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Alexandra (Ally) Abrams, Tuesday, 9-29-15 September 30, 2015

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Alexandra (Ally) Abrams, Tuesday, 9-29-15

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Guest: Alexandra (Ally) Abrams. Topics: Communicating space advocacy more effectively. Please direct all comments and questions regarding Space Show programs/guest(s) to the Space Show blog, https://thespaceshow.wordpress.com. Comments and questions should be relevant to the specific Space Show program. Written Transcripts of Space Show programs are a violation of our copyright and are not permitted without prior written consent, even if for your own use. We do not permit the commercial use of Space Show programs or any part thereof, nor do we permit editing, YouTube clips, or clips placed on other private channels & websites. Space Show programs can be quoted, but the quote must be cited or referenced using the proper citation format. Contact The Space Show for further information. In addition, please remember that your Amazon purchases can help support The Space Show/OGLF. See www.onegiantleapfoundation.org/amazon.htm. For those listening to archives using live365.com and rating the programs, please email me as to why you assign a specific rating to the show. This will help me bring better programming to the audience.

We welcomed Alexandra (Ally) Abrams to the show to learn more about how best to carry on effective communications regarding our space advocacy interests and efforts. Ally is the new Director of Communications for the Space Frontier Foundation plus she does communications for Boeing and previously for GE (see her full bio). During the first segment of our 93 minute program, Ally first responded to my question about her earning a bachelor’s degree in writing and rhetoric from Syracuse University. I asked if there was a departmental definition for rhetoric separate from how we typically refer to rhetoric in Space Show discussions. Ally had fun answering this question and that set the tone for what in my opinion was an excellent, informative, and very entertaining discussion with her on how best to communicate our space advocacy passion. Note that it is important to not just have excellent, informative and high quality discussions with our guests but having fun enhances the experiences and helps us learn and retain. After just a few minutes with Ally on The Space Show, it was easy to understand her success and accomplishments in the field of communication and relevant rhetoric, not the B.S. type of rhetoric. In addition, we talked about the narrative, the vision, and the need to tell a good story. She also talked about targeting various groups with different messages though the goals of the message for the organization might be similar. Ally mostly referred to Millennials and Boomers throughout our discussion. As for Millennials, she said they were motivated by wanting to improve the world, to do good and meaningful work and to be a positive force in the community. She cited Planet Labs as an example through their donation program. Also in this segment Ally talked about successful startups and the use of teams given no one person can be an expert in everything. Team members might include an expert in marketing, social media, finance, management as well as other disciplines. Listener John asked Ally a question using the SLS arguments on The Space Show as an example where the talking points for each side never change and nobody really listens to the opposing view. Ally had much to say about this & about removing emotion from the discussion. She also talked about strategies and tips for how to influence the opposition, plus the tactics that can be used to accomplish real communication with the opposition. Other topics in this segment dealt with audience segmentation, more differences in how to reach Boomers as compared to Millennials. Doug called to ask how the SFF support of NewSpace commercial space using Skybox as an example, facilitated the Foundation’s objective of space settlement. Ally offered a great response to this line of questioning that I supported. Don’t miss this discussion.

In the second segment, BJohn send us an email asking if we should stop using the politically charged word colonization for the more benign term settlement. Ally had much to say about this, especially if one wanted to communicate on an international level. Another question asked of our guest was if space advocacy in general would be enhanced and more effective if advocates and organizations spoke with a united voice rather than with so many diverse voices with separate goals. She said the unified approach always works best and one can see this with a simple review of history. Benny asked Ally what she would do if she heard people talking about a space topic, water on Mars for example, in a supermarket line and they were being negative or were poorly informed. Would Ally intervene in the discussion and if so, how would she communicate with these people. This opened the door a good discussion on communicating with the general public. Another suggestion offered us by our guest was to get rid of the use of jargon. Later, I asked our guest if it was important to sway the general public and if so, what percentage of the general public. Ally had much to say about the need to have support from the general public, then how best to communicate to the general public. Near the end of the program, Doug emailed us asking if it was more important to communicate to the general public or the decision makers. Ally suggested both were important but you should listen to her comprehensive response to Doug’s question. Other tips and tools were offered before the show ended and I am sure we will ask Ally to return as a guest to continue working with us to improve on our ability to sell space to other space advocates along with the general public.

Please post your comments/questions on The Space Show blog above. You can reach Ally Abrams through the Space Frontier Foundation website, https://spacefrontier.org.

