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SWF-Space Show Webinar, Friday, 12-18-15 December 17, 2015

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SWF-Space Show Webinar, Friday, 12-18-15

http://archived.thespaceshow.com/shows/2607-BWB-2015-12-18.mp3 (audio only)

http://vimeo.com/channels/thespaceshow- Video of webinar

Featured Guests:  VICTORIA SAMSON,The Secure World Foundation; BEAU BACKUS, Senior Project Manager for Spectrum @ The Aerospace Corporation; DAVID Hartshorn, Secretary General of GVF

Guests (Webinar): Victoria Samson, Beau Backus, David Hartshorn.  Topics:  Radio Frequency Interference (RFI), satellite operators, users, wireless, & much more. This program was recorded as a webinar which you can view at https://vimeo.com/channels/thespaceshowYou can also listen to it as an audio only program as you would any archived Space Show program.  Please note that there were some audio issues as all guests were using cell phones. Please direct all comments and questions regarding Space Show programs/guest(s) to the Space Show blog, https://thespaceshow.wordpress.com. Comments and questions should be relevant to the specific Space Show program. Written Transcripts of Space Show programs are a violation of our copyright and are not permitted without prior written consent, even if for your own use. We do not permit the commercial use of Space Show programs or any part thereof, nor do we permit editing, YouTube clips, or clips placed on other private channels & websites. Space Show programs can be quoted, but the quote must be cited or referenced using the proper citation format. Contact The Space Show for further information. In addition, please remember that your Amazon purchases can help support The Space Show/OGLF. See http://www.onegiantleapfoundation.org/amazon.htm.  For those listening to archives using live365.com and rating the programs, please email me as to why you assign a specific rating to the show. This will help me bring better programming to the audience.

 

We welcomed Victoria Samson, Beau Backus and David Hartshorn to this Secure World Foundation-Space Show webinar to address radio frequency interference issues facing the satellite user and operators, plus much more.  In addition, both Beau and David have reference material relevant to our webinar and the issues we discussed uploaded on The Space Show blog for this program date.  Make sure you see these uploads and make use of the information in the documents: (https://thespaceshow.wordpress.com/2015/12/17/swf-space-show-webinar-friday-12-18-15). In the first 60 minute segment, each of our guests provided us with a short introductory statement regarding radio frequency (RF) issues plus their background & experience in the RF industry and policy fields.  This was followed by Ms. Samson offering us a comprehensive assessment of RFI issues as of the close of 2015 given the increasing democratization of access to space.  Do not miss her analysis as to why the RF spectrum is a critical component of space activities.  Our guests talked about the traditional players in this industry, then they explained how the “player” filed has been expanding as space access expands.  We also talked about intentional and unintentional interference with our guests providing us with a good working definition for each interference category.  Several examples of intentional and unintentional interference were given.  One of the biggest intentional (jamming) interference events was rooted in the Arab Spring movement.  This came up several times during our webinar. We also learned that the overwhelming percentage of interference events were unintentional by at least 90% of all interference events.  We talked about what causes an unintentional event, the need for better equipment and training, plus both the U.S. and international regulatory environment for spectrum regulation, enforcement and consequence for violations.  Examples were provided including the recent Bolivia World Cup television event.  As for intentional interference, we talked about & defined jamming. We talked about possible solutions though nation’s pursue their interests and as was evidenced in the Arab Spring movement, it was in the interest of some countries to jam radio signals from reaching desired groups of people and markets.  Our guests talked about the difficulty in jamming enforcement given all nations do it through their military institutions and warfare when in their interest.  Near the end of the first segment, our guests introduced us to the World Radiocommunication Conference 2015 (WRC) which was recently held in Geneva (see www.itu.int/en/ITU-R/conferences/wrc/2015/Pages/default.aspx) and the issues brought about by the wireless industry accessing C-band frequencies from 3.4-4.2 GHz as there can be wireless interference with satellite communications.  Our guests explained the wireless and satellite industry positions in this issue.  For the balance of the first segment, our guests talked about wireless industry issues, the challenges brought about by these issues, plus frequency allocations as a way to possibly mitigate some of the challenges and to protect important satellite band communications from potential wireless interference.

