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Marcia Smith, Friday, 3-13-15 March 14, 2015

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Marcia Smith, Friday, 3-13-15

http://archived.thespaceshow.com/shows/2433-BWB-2015-03-13.mp3

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Guest:  Marcia Smith.  Topics:  NASA budgets and their process, specific NASA programs, U.S. congress and more.  Please direct all comments and questions regarding Space Show programs/guest(s) to the Space Show blog, https://thespaceshow.wordpress.com.  Comments and questions should be relevant to the specific Space Show program. Written Transcripts of Space Show programs are a violation of our copyright and are not permitted without prior written consent, even if for your own use. We do not permit the commercial use of Space Show programs or any part thereof, nor do we permit editing, YouTube clips, or clips placed on other private channels & websites. Space Show programs can be quoted, but the quote must be cited or referenced using the proper citation format. Contact The Space Show for further information. In addition, please remember that your Amazon purchases can help support The Space Show/OGLF. See www.onegiantleapfoundation.org/amazon.htm.  For those listening to archives using live365.com and rating the programs, please email me as to why you assign a specific rating to the show. This will help me bring better programming to the audience.

We welcomed Marcia Smith back to the program to discuss the proposed NASA FY 16 budget and process, sequestration, specific NASA projects and more.  During our one segment 69 minute discussion, Ms. Smith started out by stating that the proposed 2016 FY NASA budget was bigger than the 2015 NASA budget by about $500 million!  Ms. Smith continued saying the trend was upward with continued strong support for SLS, Orion, and even Europa.  Also, NASA remains largely bipartisan in its congressional support.  I asked our guest about the coming sequestration for 2016-2021 and here, uncertainty prevails.  We also learned that there would be more flexibility for targeted sequestration cuts than there were the first time.  Sequestration has a focus towards two categories, security and non-security projects and expenditures.  Bob in Tucson sent in our first email to inquire about a possible “war” within the NASA planetary science and human spaceflight directorates.  A question came in regarding congressional motivators with a focus on SLS motivators.  Among the SLS motivators mentioned by our guest were national prestige, global leadership, preserving and growing our industrial base, and keeping people employed.  Jerry emailed in asking about NASA educational outreach and support in the proposed FY 16 budget.  Our first caller was Michael Listner who wanted to expand on earlier comments about the private sector and NASA, specifically government programs.  Marcia and Michael had an interesting discussion focusing on these issues.  Both cited examples including ULA, the EELV program, and the concept of “skin in the game plus the opportunity for a private sector company to fail and maybe needing a government bailout if all our eggs were in that one private sector basket. The new Lockheed Jupiter commercial cargo space tug program was mentioned and Michael said it might be useful for removal of some space debris.  The subject of building LEO infrastructure came up multiple times during our discussion, especially the issue of who or what entity would pay for its development. Government or the private sector?  BJohn asked Marcia email questions about reusability thus providing NASA with more “bang for the buck” so to speak.  I asked Marcia several questions about the discretionary part of our budget, we talked more about the Europa mission and the best way to influence congressional space policy makers.  Our guest had some very interesting things to say about this so don’t miss the discussion.  Near the end of the program, I asked if there was any serious effort to move to ten year funding for space and other very long projects given the likelihood of a program not lasting ten years due to congressional changes and program cuts.  Marcia did mention that the shuttle and ISS programs survived so it was possible for a program to last a long time. She also did not think there would be ten year funding as congress would not give up its continue oversight responsibilities for such a long term obligation.  Peter in San Diego asked about the 2016 elections and if we were likely to see a radical shift in space policy.  Donald in Los Angeles asked if the one party congress would get the budget done or if we were likely to see a CR at the end of September.  BJohn sent in another email asking about possible congressional motivators to be even more supportive of space than they have been given their $500 million budget increase.  Beverly asked Marcia about international cooperation with space projects.  Marcia said she was a strong supporter of international cooperation.  She also provided us with a few of her excellent reasons for supporting international cooperation.  Before the program ended, we came back to the issue of LEO infrastructure and cislunar development.  Given the private sector’s reluctance to invest in these areas so far, a natural conclusion would be that the private or commercial markets are not yet developed.