Open Lines, Sunday, 9-28-15 September 29, 2015

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Open Lines, Sunday, 9-28-15

http://archived.thespaceshow.com/shows/2562-BWB-2015-09-28.mp3

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Guest: Open Lines with Dr. David Livingston. Topics: Dr. Space takes medical leave, a summary of our Indiegogo project, multiple callers and topics. Please direct all comments and questions regarding Space Show programs/guest(s) to the Space Show blog, https://thespaceshow.wordpress.com. Comments and questions should be relevant to the specific Space Show program. Written Transcripts of Space Show programs are a violation of our copyright and are not permitted without prior written consent, even if for your own use. We do not permit the commercial use of Space Show programs or any part thereof, nor do we permit editing, YouTube clips, or clips placed on other private channels & websites. Space Show programs can be quoted, but the quote must be cited or referenced using the proper citation format. Contact The Space Show for further information. In addition, please remember that your Amazon purchases can help support The Space Show/OGLF. See www.onegiantleapfoundation.org/amazon.htm. For those listening to archives using live365.com and rating the programs, please email me as to why you assign a specific rating to the show. This will help me bring better programming to the audience.

 

During our 2 hour 12 minute program, we received several calls and answered multiple emails from you the listeners. In the first segment, I spent about 30 minutes updating the audience on my planned medical leave starting later this week, plus I did a detailed summary of our recent Indiegogo campaign to modernize TSS website and archives. I also provided listeners with an update on our website design process with our current time table for launching the new site. In addition, I tossed out some discussion topics including the NASA flowing water on Mars announcement, and the contest to build a 3D printed habitat on Mars. The architects who have designed the new spaceship like Apple HQ has entered the competition to robotically build the printed hab. You can read about this at www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-3249387/Firm-Apple-s-Spaceship-HQ-reveals-plans-Nasa-backed-3D-printed-Mars-habitat-built-robots.html.  D.R. Arthur was our first caller to tell us about his Apollo Dividend Project. This project has been designed to cure the world’s economic problems through space development and resource usage. Check it out at www.linkedin.com/pulse/20140612190511-26391015-apollo-dividend-curing-the-world-economic-structure and also at https://twitter.com/apollodividend. D.R. spent about 20 minutes talking with us about this project. A listener emailed me asking me to compare Indiegogo to Kickstarter as she was considering her own crowed funding project. I responded to her as best I could but my Indiegogo experience, as good as it was, was based on only one 501C3 campaign. I’ve just attempted the one campaign plus I have never done a Kickstarter project though many Space Show guests and listeners have used Kickstarter for more than one project. Next was the first of a few UFO discussions based on the comments made in the second half of yesterday’s program with Dr. Stuart Robbins when we discussed his PseudoAstronomy blog. John from Ft. worth was our caller so if this subject interests you, don’t miss it. Before talking about the UFO subject, John wanted me to describe my tour of Dr. Jim Woodward’s physics lab at Cal State Fullerton. We talked about the lab and the Mach Thruster work in detail.

 

In the second segment, we started out with Dr. Doug’s call regarding the Dailymail article above on the 3D printing of a Mars habitat. Doug was not positive about doing this on Mars, I agreed with him, and this turned out to be a good short discussion on the possibility of doing a robotic 3D printed Martian habitat. Don’t miss what Doug had to say on this subject. Penny emailed us from Boston inquiring about mach thrusters, asking what they were. I made a pass at explaining this work to her, then Ft. Worth John called again to further elaborate on the physics behind Dr. Woodward’s work. Prior to ending his call, John had lots more to say about the UFO topic as he listened to the program with Dr. Robbins but did not call in. We had a fun discussion on the topic for the last 15-20 minutes of our program.

 

Please post your comments/questions on TSS blog above. You can contact any of our callers through drspace@thespaceshow.com.

Dr. Stuart Robbins, Sunday, 9-27-15 September 28, 2015

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Dr. Stuart Robbins, Sunday, 9-27-15

http://archived.thespaceshow.com/shows/2561-BWB-2015-09-27.mp3

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Guest: Dr. Stuart Robbins. Topics: Craters throughout the solar system, Mars, lunar science, pseudo astronomy, education & public outreach. Please direct all comments and questions regarding Space Show programs/guest(s) to the Space Show blog, https://thespaceshow.wordpress.com. Comments and questions should be relevant to the specific Space Show program. Written Transcripts of Space Show programs are a violation of our copyright and are not permitted without prior written consent, even if for your own use. We do not permit the commercial use of Space Show programs or any part thereof, nor do we permit editing, YouTube clips, or clips placed on other private channels & websites. Space Show programs can be quoted, but the quote must be cited or referenced using the proper citation format. Contact The Space Show for further information. In addition, please remember that your Amazon purchases can help support The Space Show/OGLF. See www.onegiantleapfoundation.org/amazon.htm. For those listening to archives using live365.com and rating the programs, please email me as to why you assign a specific rating to the show. This will help me bring better programming to the audience.

We welcomed Dr. Stuart Robbins to the show to discuss craters throughout the solar system, life experiments for Mars, thresholds for evidence, his PseudoAstronomy blog and podcasts, and education plus public outreach. In the first segment of our 1 hour 37 minute program, Dr. Robbins started out by sharing with us how he got interested in Mars as part of his thesis project. We then discussed his crater analysis work on Mars, Mercury, our Moon, and Saturn’s moons. This detailed crater discussion was most interesting so don’t miss it. Additional topics included why study craters, dating, Carbon14 and other radio metric ways to date objects & zones off Earth. You will learn about the significance of crater size per planetary body, determining age, impacts and more. We even compared impact craters on Earth to those elsewhere in the solar system. Also discussed were Canyon Diablo Meteorites regarding Meteor Crater in Arizona, and the use of craters as a poor man’s drill. Listeners asked about asteroid impacts and the impact on possible life or past life traces in an impact crater. Prior to the segment ending, he talked about the high bar needed for confirming evidence of life off Earth.