 

In the second segment, our guests explained more about C-band and why its in demand and its advantages.  We talked about end user groups and their needs along with those of the satellite operators. The issues surrounding trade offs for different uses of spectrum were discussed in a way that clearly identified issues needing resolution.  In this part of our webinar, we talked about how spectrum issues had changed and evolved over time, especially with the wireless industry’s better use of C-band.  Our guests were asked about the physical imitations of various parts of spectrum. In response to these questions, our guests talked about atmospheric issues, weather, and more, plus what part of spectrum was most impacted by a specific type of event or condition.  Victoria brought up the issue of UAVs (drones) and our guests received a question about cubesat communications and FCC regulations.  We also discussed high altitude communications platforms which contain several communication advantages such systems. .  Don’t miss the discussion on all of these issues.  Our guests received a question about additional bands in the spectrum and in response, they told us how more and more of the higher bands were starting to be used by industry players. Toward the end of our program, we focused on solutions.  Our three guests told us how the industry & the regulatory bodies were responding to the challenges, especially with a focus on better training given that operator errors have been proven to be a major source of unintentional interference.  Focusing on better equipment was also mentioned, both on the transmission and receiving end as equipment problems cause another large part of the unintentional interference issues.  They also discussed developments and changes in the wireless industry to resolve significant interference issues when wireless uses some of the same satellite bands or frequency bands very near the satellite bands. All three of our guests offered meaningful closing comments you will definitely want to hear.

 

Please post all comments/questions on TSS blog above.  You can reach any of our guests through their websites or through me.

The slide presentation is here:  Backus-Additional Information

From Mr. Hartshorn:  A YouTube documentary on jamming: https://youtu.be/St9kKCtpGYA

Cyber-Security Task Force Update – 2015

GVF Interference Prevention Initiatives – 2015

Secure World Foundation 2015 – GVF

Thank you.

Dr. Space, Host The Space Show

John Batchelor Hotel Mars, Wednesday, 12-16-15 December 17, 2015

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John Batchelor Hotel Mars, Wednesday, 12-16-15

Special Guest:  Dr. Jeff Foust, Special Guest Host: Dr. Francis Rose

http://archived.thespaceshow.com/shows/2606-BWB-2015-12-16.mp3

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Guests: Francis Rose (Guest Host), Dr. Jeff Foust, Dr. David Livingston. Topics: Return to flight for Orbital ATK and SpaceX. You are invited to comment, ask questions, and discuss the Space Show program/guest(s) on the Space Show blog. Comments, questions, and any discussion must be relevant and applicable to Space Show programming. Written Transcripts of Space Show programs are not permitted without prior written consent from The Space Show (even if for personal use) & are a violation of the Space Show copyright. We do not permit the commercial use of any Space Show program or part thereof, nor do we permit Space Show programs to be edited, placed on YouTube, or other private channels & websites. Space Show programs can be quoted in news articles, papers, academic & research work but must be cited or referenced in the proper citation format. Contact Dr. Livingston for questions about our copyright and trademark policies which we do enforce. This program is archived on The Space Show website, podcasting, and blog sites with permission from John Batchelor. Please visit the John Batchelor Show website for more information about this fine program, www.johnbatchelorshow.com. Remember, your Amazon Purchases Can Help Support The Space Show/OGLF (www.onegiantleapfoundation.org/amazon.htm). For those of you listening to archives on live365.com & rating the programs, please email me the reasons for your rating. This will definitely help improve Space Show programming. Thank you. Please note that audio and transition issues are a result of copying the John Batchelor broadcast & are not within my control as they originate in the Batchelor studio.

 

Francis Rose, guest hosting for John Batchelor, and I welcomed back Dr. Jeff Foust to discuss the return to flight for Orbital ATK and SpaceX. In our discussion, we talked about the Russian rocket engines and their use in the U.S, specifically the RC180 and the RD181. Jeff elaborated on Orbital ATK using the Atlas 5 for two launches before bringing the Antares back on line in the late spring 2016. Regarding SpaceX, Jeff said everyone was waiting for the scheduled static firing test which had not happened by air time, followed by the Falcon 9 launch on Saturday providing everything went well with the test. Francis also asked Jeff about what seemed to be very heavy ISS space traffic coming and going.

 

You can email Mr. Rose or Jeff Foust through me at drspace@thespaceshow.com.

 

 

Robert (Bob) Zimmerman, Tuesday, 12-15-15 December 16, 2015

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Robert (Bob) Zimmerman, Tuesday, 12-15-15

http://archived.thespaceshow.com/shows/2605-BWB-2015-12-15.mp3

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Guest: Robert (Bob) Zimmerman; Topics: Apollo 8, heavy lift, Moon-Mars, commercial space, and much more.  Please direct all comments and questions regarding Space Show programs/guest(s) to the Space Show blog, https://thespaceshow.wordpress.com.  Comments and questions should be relevant to the specific Space Show program. Written Transcripts of Space Show programs are a violation of our copyright and are not permitted without prior written consent, even if for your own use. We do not permit the commercial use of Space Show programs or any part thereof, nor do we permit editing, YouTube clips, or clips placed on other private channels & websites. Space Show programs can be quoted, but the quote must be cited or referenced using the proper citation format. Contact The Space Show for further information. In addition, please remember that your Amazon purchases can help support The Space Show/OGLF. See www.onegiantleapfoundation.org/amazon.htm.  For those listening to archives using live365.com and rating the programs, please email me as to why you assign a specific rating to the show. This will help me bring better programming to the audience.

