.  During the first segment of the 2 hour 10 minute program, I started off with a clarification regarding the recent program with Dan Adamo and range safety issues for Brownsville, TX.  Michael Listner was our first caller.  He updated us on the AF-SpaceX litigation, then he spoke about the need to develop a US version of the RD-180 rocker motor. He referenced this Aviation Week article, http://aviationweek.com/space/engine-makers-pushing-am-other-technologies-rd-180-replacement.  I asked Michael for a Code of Conduct update and he also updated us on the Asteroid Bill proposed in the House.  Next, Doug called in to talk about his recent telecom presentation on his “Space Psychology: Space Settlers In Confined Quarters ” PPT on his Cislunarone.com site.  He presented a few slides to us, then I suggested he schedule a full Space Show for this discussion. You can download his Power Point at http://www.cislunarone.com/psychology.ppt.  Some of the issues Doug raised focused on childbirth & pregnancy, & child development in space.  This discussion prompted additional comments by others including a call from Marshall later in the second segment.

In the second segment, Kelly called to talk about the upcoming bid announcement for commercial crew re the NASA down select process. Kelly is working on Dream Chaser and had some interesting comments about Dream Chaser as well as the competition.  Kelly favored Boeing and SNC.  Doug emailed Kelly to ask about Dream Chaser for suborbital flight, then the topic of orbital servicing came up for Dream Chaser.  Gerry Williams from San Diego called us to talk about his Mars Movie Guide which you can find at http://marsmovieguide.com.  We talked about classic Mars sci-fi films as well as the newer Mars films. I asked him about the first ever Mars film which was a five minute 1910 film “A Trip To Mars” made by the Thomas Edison group. You can view this silent film at http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=np7VImsSMQM.  I strongly suggest you take a look at it. Thanks to Gerry for bringing this and other information to our attention.  Our last caller was SLS John to  talk about the NASA down select process.  I got him to give us his prediction for the winners:  SpaceX & Dream Chaser.  John also opined on the RD-180 engine and then he questioned the possibility of a change in the speed of light given our recent program with Louise Riofrio.

Please post comments/questions on The Space Show blog.  You can reach any of the participants through me at drspace@thespaceshow.com.

Rob Godwin, Friday, 9-12-14 September 13, 2014

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Rob Godwin, Friday, 9-12-14

http://archived.thespaceshow.com/shows/2314-BWB-2014-09-12.mp3

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Guest:  Robert (Rob) Godwin.  Topics:  We discussed the new ApogeePrime book “2001: The Heritage And Legacy Of The Space Odyssey” & more.  Please direct all comments and questions regarding Space Show programs/guest(s) to the Space Show blog, http://thespaceshow.wordpress.com.  Comments and questions should be relevant to the specific Space Show program. Written Transcripts of Space Show programs are a violation of our copyright and are not permitted without prior written consent, even if for your own use. We do not permit the commercial use of Space Show programs or any part thereof, nor do we permit editing, YouTube clips, or clips placed on other private channels & websites. Space Show programs can be quoted, but the quote must be cited or referenced using the proper citation format. Contact The Space Show for further information. In addition, please remember that your Amazon purchases can help support The Space Show/OGLF. See http://www.onegiantleapfoundation.org/amazon.htm.  For those listening to archives using live365.com and rating the programs, please email me as to why you assign a specific rating to the show. This will help me bring better programming to the audience.