In the second segment, Dr. Doug called in to talk about a way to do an experiment, possibly no costlier than Curiosity, to search for life on Mars. This involved the use of a tethered rover which our caller explained. More than technology issues, our guest pointed out the policy and economic challenges that are today governing space policy & projects which made him skeptical about doing something like Doug suggested. Dr. Robbins was asked several times during our discussion if NASA wanted to discover and disclose life on Mars. When this discussion comes up on programs, planetary protection is brought up and with Dr. Robbins, this is also what happened. Note how Dr. Robbins described planetary protection during our discussion. I switched topics and asked him to talk about his blog and podcast, Exposing PseudoAstronomy. You can read his blog @ https://pseudoastro.wordpress.com. You can hear his podcasts @ http://podcast.sjrdesign.net. More questions came in applicable to life on Mars, the threshold necessary for convincing evidence of Martian life, then I asked him about some of the popular paranormal and UFO topics that often pass off as real science. We talked about what makes so many of these stories believable to so many people. I wondered if it was our collective poor science education but Stuart suggested other reasons which you will hear him discuss. Adrian sent in a great email question about the expectation to find DNA off Earth which Adrian pointed was a bogus expectation. I read his note in full, Dr. Robbins agreed completely with him as do I so again, don’t miss what Adrian had to say. Stuart also talked about some of the famous UFO cases, image faking, CGI, and more. Near the end of the show, I asked if we could expect new big announcements from our Mars studies or would it be a much slower evolving process. He said the big things had probably been studied so he expected a type of evolutionary process for new Mars information. On the other hand, because we know so little about Pluto, New Horizons was providing us with giant leaps forward with our Pluto knowledge. The last question came in from Randy who wanted to zero out costs and risks and then find out if humans produced better research or was it robots. The answer was humans but when you add in risk and costs, the answer goes to robots. Listen to how Stuart explained this. Don’t miss Stuart’s closing comments.

Please post your comments/questions on TSS blog above. You can reach Dr. Robbins through his website, http://about.sjrdesign.net, or me.

Dr. Gil Levin, Friday, 9-25-15 September 26, 2015

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Dr. Gil Levin, Friday, 9-25-15

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Guest: Dr. Gil Levin. Topics: Live on Mars per the Viking Labeled Release experiments plus modern research analysis. Please direct all comments and questions regarding Space Show programs/guest(s) to the Space Show blog, https://thespaceshow.wordpress.com. Comments and questions should be relevant to the specific Space Show program. Written Transcripts of Space Show programs are a violation of our copyright and are not permitted without prior written consent, even if for your own use. We do not permit the commercial use of Space Show programs or any part thereof, nor do we permit editing, YouTube clips, or clips placed on other private channels & websites. Space Show programs can be quoted, but the quote must be cited or referenced using the proper citation format. Contact The Space Show for further information. In addition, please remember that your Amazon purchases can help support The Space Show/OGLF. See www.onegiantleapfoundation.org/amazon.htm. For those listening to archives using live365.com and rating the programs, please email me as to why you assign a specific rating to the show. This will help me bring better programming to the audience.

We welcomed Dr. Gil Levin back to the show to discuss Mars new updates, the possibility of life on Mars, and news based on his Viking Labeled Release life detection experiments from the two Viking missions to Mars in 1976. During the first segment of our 93 minute show, Dr. Levin told us about three important announcements that have either happened or will happen. The first was is by the ISRO in India saying they would release their methane experiment data from their Mars orbiter on Oct. 1. We discussed the implications of Martian methane later in the program. The second announcement which will take place on Monday, Sept. 27 with an afternoon NASA press conference is expected to announce the confirmation of flowing water on Mars. All NASA will say is they are going to finally disclose answers about a significant Mars mystery that has finally been answered. The speculation all points to water. The third news announcement was that the Viking 1 landing site from 1976 has been selected by the appropriate NASA team as the first landing site for the Mars human mission. Dr. Levin spent most of the rest of the first segment talking about the Viking Labeled Release experiments, why the science continues to be rejected today and some theories behind the rejection. Some of this discussion followed us into the second segment. I asked Gil to describe what a modern life detection experiment would consist of and he went into that in some detail. Gil was asked if he believed in conspiracy theories. He did not want to go there but we did talk about them from time to time during the show. BJohn for example suggested NASA did not want to announce life on Mars for fear of planetary protection rules and policies stopping their humans to Mars program. We also talked about that being a possible stumbling bloc for wealthy private sector space entrepreneurs to launch their own life detection experiment because planetary protection rules would impact their plans just as they would NASA. The 25 year NASA Roadmap to Mars program came up and like many others, Dr. Levin did not think it was credible. We spent mor time discussing wealthy private sector people possibly funding their own Mars science and eventual human missions. Gil addressed methane on Mars in some detail and what finding it on Mars may mean for life detection. He was also asked if he could propose experiments for missions from other national space agencies. He said he could but then told how he was doing that for Russia in 1996 & then the mission was cancelled because the US blocked him from exporting and talking about Carbon 14. As the first segment ended, Gil identified scientists that had published credible research in support of life on Mars. Don’t miss what he had to say about the scientists, their work, and what happened when it was published.