 

We welcomed Bob back to the show for the last time in 2015.  During the first segment of the 2 hour program, Bob started our by remembering Apollo 8’s flight around the Moon on Christmas Eve, plus he talked about his new edition Kindle version of his classic book, “Genesis: The Story of Apollo 8.”  Bob spent some time retelling the full Apollo 8 story, how it came about that Frank Borman and crew decided to read the first twelve chapters of Genesis for the huge broadcast that was heard around the world, then he contrasted the astronaut’s freedom to choose their own words to what he expected would prevail today.  What do you think?  Post your comments about this on the blog.  After the Apollo 8 story, we discussed the return to flight by both Orbital ATK and SpaceX.  Bob shared his perspectives about this plus his rational for NASA wanting to work with possibly four companies for commercial spaceflight for cargo to the ISS.  Caller Richard Easton was next to talk about Apollo 8, then he wanted to know Bob’s thoughts on the need to first go to the Moon before going to Mars. This turned into a mini-discussion that included reference to the NASA Roadmap to Mars, the Elon Musk plans to go to Mars and why, along with giant rockets, with Bob commenting on why giant rockets would be inefficient and not necessary. His call consumed the balance of the first segment.

 

In the second segment,  I read an email from Doug asking about ISS plans and the possible impact on a Bigelow space station.  Jody emailed in a question asking about the space positions for the presidential candidates for both parties.  Bob limited his comments to Mrs. Clinton, Mr. Trump, Sen. Rubio, and Senator Cruz.  In the process of talking about their positions, he went after big government programs such as SLS and Orion.  Jack sent in a question asking about recent XCOR changes in management.  Bob had much to say about this, though it was more about the company in general and the industry.  He did take the opportunity to applaud Blue Origin.  Doug called the show and his call consumed almost all of the balance of the second segment.  Bob and Doug had a grand old time planning missions without heavy lift rockets using multiple launches of the F9, ion & solar propulsion.  I refrained from entering their discussion and let the two continue until we needed to move on near the end of the show.  Bob was again critical of SpaceX wanting to build giant heavy rockets for going to Mars saying FH was large enough and efficient.  The assumptions the two made were in my opinion very generous but at least we know where Doug and Bob stand on these issues.  If you have comments about their discussion make sure you post your comments on the blog.

 

Please do post all your comments/questions on TSS blog above.  You can reach Mr. Zimmerman through his website, www.behindtheblack.com.  You can reach any caller or emailer through me.

Dr. Chris Impey, Monday, 12-14-15 December 15, 2015

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Dr. Chris Impey, Monday, 12-14-15

http://archived.thespaceshow.com/shows/2604-BWB-2015-12-14.mp3

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Guest: Dr. Chris Impey. Topics: We talked about Dr. Impey’s latest books on planetary missions & commercial + HSF in addition to astronomy & cosmology. Please direct all comments and questions regarding Space Show programs/guest(s) to the Space Show blog, https://thespaceshow.wordpress.com. Comments and questions should be relevant to the specific Space Show program. Written Transcripts of Space Show programs are a violation of our copyright and are not permitted without prior written consent, even if for your own use. We do not permit the commercial use of Space Show programs or any part thereof, nor do we permit editing, YouTube clips, or clips placed on other private channels & websites. Space Show programs can be quoted, but the quote must be cited or referenced using the proper citation format. Contact The Space Show for further information. In addition, please remember that your Amazon purchases can help support The Space Show/OGLF. See www.onegiantleapfoundation.org/amazon.htm. For those listening to archives using live365.com and rating the programs, please email me as to why you assign a specific rating to the show. This will help me bring better programming to the audience.

