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John Batchelor Hotel Mars, Wednesday, 4-16-14 April 17, 2014

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John Batchelor Hotel Mars, Wednesday, 4-16-14

http://archived.thespaceshow.com/shows/2230-BWB-2014-04-16.mp3

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Guests: John Batchelor, Dr. Haym Benaroya, Dr. David Livingston. Topics: NASA LADEE Mission. You are invited to comment, ask questions, and discuss the Space Show program/guest(s) on the Space Show blog. Comments, questions, and any discussion must be relevant and applicable to Space Show programming. Written Transcripts of Space Show programs are not permitted without prior written consent from The Space Show (even if for personal use) & are a violation of the Space Show copyright. We do not permit the commercial use of any Space Show program or part thereof, nor do we permit Space Show programs to be edited, placed on YouTube, or other private channels & websites. Space Show programs can be quoted in news articles, papers, academic & research work but must be cited or referenced in the proper citation format. Contact Dr. Livingston for questions about our copyright and trademark policies which we do enforce.  This program is archived on The Space Show website, podcasting, and blog sites with permission from John Batchelor. Please visit the John Batchelor Show website for more information about this fine program, www.johnbatchelorshow.com. Remember, your Amazon Purchases Can Help Support The Space Show/OGLF (www.onegiantleapfoundation.org/amazon.htm). For those of you listening to archives on live365.com & rating the programs, please email me the reasons for your rating. This will definitely help improve Space Show programming. Thank you.

We welcomed back to Hotel Mars Dr. Haym Benaroya from Rutgers University. Dr. Benaroya discussed the NASA LADEE mission, lunar dust issues, the lunar surface, the importance our astronauts returning to the Moon and the Lunar Dust Experiment which so far has proven to be inconclusive regarding the questions it was to solve. Dr. Benaroya went over the toxic and corrosive nature of lunar dust to both humans and equipment, had similar things to say about Martian dust, and talked about how important it is for us to go back to the Moon. He also made the point that we should have a permanent settlement on the Moon and not just use it as a way station stepping stone to Mars, abandoning it again once we are on Mars. The three of us discussed the LADEE project in detail (as much detail as we could in this short segment). We also talked about its end which should come April 21 by crashing into the far side of the Moon.

Please post any comments/questions you might have on The Space Show blog. You can contact any of us through drspace@thespaceshow.com.

John Batchelor Show Hotel Mars with Marcia Smith, Wednesday, 4-9-14 April 10, 2014

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John Batchelor Show Hotel Mars with Marcia Smith, Wednesday, 4-9-14

http://archived.thespaceshow.com/shows/2225-BWB-2014-04-09.mp3

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Guests: John Batchelor, Marcia Smith Dr. David Livingston. Topics: NASA implementing sanctions against Roscosmos, the Russian Federal Space Agency. You are invited to comment, ask questions, and discuss the Space Show program/guest(s) on the Space Show blog. Comments, questions, and any discussion must be relevant and applicable to Space Show programming. Written Transcripts of Space Show programs are not permitted without prior written consent from The Space Show (even if for personal use) & are a violation of the Space Show copyright. We do not permit the commercial use of any Space Show program or part thereof, nor do we permit Space Show programs to be edited, placed on YouTube, or other private channels & websites. Space Show programs can be quoted in news articles, papers, academic & research work but must be cited or referenced in the proper citation format. Contact Dr. Livingston for questions about our copyright and trademark policies which we do enforce.  This program is archived on The Space Show website, podcasting, and blog sites with permission from John Batchelor. Please visit the John Batchelor Show website for more information about this fine program, www.johnbatchelorshow.com. Remember, your Amazon Purchases Can Help Support The Space Show/OGLF (www.onegiantleapfoundation.org/amazon.htm). For those of you listening to archives on live365.com & rating the programs, please email me the reasons for your rating. This will definitely help improve Space Show programming. Thank you.