In the second segment, Gil suggested that possibly his work was dismissed because he was an engineer, not a scientist. He talked about this possibility in some detail. I asked him to support his contention that life existed on Mars now. For a significant part of this segment, he listed experiment after experiment, solid evidence, some solid theory, all in support of and to back up his claims. It was a convincing impressive list so don’t miss this part of the discussion. Ben from Chicago challenged Gill with a few hard hitting questions about his work being dismissed. Essentially he asked Gil if he might just be dismissed because he is seen as an old, angry guy, fighting for his decades old experiment to be valid so his claims and efforts are pretty much dismissed for those reasons. Gil agreed with part of it and said he was looking and hoping for younger, more open minded researchers to take a fresh look at the data. We talked about open minded researchers, their organizations, and institutions for a good portion of this segment. As the show was nearing its end, we talked about NASA life detection experiments that flirted with detecting past or present live as compared to experiments designed to confirm once and for all life or no life. As the show was ending, BJohn asked why everyone was in such a hurry to do the life detection experiments given Mars was not going anywhere. I thought Gil gave a terrific answer to this question which also served as his conclusion to our discussion. Don’t miss his response to BJohn. Let us know what you think by posting your thoughts on the blog.

Please post your comments/questions on TSS blog above. You can reach Dr. Gil Levin through me.

Dr. Michael Gruntman, Wednesday, 9-23-15 September 24, 2015

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Dr. Michael Gruntman, Wednesday, 9-23-15

http://archived.thespaceshow.com/shows/2559-BWB-2015-09-23.mp3

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Guest: Dr. Mike Gruntman. Topics: Dr. Gruntman’s new book, “Intercept 1961: The Birth Of Soviet Missile Defense” plus missile defense issues. Please direct all comments and questions regarding Space Show programs/guest(s) to the Space Show blog, https://thespaceshow.wordpress.com. Comments and questions should be relevant to the specific Space Show program. Written Transcripts of Space Show programs are a violation of our copyright and are not permitted without prior written consent, even if for your own use. We do not permit the commercial use of Space Show programs or any part thereof, nor do we permit editing, YouTube clips, or clips placed on other private channels & websites. Space Show programs can be quoted, but the quote must be cited or referenced using the proper citation format. Contact The Space Show for further information. In addition, please remember that your Amazon purchases can help support The Space Show/OGLF. See www.onegiantleapfoundation.org/amazon.htm. For those listening to archives using live365.com and rating the programs, please email me as to why you assign a specific rating to the show. This will help me bring better programming to the audience.

 

We welcomed Dr. Gruntman back to the show to discuss his new book, “Intercept 1961: The Birth Of Soviet Missile Defense” along with the subject of missile defense in both Russia and the U.S. today. During the first segment of our 1 hour 44 minute program, Dr. Gruntman first started out by telling us that the USC Department of Astronautical Engineering was now in its tenth year. He described the program & how it differed from other aerospace engineering programs at universities across the country. I asked Mike about the classes he teaches and has taught & as you will hear, his classes have been extremely popular with upper division and graduate students. Dr. Gruntman then turned his focus to his amazing and very unique book, “Intercept 1961: The Birth Of Soviet Missile Defense.” While I took elaborate notes during our discussion to serve me in writing up the summary of the program for our archives (as I do with each show), Dr. Gruntman, listeners through emails and phone calls, plus my questions, covered so many important historical as well as current and strategic topics that doing any type of “blow by blow” summary would short change what you will hear on this program. As a result, I am choosing to summarize our discussing by referring to themes and big picture issues for the most part instead of reporting on the incredible detailed information Mike shared with us. We started out talking about the little known Soviet Union missile defense program starting in the 1950’s. The program was not part of the space program or the Soviet military but instead was part of air defense. It was very secretive. The early Soviet program was significantly advanced over anything the U.S. had at the time, especially with the first Soviet intercept March 4, 1961. Mike then explained in amazing detail the Soviet program, the research and development, targeting, nuclear destruction as opposed to the direct hit. He talked about rocket and warhead as one unit, then the development of the capability to separate the warhead for its own incoming trajectory along with the intercept difficulty of figuring out what was the useless rocket body as compared to the warhead which was the intercept target. As we discussed this subject, listeners asked Dr. Gruntman about early US missile defense weapons and our program. Also in the first segment, we talked about using nuclear weapons for the intercept because guidance and targeting was not yet advanced enough for a direct hit kill. This led to several discussions about nuclear explosions and their effects in the upper atmosphere where the intercept would take place. I asked Mike how he got access to the information used for his research and this book. He talked about a window of opportunity that existed in Russia for document access and declassification from the early 90’s to the early 2000’s, then the window closed in Russia. He also got information from the Freedom of Information Act and multiple library archives. The end result is an amazing book on a seldom discussed & little known topic that each and everyone one of us should learn about as the consequences of missile defense are extremely important with the potential to impact all of us.