We welcomed back Dr. Chris Impey for a one hour one segment discussion about his two recent books, “Dreams of Other Worlds: The Amazing Story of Unmanned Space Exploration,” and his newer book “Beyond: Our Future in Space.” We started our discussion with Dr. Impey describing “Dreams of Other Worlds” which describes 11 unmanned space missions that have made a difference in our understanding of distant worlds. We focused on a few of the 11 missions including Viking, Cassini, Voyager, & the WMAP mission. I asked Dr. Impey what would have been included had the book been written later. The Dawn Mission would have made it, so would the Kepler Space Telescope, New Horizons, Curiosity, and probably others. We then switched to the use of ground based telescopes and here Dr. Impey talked about how many of the telescopes are being repurposed for a new life doing different types of observation astronomy. Dr. Impey was asked about his favorite missions. He mentioned Viking and the WMAP microwave telescope mission and this led to his talking about The Big Bang, dark matter, and dark energy. I asked Chris about the recent article in The Economist about the two Chicago area scientists proposing a new theory on dark matter. Chris had read the article and had some interesting commentary on it and the proposed theory. Robert sent in an email asking our guest why there have been no life detection experiments on the NASA and other planetary missions. This sparked a good conversation on the subject which you do not want to miss. Chris proposed a very plausible reason why no suck experiments have been carried out but let us know what you think by posting on the blog. Another topic discussed was planetary protection. Linda from Austin asked our guest about the UofA astronomy and cosmology programs and students, then Bill asked our guest if he had read “The Martian” or seen the movie. Chris had both read the book and seen the movie which we discussed for several minutes. Don’t miss this discussion as Dr. Impey made some interesting points about both the book and the movie and the plausibility of the story line including the initial dust storm which caused the problems for The Martian. Before the end of the program, Chris fielded some questions about future missions. We addressed the Europa Clipper mission but he said many may be disappointed for what was not being included on the mission so again listen to what he had to say. He suggested a Titan mission would be interesting. In his book “Beyond” Our Future In Space,” Dr. Impey addressed the new commercial missions & human spaceflight. Chris guided us through all sorts of possibilities for future human spaceflight. Nuclear propulsion came up with Dr. Impey having much to say about how beneficial it would be if we had it though it was still futuristic. We spoke of advanced technology & the Decadal Survey and its impact on the type of science projects that get undertaken due to funding. Will sent in a note asking about the recent article about Elon Musk wanting to get to Mars in 10-15 years given the various risks Earth faced, including extremism. Dr. Impey also said it was probably unrealistic to think that one could have a $500k ticket price for Mars, another part of the Elon Musk article. Dr. Impey offered us good summary comments so don’t miss them. The last question dealt with a possible science backlash and referenced the following Huffington Post article: www.huffingtonpost.com/entry/solar-farm-suck-up-the-sun_566e9aeee4b0e292150e5d66.

Please post your comments/questions on TSS blog above. You can reach Dr. Impey through me or his University of Arizona faculty page.

The Space Show-One Giant Leap Foundation Annual Funding Drive, Sunday, 12-13-15 December 13, 2015

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The Space Show-One Giant Leap Foundation Annual Funding Drive

Sunday, 12-13-15

Dear Space Show Listeners:

Re: 2015 Annual Space Show/One Giant Leap Foundation Fundraising Drive

My best wishes to all of you for an excellent upcoming Christmas season and New Years. The Space Show and I personally wish for you, your family, and your friends a terrific 2016 chocked full of health, happiness, prosperity, and of course, a peaceful world. Like all of you, I hope for a new year of significant and productive space development and commercial space expansion.

I want to thank all of you who have so generously supported The Space Show/One Giant Leap Foundation (OGLF) during this and previous years. Your past support has definitely kept The Space Show going, even in these challenging economic times.

Our annual fund raising campaign is now in full swing with about two weeks to go to the end of the year. We need your support so as you finalize your 2015 budgets and end of the year expenses and gifts, please support us.

The Space Show operates under the 501C3 nonprofit model. We do not accept advertising or fees from guests to be on the program, even from the many repeat guests on the show that are afforded nearly unlimited self-promotion exposure for their books, ideas, theories, and work related to space activities of all sorts. This year we also accepted a special category of sponsorships for our Indiegogo project for building the new website. Given our nonprofit model, The Space Show relies entirely upon listener support for its continued operation and programming, and in being able to keep our content free and available to everyone on the internet on a global basis. This includes all our programs going back to our start in 2001. Given our policy, we do need your help to continue broadcasting. Space Show programs are costly to produce live and archive, plus remember, we keep all our shows active and available to ou on our website. Your support for The Space Show/One Giant Leap Foundation is vital to our continued operation, success and for many of you, to the nearly unlimited promotion of your work.

We understand that you have choices in making your year end tax deductible contributions and we certainly appreciate your including us in your gifting priorities. 2015 is quickly coming to a close. Now is the time to support The Space Show/OGLF by making your contribution . As a 501C3 nonprofit, if you pay U.S. federal taxes, you get a tax deduction for your gift as permitted by law. The same is true for those of you paying California taxes. I recommend that you check with your tax adviser regarding any and all tax questions. You are also encouraged to contact me with your questions and comments about the show or your support. Above all, please remember that we do need and appreciate your support

You can make your donation online using Pay Pal at either http://www.thespaceshow.com/donate.asp or http://www.onegiantleapfoundation.org/individuals.htm. Simply click on the Pay Pal logo. If you prefer mailing a check, please make your check payable to One Giant Leap Foundation, Inc. and mail it in care of me to P.O. Box 95, Tiburon, CA 94920 USA. Remember, your gift makes The Space Show programming and all of the services such as the toll free line, archives, podcasts, email, and our blog possible.