We welcomed Marcia Smith of www.spacepolicyonline.com to the segment to discuss the National Research Council’s sanctions against Russia for their behavior in the Crimea/Ukraine region. We talked about the sanctions applicable to NASA, Roscosmos, exemptions from the sanctions of which there are several, the ISS, NASAs budget, the U.S. Congress and the continued funding, and a priority for SLS-Orion. We talked about Susan Eisenhower, a long time NASA advisor, siding with Senator Bill Nelson in thinking the sanctions may backfire on NASA & the U.S. because of the lack of scientific exchanges. Much more on this topic was discussed in this 11.5 minute segment.

Please post any comments/questions you might have on The Space Show blog. You can contact any of us through drspace@thespaceshow.com.

Dwight Steven-Boniecki, Friday, 4-4-14 April 5, 2014

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Dwight Steven-Boniecki, Friday, 4-4-14

http://archived.thespaceshow.com/shows/2221-BWB-2014-04-04.mp3

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Guest:  Dwight Steven-Boniecki.  Topics:  “Live TV From Orbit.”  Skylab, the ASTP & Shuttle television back to Earth.  Please direct all comments and questions regarding Space Show programs/guest(s) to the Space Show blog, http://thespaceshow.wordpress.com.  Comments and questions should be relevant to the specific Space Show program. Written Transcripts of Space Show programs are a violation of our copyright and are not permitted without prior written consent, even if for your own use. We do not permit the commercial use of Space Show programs or any part thereof, nor do we permit editing, YouTube clips, or clips placed on other private channels & websites. Space Show programs can be quoted, but the quote must be cited or referenced using the proper citation format. Contact The Space Show for further information. In addition, please remember that your Amazon purchases can help support The Space Show/OGLF. See http://www.onegiantleapfoundation.org/amazon.htm.  For those listening to archives using live365.com and rating the programs, please email me as to why you assign a specific rating to the show. This will help me bring better programming to the audience.

We welcomed back Dwight Steven-Boniecki to discuss his latest book, “Live TV From Orbit” which focuses on how television was transmitted from Skylab, ASTP, Shuttle and in general from orbital space.  In segment one of our 1 hour 31 minute program, Dwight provided us with an overview of the book which is a sequent to his earlier best-seller, “Live TV From The Moon.”  Remember, if you buy Dwight’s books through the One Giant Leap Amazon portal (instructions are above, on the blog, and on TSS website as well as the OGLF website), Amazon makes a contribution to The Space Show/OGLF.  Among our discussion topics was Skylab and the Apollo-Soyuz Test Project (ASTP).  Dwight took us through the challenges of bring us live TV from these orbiting missions.  He went over the challenges and at one point, he said that both were much harder than doing TV from the Moon.  Dwight talked about the declining public interest in these missions, camera and technical modifications, and what was involved in bringing us color TV from orbit.  He received questions about Skylab’s return to Earth, the differences between NASA and the Soviet space agency and program, especially over being open & transparent.

In the second segment, we talked about the ground stations needed to receive the TV signal, the role of West Germany, the video cameras, and the use of pre-recorded video for broadcast back to Earth and on TV later rather than real time.  Regarding Skylab, Dwight told us about having a rescue vehicle available and he responded to questions about solar activity that played a role in Skylab’s early return to Earth.  Dwight was asked several questions about the ISS and our current program with listeners wanting to know was carried forward to the current programs & what evolved from those of the past.  Regarding Shuttle, he talked about a noticeable attitude shift within NASA around risk averseness & other issues. We also talked about the CD that comes with the book as it has unique videos of the missions on it.

Please post your comments/questions to TSS blog.  You can reach Dwight through me at drspace@thespaceshow.com.