Please post your comments on TSS blog above.  Visit Marcia’s site, www.spacepolicyonline.com for the latest in space new and policy developments.  You can reach Ms. Smith through her website or me.

 

The John Batchelor Show Hotel Mars, Wednesday, 3-11-15 March 12, 2015

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The John Batchelor Show Hotel Mars, Wednesday, 3-11-15

http://archived.thespaceshow.com/shows/2432-BWB-2015-03-11.mp3

Special Guest:  Dr. Bruce Jakosky, PI for Maven Mission

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Guests: John Batchelor, Dr. Bruce Jakosky, Dr. David Livingston. Topics: Mars mysterious plumes, Martian atmosphere, Maven mission. You are invited to comment, ask questions, and discuss the Space Show program/guest(s) on the Space Show blog. Comments, questions, and any discussion must be relevant and applicable to Space Show programming. Written Transcripts of Space Show programs are not permitted without prior written consent from The Space Show (even if for personal use) & are a violation of the Space Show copyright. We do not permit the commercial use of any Space Show program or part thereof, nor do we permit Space Show programs to be edited, placed on YouTube, or other private channels & websites. Space Show programs can be quoted in news articles, papers, academic & research work but must be cited or referenced in the proper citation format. Contact Dr. Livingston for questions about our copyright and trademark policies which we do enforce. This program is archived on The Space Show website, podcasting, and blog sites with permission from John Batchelor. Please visit the John Batchelor Show website for more information about this fine program, www.johnbatchelorshow.com. Remember, your Amazon Purchases Can Help Support The Space Show/OGLF (www.onegiantleapfoundation.org/amazon.htm). For those of you listening to archives on live365.com & rating the programs, please email me the reasons for your rating. This will definitely help improve Space Show programming. Thank you. Please note that audio and transition issues are a result of copying the John Batchelor broadcast & are not within my control as they originate in the Batchelor studio.

John Batchelor and I welcomed Dr. Bruce Jakosky, the Maven Mission PI, to discuss the mysterious Martin plumes, the Martian atmosphere, and the Maven mission. As you will hear, the plumes are a real mystery with very mysterious characteristics. The scientists studying the plumes are puzzled and you will hear why as you listen to Dr. Jakosky. We also asked Dr. Jakosky about the Maven Mission and some questions about what happened to the water on Mars along with Martian atmosphere questions.

You can email Mr. Batchelor or Dr. Jakosky through me at drspace@thespaceshow.com.

 

 

Emily Lakdawalla, Tuesday, 3-10-15 March 11, 2015

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 Emily Lakdawalla, Tuesday, 3-10-15

http://archived.thespaceshow.com/shows/2431-BWB-2015-03-10.mp3

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Guest:  Emily Lakdawalla.  Topics:  We discussed planetary science missions, the outer and inner planets, Ceres, icy moons, and more.  Please direct all comments and questions regarding Space Show programs/guest(s) to the Space Show blog, https://thespaceshow.wordpress.com.  Comments and questions should be relevant to the specific Space Show program. Written Transcripts of Space Show programs are a violation of our copyright and are not permitted without prior written consent, even if for your own use. We do not permit the commercial use of Space Show programs or any part thereof, nor do we permit editing, YouTube clips, or clips placed on other private channels & websites. Space Show programs can be quoted, but the quote must be cited or referenced using the proper citation format. Contact The Space Show for further information. In addition, please remember that your Amazon purchases can help support The Space Show/OGLF. See www.onegiantleapfoundation.org/amazon.htm.   For those listening to archives using live365.com and rating the programs, please email me as to why you assign a specific rating to the show. This will help me bring better programming to the audience.

We welcomed back Emily Lakdawalla for a far ranging planetary science and mission discussion.  During the first segment of our 90 minute program, Emily was asked questions about the Planetary Society’s solar sail mission, LightSail.  Look forward to a special Space Show program about this project in the near future.  I asked her about her Cassini Icy Moons article on her Planetary Society blog which can be found at http://www.planetary.org/blogs/emily-lakdawalla.  We talked about the photo mosaics and Emily told us about the software and how any of could easily do similar mosaics.  As you will hear, we talked about icy moons throughout our program.  The Dawn mission with its approach to Ceres was an important discussion topic as was New Horizons on the way to Pluto.  As all of you have heard before, this is the year of the Dwarf Planet!  Dan called with questions about Mars 2020 and the sample return mission.  We touched on human spaceflight and addressed the NASA planetary budget.  Roy called to ask about the Thursday press conference about Ganymede, then before the break we got a question about the Rosetta mission and the Ceres bright spot.