We welcomed back to our program Rob Godwin to discuss his new book, “2001: the Heritage And Legacy Of The Space Odyssey.”  During the first segment of our 90 minute program, Rob began by paying tribute to the late Fred Ordway, co-author of the book as Fred recently passed away.  Fred was also the technical advisor on the movie “2001: A Space Odyssey” so Rob spent some time discussing his role, the contacts he had in the global aerospace industry to help make the film accurate, even in the future.  Rob explained the structure of the book with the first two parts coming from Fred and the third part contributed by Rob.  Early in the segment, I asked Rob why this movie still had such a large following and appeal.  Listen to Rob’s explanation.  Why do you think this movie remains so popular today?  Rob talked at length throughout our discussion about Fred’s contacts and he even told stories about Fred getting the latest lunar photos from the Soviet Union and a leading French observatory to help assure the film would not be out of date at release time.  Our guest also talked about Sir Arthur Clarke, his role in the early days of the British Interplanetary Society (BIS) and his work with the director, Stanley Kubrick.  Rob went back in time when discussing the first two segments of the book to talk about classic space themed science fiction movies and books.  If this interests you, listen to the program with pen and paper so you can jot them down to find them online at a later date.  In talking about these old classics, Rob showed us how 2001 and later movies were built upon the themes, story lines, and even the special effects of many of these old classics.  Listeners had lots of questions.  Todd wanted to know about the movies impact on our actual space program.  Another asked Rob about the movie’s impact on the NewSpace community. Ben wanted to know about the “hidden & deep meaning” of 2001 movie.  As the segment was ending, we talked about Star Wars, Star Trek & other movies in context with 2001.  Rob hit on  Clarke’s “The Lost Worlds of 2001″ as to how he explained the meaning of the movie.

In the second segment, we talked about buying the book at http://www.apogeeprime.com. Rob also told us about an upcoming special event at the IAC in Toronto to honor Fred Ordway and a possible US touring exhibit related to the book and film.  Listeners asked about modern space sci fi films including Gravity & Prometheus, then the discussion returned to Star Trek and the introduction of the idea of suspended animation in film.  Listeners kept bringing up other sci fi films for discussion and Rob stressed the importance of the early& classic work by Voltaire, “Micromegas.” This is a free download at http://www.gutenberg.org/ebooks/30123.  The final part of our discussion focused on classic space TV and movie serials.

Please post your comments/questions on TSS blog above.  You can contact Rob Godwin through the ApogeePrime website or me.

John Batchelor Hotel Mars, Wednesday, 9-10-14 September 11, 2014

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John Batchelor Hotel Mars, Wednesday, 9-10-14

http://archived.thespaceshow.com/shows/2313-BWB-2014-09-10.mp3

Featuring Matt Wallace, Mars 2020 Deputy Program Manager

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Guests: John Batchelor, Matt Wallace, Dr. David Livingston. Topics: Mars 2020 Rover program.   You are invited to comment, ask questions, and discuss the Space Show program/guest(s) on the Space Show blog. Comments, questions, and any discussion must be relevant and applicable to Space Show programming. Written Transcripts of Space Show programs are not permitted without prior written consent from The Space Show (even if for personal use) & are a violation of the Space Show copyright. We do not permit the commercial use of any Space Show program or part thereof, nor do we permit Space Show programs to be edited, placed on YouTube, or other private channels & websites. Space Show programs can be quoted in news articles, papers, academic & research work but must be cited or referenced in the proper citation format. Contact Dr. Livingston for questions about our copyright and trademark policies which we do enforce. This program is archived on The Space Show website, podcasting, and blog sites with permission from John Batchelor. Please visit the John Batchelor Show website for more information about this fine program, www.johnbatchelorshow.com.  Remember, your Amazon Purchases Can Help Support The Space Show/OGLF (www.onegiantleapfoundation.org/amazon.htm).  For those of you listening to archives on live365.com & rating the programs, please email me the reasons for your rating. This will definitely help improve Space Show programming. Thank you.

 

We welcomed Matthew (Matt) Wallace, the Deputy Project Manager for Mars 2020, to discuss the Mars 2020 Rover Project and future Mars rover missions. We talked about similarities and improvements from the Curiosity rover including wheel changes.  The landing site selection process was talked about as the team now has over 50 possible landing sites to consider.  Mars 2020 will carry with it tools to search for organics and signs of past life and more.  The Mars Sample Return Mission was talked about, including a short brief on how Mars 2020 will capture and save possible sample return items.  Our guest also described in brief detail the rover’s capabilities to look for organics & signs of life with the use of a laser tool

 

Please post any comments/questions you might have on The Space Show blog. You can contact any of  us through .