Kevin Heath, Tuesday, 4-1-14 April 2, 2014

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Kevin Heath, Tuesday, 4-1-14

http://archived.thespaceshow.com/shows/2220-BWB-2014-04-01.mp3

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Guest:  Kevin Heath.  Topics:  The company Waypoint 2 Space for human spaceflight training was introduced to us.  Please direct all comments and questions regarding Space Show programs/guest(s) to the Space Show blog, http://thespaceshow.wordpress.com.  Comments and questions should be relevant to the specific Space Show program. Written Transcripts of Space Show programs are a violation of our copyright and are not permitted without prior written consent, even if for your own use. We do not permit the commercial use of Space Show programs or any part thereof, nor do we permit editing, YouTube clips, or clips placed on other private channels & websites. Space Show programs can be quoted, but the quote must be cited or referenced using the proper citation format. Contact The Space Show for further information. In addition, please remember that your Amazon purchases can help support The Space Show/OGLF. See http://www.onegiantleapfoundation.org/amazon.htm.  For those listening to archives using live365.com and rating the programs, please email me as to why you assign a specific rating to the show. This will help me bring better programming to the audience.

We welcomed Kevin Heath, CEO and President of Waypoint 2 Space, a new human spaceflight training company located near JSC near Houston, Texas.  Visit their website for more information, http://www.waypoint2space.com.  While our program was 90 minutes and covered two segments, since we talked about Waypoint 2 Space in both segments, along with their training program and plans, this summary will cover both segments as one.  We started our discussion with Mr. Heath providing us with an historical overview leading up to the creation of Waypoint 2 Space followed by the why of starting this business.  One of the important points made early in the discussion was the fact that Waypoint has received the FAA Safety Approval which is important, especially for the platform customers.  Kevin then went over their training plans and programs, explaining that they will have three main programs, a Level 1 Spaceflight Fundamentals; Level 2 Sub-orbital Training & Level 3 Orbital Training.  Waypoint also has a Commercial Payload Specialist Program which was explained to us.  Our guest went through the special equipment they have and will acquire as Kevin made the point throughout our discussion that Waypoint provided comprehensive spaceflight training.  As you will hear, the programs are being implemented as the markets appear. For example, the Level 3 Orbital Training Program will be delayed until there are orbital flights available for their customer base.  Kevin talked a lot about spacesuits in the training, having sizes for their customer base, and he described more regarding their comprehensive spacesuit training.  He also talked about making Waypoint broad to appeal to and serve a large and diverse market.  When asked, our guest went over the physical requirements for the program along with the guidelines for one’s health.  Listeners asked lots of questions, including wanting to know if training for focus, calmness, and on psychological concerns was part of the training.  Others asked questions about the training per se, space sickness, competition, and of course the pricing.  The price for the Level 1 Program is $45,000 & Kevin spent some time discussing pricing with us.  Later we learned that Waypoint has expansion plans that may even include a foreign type of franchise at various spaceport locations around the world.  Kevin was asked about special lunar or Mars mission profile and settlement training, plus I asked him if he used space tourism market studies in his creating the business.  Our guest had much to say about this particular subject.  Others wanted to know about class size, registration, & possible NASA endorsements to the training.

Please post your comments/questions on TSS blog above.  You can reach Kevin Heath through the Waypoint website or me.

Anthony Young, Sunday, 3-23-14 March 24, 2014

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Anthony Young, Sunday, 3-23-14

http://archived.thespaceshow.com/shows/2213-BWB-2014-03-23.mp3

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Guest:  Anthony Young.  Topics:  The Saturn V & F-1 engine, lunar programs & more.  Please direct all comments and questions regarding Space Show programs/guest(s) to the Space Show blog, http://thespaceshow.wordpress.com.  Comments and questions should be relevant to the specific Space Show program. Written Transcripts of Space Show programs are a violation of our copyright and are not permitted without prior written consent, even if for your own use. We do not permit the commercial use of Space Show programs or any part thereof, nor do we permit editing, YouTube clips, or clips placed on other private channels & websites. Space Show programs can be quoted, but the quote must be cited or referenced using the proper citation format. Contact The Space Show for further information. In addition, please remember that your Amazon purchases can help support The Space Show/OGLF. See www.onegiantleapfoundation.org/amazon.htm.  For those listening to archives using live365.com and rating the programs, please email me as to why you assign a specific rating to the show. This will help me bring better programming to the audience.