In the second segment, Emily had more to say about New Horizons, how photos and data would be sent back to Earth, and the upcoming cliff hanging moments with New Horizons and why they are considered cliff hanging.  Don’t miss our New Horizons discussion.  Callers and questions came in about Europa, the overall cost of planetary missions for the American taxpayer, the Dawn orbit around Ceres and limitations due to hydrazine.  One listener even asked if there would be public events around New Horizons arriving at Pluto.  Near the end of the segment, Doug sent in several emails asking about Uranus and Neptune and here Emily had much to say in support of such missions.  I asked our guest about her preference between inner and outer planets.  We also talked about returning to the Moon.  Near the end of the program, Carl wanted to know what was going to happen with planetary science after New Horizons.  A series of lunar questions came in with one asking about a lunar sample return.  I asked Emily if a lunar sample return was needed given the quantity of Moon Rocks that we have from the Apollo era.  Don’t miss her most interesting reply with a focus on possible contamination from the lunar Imbrium event.  As our program was ending, Barry wanted to know why we were using radio communications from the outer planets rather than light.

Please post your comments/questions on TSS blog above. Emily Lakdawalla can be reached through her blog or me.

Keri Kukral, Monday, 3-9-15 March 10, 2015

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Keri Kukral, Monday, 3-9-15

http://archived.thespaceshow.com/shows/2430-BWB-2015-03-09.mp3

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Guest:  Keri Kukral.  Topics:  Raw Science TV and the Raw Science Film Festival.  Please direct all comments and questions regarding Space Show programs/guest(s) to the Space Show blog, https://thespaceshow.wordpress.com.  Comments and questions should be relevant to the specific Space Show program. Written Transcripts of Space Show programs are a violation of our copyright and are not permitted without prior written consent, even if for your own use. We do not permit the commercial use of Space Show programs or any part thereof, nor do we permit editing, YouTube clips, or clips placed on other private channels & websites. Space Show programs can be quoted, but the quote must be cited or referenced using the proper citation format. Contact The Space Show for further information. In addition, please remember that your Amazon purchases can help support The Space Show/OGLF. See www.onegiantleapfoundation.org/amazon.htm.  For those listening to archives using live365.com and rating the programs, please email me as to why you assign a specific rating to the show. This will help me bring better programming to the audience.

We welcomed Ms. Keri Kukral to the program to discuss Raw Science TV and the Raw Science Film Festival held in December 2014.  During our 61 minute discussion, Keri Kukral started out by telling us about her unique path which included being a professional ballet dancer, then studying bio/electrical engineering at Purdue with notable accomplishments to winning a type of business plan competition to create the online science channel Raw Science TV (www.rawscience.tv).  Together with her team, they created the Raw Science Film Festival which had their first award ceremony this past December.  For more information, visit www.rawscience.tv/raw-science-film-fest-award-winners.  During our discussion, we went back and forth between Raw Science TV and the film festival.  Keri mentioned several of the award winning films, the categories for the film festival, and the special award, the Kip Thorne Gravity Award presented to Dr. Kip Thorne.  We also learned that to see many of the winning movies, we can subscribe to the Raw Science Film Festival by registering in the upper right corner of the film festival home page.  Many of the films can be live streamed for free, others at a modest cost.  Listeners asked Keri about entering the film contest, why internet TV rather than cable, student films, international films, and the science fiction genre.  Later in the discussion she was asked about her ballet career and what advantages dance may have given her regarding science that a more traditional path to science would not have offered her or others.  Another area of questions focused on relating to engineering versus science.  We had an interesting discussion about this, especially as to how engineering related to both the TV channel and the film festival.  Keri was asked about space films on both the Raw Science TV Channel as well as the film festival in comparison to other fields of science.  She offered some interesting perspectives on this subject as well as the questions about engineering.  One listener wanted to know what was included in their definition of science.  Keri explained that they require data to evaluate so a film being submitted needs to be associated with data.  Don’t miss this discussion.  We also talked about music and dance as a form of math and neuro science.