 

In the second part of the program, we fielded more listener questions & requests for comparisons with American missile defense weapons of the same era. We also engaged in a detailed conversation about the role of diplomacy in missile defense, particular from the U.S. and western perspective. Mike talked about diplomacy being naive in the face of significant national security threats and issues. As part of this discussion, I drilled Mike on how much of his perspective on missile defense, diplomacy, and national security came from his having grown up in the Soviet Union, having been educated there, having lived in a totalitarian system that had food and other shortages, and then his actually escaping at great risk to get to the U.S. As part of his reply to my questioning him about the impact of his background on his analysis of his work, especially on diplomacy issues, he told us a great story about the Soviet Union honoring the famous Soviet cosmonauts. Do not miss this story.  Mike then talked more about the missile defense system surrounding Moscow and noted that they had more than a 30 year operating history with it which gives them significant operational advantages along with advanced management control to maximize the benefits of the system, even if it has technical deficiencies. Another topic discussed was the advances made by the US in later years in digital computers and guidance and targeting. This enabled the US to develop direct hit and kill interceptors while the Soviets still relied on the nuclear explosion kill weapon. As you will hear, radar played an important role in missile defense. Dr. Gruntman addressed radar issues during both segments of the program. Mike talked at length about the 1955 design work that led to early 60’s operations. Near the end of the program, I asked about incoming warhead speeds, we talked more about nukes exploding in the upper atmosphere, and the ongoing debates about deploying missile defense in the U.S, especially since at this time the eastern part of the U.S. is not shielded. In his concluding comments, Mike argued for citizen education on the subject of missile defense, especially in light of the growing number of players in the world that may prove hostile to the US such as China, N. Korea, and Iran, with capabilities now or in the near future to reach the US with an ICBM & nuclear weapon. Mike used another great story to illustrate why he believes we need missile defense, even if it is less than perfect. This story focused on the police wearing body armor but still be vulnerable to being shot in places where they are not protected by the body armor. He said that was no reason not to wear body armor. He urged we learn lessons from past history (this implies we need to factually know the past history on this subject), because the consequences of a bad or wrong decision by diplomats, policy makers, or those mandated with the nation’s defense can be catastrophic.

 

Please post your comments/questions on TSS blog. You can reach Dr. Gruntman through me or his faculty page at USC, https://gapp.usc.edu/about/faculty/mike-gruntman. His book is available on Amazon at www.amazon.com/Intercept-1961-Missile-Defense-Library/dp/1624103499/ref=sr_1_1?s=books&ie=UTF8&qid=1443122232&sr=1-1&keywords=intercept+1961. If you buy the book using the One Giant Leap Foundation portal mentioned on our home page and all archived shows on the website and blog, Amazon will donate a percentage of the sales price to OGLF/The Space Show. If you have questions about using the OGLF Amazon portal, let me know and I will be glad to help you. It is really easy.

The John Batchelor Show Hotel Mars, Wednesday, 9-23-15 September 24, 2015

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The John Batchelor Show Hotel Mars, Wednesday, 9-23-15

Special Guest:  Dr. Robert Zubrin

http://archived.thespaceshow.com/shows/2558-BWB-2015-09-23.mp3

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Guests: John Batchelor, Dr. Robert Zubrin, Dr. David Livingston. Topics: NASA’s Road to Mars plans. You are invited to comment, ask questions, and discuss the Space Show program/guest(s) on the Space Show blog. Comments, questions, and any discussion must be relevant and applicable to Space Show programming. Written Transcripts of Space Show programs are not permitted without prior written consent from The Space Show (even if for personal use) & are a violation of the Space Show copyright. We do not permit the commercial use of any Space Show program or part thereof, nor do we permit Space Show programs to be edited, placed on YouTube, or other private channels & websites. Space Show programs can be quoted in news articles, papers, academic & research work but must be cited or referenced in the proper citation format. Contact Dr. Livingston for questions about our copyright and trademark policies which we do enforce. This program is archived on The Space Show website, podcasting, and blog sites with permission from John Batchelor. Please visit the John Batchelor Show website for more information about this fine program. Remember, your Amazon Purchases Can Help Support The Space Show/OGLF (www.onegiantleapfoundation.org/amazon.htm). For those of you listening to archives on live365.com & rating the programs, please email me the reasons for your rating. This will definitely help improve Space Show programming. Thank you. Please note that audio and transition issues are a result of copying the John Batchelor broadcast & are not within my control as they originate in the Batchelor studio.