We welcomed Anthony Young to the program to discuss his book “The Saturn V F-1 Engine: Powering Apollo into History.  This is an excellent book which I strongly recommend.  Remember, if you buy it through the OGLF Amazon portal, Amazon makes a contribution to The Space Show.  During the first segment of our two hour program, Mr. Young started out talking about the book and why he wrote it.  Since our guest had also written books car engines, I asked him if there were comparisons to be made with the F-1 & the large, complex, & powerful car engines. We also talked about potential plans to rebuild and modernize the F-1 for either the SLS or as a possible engine replacement for the Air Force RD-180.  Anthony did say that it would not be a rebuild of the F-1 but a complete remake of it with modern manufacturing, materials, etc.  Another topic discussed was the F-1 thrust for a new engine.  Marshall called to talk about fuel propellants for the F-1 and air pollution.  This gave Anthony the opportunity to talk about ATK and their efforts to modernize the SRB & solid rocket propellant.  Anthony suggested that we need advanced propulsion for humans to Mars to significantly reduce the transit time, not a new F-1.  Michael called in & talked about SLS being needed to preserve the expertise & knowhow for making large rockets & flying them.  He also spoke about some of his upcoming Space Review articles on the Code of Conduct & other subjects.  He brought to our attention a YouTube video, “The Engines That Came Out Of The Cold” (www.youtube.com/watch?v=MZnYr94aa9E).  Mr. Young was asked about the existence of NASA lunar programs.  He mentioned several including Lunar CATALYST but suggested they were small robotic missions.  He did not think there were NASA human flights planed for the Moon.  Dwayne called to shed further light on NASA and lunar programs.  He also spoke about the F-1 thrust for a new engine.

In the second segment, John called from Ft. Worth.  He spoke about technology and performance for the engine, other programs now cancelled & the logic of having stayed the course.  He brought up good points on our losing our technology capability, then Anthony addressed many of the NASA KSC infrastructure changes going on to partner with the commercial industry.  Doug called to talk about some of the lunar program comments, to offer a different perspective on SLS, & public/private partnerships as well as international participation.  Anthony was asked for his thoughts on where our space program might be today had the Saturn V & F-1 not been cancelled.  In responding to this, he talked about how complex the F-1 was & how many parts were in it.

Please post your comments/questions on TSS blog above. You can reach Mr. Young through me & you can read his articles published on The Space Review.

Gwynne Shotwell, Friday, 3-21-14 March 21, 2014

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Gwynne Shotwell, SpaceX, Friday, 3-21-14

http://archived.thespaceshow.com/shows/2212-BWB-2014-03-21.mp3

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Guest:  Gwynne Shotwell.   Topics:  SpaceX, their goals, mission, & launch vehicles.  Please direct all comments and questions regarding Space Show programs/guest(s) to the Space Show blog, http://thespaceshow.wordpress.com.  Comments and questions should be relevant to the specific Space Show program. Written Transcripts of Space Show programs are a violation of our copyright and are not permitted without prior written consent, even if for your own use. We do not permit the commercial use of Space Show programs or any part thereof, nor do we permit editing, YouTube clips, or clips placed on other private channels & websites. Space Show programs can be quoted, but the quote must be cited or referenced using the proper citation format. Contact The Space Show for further information. In addition, please remember that your Amazon purchases can help support The Space Show/OGLF. See www.onegiantleapfoundation.org/amazon.htm.  For those listening to archives using live365.com and rating the programs, please email me as to why you assign a specific rating to the show. This will help me bring better programming to the audience.

