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Christopher Stone, Sunday, 5-24-15 May 25, 2015

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Christopher Stone, Sunday, 5-24-15

http://archived.thespaceshow.com/shows/2479-BWB-2015-05-24.mp3

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Guest:  Christopher (Chris) Stone;  Topics:  Deterrence and the National Security Space Strategy.  Please direct all comments and questions regarding Space Show programs/guest(s) to the Space Show blog, https://thespaceshow.wordpress.com.  Comments and questions should be relevant to the specific Space Show program. Written Transcripts of Space Show programs are a violation of our copyright and are not permitted without prior written consent, even if for your own use. We do not permit the commercial use of Space Show programs or any part thereof, nor do we permit editing, YouTube clips, or clips placed on other private channels & websites. Space Show programs can be quoted, but the quote must be cited or referenced using the proper citation format. Contact The Space Show for further information. In addition, please remember that your Amazon purchases can help support The Space Show/OGLF. See www.onegiantleapfoundation.org/amazon.htm.  For those listening to archives using live365.com and rating the programs, please email me as to why you assign a specific rating to the show. This will help me bring better programming to the audience.

 

We welcomed Chris Stone back to the program to discuss his recent Space Review article, “Security Through Vulnerability?: The False Deterrence of the National Security Space Strategy.”  You can read his article at www.thespacereview.com/article/2731/1In addition, I am fully aware that this is a controversial topic and discussion so I am more than willing to give equal time to a qualified person who wants to take a different position and articulate a different perspective on deterrence and the NSSS.  If you want to do that, please contact me by email.  During the first segment of our 1 hour 31 minute program, Mr. Stone started out by describing the National Security Space Strategy (NSSS) 2011 document, it’s purpose and the agencies involved with it including Department of Defense (DOD). He also said Congress is presently carrying out oversight on it and may make some changes.  Any such changes would be part of the Defense Authorization Act which if passed by Congress would need approval by the White House.  Chris then explained why he thought the NSSS was more about a policy rather than a strategy, then he addressed his main concern and the purpose of his article, deterrence.  He explained deterrence from the U.S perspective but also the way others see it, including China and throughout Asia as they see deterrence quite differently than we do.  Our guest spoke about this difference at various times during both segments of our discussion.  Chris then discussed the four elements making up deterrence, 1) Deterrence Through Norms, 2) Deterrence Through Alliances, 3) Deterrence Through Resilience and 4) Deterrence Through Response.  He took us through each one of these elements, discussing it in detail and showing why he thought the policy was idealistic and not particularly practical.  Here, he cited various Chinese behaviors in space for examples of why he does not believe the NSSS has the capability of preventing attacks on US space assets.  Chris discussed counter measures and the risk of attacks which could destabilize LEO and possibly other orbits as well.  We discussed the significant US and western nations dependence on space for military as well as economic activity so having effective countermeasures as well as an effective deterrent becomes critical for us moving forward as a nation and for the world.   Michael Listner was our first caller and both Michael & Chris discussed the difference is our deterrent strategy now and with earlier administrations which had a more active deterrence strategy as compared to a more passive passive policy today. Two new terms were introduced to the discussion with Michael’s call, “soft deterrence and a “Space Pearl Harbor.”

 

In the second segment, I asked Chris to explain what he had meant in the first segment when he talked about mirror imaging.  John from Florida called in with questions about our satellites, possible Chinese attacks on our satellites, our possible response to such attacks, and should we be creating both offensive and defensive strategies.  Chris then talked about the tit for tat strategy that would go after terrestrial targets before space targets.   John asked about using elements of our missile defense shield against satellite attackers, then since caller John used China for his example, I asked both Chris and John how the fact that China, being the largest holder of our national debt, impacted our likelihood to respond were there an attack on our space resources.  Chris elaborated to some degree on the role of congressional oversight and what parts of the NSSS it might be wanting to change and strengthen so that our deterrence strategy is seen as more credible.  Barbara in Seattle asked how likely our current deterrent policy/strategy was to lead us to a shooting or actual space war.  Don’t miss what Chris said in response to this question.  Another listener wanted to know just how a less than credible policy/strategy impacted our adversaries.  Again, don’t miss what Chris said in response to this question.  The last question was from Randy wanting to know how or even if human spaceflight was involved in deterrence. Chris said it was part of it, addressed kinetic space weapons & possible warfare as well as future competition for deep space resources.