Thank you for your support. I look forward to sharing the New Year with you through The Space Show and the One Giant Leap Foundation, Inc. Please contact me at drspace@thespaceshow.com if you have any questions. Let’s all work to make 2016 a banner year for space, prosperity, health, and peace around the world.

Sincerely, yours,

Dr. David Livingston

The Space Show

One Giant Leap Foundation, Inc.

Michael Listner, Sunday, 12-13-15 December 13, 2015

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Michael Listner, Sunday, 12-13-15

http://archived.thespaceshow.com/shows/2603-BWB-2015-12-13.mp3

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Guest: Michael Listner.  Topics: Commercial Space Law, asteroid bill, treaties, 2015 space legal issues and more.  Please direct all comments and questions regarding Space Show programs/guest(s) to the Space Show blog, https://thespaceshow.wordpress.com.  Comments and questions should be relevant to the specific Space Show program. Written Transcripts of Space Show programs are a violation of our copyright and are not permitted without prior written consent, even if for your own use. We do not permit the commercial use of Space Show programs or any part thereof, nor do we permit editing, YouTube clips, or clips placed on other private channels & websites. Space Show programs can be quoted, but the quote must be cited or referenced using the proper citation format. Contact The Space Show for further information. In addition, please remember that your Amazon purchases can help support The Space Show/OGLF. See www.onegiantleapfoundation.org/amazon.htm.  For those listening to archives using live365.com and rating the programs, please email me as to why you assign a specific rating to the show. This will help me bring better programming to the audience.

 

We welcomed Michael Listner back to the show for the last time in 2015.  During the first segment of our two hour discussion, Michael started the 2015 annual space law review by jumping right in to discussing the new Commercial Space Launch Competitiveness Act recently signed into law by President Obama.  In this segment, he hit on key issues including legal jurisdiction on issues would now be federal law issues, the solidification behind SLS making it harder to cancel the rocket project, and the controversial “property rights” section in the asteroid part of the legislation.  There were many questions for Michael regarding the significance and meaning of issues now falling under federal law.  During this discussion, Michael used legal definitions and terminology and we discussed hypothetical situations to try to understand the impact of federal over state law on issues likely to make it to court.  Michael again talked about the asteroid mining part of the legislation (he did so as well on his last show a few weeks ago) which he believes contradicts the Outer Space Treaty.  Michael carefully went through the legal issues including the incorrect comparison of the Outer Space Treaty to the oceans and the Law of the Sea Treaty rather than a more appropriate comparison to legal regimes regarding Antarctica.  Michael posted a good article on this discussion his blog, Space Thoughts, which you can read at https://spacethoughtsblog.wordpress.com/2015/12/11/section-51303-the-oceans-are-not-the-equal-to-outer-space/.  Later in the segment, listeners asked about domestic vs. international legal enforcement of the asteroid mining issues per the legislation, plus many questions came in about The Outer Space Treaty and even The Moon Treaty came up for discussion.

 

In the second segment, Michael started out by saying that SLS got a big boost which was supportive of commercial space policy.  Jack asked about commercial crew in the legislation, but our focus moved to the RD180 engine because that is a big deal right now.  Michael said it was akin to open warfare between Senator McCain and ULA.  Michael offered us a detailed explanation of the RD180 issue and how it can impact ULA, SpaceX, and actually impact the nation.  Another topic was the return to flight using the Atlas 5 and the RD181 engine for the Cygnus by Orbital ATK.  BJohn and later Freemont John inquired about nuclear propulsion and some of the things discussed in the recent program with Dr. Dewar. Another topic discussed was planetary protection which he said gets its authority from Article 9 of The Outer Space Treaty.  Before the program ended, Michael gave us a status report on The Code of Conduct, the suborbital industry, and the Moon Treaty.

 

Please post your comments/questions on TSS blog above.  You can reach Michael through me or his blog.

 

Dr. Paul Spudis, Friday, 12-11-15 December 12, 2015

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Dr. Paul Spudis, Friday, 12-11-15

http://archived.thespaceshow.com/shows/2602-BWB-2015-12-11.mp3

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The Space Show is conducing its annual fund raising drive at this time.  Your support helps to keep The Space Show on the air with free content.  Real our fund raising letter at  https://thespaceshow.wordpress.com/2015/12/05/2015-annual-space-show-fundraising-campaign.  Please Support The Space Show/One Giant Leap Foundation.