We welcomed Gwynne Shotwell, President & Chief Operating Officer of SpaceX back to the show for an hour discussion & Q&A from the listeners.  During the first hour segment of this 72 minute program, Ms. Shotwell started out with me asking questions prior to opening the program to the listeners.  I inquired about using Brownsville, TX as a spaceport, SpaceX qualification requirements & timelines to fly sensitive USAF costly spy satellites to orbit, reusability, the possible use of Falcon & Dragon for a lunar mission, and fast tracking Dragon for HSF given the problem with Russia, the Crimea, and the Ukraine.  Gwynne told us about New Dragon and modifications to it and theCRS-3 Dragon contamination concerns for the upcoming launch on March 30.  About 20 minutes into the discussion, I opened it up for listener emails and phone calls.  I did have some audio issues with the toll free line so I apologize in advance for them but all the callers were clear and understandable as the problems concerned the toll free line ringing.  Listner questions addressed launch pad modifications for larger rockets, the SpaceX Raptor, reusability, possible payload penalties with reusability, propulsive landings, and reusable launch vehicle trajectories.  One listener asked our guest about possible markets for the bigger Falcon heavy lift launcher, Falcon XX.  We learned that this size rocket was for human transportation to Mars.  Gwynne fielded several questions about Falcon and Dragon on lunar missions.  While not opposed to lunar missions, SpaceX does not want to be distracted from their primary objective which is Mars.  Another listener asked about pricing and secondary payloads, the launch abort system, then I asked about SpaceX near term challenges and longer out challenges to 10-11 years from now.  Our guest was asked about berthing and when SpaceX would dock with the ISS.  Later in the segment there was a question about competition in the launcher industry, if SLS was viewed as competition, using a Falcon for a Europa or Titan mission, & the difference between Air Force requirements and special NASA requirements.  As the segment was drawing to a close, a high school student asked about internships at SpaceX.  Gwynne also talked about how valuable & important their relationship with NASA has been and how NASA has been a large part of their success.

In the very short second segment, I went over the upcoming Space Show schedule and let the audience know several dates when there would be no programming due to Easter & my personal schedule.

Please post your comments/questions on The Space Show blog.

Lee Hutchinson, Monday, 3-17-14 March 18, 2014

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Lee Hutchinson, Monday, 3-17-14

http://archived.thespaceshow.com/shows/2209-BWB-2014-03-17.mp3

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Guest:  Lee Hutchinson.  Topics:  The possible Columbia Space Shuttle rescue mission.  Please direct all comments and questions regarding Space Show programs/guest(s) to the Space Show blog, http://thespaceshow.wordpress.com.  Comments and questions should be relevant to the specific Space Show program. Written Transcripts of Space Show programs are a violation of our copyright and are not permitted without prior written consent, even if for your own use. We do not permit the commercial use of Space Show programs or any part thereof, nor do we permit editing, YouTube clips, or clips placed on other private channels & websites. Space Show programs can be quoted, but the quote must be cited or referenced using the proper citation format. Contact The Space Show for further information. In addition, please remember that your Amazon purchases can help support The Space Show/OGLF. See www.onegiantleapfoundation.org/amazon.htm.  For those listening to archives using live365.com and rating the programs, please email me as to why you assign a specific rating to the show. This will help me bring better programming to the audience.

We welcomed Lee Hutchinson to the program to discuss his recent article, “The audacious rescue plan that might have saved space shuttle Columbia” which you can read at http://arstechnica.com/science/2014/02/the-audacious-rescue-plan-that-might-have-saved-space-shuttle-columbia.  Note that Mr. Hutchinson said he found the possible rescue plan spelled out in the CAIB report in seldom discussed Appendix D13 of the report.  In questioning Lee, we also learned that the plan did not exist real time with Columbia but was actually requested as part of the Columbia Accident Investigation Board’s work.  In the first segment of our 1 hour 28 minute program, our guest told us why he wrote the article and how he noticed the possible rescue plan back when he was tasked with reviewing the CAIB Report.  During this segment, our guest described all parts of the plan and we discussed the likelihood of it having worked had it been implemented.  Lee also discussed probable & significant timing issues with parts of the rescue plan making it unlikely to have been implemented had it been a real time plan under consideration.  It was dependent upon too many things happening precisely on time and schedule, something that was not always possible with shuttle launches.  Lee also went over the specific crew training issues that would have been required, plus issues in using EVA suits and getting them to and from Columbia for the astronauts to use.  Listeners asked many questions including questions about NASA management at the time, risk averseness, & the NASA culture. Lee was asked about the comments & feedback he received from writing his article.  As the segment ended, Mr. Hutchinson discussed plane change maneuvers and the significance of the orbital inclination of Columbia and the ISS.