Please post your comments/questions on TSS blog above.  You can reach Keri Kukral through me or Raw Science websites.

 

Open Lines, 3-8-15 March 9, 2015

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Open Lines, 3-8-15

http://archived.thespaceshow.com/shows/2429-BWB-2015-03-08.mp3

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Guest: Open Lines with Dr. David Livingston. Topics: A variety of space related discussion topics and news items per numerous callers to the program. Please direct all comments and questions regarding Space Show programs/guest(s) to the Space Show blog, https://thespaceshow.wordpress.com. Comments and questions should be relevant to the specific Space Show program. Written Transcripts of Space Show programs are a violation of our copyright and are not permitted without prior written consent, even if for your own use. We do not permit the commercial use of Space Show programs or any part thereof, nor do we permit editing, YouTube clips, or clips placed on other private channels & websites. Space Show programs can be quoted, but the quote must be cited or referenced using the proper citation format. Contact The Space Show for further information. In addition, please remember that your Amazon purchases can help support The Space Show/OGLF. See www.onegiantleapfoundation.org/amazon.htm.  For those listening to archives using live365.com and rating the programs, please email me as to why you assign a specific rating to the show. This will help me bring better programming to the audience.

Welcome to this Open Lines program in which many space topics were discussed by those emailing and calling today’s show. During the first segment of our very long 2 hour 37 minute program, I suggested several topics for discussion including Gliese 581d, topics suggested by listener Kirk in a before the show email, the SpaceX vs. Blue Origin patent litigation, and the recently held Pioneering Space National Summit with space settlement and cheap access to space as the consensus goals of the summit. To begin the program I read an email from a Portland listener wanting information about Mars One. Our first caller was Michael Listner who explained in some detail the ruling recently handed down by the court regarding the SpaceX vs. Blue Origin patent challenge regarding landing a first stage on a floating barge and restarting the rocket engine. Michael did a great job in walking us through the decision, what it means and what to expect next so don’t miss what he had to say about this important case. Blue Origin was granted the patent in 2013. Marshall called to talk about this being the year of the Dwarf Planet with Dawn and Ceres plus later on New Horizons reaching Pluto. Jon from NJ called and we talked about communicating over interstellar space given the story I reported on regarding Gliese 581d 22 light years from earth. We lamented the amount of time it would take to send signals back and forth were it an inhabited planet. Jon thought there might be faster ways of communicating using packets of data. He also suggested a themed Open Lines show, “Confessions of a Space Cadet.”

In the second segment, Kelly Starks called and was extremely controversial. First, let me say that Kelly’s statements, perspectives and views are not those of The Space Show, One Giant Leap Foundation, or me, David Livingston. They represent only Kelly and nobody else. The controversy came when Kelly compared working for old space as compared to New Space companies and then accused NewSpace companies of cutting corners for safety, compromising designs, etc. I strongly disagreed with Kelly through the length of his call and at times cautioned him in making unfounded accusations against his former employer. He said he could back up his accusations but as you will hear, I was very skeptical of his ability to do that and told him so. Toward the end of his comments, he mentioned his old ArcJet space plane project which died for lack of funding, interest, and support. He called back before the end of the show getting in the last call of the show to tell us more about ArcJet plus I told him if he had any material on it that was handy, I would upload it to the blog. For those of you interested in Kelly’s ArcJet project, I have uploaded two of his papers to the blog for this specific show so you can download them as you please. John from Ft. Worth called in to give a different “spin” and take to Kelly’s comments but I was not really accepting of John’s take on what Kelly had to say. Doug called to also talk about dwarf planets and suggested we might be in a golden era of planetary science. He said the Ceres white spot might prove to be very interesting if its water. Doug and I also talked about his concept of going directly to the Moon. At first I misunderstood what he was talking about but in the end we were both on the same page as to what he had to say about the issue and I thanked him for clearing up my confusion over his comments. I asked him for his views on what Kelly had to say but for the most part he just said it was not something he was interested in.