Guest: Dr. Paul Spudis. Topics. 2015 space year review, RTM & Cislunar development, comprehensive key space issues review. Please direct all comments and questions regarding Space Show programs/guest(s) to the Space Show blog, https://thespaceshow.wordpress.com. Comments and questions should be relevant to the specific Space Show program. Written Transcripts of Space Show programs are a violation of our copyright and are not permitted without prior written consent, even if for your own use. We do not permit the commercial use of Space Show programs or any part thereof, nor do we permit editing, YouTube clips, or clips placed on other private channels & websites. Space Show programs can be quoted, but the quote must be cited or referenced using the proper citation format. Contact The Space Show for further information. In addition, please remember that your Amazon purchases can help support The Space Show/OGLF. See www.onegiantleapfoundation.org/amazon.htm. For those listening to archives using live365.com and rating the programs, please email me as to why you assign a specific rating to the show. This will help me bring better programming to the audience.

We welcomed Dr. Paul Spudis back to the program for a 2015 space year in review. During the first segment of our 1 hour 31 minute discussion, we covered much ground reviewing key events of 2015 including European, Russian, & Chinese space accomplishments & missions. Dr. Spudis got several emails on a wide range of topics from space advocate rhetoric to Orion, CST 100, Dragon V2 and more. Regarding advocate mission plans and projects, he said the technology people talk about and want to use in their various space mission designs does not really exist. He used going to the Moon to harvest water ice for water and fuel as an example of where we are today. That said, he indicated that there are only so many wants to do certain types of space projects so it was likely that which advocates called for could end up in actual mission plans and real projects. Budget issues were also discussed as well in this segment. Listener Christa asked if the return to the Moon and cislunar development will become a future policy priority. Dr. Spudis had much to say on this topic so don’t miss it. This included the possible impact of the 2016 presidential election on space policy. Jeff in Boston inquired about the aging process and other human factors as challenges/obstacles to doing BLEO projects. Dr. Spudis offered us an interesting perspective on the human factors issues. Jack in Portland inquired about our guest’s views on asteroid mining and the language used in the new commercial space law recently signed b the president. Our guest shared his views with us on these issues. We talked public-private partnerships and government procurement. Kim called from Mexico to inquire about the Lalande Crater on the Moon & the cracks or fissures seen in the photos, plus impact melt and more. She also talked about young and old craters which Paul defined for us upon my request. A young crater would be less than a billion years old! Near the end of the segment Paul talked about the challenges in closing a business case for going to the Moon at this time, plus the proper role for government in this situation. Sandra asked about the lunar space elevator.

In the second segment, Kim called back to inquire some more about Lalande crater, thorium bright spots, and more. BJohn emailed in asking about lunar landers, then Rodney brought up space settlement. Paul had interesting comments on space settlement you will wan to hear. A good portion of the second segment was spent on Mars. Back to the budget, he said the challenge was to do more in the most efficient ways possible while reducing the need for more funding. The Mars-Moon debate came up again with Paul explaining why returning to the Moon before going to Mars was important Solar power for missions and habitats was discussed along wit ISRU usage. Don’t forget to reach Paul’s article on Air and Space about the asteroid mining section in the Commercial Space Law just signed into reality by President Obama. See Paul’s writings at www.airspacemag.com/author/paul-d-spudis/?no-ist as well as at www.spudislunarresources.com. While there, check out his “Close but no Cigar” article we discussed on air (www.spudislunarresources.com/blog/the-new-space-resources-law-close-but-no-cigar).

Please post your comments/questions on TSS blog above. You can reach Dr. Spudis through his blog and website.

 

John Batchelor Show Hotel Mars, Wednesday, 12-9-15 December 10, 2015

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John Batchelor Show Hotel Mars, Wednesday, 12-9-15

Special Guest:  Dr. Jeff Coughlin

http://archived.thespaceshow.com/shows/2601-BWB-2015-12-09.mp3

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Guests: John Batchelor, Dr. Jeff Coughlin, Dr. David Livingston. Topics: Kepler mission false positives for finding exoplanets. You are invited to comment, ask questions, and discuss the Space Show program/guest(s) on the Space Show blog. Comments, questions, and any discussion must be relevant and applicable to Space Show programming. Written Transcripts of Space Show programs are not permitted without prior written consent from The Space Show (even if for personal use) & are a violation of the Space Show copyright. We do not permit the commercial use of any Space Show program or part thereof, nor do we permit Space Show programs to be edited, placed on YouTube, or other private channels & websites. Space Show programs can be quoted in news articles, papers, academic & research work but must be cited or referenced in the proper citation format. Contact Dr. Livingston for questions about our copyright and trademark policies which we do enforce. This program is archived on The Space Show website, podcasting, and blog sites with permission from John Batchelor. Please visit the John Batchelor Show website for more information about this fine program, www.johnbatchelorshow.com. Remember, your Amazon Purchases Can Help Support The Space Show/OGLF (www.onegiantleapfoundation.org/amazon.htm). For those of you listening to archives on live365.com & rating the programs, please email me the reasons for your rating. This will definitely help improve Space Show programming. Thank you. Please note that audio and transition issues are a result of copying the John Batchelor broadcast & are not within my control as they originate in the Batchelor studio.