In the second segment, a Cleveland listener ask for Lee’s thoughts on SLS-Orion.  Lee & I talked about this & the NASA culture plus the need for heavy lift assuming there are missions for it.  He was asked if the shuttle could fly without pilots, then we went back to SLS.  He also told us about his interest in the redesign of the F1 engine.  You can read his articles on the F1 here:  http://arstechnica.com/science/2013/04/how-nasa-brought-the-monstrous-f-1-moon-rocket-back-to-life; http://arstechnica.com/science/2013/04/new-f-1b-rocket-engine-upgrades-apollo-era-deisgn-with-1-8m-lbs-of-thrust.  Lee received several email questions regarding the foam strike on Columbia & foam modification efforts.  He was also asked about the shuttle repair kit which was carried on subsequent shuttle flights.  Benny asked if a 3D printer on board could have made the materials to repair the Columbia damage.

Please post your comments/questions on TSS Blog above. You can reach Lee Hutchinson through me or the Arstechnica.com site.

Dr. Doug Plata, Sunday, 3-16-14 March 17, 2014

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Dr. Doug Plata, Sunday, 3-16-14

http://archived.thespaceshow.com/shows/2208-BWB-2014-03-16.mp3

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Guest:  Dr. Doug Plata.  Topics:  Selected trades for the Cis-Lunar One Transportation Architecture as developed by Dr. Plata.  Please direct all comments and questions regarding Space Show programs/guest(s) to the Space Show blog, http://thespaceshow.wordpress.com.  Comments and questions should be relevant to the specific Space Show program. Written Transcripts of Space Show programs are a violation of our copyright and are not permitted without prior written consent, even if for your own use. We do not permit the commercial use of Space Show programs or any part thereof, nor do we permit editing, YouTube clips, or clips placed on other private channels & websites. Space Show programs can be quoted, but the quote must be cited or referenced using the proper citation format. Contact The Space Show for further information. Please remember that your Amazon purchases can help support The Space Show/OGLF. See www.onegiantleapfoundation.org/amazon.htm.  For those listening to archives using live365.com and rating the programs, please email me as to why you assign a specific rating to the show. This will help me bring better programming to the audience.

We welcomed back Dr. Doug Plata to the show to discuss his selected trades for his Cis-Lunar One Transportation Architecture.  You can find Doug’s Choices of Selected Trades document on The Space Show blog at http://thespaceshow.wordpress.com under the summary for this particular program and date.  In the first segment of our 2 hour 6 minute discussion, Dr. Plata started out giving us an overview of his project, mostly by reading to us the “Overview of the Cis-lunar One Architecture” which is part of his document on our blog.  In addition, Dr. Plata wants your feedback regarding his project, including constructive criticism.  You can email Dr. Plata at dougspace007@gmail.com.  After discussing the project overview with us, Doug started addressing the trades listed in his document.  We started with Trade 1 Launcher.  Doug went through all of his considerations for launchers, was clear that he was not ruling any particular rocket out of the question.  Make sure you note his “Table1: Choice of Launcher & Fuel.”  The led us to discussing payload issues for the mission.  Also note that Doug has named his lunar craft the Condor upper state LL as you will see that name show up throughout our discussion.  Doug then went to Trade #2 and discussed propellant choices.  Note his Table showing the specifics of his Choice of Fuels assuming 53 tons at LEO and a 15% dry mass.  He received several listener questions, including questions about where to on the Moon.  See Trade 8 Initial Landing Sites for his choices and reasoning.  We skipped to Trade 12 Power in Shadows.  He discussed power options in some detail and went through the four options listed in this trade.  Mary Beth sent in some questions asking Doug about his propulsion discussion and Marshall called in with a series of questions about ice and the regolith.  Doug then took us to Trade 17 Repairs.