Please post your comments/questions on TSS blog. For those of you wanting to take issue or support what Kelly had to say, civility is required when posting on the blog. Ideas can be held up to the light of day and are fair game. Any posts lacking civility will be removed from the blog.

                                          Sub_orbital_Biz_jet_proposal_11-30-08

                                            ArcJet project history

John Batchelor Show Hotel Mars, Wednesday, 3-4-15 March 5, 2015

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John Batchelor Show Hotel Mars, Wednesday, 3-4-15

http://archived.thespaceshow.com/shows/2428-BWB-2015-03-04.mp3

Special Guest: William (Bill) Harwood

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Guests: John Batchelor, William (Bill) Harwood, Dr. David Livingston. Topics: SpaceX, Falcon 9, satellite launces, ion propulsion, Curiosity. You are invited to comment, ask questions, and discuss the Space Show program/guest(s) on the Space Show blog. Comments, questions, and any discussion must be relevant and applicable to Space Show programming. Written Transcripts of Space Show programs are not permitted without prior written consent from The Space Show (even if for personal use) & are a violation of the Space Show copyright. We do not permit the commercial use of any Space Show program or part thereof, nor do we permit Space Show programs to be edited, placed on YouTube, or other private channels & websites. Space Show programs can be quoted in news articles, papers, academic & research work but must be cited or referenced in the proper citation format. Contact Dr. Livingston for questions about our copyright and trademark policies which we do enforce. This program is archived on The Space Show website, podcasting, and blog sites with permission from John Batchelor. Please visit the John Batchelor Show website for more information about this fine program, www.johnbatchelorshow.com. Remember, your Amazon Purchases Can Help Support The Space Show/OGLF (www.onegiantleapfoundation.org/amazon.htm). For those of you listening to archives on live365.com & rating the programs, please email me the reasons for your rating. This will definitely help improve Space Show programming. Thank you. Please note that audio and transition issues are a result of copying the John Batchelor broadcast & are not within my control as they originate in the Batchelor studio.

 

John Batchelor and I welcomed back Bill Harwood of CBS Space News to discuss the recent successful SpaceX Falcon 9 double satellite launch of two Boeing satellites that will use ion propulsion to get to their designated orbit over several months. Given the all electric propulsion for these satellites, the payload mass was significantly reduced so both satellites could be launched together resulting in dramatically reducing launch costs. In addition, we discussed the latest glitch with Mars Curiosity that may be a short somewhere in the system which showed up this past Saturday when the Curiosity drill was being used.

 

You can email Mr. Batchelor or Dr. Spilker through me at drspace@thespaceshow.com.

 

Anatoly Zak, Tuesday, 3-3-15 March 4, 2015

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Anatoly Zak, Tuesday, 3-3-15

http://archived.thespaceshow.com/shows/2427-BWB-2015-03-03.mp3

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Guest: Anatoly Zak.   Topics: Russian space program today and throughout history. Please direct all comments and questions regarding Space Show programs/guest(s) to the Space Show blog, https://thespaceshow.wordpress.com. Comments and questions should be relevant to the specific Space Show program. Written Transcripts of Space Show programs are a violation of our copyright and are not permitted without prior written consent, even if for your own use. We do not permit the commercial use of Space Show programs or any part thereof, nor do we permit editing, YouTube clips, or clips placed on other private channels & websites. Space Show programs can be quoted, but the quote must be cited or referenced using the proper citation format. Contact The Space Show for further information. In addition, please remember that your Amazon purchases can help support The Space Show/OGLF. See www.onegiantleapfoundation.org/amazon.htm. For those listening to archives using live365.com and rating the programs, please email me as to why you assign a specific rating to the show. This will help me bring better programming to the audience.