 

John Batchelor and I welcomed Dr. Jeff Coughlin to discuss the recent announcements about the false positives for finding exoplanets regarding the Kepler mission. False positives for identifying exoplanets regarding large bodies is upwards of 52%. Our guest discussed why this was so and why the discovery of the false positive rate for large objects was not a big surprise. False positives for smaller exoplanets is not nearly as high as for the large bodies. Dr. Coughlin talked about the process used to confirm that an object is an exoplanet rather than something else. The process involves the use of ground based observations, the study of brightness of the object, and much more. He talked about how the James Webb Space Telescope will make it easier to detect exoplanets from something else though the use of Hubble is not that applicable given how hard it is to get time on Hubble and the cost of using Hubble. Dr. Coughlin suggested that finding an Earth-like exoplanet with an oxygen and nitrogen atmosphere is certainly possible within “our” lifetime and he said he was optimistic about finding such a discovery.

 

You can email Mr. Batchelor or Dr. Coughlin through me at drspace@thespaceshow.com.

Michelle Cadieux, Tuesday, 12-8-15 December 9, 2015

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Michelle Cadieux, Tuesday, 12-8-15

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Guest: Michelle Cadieux. Topics: Space research, startup organizations, cubesats, important space information sources and more. Please direct all comments and questions regarding Space Show programs/guest(s) to the Space Show blog, https://thespaceshow.wordpress.com. Comments and questions should be relevant to the specific Space Show program. Written Transcripts of Space Show programs are a violation of our copyright and are not permitted without prior written consent, even if for your own use. We do not permit the commercial use of Space Show programs or any part thereof, nor do we permit editing, YouTube clips, or clips placed on other private channels & websites. Space Show programs can be quoted, but the quote must be cited or referenced using the proper citation format. Contact The Space Show for further information. In addition, please remember that your Amazon purchases can help support The Space Show/OGLF. See www.onegiantleapfoundation.org/amazon.htm. For those listening to archives using live365.com and rating the programs, please email me as to why you assign a specific rating to the show. This will help me bring better programming to the audience.

We welcomed Michelle Cadieux to the show to discuss the space startup community, cubesat startups, space research, and much more. I suggest you listen with pen and paper as our guest mentioned several companies and resources that you might want to contact and use. During the first segment of our 1 hour 21 minute program, Ms. Cadieux started out by talking about the Minneapolis based Robotics Alley Conference (www.roboticalley.org). Michelle’s team placed in the investment and innovation category of this conference with a space project which she described on the show. As we learned, her team’s project was the only space project at the conference which caters to the general robotic science and engineering fields. Michelle then discussed the SpaceWorkBench (https://spaceworkbench.wordpress.com/). From this point forward, Michelle offered up organizations and companies doing interesting tings in the space startup community or reporting on it. We talked about cubesat opportunities and options, the possibility of future deep space cubesat, then the subject of the lunar space elevator came up. Michelle mentioned the company Lunar Lift Alliance. The lunar space elevator was mentioned many more times in this segment as well as the second segment of our program. The next topic focused on hackathons around the country. We talked about their market, what they do, crowd funding programs plus Michelle mentioned specific companies and resources for interested listeners. Later in the segment, I asked our guest about human spaceflight opportunities and we talked about space tourism.

In the second segment, Michelle told us about her Facebook site which lists & tells us about startup, hackathon-like and similar events on a national basis. You can find her site at www.facebook.com/creativecommunications?_rdr=p. One event that stood out was the Las Vegas AT&T Development Program with its cash prizes. Todd in San Diego asked our guest about the regulatory environment for the space startups. Next, we briefly discussed asteroid mining with our guest mentioning asteroid valuations. Space law came up, then I asked Michelle about relationships with the hackathon and startup community with the larger aerospace companies such as SpaceX, ULA, etc. Michelle mentioned that many of these organizations sponsor events in this entrepreneurial community. During the remainder of the second segment, cubesats were again discussed along with people’s interest in getting out of LEO and my asking Michelle if she wanted to go to space. Tim called with questions about the lunar space elevator and possibly a Martian space elevator. As the show was about to end, business plan competitions were brought up along with a focus on the need for innovation.

Please post your comments/questions on TSS blog above. You can reach our guest through me or through her Facebook site.