In our second segment, Doug started with Trade 17 repairs, focusing on redundancy, spare parts, & surface equipment easy designs.  Later in the segment, Dr. Plata was asked about lunar dust and maintenance/problems for the equipment.  A listener emailed him about market possibilities, our guest fielded other listener email questions and then Doug addressed Trade 9 Landed Configurations including belly landings and tail landings. Trade 14 Surface Equipment was discussed, then John called in to talk about a needed detailed lunar surface survey.  I asked our guest for his detailed cost projections for his mission followed by his next step in promoting his architecture.  He talked about having called his Congressman, Representative Mark Takano.

Please post comments/questions/feedback on TSS blog per above.  You can also email Dr. Plata at his above email address, plus its on his trade document which is on TSS blog.

Dr. Robert Zubrin, Thursday, 3-13-14 March 14, 2014

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Dr. Robert Zubrin, Thursday, 3-13-14

http://archived.thespaceshow.com/shows/2206-BWB-2014-03-13.mp3

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Guest:  Dr. Robert (Bob) Zubrin.  Topics:  Everything Mars, Mars Society Arctic 365 and more.  Please direct all comments and questions regarding Space Show programs/guest(s) to the Space Show blog, http://thespaceshow.wordpress.com.  Comments and questions should be relevant to the specific Space Show program. Written Transcripts of Space Show programs are a violation of our copyright and are not permitted without prior written consent, even if for your own use. We do not permit the commercial use of Space Show programs or any part thereof, nor do we permit editing, YouTube clips, or clips placed on other private channels & websites. Space Show programs can be quoted, but the quote must be cited or referenced using the proper citation format. Contact The Space Show for further information. In addition, please remember that your Amazon purchases can help support The Space Show/OGLF. See www.onegiantleapfoundation.org/amazon.htm.  For those listening to archives using live365.com and rating the programs, please email me as to why you assign a specific rating to the show. This will help me bring better programming to the audience.

We welcomed Dr. Zubrin back to the show for this 90 minute discussion about everything Mars and the Mars Society.  Dr. Zubrin opened up by telling us about the Mars Artic 365 program (http://ma365.marssociety.org) and their fund raising efforts through Indiegogo and other programs (www.indiegogo.com/projects/ma365-a-one-year-mars-simulation-in-the-canadian-arctic).  Throughout the entire program, Dr. Zubrin received questions/comments about Arctic 365.  He was asked about telepresence and having the sim in a more populated place than the arctic.  Bob dismissed telepresence as not being nearly as effective as having humans work “on Mars” & he stressed the importance of simulating a real Mars working mission.  Bob went over the logistics and scheduling for this first crew for Arctic 365, plus remaining opportunities and ways for people to participate in the program as the crew selection process is closed.  We talked about the costs and crew skill sets, plus Mars Society fund raising efforts for this program.  Jack emailed about radiation on Mars and as before, Bob suggested it was not as big a risk as many claim.  He was also asked about teaming up with Mars One on Arctic 365 program.  Bob said he was open to doing things with Mars One and suggested Arctic 365 would be a perfect training program those who train the Mars One crews.  Later, Bob was asked about doing a completely private mission to Mars.  Bob used this as a spring board to describing the kind of policy & political leadership in government and NASA, both of which he said absent for now.  He even proposed some broad based financing suggestions.  Doug called wanting to know his thoughts on Phobos & Deimos.  Bob used this as an opportunity to support a flyby mission. He was not that supportive of visiting the Marian moons.  Don’t miss his explanation for his position.  As the segment was ending, I asked him about life on Mars.  Bob thinks there probably is life on Mars, don’t miss what he had to say about this.