 

John Batchelor and I welcomed Dr. Robert (Bob) Zubrin to the program to discuss the NASA Road to Mars per the Evolvable Mars Campaign: Status Update as published Sept. 22, 2015 by NASA Spaceflight.com at www.nasaspaceflight.com/2015/09/sls-manifest-phobos-mars-2039. John and I asked Bob about parts of the plan including 41 SLS launches, cislunar development missions, a mission to Phobos and then finally in 2039 a Mars surface landing. Bob was highly critical of all stages of the plan. He also said it was the subject of a big debate at the recent Mars Society Conference. You can see the debate Dr. Zubrin referenced at www.youtube.com/watch?v=Oo4-ros2yEk&list=PLn0lnGc1SaimPHpRoH0XlwiCih-jYjC7F&index=11. Bob called the NASA plan absurd, was highly critical of plans to go to Phobos saying the science was at Mars, not on Phobos, plus he described orbital challenges and difficulties created by going to Phobos. Several times he said the plan was nothing more than a way to spend money on NASA projects. Near the end of the segment I asked Bob about the plan being sustainable and also leading to the settlement of Mars. You can imagine his response to my questions. In summary, he said a humans to Mars mission needs to be done from start to finish within the two terms of a president, not spread out over 25 years as is the case with the NASA Road to Mars program.

 

Please post your comments/questions on The Space Show blog above. You can email Mr. Batchelor or Dr. Robert Zubrin through me at drspace@thespaceshow.com. Dr. Zubrin can also be reached through The Mars Society website, www.marssociety.org.

Gerald Driggers, Monday, 9-21-15 September 22, 2015

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Gerald Driggers, Monday, 9-21-15

http://archived.thespaceshow.com/shows/2557-BWB-2015-09-21.mp3

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Guest: Gerald Driggers. Topics: Artificial gravity & his Space Review Article “Reduced Gravity: The 400-kilogram gorilla in the room.” Please direct all comments and questions regarding Space Show programs/guest(s) to the Space Show blog, https://thespaceshow.wordpress.com. Comments and questions should be relevant to the specific Space Show program. Written Transcripts of Space Show programs are a violation of our copyright and are not permitted without prior written consent, even if for your own use. We do not permit the commercial use of Space Show programs or any part thereof, nor do we permit editing, YouTube clips, or clips placed on other private channels & websites. Space Show programs can be quoted, but the quote must be cited or referenced using the proper citation format. Contact The Space Show for further information. In addition, please remember that your Amazon purchases can help support The Space Show/OGLF. See www.onegiantleapfoundation.org/amazon.htm. For those listening to archives using live365.com and rating the programs, please email me as to why you assign a specific rating to the show. This will help me bring better programming to the audience.

 

We welcomed back Gerald Driggers to discuss his August 10, 2015 Space Review article, “Reduced Gravity: The 400-kilogram gorilla in the room.” You can read & download this article at www.thespacereview.com/article/2802/1. During the first segment of our 1 hour 42 minute discussion, Gerald talked about the old concept to put a centrifuge on the ISS but of course that never happened. Much of the first segment our guest and listeners lamented the lack of attention to mitigating problems caused by microgravity by developing some form of artificial gravity as the standard mitigation tool. Gerald referenced several studies in support of the need for artificial gravity, including one only a year or so old. Listeners asked him about minimizing travel time to a destination, say Mars, as a way of mitigating microgravity issues. We talked about that but Gerald pointed out that at the destination you would still be in a less than 1 G earth gravity environment so what then? I asked Gerald if being stuck in LEO for decades might have contributed to the lack of NASA progress in this area. Kelly sent in an email asking several things, including a question about spin rates. Kelly also wanted to know why artificial gravity had been ignored for so long, suggesting the possibility that advocacy groups disregard it. I did not support Kelly’s contention as I have done many Space Show programs with advocates pushing for artificial gravity and even coming up with their own plans on how to achieve it. Gerald was asked about tethers. His response triggered a lengthy email from Joe Carroll on the subject which I will post for Joe on the blog for this program, then Joe called the show in the second segment. Gerald was asked about artificial gravity work going on in other countries & with other government space agencies. He also talked about the need to really just test for Mars and lunar gravity given the relationship of these numbers throughout our solar system to other planets and moons.