Dr. Marc Rayman, Monday, 12-7-15 December 8, 2015

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Dr. Marc Rayman, Monday, 12-7-15

http://archived.thespaceshow.com/shows/2599-BWB-2015-12-07.mp3

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Please remember that The Space Show is conducting its annual fund raising drive for 2016.  We need your support to keep Space Show programming and content coming to you free of charge.  Please read our campaign letter here:

https://thespaceshow.wordpress.com/2015/12/05/2015-annual-space-show-fundraising-campaign  We need your support and we thank you for it for 2015.

Guest:  Dr. Marc Rayman.  Topics:  The Dawn Mission spacecraft, Ceres news & updates, plus much more.  Please direct all comments and questions regarding Space Show programs/guest(s) to the Space Show blog, https://thespaceshow.wordpress.com.  Comments and questions should be relevant to the specific Space Show program. Written Transcripts of Space Show programs are a violation of our copyright and are not permitted without prior written consent, even if for your own use. We do not permit the commercial use of Space Show programs or any part thereof, nor do we permit editing, YouTube clips, or clips placed on other private channels & websites. Space Show programs can be quoted, but the quote must be cited or referenced using the proper citation format. Contact The Space Show for further information. In addition, please remember that your Amazon purchases can help support The Space Show/OGLF. See www.onegiantleapfoundation.org/amazon.htm.  For those listening to archives using live365.com and rating the programs, please email me as to why you assign a specific rating to the show. This will help me bring better programming to the audience.

We welcomed back Dr. Marc Rayman to the show to discuss the Dawn Mission and Ceres updates.  During the first segment of our 1 hour 25 minute discussion, Dr. Rayman said that Dawn was as close to Ceres as it would ever be & that it was in a stable orbit that would last a very long time as they need to avoid having the spacecraft crash into the surface of Ceres.  Dawn is approximately 240 miles above Ceres and its orbital velocity to maintain this orbit is around 600 mph. It takes about 30 minutes for a radio signal to travel one way between Ceres and Earth for a one hour round trip time.  He discussed this Ceres stable orbit in some detail.  We talked about the mission end for Dawn which will likely happen sometime in 2016 as the thruster hydrazine fuel runs out.  He described the failure to us and why they cannot predict with certainty the end date an time.  Marc also talked about the reaction wheels (gyros), the fact they lost two but had one spare to use. He explained how they have been operating the spacecraft with just two gyros instead of the required three.  We talked about some of the new information coming back, exciting findings by Dawn and of course the mysterious bright spots.  Marc commented about the mountain Ahuna Mans which rises to about 20,000 feet above the surface.  Doug called to ask about the water ice and the dark cracks he saw in the photos of the bright spots.  He also inquired about a human mission to Ceres.  Listeners brought up private human missions, including the possibility of a private human mission to Mars.  Don’t miss what Dr. Rayman said about these potential missions.  In response to a question about what would humans do on Ceres, our guest said EXPLORE! BJohn wanted to know if Vesta and Ceres had a special alignment making the mission possible or if we could pretty much visit any two asteroids as we did with these two (dwarf planets).  Doug emailed in asking how the astronauts would actually get around on the surface of Ceres, a question which led to discussing Ceres gravity.

In the second segment, I asked Marc how he and the others associated with these very long term planetary missions develop the patience to wait years and years for the spacecraft to arrive at the destination and start doing what it was designed to do. Marc had some interesting comments and observations about this.  Jerry asked if nuclear propulsion would benefit missions such as Dawn and planetary science in general.  Helen wanted to know what was the most disappointing thing about Dawn.  The reaction wheel failure was a big item but Marc had interesting things to say about defining something related to a mission as a disappointment.  Another listener asked if JPL tracked the general population popularity of its planetary missions.  Later in the segment we discussed robots vs. humans for some missions, then Jane asked about public school text books containing this cutting edge planetary science information.  Both Marc and I offered comments on this subject.  Marc also suggested we visit www.spaceplace.nasa.gov.  Another listener asked for the best school study path to pursue to be able to do what Marc does today at JPL.  Marc had lots of interesting things to say about this so if you want to do planetary science, note what he said. There are multiple study paths to take that can lead you to this kind of work at JPL & other centers/institutions.  He also noted that JPL has lots of non-technical people doing key things in the planetary science department with missions so the path is not always science and engineering.  Paul offered up the last question inquiring about the volume of data to be studied from Dawn.  Marc directed our attention the JPL Planetary Data System Repository which is where this information ends up and anyone can access and research it.  There are years if not decades of research awaiting for the Dawn Mission data.

Please post your comments/questions on TSS blog above. You can reach Dr. Rayman through JPL or me.