 

Please post your comments/questions on TSS blog above. You can reach Chris Stone through me.

 

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Robert (Bob) Zimmerman, Tuesday, 8-26-14 August 27, 2014

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Robert (Bob) Zimmerman, Tuesday, 8-26-14

http://archived.thespaceshow.com/shows/2304-BWB-2014-08-26.mp3

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Guest:  Robert (Bob) Zimmerman.  Topics:  Space news events and updates on a variety of current topics.  Please direct all comments and questions regarding Space Show programs/guest(s) to the Space Show blog, https://thespaceshow.wordpress.com.  Comments and questions should be relevant to the specific Space Show program. Written Transcripts of Space Show programs are a violation of our copyright and are not permitted without prior written consent, even if for your own use. We do not permit the commercial use of Space Show programs or any part thereof, nor do we permit editing, YouTube clips, or clips placed on other private channels & websites. Space Show programs can be quoted, but the quote must be cited or referenced using the proper citation format. Contact The Space Show for further information. In addition, please remember that your Amazon purchases can help support The Space Show/OGLF. See http://www.onegiantleapfoundation.org/amazon.htm.  For those listening to archives using live365.com and rating the programs, please email me as to why you assign a specific rating to the show. This will help me bring better programming to the audience.

We welcomed back Bob Zimmerman to discuss current and hot topics happening in space at this time.  During the first segment of our 2 hour 6 minute discussion, Bob asked me about the recent Bay Area-NAPA earthquake on Sunday morning, August 24, then we switched over to space topics starting with SpaceX and the Falcon 9R test launch explosion.  Next, Bob talked about the failure of the ESA Galileo GPS launch involving the Soyuz-Arianne.  Several questions came up regarding the ESA GPS system. We also talked about other regional GPS systems.  Bob moved us to the launch failure (booster rocket) for the Air Force Hypersonic vehicle, then to the decision by Sea Launch to take a break.  Bob had much to say about the Sea Launch partnership now involving mostly Russia and the Ukraine.  Russia and the ISS came up and here Bob also had much to say, including going over the news that Russia may now be interested in extending the life of the ISS.  Bob suggested some important Russian reasons for wanting to do this, see what you think.  The Atlas RD-180 rocket engine came up for discussion as did the upcoming NASA down select for commercial crew with Dream Chaser, SpaceX, and Boeing with their CST 100.  Next up was SLS which I permitted to be discussed for a while, including a call by SLS John in Ft. Worth, then I stopped it and said that SLS was a beaten to death topic on the show and that listeners and I were sick of it.  I said no more SLS talk unless there was something new on one side or the other of the SLS issue.  At one point I even assigned SLS John a new topic to research and call in about.  Let us know with your blog comments, are you sick of SLS discussions on TSS? Do you want to keep hearing them or not?  Luis emailed in about having GPS redundancy and backup systems re the European system as an example. Bob had specific ideas about this but thought the better route would be to be able to quickly replace a lost or destroyed satellite.  As the segment neared its end, Joe asked about CST and Falcon 9/Heavy & Bob had more to say about ISS modules & Doug asked a series of questions about the benefits of extending ISS to 2028.  Don’t miss Bob’s response.

In the second segment, Joe asked about small sats taking over market share from the previous big satellites.  Bob provided an interesting short discussion on this topic.  SLS John called back about the Falcon Heavy flying and then somehow the discussion focused in on presidential candidates and their space policy in upcoming elections.  After a short non-partisan review of what Bob thought might unfold depending on which party wins in November, we moved on to Rosetta and 67 P.  Bob talked about the lander and the landing sites.  Tim called in to talk about a proposal announced for space debris tracking with Lockheed and Electro Optic Systems in Australia (see http://www.lockheedmartin.com/us/news/press-releases/2014/august/0825-ss-electro.html).  Also discussed was nuclear propulsion, the Space Fence, then we got emails about fusion energy progress.  Near the end of the program, Bob talked about Curiosity, some of the electrical issues with using the on board drill, and of course the tire problem.  As the show was about to end, Kirk emailed about the recent Chinese ASAT test and Bob suggested we look for an end of the year Dragon abort test, another Falcon 9 flight and more flight tests, and the Rosetta landing on 67 P scheduled for November.