 

In the second segment, Gerald talked about his science fiction book series, “Earth Mars Chronicles” plus the long scale settlement of Mars. At this point Joe Carroll called to talk about his email, tethers, and the artificial gravity issue. Don’t miss the fine discussion with Joe and Gerald they brought up many facts about the situation, the 2010 National Space Policy and more. Joe referenced the Fresno Underground Gardens as a possible example of underground living which he said would be necessary due to radiation. There would be no on the surface living. He also talked about the need for a colony to expand internally and the challenges in setting up an ecosystem on another planetary body. Joe introduced us to other issues such as the need for a gut bacteria study on the ISS and the differences between genders in reduced gravity though that information is not gathered. Given that Gerald described himself as a Mars guy, not a Moon guy, I told him about the New York Times Op-Ed that appeared today, “Let’s Not Move to Mars” by Ed Regis. You can read the article at www.nytimes.com/2015/09/21/opinion/lets-not-move-to-mars.html?smprod=nytcore-iphone&smid=nytcore-iphone-share&_r=0. If you do read it and I hope you do, make sure to read the comments as well. Dr. Doug was the next caller. Doug and Gerald also had an interesting discussion as Doug suggested there was no need to do artificial gravity experiments in LEO, instead go directly to the Moon and do them there. This of course presumes we are going to the Moon. I talked with Doug about this as I think returning to the Moon, as much as I would like to see it happen, is still an unsupported assumption, especially if we are looking for the government to do it. This opened up a discussion about the private sector with Gerald saying he thought progress was more likely coming from the private sector than NASA regarding the issues talked about today. I pointed out that if we had private Bigelow space stations and somewhat affordable launch, then we might see this type of research undertaken if it was in the interest of a company to do so. Doug and Gerald continued their discussion which you don’t want to miss. As the show was ending, Gerald told us about his new e-book coming out on Kindle for just 99 cents on October 1, “Martian Sniper.” From what he said about it, it sounds like a winner so be sure to download and read it.

 

Please post your comments/questions on TSS blog above. You can reach Mr. Driggers through me or his website, http://earth-mars.com.

 

 

 

Anthony Young, Sunday, 9-20-15 September 21, 2015

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Anthony Young, Sunday, 9-20-15

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Guest: Anthony Young. Topics: “Anthony’s book “The Twenty-First Century Commercial Space Imperative” & the emerging commercial space industry. Please direct all comments and questions regarding Space Show programs/guest(s) to the Space Show blog, https://thespaceshow.wordpress.com. Comments and questions should be relevant to the specific Space Show program. Written Transcripts of Space Show programs are a violation of our copyright and are not permitted without prior written consent, even if for your own use. We do not permit the commercial use of Space Show programs or any part thereof, nor do we permit editing, YouTube clips, or clips placed on other private channels & websites. Space Show programs can be quoted, but the quote must be cited or referenced using the proper citation format. Contact The Space Show for further information. In addition, please remember that your Amazon purchases can help support The Space Show/OGLF. See www.onegiantleapfoundation.org/amazon.htm. For those listening to archives using live365.com and rating the programs, please email me as to why you assign a specific rating to the show. This will help me bring better programming to the audience.

We welcomed back Anthony Young to discuss his new book, “The Twenty-First Century Commercial Space Imperative.” During the first segment of our 92 minute discussion, Anthony talked about writing the book as part of the Springer Briefs In Space Development Series. He talked about commercial space emerging into a huge venue, then he outlined the format of his book which is for the most part the book’s Table of Contents (check out the book’s Amazon page to read the Table of Contents). You can follow along with us as our guest discusses the major topics and themes based on the Table of Contents. During this segment, I sked Anthony why he thought commercial space was the twenty-first century imperative. Don’t miss his response to my question. Other topics discussed in this segment included entrepreneurism, start-ups, even NASA projects. In chapter 2, Anthony talked about game changers in the industry. Here, he specifically cited SpaceX and Stratolaunch. Later, he included the developing cubesat industry and then in a later chapter, he cited the personal spaceflight industry. Anthony talked about reaching students and addressing the issues surrounding STEM, plus he talked about what was happening with private space outside the United States.

In the second segment, we talked about the upcoming movie, “The Martian” and the fact that it addresses a government mission and has nothing to do with commercial or private space. Anthony cited a recent headline he had seen saying the movie would do nothing to advance commercial space. Returning to the Moon came up next as did international projects which he said were a significant contributor to global peace. Near the end of the segment, a listener asked about the impact of the SpaceShip 2 accident and our guest talked about the NTSB findings. Despite the accident, he said their was significant potential for growth in the personal spaceflight segment of the industry, both for suborbital as well as for orbital flight. Anthony was asked about both the role and risk of government regulation in the emerging commercial space industry. As we were nearing the end of the program, I asked him for his thoughts on what the industry would look like ten years from now. Before our discussion ended, Anthony said he was working on a another book regarding the Apollo lunar samples.

Please post your comments/questions on TSS blog per above. Anthony’s website is http://personalspaceflightadvisors.com.