Dan Adamo, Tuesday, 9-14-14 September 10, 2014

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Dan Adamo, Tuesday, 9-14-14

http://archived.thespaceshow.com/shows/2312-BWB-2014-09-09.mp3

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Guest:  Dan Adamo.  Topic:  Range safety issues at the proposed Brownsville, Texas spaceport plus much more.  Please direct all comments and questions regarding Space Show programs/guest(s) to the Space Show blog, http://thespaceshow.wordpress.com.  Comments and questions should be relevant to the specific Space Show program. Written Transcripts of Space Show programs are a violation of our copyright and are not permitted without prior written consent, even if for your own use. We do not permit the commercial use of Space Show programs or any part thereof, nor do we permit editing, YouTube clips, or clips placed on other private channels & websites. Space Show programs can be quoted, but the quote must be cited or referenced using the proper citation format. Contact The Space Show for further information. In addition, please remember that your Amazon purchases can help support The Space Show/OGLF. See http://www.onegiantleapfoundation.org/amazon.htm.  For those listening to archives using live365.com and rating the programs, please email me as to why you assign a specific rating to the show. This will help me bring better programming to the audience.

We welcomed back to the show Dan Adamo to discuss his paper, “Range Safety Implications for Brownsville, Texas Launches To Earth Orbit.”  You can freely download the paper by registering for at http://www.spaceenterpriseinstitute.org.  During the first segment of our 2 hour program, Dan started out telling us why he did the calculations and wrote this paper.  Next and for the balance of the discussion, we talked about range safety issues, the enforcing organization which is the FAA, the Brownsville EIR, SpaceX launches & how they might work given the range safety constraints that may be applied to this launch site.  As you will hear, Brownsville is a completely new launch site with zero history or data behind it so as Dan said, it might have been very easy to overlook or even defer the analysis regarding range safety issues.  Also note that Dan said range safety issues are not concerned with the normal or the nominal ground track.  The range safety rules consider what may go wrong and who might be impacted by a failed launch, even if it might be rare that such an incident would happen.  In response to email questions, Dan said that range safety issues apply to the launch regardless of destination though clearly they can limit the choice of destination as in the case of limitations from Brownsville to the ISS. Dan does a good job of explaining this in the first segment and throughout our discussion. He also addressed listener questions regarding a possible difference in the range safety rules for cargo/satellite launches & human launches.  Another issue that came up questioned if FAA range safety rules would be applicable to a private spaceport in the same way for a government launch center like the Cape, KSC, or Vandenberg.  Dan said yes and explained the reasoning behind range safety rules.  Joe emailed in about range safety for Russian launches, then as the segment ended, our guest addressed launching from other parts of the Texas Gulf Coast which he said presented similar constraints as Brownsville.

In the second segment, Alan asked Dan if he would write a simple primer for orbital dynamics to help the untrained person understand the issues better.  Dan will be considering doing that.  The question came up if SpaceX rockets would be required to use explosives on board for a destruct command or if the termination of thrust in a problem launch could be handled by other means.  Dan got specific questions about the EIR and a possible Falcon Heavy launch as well as Falcon 9 launches.  As we neared the end of the show, the subject of reusability came up and then the sparks flew as listeners did not like what Dan said and which I supported.  For the most part, the controversy arose because Dan suggested that some customers may not want to pay for the launches of others through reusability and in fact may need more lift from the rocket or more fuel on board their satellite.  Reusability requires putting extra mass for hardware and fuel on the rocket, not the customer’s payload.  He noted that several Falcon 9 launches had already been made without the reusable hardware.  I supported this economically & suggested that as we move toward a fully commercial launch market, customers will buy the launch that meets their needs.  Some may be OK with the lower launch costs and less payload capacity while others may need all the fuel they can get on their satellite or all the launch power they can get to put their heavy payload into the right orbit.  I made an analogy to the trucking industry where people rent or buy the type and size of truck they need to get the job done & suggested this would emerge for our launch industry in the future.  Listeners objected, remained focused only on lower launch costs & not customer requirements. Several listeners sent in strongly worded emails of disagreement with Dan and me for our comments.   Both Dan and I said over and over again we supported SpaceX in its reusability work and were glad they were doing this work.  We only suggested that the economic of it were still unknown but that would likely change fair soon given the success SpaceX is having with its R&D for reusability.   Still, this did not set well with some listeners.