In the second segment, Steve asked Bob about the Delta V needed for going to the Moon as compared to Mars.  He talked about the Moon being easier than Mars.  Again, don’t miss all of Bob’s response to Steve’s question/comment.  NASA and political leadership were more fully discussed in this segment, then he was asked about the SLS. Here, Bob had a lot to say. While critical of SLS, he would not cancel it.  Again, don’t miss his comments on this topic.  He talked about SpaceX & Falcon 9, heavy lift in general, crew size on a Mars mission, and finally possible threats from the Chinese space program.  Toward the end he talked about electric propulsion for slow cargo missions, then I asked him for his thoughts on the Mars cycler system.

Please post your comments/questions on TSS blog.  You can email Dr. Zubrin through me.

 

Dr. Gil Levin, Sunday, 3-9-14 March 10, 2014

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Dr. Gil Levin, Sunday, 3-9-14

http://archived.thespaceshow.com/shows/2203-BWB-2014-03-09.mp3

Your Amazon Purchases Can Help Support The Space Show/OGLF (www.onegiantleapfoundation.org/amazon.htm)

If you are listening to archives & rating programs on live365.com,  email me the reasons for your rating to help improve the show.

Guest:  Dr. Gil Levin.   Topics:  Possible life on Mars, Viking Labeled Release Experiments, Chiral Labeled Release Experiments.  Please direct all comments and questions regarding Space Show programs/guest(s) to the Space Show blog, http://thespaceshow.wordpress.com.  Comments and questions should be relevant to the specific Space Show program. Written Transcripts of Space Show programs are a violation of our copyright and are not permitted without prior written consent, even if for your own use. We do not permit the commercial use of Space Show programs or any part thereof, nor do we permit editing, YouTube clips, or clips placed on other private channels & websites. Space Show programs can be quoted, but the quote must be cited or referenced using the proper citation format. Contact The Space Show for further information. In addition, please remember that your Amazon purchases can help support The Space Show/OGLF. See www.onegiantleapfoundation.org/amazon.htm.  For those listening to archives using live365.com and rating the programs, please email me as to why you assign a specific rating to the show. This will help me bring better programming to the audience.

Dr. Gil Levin returned as our guest to continue his discussion about the Viking Landers and the search for life through the labeled release experiments.  In the first segment of our 95 minute show, Dr. Levin explained the labeled release experiment plus he went through the analysis and conclusions which point to Viking having found molecular life on Mars.  He talked at length about the refusal of NASA to confirm these findings though in private many scientists, including several from NASA, have told him that his conclusions are likely correct.  Gil also talked about several recent television appearances he has had regarding the Viking landers and his experiment.  Listeners asked him many questions, including what NASA is doing to continue the search for life on Mars.  He said nothing and then talked about Curiosity & some of the other rovers and orbiting satellites and what they are focused on doing.  He also talked scheduled experiments but have yet to be done.  It is worth noting that the Viking 1 and Viking 2 landers sat down 4,000 miles from one another yet their labeled release experiments produced similar results.  Gil mentioned some concern for the durability of the Curiosity rover, specifically its wheels as well as the quality of scientific journalism and the press.  He is hoping key experiments are done prior to the end of Curiosity.

In the second segment, we talked about a Mars sample return mission.  Gil was not supportive of such a mission due to the risk of the samples being toxic to us here on Earth.  We had quite the discussion on this subject.  John from Ft. Worth called wondering about the impact life on Mars would have on us here on Earth.  Next, Gil was asked what experiments should be done to confirm life on Mars.  Gil talked about doing a chiral labeled release experiment.  Don’t miss our detailed discussion on this experiment and why it would be so important to do it on Mars.  Toward the end, we talked about Dr. Levin’s current work, his teaching, and his perseverance for confirming the findings of the Viking 1 and 2 labeled release experiments.

Please post your comments/questions on The Space Show blog above.  You can reach Dr. Levin through my address, drspace@thespaceshow.com.

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