Jim Keravala, Friday, 9-18-15 September 19, 2015

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Jim Keravala, Friday, 9-18-15

http://archived.thespaceshow.com/shows/2555-BWB-2015-09-18.mp3

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Guest: Jim Keravala of Shackleton Energy.   Topics: Space development through solving the world’s terrestrial energy problem. Please direct all comments and questions regarding Space Show programs/guest(s) to the Space Show blog, https://thespaceshow.wordpress.com. Comments and questions should be relevant to the specific Space Show program. Written Transcripts of Space Show programs are a violation of our copyright and are not permitted without prior written consent, even if for your own use. We do not permit the commercial use of Space Show programs or any part thereof, nor do we permit editing, YouTube clips, or clips placed on other private channels & websites. Space Show programs can be quoted, but the quote must be cited or referenced using the proper citation format. Contact The Space Show for further information. In addition, please remember that your Amazon purchases can help support The Space Show/OGLF. See www.onegiantleapfoundation.org/amazon.htm. For those listening to archives using live365.com and rating the programs, please email me as to why you assign a specific rating to the show. This will help me bring better programming to the audience.

 

We welcomed back Jim Keravala, COO of Shackleton Energy Company, to update us on the latest news with Shackleton and their lunar plans. Visit their website for more information, www.shackletonenergy.com. During the first segment of our 1 hour 47 minute discussion, Jim introduced us to the Shackleton Energy plans for space development by solving the terrestrial energy problem facing Earth. The program Jim outlined is expansive and at times complicated so you will want to pay extra careful attention to our discussion. Jim talked about creating the Off World Foundation and the Off World Consortium which he fully explained in this segment. He also said the real path for space development required solving the earth’s terrestrial energy problem. He then explained his multi-billion dollar program which is in three phases starting with propellant depots, then lunar mining and manufacturing, followed by the establishment of space based solar power. Our guest talked about the many challenges but noted that investor caution was prevalent along with risk uncertainty. In this segment, he talked about the market, consortium participants, timelines, business and industrial challenges, and more. He also outlined the assumptions used in designing this program.

 

In the second segment, Jim talked about the Outer Space Treaty, regulatory barriers, rectenna placement, power distribution to the poorest and most needy of countries first, space advocacy, space settlement, the traditional space industry, and technology readiness levels (TRL) for the development of Off World program. Jim answered questions about program costs, suggesting that the first phase mentioned earlier would cost around $18 billion! He outlined the additional program costs and timelines, plus revenues received along the way being reinvested in the program. We talked about comparisons with other industries such as the oil and gas industry and their support for the Off World program. Several times in this segment Jim said this was the best way to drive the development of space and eventually space settlement. At the end of the segment, Jim offered a detailed conclusion & summary for the Consortium to solve the issue of terrestrial energy through the use of space.

 

Please post your comments/questions on TSS blog above. You can reach Jim Keravala at the email address he gave us at the end of our program.

 

 

 

 

 

John Batchelor Show Hotel Mars, Wednesday, 9-16-15 September 17, 2015

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John Batchelor Show Hotel Mars, Wednesday, 9-16-15

Guest:  Emily Lakdawalla 

http://archived.thespaceshow.com/shows/2554-BWB-2015-09-16.mp3

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Guests: John Batchelor, Emily Lakdawalla Dr. David Livingston. Topics: Pluto and New Horizons. You are invited to comment, ask questions, and discuss the Space Show program/guest(s) on the Space Show blog. Comments, questions, and any discussion must be relevant and applicable to Space Show programming. Written Transcripts of Space Show programs are not permitted without prior written consent from The Space Show (even if for personal use) & are a violation of the Space Show copyright. We do not permit the commercial use of any Space Show program or part thereof, nor do we permit Space Show programs to be edited, placed on YouTube, or other private channels & websites. Space Show programs can be quoted in news articles, papers, academic & research work but must be cited or referenced in the proper citation format. Contact Dr. Livingston for questions about our copyright and trademark policies which we do enforce. This program is archived on The Space Show website, podcasting, and blog sites with permission from John Batchelor. Please visit the John Batchelor Show website for more information about this fine program, www.johnbatchelorshow.com. Remember, your Amazon Purchases Can Help Support The Space Show/OGLF (www.onegiantleapfoundation.org/amazon.htm). For those of you listening to archives on live365.com & rating the programs, please email me the reasons for your rating. This will definitely help improve Space Show programming. Thank you. Please note that audio and transition issues are a result of copying the John Batchelor broadcast & are not within my control as they originate in the Batchelor studio.

John Batchelor and I welcomed Emily Lakdawalla to Hotel Mars to update us on the New Horizons spacecraft plus the new photos being received back here on earth. Some of the hi-resolution pictures are starting to come in now but there is much more to come over the coming months. Some of the issues we discussed included Pluto’s atmosphere, nitrogen, Pluto’s weather, and Pluto’s orbit around the sun. John asked Emily about an energy or heat source on Pluto driving some of the changes we are seeing in the new photos. Emily mentioned several possibilities so don’t miss the discussion. I asked her about the quality of our ground observations given all the surprises we are getting from the New Horizon photos. I also asked if Pluto’s moons were as surprising as Pluto. Though Hotel Mars is a very short segment, we covered quite a bit with Emily about Pluto and the New Horizons spacecraft.

Please post your comments/questions on TSS blog above. You can email Mr. Batchelor or Emily Lakdawalla through me at drspace@thespaceshow.com.