We welcomed back to the show Anatoly Zak for updates with the Russian space industry plus much more. In the first segment of our 93 minute discussion, Anatoly talked about his book which is now in its second printing, “Russia In Space: The Past Explained The Future Explored.” Remember, if you purchase the book through TSS/OGLF Amazon portal, Amazon will contribute 5% of the purchase price to TSS/OGLF. Instructions are on all archived and website archives plus www.onegiantleapfoundation.org. Make sure you visit Anatoly’s website for even more Russian space news and history, www.russianspaceweb.com. In our first segment, we started with the news that Russia had agreed to stay with the ISS through 2024 and then pursue their own space station. Anatoly said that the future plans were not fixed in stone and could change depending on the ISS and many other circumstances. He said the planned new Russian space station is designed to provide a place for Russian cosmonauts to go to for work, science, etc. If the ISS is ongoing, that may fit the Russian purpose so their new station might be delayed. I asked Anatoly several questions about Russian public space opinion, public interest in space, and I inquired about Russian space advocacy groups. Paula sent in a note asking about the impact of the US sanctions now in place on Russia. Anatoly said they are impacting space, mainly on the science side and he cited a few examples. So far there is less impact on the human spaceflight side. He also said the Russian media and people in general blame the US regarding the sanctions, not their own government for their behavior in the Ukraine, etc. I inquired about their new spaceport, Vostochny. Anatoly had interesting things to say about it, including the logistics, the fact that it was 7-8 time zones from Moscow and how hard and time consuming it would be to get there. He also talked about the large heavy lift Russian rockets which are a transportation problem given they are too large for Russian highway and rail infrastructure. He said they could use the one remaining giant Antonov huge cargo jet but its Urkainian and based in the Ukraine so that presents a current problem for Russia. Joan asked about the Russian nuclear rocket program. We had quite a discussion on this with Anatoly so don’t miss it. Also discussed in this segment were space budget issues and the failing Russian economy. Listeners then brought up the Buran shuttle that Russia developed and here Anatoly had much to say.

In the second segment, Anatoly was asked if Russia felt it was in competition with other national space agencies. He said yes and cited the US, ESA, and China in that order as the most competitive. Another listener question asked him about the Russian interest in economic cislunar development and the Moon as well as property right. Don’t miss his responses to these questions. Dwayne called and asked how Russian answers the question of why they have a human spaceflight program. Anatoly provided us with an elaborate answer but said it was subjective and someone else might answer this question from a different perspective. Dwayne also asked about Soviet spy satellites and he wanted Anatoly to compare them to the same period when we had Hexagon. Again, don’t miss his response. Our next topic focused on the Ukraine and its impact on the Russian space program and how the fighting is hurting the Russian space program and the Ukrainian space workforce. Andrew called from Tucson wanting to know how the Russians viewed the U.S. given our gaps in human spaceflight forcing us to depend on the Russians. I then asked Anatoly what the peak period for the Soviet-Russian space program was so far and he said the Apollo Moon race era. Doug emailed in wanting to know about unofficial scientific agreements entered into by scientists that might evolve to national policy. Our final topic dealt with Russian space conference.

Please post your comments/questions on TSS blog above. You can reach Anatoly Zak through his website or me.

Dr. James Dewar, Dr. John Jurist, Monday, 3-2-15 March 3, 2015

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Dr. James Dewar, Dr. John Jurist, Monday, 3-2-15

http://archived.thespaceshow.com/shows/2426-BWB-2015-03-02.mp3

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Guests: Dr. James Dewar, Dr. John Jurist. Topics: Nuclear propulsion, nuclear policy, technology and more. Please direct all comments and questions regarding Space Show programs/guest(s) to the Space Show blog, https://thespaceshow.wordpress.com. Comments and questions should be relevant to the specific Space Show program. Written Transcripts of Space Show programs are a violation of our copyright and are not permitted without prior written consent, even if for your own use. We do not permit the commercial use of Space Show programs or any part thereof, nor do we permit editing, YouTube clips, or clips placed on other private channels & websites. Space Show programs can be quoted, but the quote must be cited or referenced using the proper citation format. Contact The Space Show for further information. In addition, please remember that your Amazon purchases can help support The Space Show/OGLF. See www.onegiantleapfoundation.org/amazon.htm. For those listening to archives using live365.com and rating the programs, please email me as to why you assign a specific rating to the show. This will help me bring better programming to the audience.