If you have questions/comments please post them on TSS blog above.  Even your critical emails but remember our rules for civility.  Ideas are fair game, w e do not permit character assassination or name calling.  If you want to disagree with Dan, do so with civility.  Also, if you do want to disagree, brings facts to the discussion as that is always better than just ideas without supporting information to backup the ideas.  You can email Dan Adamo through me.  Be sure to download his paper and read it.

Dr. Kim Binsted, Simon Engler-HI-SEAS-Monday, 9-8-14 September 9, 2014

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Dr. Kim Binsted, Simon Engler-HI-SEAS-Monday, 9-8-14

http://archived.thespaceshow.com/shows/2311-BWB-2014-09-08.mp3

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Guests:  Dr. Kim Binsted, Simon Engler.  Topics:  We discussed the Hawaiian Space Exploration Analog and Simulation (HI-SEAS) project.  Please direct all comments and questions regarding Space Show programs/guest(s) to the Space Show blog, http://thespaceshow.wordpress.com.  Comments and questions should be relevant to the specific Space Show program. Written Transcripts of Space Show programs are a violation of our copyright and are not permitted without prior written consent, even if for your own use. We do not permit the commercial use of Space Show programs or any part thereof, nor do we permit editing, YouTube clips, or clips placed on other private channels & websites. Space Show programs can be quoted, but the quote must be cited or referenced using the proper citation format. Contact The Space Show for further information. In addition, please remember that your Amazon purchases can help support The Space Show/OGLF. See http://www.onegiantleapfoundation.org/amazon.htm.  For those listening to archives using live365.com and rating the programs, please email me as to why you assign a specific rating to the show. This will help me bring better programming to the audience.

We welcomed Dr. Kim Binsted and Simon Engler to the show to discuss the Hawaiian Space Exploration Analog and Simulation (HI-SEAS) project.  During the first segment of our 90 minute show, Dr. Binsted and Simon introduced us to the HI-SEAS project, described its ideal location in Hawaii, and the physical site itself.  Simon was on the first mission which was a four month simulation.  He described the simulation, his experiences and perspectives throughout our discussion.  Kim also described her FMARS at Devon Island experiences in this segment.  We learned that for the HI-SEAS projects, the first focus was on food and the food system which they explained in detail.   Crew dynamics were discussed  plus our guests took us through the crew screening process.  Also talked about were crew issues, conflict resolution and crew leadership.   I asked about the relevance of analog research to a real Mars mission then our guests brought up the need to retire risks, especially team risks.  Mars One came up as did a listener question asking if the Mars simulation was applicable to the Moon.  Another listener asked how talking about HI-SEAS and Mars simulation went over with the non-space community and did they think humans to Mars was important.  Hawaii as a space state was discussed along with issues based on possible conflicts with sacred Hawaiian culture.   More questions came in about the food used for the simulations, the crew cooking, and resupply.

In the second segment, we talked about opportunistic research plus comparisons of HI-SEAS to Biosphere.  I inquired about their using submarines as models which they did in their basic habitat research plus Kim shared with us a prison story as a prison can also be a model for habitat simulations.  Judy asked a question about spiritual life and connections while on the habitat and the simulation.  Note how our guests responded to this question.  We talked about the crew EVA missions, spacesuits, and possible gender differences on the missions.  Doug sent in a note about crew cohesion, the possibility of a single gender crew, and issues of flirting, jealousy, etc.  Don’t miss both Kim’s and Simon’s discussion on this subject.  Simon did say he thought the relationships were like brother-sister on his simulation.  Crew medical concerns and issues came up as did the habitat systems and the crew developing their own strategies and protocols for dealing with issues.  Todd inquired about an exercise routine similar to what might be done on a Mars mission, then Doug emailed again about life support issues & recycling for the simulation.