Please post your comments/questions on TSS Blog above.  You can email Bob through me or his address through his blog, http://behindtheblack.com.

 

NewSpace Conference 2014 Interviews, Friday, 8-1-14 August 1, 2014

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NewSpace Conference 2014 Interviews, Friday, 8-1-14

Featuring Dr. Alex Saltman of CSF & Congresswoman Donna Edwards

http://archived.thespaceshow.com/shows/2292-BWB-2014-08-01.mp3

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Guests:  Dr. Alexander Saltman; Congresswoman Donna Edwards.  Topics:  Two separate NewSpace interviews, first with Dr. Alex Saltman of CSF.  Next, Congresswoman Donna Edwards.  Please direct all comments and questions regarding Space Show programs/guest(s) to the Space Show blog, https://thespaceshow.wordpress.com.  Comments and questions should be relevant to the specific Space Show program. Written Transcripts of Space Show programs are a violation of our copyright and are not permitted without prior written consent, even if for your own use. We do not permit the commercial use of Space Show programs or any part thereof, nor do we permit editing, YouTube clips, or clips placed on other private channels & websites. Space Show programs can be quoted, but the quote must be cited or referenced using the proper citation format. Contact The Space Show for further information. In addition, please remember that your Amazon purchases can help support The Space Show/OGLF. See http://www.onegiantleapfoundation.org/amazon.htm.  For those listening to archives using live365.com and rating the programs, please email me as to why you assign a specific rating to the show. This will help me bring better programming to the audience.

The Space Show brings you two separate NewSpace Conference 2014 interviews.  The first interview is with Dr. Alexander Saltman, the Executive Director of the Commercial Spaceflight Federation.  Following Dr. Saltman is an interview with Congresswoman Donna Edwards of the 4th District of Maryland.  Unfortunately, the room audio with Congresswoman Edwards was bad and below Space Show audio standards.  We apologize for the poor audio.  In the first interview with Dr. Alex Saltman, we learned about the Commercial Spaceflight Federation (CSF).  For more information about it please visit http://www.commercialspaceflight.org.  Not only did Alex talk about CSF, how it lobbies for commercial space policy per its membership and a host of other space issues, he about congressional lobbying since he was on the staff of Adam Schiff who has JPL and Cal Tech in his district.  Alex provided us with good pointers on how to reach our congressional members or their staff, how to make the most of an appointment and the best ways to communicate with them about space policy.  We got a glimpse of congress from both the congressman’s perspective and the constituent in how best to reach their MOC.  Alex brings many of these skills to the CSF because CSF does for commercial space what many of us do in our advocacy except on a larger scale and in a far more professional way.  I believe you will find the interview interesting & beneficial.

In the next interview with Congresswoman Donna Edwards, Democrat, 4th District of Maryland ( http://donnaedwards.house.gov), we talked specifically about space policy and programs in the congress.  Dr. Jeff Foust and Doug Messier were also present at the press conference and the three of us took turns asking questions.  Congresswoman Edwards also delivered the keynote luncheon address on Saturday at the NewSpace Conference.  She is on the House Science, Space, and Technology Committee where she sits on The Subcommittee on Space and is the Ranking Member.  Some of the questions and topics discussed with Congresswoman Edwards included possible regulations and amending of the CSLA, SLS, Orion, the Asteroids Act 2014, commercial space, public/private partnerships, the NASA budget, bipartisanship on space, the Russian RD-180 rocket motor, the recent Chinese ASAT test, and the theft of intellectual property.  We also asked our guest for the best ways to reach her regarding space advocacy as well as other members of congress.

Please post your comments on TSS blog above.