We welcomed Dr. James Dewar and Dr. John Jurist back to the show to discuss nuclear propulsion and rocket. During the first segment of our 1 hour 40 minute discussion, Both Dr. Dewar and Dr. Jurist talked about the nuclear rocket technology, fuel, cores, past experiences, and how best to modernize the nuclear rocket and move forward with new development. Most of the callers talked technology so this first segment is very technology heavy. Space attorney Michael Listner sent in emails suggesting it would never happen due to the regulatory side of things plus he provided us with the UN Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space policy on using nuclear power in space (www.unoosa.org/oosa/SpaceLaw/nps.html). Listener Kristopher spoke to our guests about core options and fuels. Check out this site that he sent us: http://www.projectrho.com/public_html/rocket/enginelist.php#ntrvapor. Toward the end of the first segment, I said that after the break the second segment would focus on what to do to make the nuclear rocket policy and to start the program and develop this form of advanced propulsion. Both Dr. Dewar and Dr. Jurist agreed.

In the second segment, we did focus on the need for leadership and organizational structure for developing the nuclear rocket and starting with nuclear propulsion. We had several callers and emails addressing how to sell a nuclear rocket program. Dr. Dewar talked about the economic benefits, jobs, opening up more of space to economic growth and access. I asked about chokepoints and both our guests suggested the biggest chokepoint was the absence of young, passionate, and competent leadership. Related issues that came included how best to get the support of congress as well as the American people, plus why a nuclear rocket was important and should be developed.

Please post your comments/questions on The Space Show blog per the above URL. You can reach either guest through me.

 

Richard Easton, Eric Frazier, Sunday, 3-1-15 March 2, 2015

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Richard Easton, Eric Frazier, Sunday, 3-1-15

http://archived.thespaceshow.com/shows/2425-BWB-2015-03-01.mp3

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Guests:  Richard Easton, Eric Frazier.  Topics: GPS updates, competitive global positioning systems, and more.  Please direct all comments and questions regarding Space Show programs/guest(s) to the Space Show blog, https://thespaceshow.wordpress.com.  Comments and questions should be relevant to the specific Space Show program. Written Transcripts of Space Show programs are a violation of our copyright and are not permitted without prior written consent, even if for your own use. We do not permit the commercial use of Space Show programs or any part thereof, nor do we permit editing, YouTube clips, or clips placed on other private channels & websites. Space Show programs can be quoted, but the quote must be cited or referenced using the proper citation format. Contact The Space Show for further information. In addition, please remember that your Amazon purchases can help support The Space Show/OGLF. See www.onegiantleapfoundation.org/amazon.htm.  For those listening to archives using live365.com and rating the programs, please email me as to why you assign a specific rating to the show. This will help me bring better programming to the audience.

We welcomed the return to the program of both Richard Easton and Eric Frazier to update us on GPS here in the states and internationally.  Make sure you read their book, “GPS Declassified” which is available from Amazon.  If you use the Amazon Space Show/OGLF portal, Amazon will contribute 5% of the purchase price to The Space Show.  Instructions are in all archived summaries and program blog posts.  Visit their website, www.gpsdeclassified.com.  During the first segment of our 1 hour 40 minute program, our guests updated us with new GPS developments, new generation GPS satellites, plus information about delays in bringing online new GPS operating systems including the new OCX system.  Listeners asked our guests questions about how safe and secure our GPS system is from hackers, cyber attacks and even ASAT devices.  Listeners also asked about the Russian GLONASS system as well as the European Galileo system.  Marshall called in to talk about Differential GPS. BJohn inquired about GPS improvements so it would work inside and then the subject of electromagnetic pulse (EMP) came up.  Listeners wanted to know just how vulnerable GPS might be to an EMP attack.  John in Florida inquired about extending GPS throughout the solar system, then as the segment was ending, questions came up about a lunar GPS system.

In the second segment, John from Ft. Worth called in to challenge some of the thinking about the risks posed by an EMP.  John brought up some interesting points so don’t miss this good discussion.  Later, as a result of another BJohn question, we learned that not only are the GPS satellites used for navigation, but they have been used for nuclear detection and were why we could enter into treaties under the assumption of “trust but verify.”  Also in this segment, Mars came up as did a return to the Moon suggestion by our guests.  Near the end, I asked about responsive space ideas and GPS.  Here we learned that the idea was to have additional GPS satellites already in orbit that could be activated rather than having to quickly launch a replacement satellite.  Both our guests provided us with closing comments and “pearls of wisdom.”