Please post your comments/questions on TSS blog above. You can reach either of our guests through me or the HI-SEAS website, http://hi-seas.org.

Louise Riofrio, Sunday, 9-7-14 September 8, 2014

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Louise Riofrio, Sunday, 9-7-14

http://archived.thespaceshow.com/shows/2310-BWB-2014-09-07.mp3

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Guest:  Louise Riofrio.  Topics:  Her book “The Speed of Light,”  the change in the speed of light, lunar return missions, & much more.  Please direct all comments and questions regarding Space Show programs/guest(s) to the Space Show blog, http://thespaceshow.wordpress.com.  Comments and questions should be relevant to the specific Space Show program. Written Transcripts of Space Show programs are a violation of our copyright and are not permitted without prior written consent, even if for your own use. We do not permit the commercial use of Space Show programs or any part thereof, nor do we permit editing, YouTube clips, or clips placed on other private channels & websites. Space Show programs can be quoted, but the quote must be cited or referenced using the proper citation format. Contact The Space Show for further information. In addition, please remember that your Amazon purchases can help support The Space Show/OGLF. See http://www.onegiantleapfoundation.org/amazon.htm.  For those listening to archives using live365.com and rating the programs, please email me as to why you assign a specific rating to the show. This will help me bring better programming to the audience.

We welcomed back to the show Louise Riofrio to discuss her new book, “The Speed of Light.”  Remember that if you order this book through Amazon to use the OGLF Amazon portal so Amazon will make a contribution to TSS.  Instructions are on both The Space Show and our blog’s websites.  For more information, visit Riofrio’ s blog at http://riofriospacetime.blogsot.com. During the first segment of our 91 minute program, Louise told us about new developments and her work since her first Space Show appearance on Oct. 27, 2008.  She told her about her science work and related travels at JSC and her work with the moon rocks.  She also explained how her work with the moon rocks was important to human spaceflight, especially a return lunar mission and an asteroid mission.  She talked about why a lunar return mission was so important for science & why it was better to have astronauts on the mission rather than only robotic.  Out of this discussion came another SLS discussion as Louise pointed out the need for heavy lift for a lunar or any BLEO mission.  I explored her thoughts and opinions on SLS, asking her about the perspectives provided by those not supporting SLS.  In my opinion, Louise put forth excellent arguments in support of SLS during the show.  I even suggested she become the spokesperson for SLS and lunar return missions given how well she articulated and explained the need for SLS.  Louise also spoke about the distance from Earth to the Moon and the lunar orbit, referencing the LLRE (The Lunar Laser Ranging Experiment) from the Apollo era.  She used information from this device in comparison with three other measuring methods to support her theory that the speed of light is slowing down.  Listen to her explanation behind her theory assumptions.  Louise then mentioned the very accurate atomic clock soon to go up to the ISS, ACES (see http://www.esa.int/Our_Activities/Human_Spaceflight/Human_Spaceflight_Research/Atomic_Clock_Ensemble_in_Space_ACES).  She said this would be very helpful in detecting and clarifying the change in the speed of light.  John from Ft. Worth called with several questions and comments about the speed of light.   Next, Paul asked a series of email questions about time travel.