Post your comments/questions on TSS blog above.  You can reach Richard or Eric through me or the website.

 

John Putman, Friday, 2-27-15 February 28, 2015

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John Putman, Friday, 2-27-15

http://archived.thespaceshow.com/shows/2424-BWB-2015-02-27.mp3

Your Amazon Purchases Helps Support TSS/OGLF (see www.onegiantleapfoundation.org/amazon.htm)

If you rate shows on live365.com, email me your rating reasons to help improve the show

Guest:  John Putman.  Topics:  Neurofeedback and EEG to improve peak performance in both short & long duration spaceflight.  Please direct all comments and questions regarding Space Show programs/guest(s) to the Space Show blog, https://thespaceshow.wordpress.com. Comments and questions should be relevant to the specific Space Show program. Written Transcripts of Space Show programs are a violation of our copyright and are not permitted without prior written consent, even if for your own use. We do not permit the commercial use of Space Show programs or any part thereof, nor do we permit editing, YouTube clips, or clips placed on other private channels & websites. Space Show programs can be quoted, but the quote must be cited or referenced using the proper citation format. Contact The Space Show for further information. In addition, please remember that your Amazon purchases can help support The Space Show/OGLF. See http://www.onegiantleapfoundation.org/amazon.htm.  For those listening to archives using live365.com and rating the programs, please email me as to why you assign a specific rating to the show. This will help me bring better programming to the audience.

We welcomed John Putman to the show to discussed neurofeedback in the context of astronaut peak performance training for both long and short duration spaceflight missions.  During the first segment of our 1 hour 26 minute program, Mr. Putman explained biofeedback and the specifics of neurofeedback, neuro-diagnostics and electroencephalography (EEG).  He also explained the linkage of this research to astronauts for both long and short duration human spaceflight missions.  Much of our fist segment provided the groundwork for our discussion, addressing the fight or flight response which is automatic, sensorimotor rhythm (SMR), and more.  Our guest explained how the training is conducted and how it works.  Also discussed was seizure disorder and space adaptation syndrome (space sickness).  Listeners had many questions for our guest including if it was being applied to or made part of suborbital flight training for participants.  Beverly wanted to know if astronauts would have time to do this type of training given how their schedules are planned.  Microgravity came up and John spoke to the fact that humans were 1g and it was simply not known what type of effects would befall humans in prolonged microgravity, up to ten years or more, even with some artificial gravity for mitigation.  As the result of another listener question, John spoke to the fact that the Moon was much closer, only three days away and possibly a good training ground for understanding microgravity, neurofeedback in space and more.  Michael Listner called to support Mr. Putman’s comments and then he brought up the Mars One project which both John and Michael discussed for a few minutes.  As the segment was about to end, a listener asked if the astronauts would be too “macho” to do neurofeedback training.  John said it was actually peak performance training & that much had changed today so he did not see attitude as a problem.  He even cited training feedback with Edwards AFB test pilots and the need to disengage from your stressful activity.  BJohn got in a question about rotation and artificial gravity and Kelly called from Phoenix to inquire about the training and its impact on fluid redistribution related to microgravity.

In the second segment, BJohn led off with another question about using the training to overcome sensitivity to bad smells thinking about sulfur on Mars as a possible example.  John was also asked about integrating neurofeedback training into missions using newly designed hardware such as the Dragon V2, Orion, CST`100, and Dream Chaser.  We talked about technology improvements and the likelihood of soon being able to do some of the training on a small device such as a smartphone.  I asked John about other space agencies doing astronaut training in this area.  He mentioned ESA as well as the Dept. of Defense and athletes interested in peak performance training.  Joan asked him about ISS experiments.  He said none yet and explained the difficult challenges he has had as a small business getting an experiment on the ISS.  We talked about possible gender and race differences but he said there were none and then we talked about sleep loss and how the training mitigates that problem.  John also talked about NASA, I asked about any interest by private space companies such as Bigelow and SpaceX, plus I asked if there had been an experiments with the Navy and submarines.  Visit his websites, http://www.eeginfo.com and http://www.jputmaneeg.com for more information.

Please post your comments/questions on TSS blog above.

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