In the second segment, we started off discussing time travel and speed of light changes for a multi-generational human mission.  Louise introduced us to time dilation.  John in Montana asked about GPS timing & the change in the speed of light.   Christine emailed a question about an RTM mission and asked what might change if the speed of light is slowing down.  Next, we talked about Planck units and the equation GM=TC^3 which is the same as M=R=t.  Peer review was discussed as were the challenges of getting new theories introduced into the literature.  As you will hear, old ideas do not go lightly into the dark, so to speak.  Louise then talked about having discovered a lunar orbit anomaly and referenced her paper, “Calculating a Lunar Orbit Anomaly” which you can download at http://www.lpi.usra.edu/meetings/lpsc2013/pdf/2436.pdf.  As the program neared its end, I asked our guest about her idea that there might be a mini black hole in our sun.  Louise told us about her theory & talked in general about mini black holes.  Our last subject dealt with her interest in positive pressure suits for IVA purposes.

If you have comments/questions, please post them on TSS blog. You can reach Louise through her blog or me.

Loretta Hall, Friday, 9-5-14 September 6, 2014

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Loretta Hall, Friday, 9-5-14

http://archived.thespaceshow.com/shows/2309-BWB-2014-09-05.mp3

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Guest:  Loretta Hall;  Topics: We discussed her book “Space Pioneers in their own words” & our early space history.  Please direct all comments & questions regarding Space Show programs/guest(s) to the Space Show blog, http://thespaceshow.wordpress.com.  Comments & questions should be relevant to the specific Space Show program. Written Transcripts of Space Show programs are a violation of our copyright & are not permitted without prior written consent, even if for your own use. We do not permit the commercial use of Space Show programs or any part thereof, nor do we permit editing, YouTube clips, or clips placed on other private channels & websites. Space Show programs can be quoted, but the quote must be cited or referenced using the proper citation format. Contact The Space Show for further information. In addition, please remember that your Amazon purchases can help support The Space Show/OGLF. See http://www.onegiantleapfoundation.org/amazon.htm.  For those listening to archives using live365.com & rating the programs, please email me as to why you assign a specific rating to the show. This will help me bring better programming to the audience.

We welcomed Loretta Hall back to the show to discuss her new book “Space Pioneers in their own words.”  Remember, if you buy this book on Amazon, use the OGLF access so that Amazon will contribute to The Space Show.  Instructions are in all archive summaries on our website & the blog.  For more information, visit both http://www.spacepioneerwords.com & http://www.authorhall.com.  In the first segment of our 90 minute program, Loretta discussed the background of writing this book as well as the oral histories at the New Mexico Museum of Space History (www.nmspacemuseum.org).  I asked our guest for some of her favorite stories & she mentioned Paul Haney, Neil Armstrong & others.  I also asked her about her UFO chapter 17 in the book, “Anyone Else Out There?”  This came up later in the show as well with some very interesting stories including one involving an emerald laser classified experiment with the sound of frogs in the background discussed in detail in the second segment.  We talked lots about the importance of knowing our early space history.  What was fascinating about Loretta’s scholarship & this book was that many of the stories & people featured were those in the background of our early space program as she did not just focus on the top people & the stars we all know.  The emerging commercial & NewSpace industry in New Mexico was also talked about & at times Loretta said that once operational flights begin at the spaceport, the industry may provide the exciting inspiration needed as was the case with many of the early space programs.  BJohn emailed in a question about the New Mexico culture influencing our space program & the possible cultural issues facing a Mars settlement crew.

In the second segment, we again talked about Chapter 17 & we heard more about UFO stories from those involved in our early space history.  Loretta read a few passages from some of the oral histories where people were genuinely concerned about the adverse stigma attached to UFO comments so they were avoided.  Her book covered balloon histories & when asked about connections with our space history & the Old West, mostly what we found out about were rancher disputes with the government over land use, etc.  Later in this segment, we talked about the rocket slide work with John Paul Stapp & Loretta read an interesting quote from him about his famous rocket sled ride.  Loretta was asked to explain the structure of the book, then she relayed a few more stories to us including one about setting up a school at White Sands for the Paper Clip kids plus one of stratosphere ballooning.  These were part of the roles women played in the oral histories in the museum’s research library.

Please post your comments/questions on The Space Show blog above.  You can reach our guest Loretta Hall through her websites or me.

James (Jim) Faist, Tuesday, 9-2-14 September 3, 2014

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James (Jim) Faist, Tuesday, 9-2-14

http://archived.thespaceshow.com/shows/2308-BWB-2014-09-02.mp3

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Guest:  James (Jim) Faist.  Topics:  Military space, commercial space, NASA, launches, military use of cubesats & UAVs.  Please direct all comments and questions regarding Space Show programs/guest(s) to the Space Show blog, http://thespaceshow.wordpress.com.  Comments and questions should be relevant to the specific Space Show program. Written Transcripts of Space Show programs are a violation of our copyright and are not permitted without prior written consent, even if for your own use. We do not permit the commercial use of Space Show programs or any part thereof, nor do we permit editing, YouTube clips, or clips placed on other private channels & websites. Space Show programs can be quoted, but the quote must be cited or referenced using the proper citation format. Contact The Space Show for further information. In addition, please remember that your Amazon purchases can help support The Space Show/OGLF. See http://www.onegiantleapfoundation.org/amazon.htm.  For those listening to archives using live365.com and rating the programs, please email me as to why you assign a specific rating to the show. This will help me bring better programming to the audience.

We welcomed Jim Faist to the program for this 63 minute discussion.  We started our first and only segment by inquiring about military space and possible synergies with commercial space.  Mr. Faist cited communication satellites of all types including Direct TV, high bandwidth space communications platforms and infrastructure, plus the push to deep space.  Our guest talked about the new optical coms with much higher bandwidth.  I asked Jim about the time lags from R&D to military space operations to NASA and civil space, then to commercial space companies.  Jim estimated about 5-8 years to military space and about ten years to civil space.  An email listener asked about DoD launches being able to serve as drivers for NASA and commercial space to increase by increasing the launch rate to drive down launch costs.  We then talked about priorities for military space.  Here, we learned that DOD is very concerned with costs but the priority is the mission.   Costs are just one part of the mission priorities..  In general, DOD likes and wants competition and lower prices are important.  One of the points our guest made was that other space nations can spend more on R&D and new projects than we do as a percentage of their budgets since we have to maintain older technology & infrastructure while others that are newer to space don’t have the legacy issues to support & finance.  This brought up a question by Carl who wanted to know if satellite on orbit servicing was worth it or would it be better to go for the new hardware.  The DOD usage of cubesats came up and we compared cubesats to smallsats and finally to the use of UAVs.  You will find the comparisons interesting.  A listener asked about the SpaceX-Air Force lawsuit.  Here, Jim talked about the process for DOD requirements for confidence in launchers and at one point suggested it might be a ten year long process.  I also asked our guest about our building a new rocket motor to replace the RD-180.  Another question focused on the possible DOD use of SLS and heavy lift.  AF Space Command came up as did responsive space and a comparison of that to UAVs.  We talked about DOD public/private partnerships or joint partnerships with civil/commercial space.  Lunar outposts and cislunar space were mentioned as well as the concept of a Space Guard modeled after the Coast Guard. Near the end, I asked about suborbital space tourism/science missions.  Jim mentioned using sounding rockets to test & flight qualify space hardware.  He thought the suborbitals would be good for that.  TRLs came up again & we talked about the role of the Schafer Corp in military space plus their current need for people & their current hiring needs.  Cubesats came up again, especially concerning enough launches and what it might mean for cubesats if they carry propulsion with them as that makes it hard to fly as a secondary payload.  In response to launch issues, he said it was not enough to just focus on the cubesats, the launch side of the business must also be considered & addressed.

Please post your comments/questions on The Space Show blog.  You can contact Mr. Faist through me or the Schafer Corp website (www.schafercorp.com).

Dr. William (Bill) Rowe, Sunday, 8-31-14 September 1, 2014

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Dr. William (Bill) Rowe, Sunday, 8-31-14

http://archived.thespaceshow.com/shows/2307-BWB-2014-08-31.mp3

Your Amazon Purchases Helps Support TSS/OGLF (see www.onegiantleapfoundation.org/amazon.htm)

If you rate shows on live365.com, email me your rating reasons to help improve the show

Guest:  Dr. William (Bill) Rowe.  Topics:  Cardiovascular & other issues for long duration human spaceflight.  Please direct all comments and questions regarding Space Show programs/guest(s) to the Space Show blog, http://thespaceshow.wordpress.com.  Comments and questions should be relevant to the specific Space Show program. Written Transcripts of Space Show programs are a violation of our copyright and are not permitted without prior written consent, even if for your own use. We do not permit the commercial use of Space Show programs or any part thereof, nor do we permit editing, YouTube clips, or clips placed on other private channels & websites. Space Show programs can be quoted, but the quote must be cited or referenced using the proper citation format. Contact The Space Show for further information. In addition, please remember that your Amazon purchases can help support The Space Show/OGLF. See http://www.onegiantleapfoundation.org/amazon.htm.   For those listening to archives using live365.com and rating the programs, please email me as to why you assign a specific rating to the show. This will help me bring better programming to the audience.

We welcomed Dr. Bill Rowe back to the program to discuss cardiovascular issues for human spaceflight & EVAs, plus many other issues pertaining to long duration spaceflight.  Note that we experienced serious phone line issues with Bill about 12 minutes into the program forcing us to stop for repairs.  Evidently the fiber phone lines now serving Dr. Rowe cause broadcast equipment problems.  Bill was able to go to a neighbor’s house to do the show but you will hear some line issues plus unusual cuts as I spliced together part of his opening to the point we were able to resume with a good phone line.  Once past that point, there were no further phone line issues.  During the first segment of our 2 hour 11 minute program, Dr. Rowe introduced us to his discussion main points and we began using his website for references throughout the show.  It is important to be on his website and go where he points at various times in the discussion (see http://www.femsinspace.com).  While parts of the discussion relied on medical terms and descriptions, our guest did an excellent job of breaking it down for us non-medical types to easily understand the information he was sharing with us.  Among the issues we talked about were cardiac issues that don’t present symptoms, plus the problems with increased adrenalin secretion in the body which happens in space.  Dr. Rowe spent significant time discussing the adrenalin issues citing known astronaut examples.  In fact when talking about the adrenalin levels in space, he said that within five days of being in space the levels are twice that of being on Earth.  Another issue brought up was possible cardiovascular damage for excessive exercise and here he cited the research projects he had been involved in with marathon running athletes.  He strongly suggested the use of regularly taken electrocardiograms on the crews while in space.  Next, Dr. Rowe talked about EVA issues, specifically cooling.  He explained other risks and made the case for future robotic EVA missions instead of human mission.  Before the segment ended, he had much to say about exercise in space.

In our second segment, Bill reviewed for us his comments on oxidative stress and suggested we follow along with his website submarine model, http://www.femsinspace.com/Oxidative_stress.htm.  A listener then emailed in that the ISS did have an ultrasound on board which could be used for the purposes Dr. Rowe suggested (see http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/station/research/benefits/ultrasound.html).  Bill talked more about lunar dust toxicity plus magnesium and calcium usage in space and in general.  He referenced former astronaut Jim Irwin losing consciousness for a brief time on the Moon & he provided the reference for that fact.  Rodent research on the ISS was discussed, then he got a listener question about possible different health standards for government trained and fit astronauts as compared to space tourists and possible private sector astronauts.  Near the end of our discussion, space tourism came up and he pointed out risks for the middle age, overweight segment of the space tourism market.  Bill spoke to pharmaceutical use in space and the issues with it.  Just before ending our discussion, he pointed out that for Mars he thought an all female crew was best given the advantages they have over men.  He did explain his comment.

If you have comments/questions, post them on TSS blog above.  You can reach Dr. Rowe through his website or me.

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