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Open Lines, Sunday, 11-29-15 November 30, 2015

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Open Lines, Sunday, 11-29-15

http://archived.thespaceshow.com/shows/2594-BWB-2015-11-29.mp3

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Our annual campaign drive is now underway.  This fundraising campaign is critical to The Space Show’s operations for the coming year so please support us.  You can read our campaign letter at:

https://thespaceshow.wordpress.com/2015/11/27/oglf-2015-annual-fund-raising-campaign

Guest Open Lines with Dr. David Livingston.  Topics: Dark Matter, advanced propulsion, nuclear, Vasimir, CO2 emissions, lunar habitats.  Please direct all comments and questions regarding Space Show programs/guest(s) to the Space Show blog, https://thespaceshow.wordpress.com.  Comments and questions should be relevant to the specific Space Show program. Written Transcripts of Space Show programs are a violation of our copyright and are not permitted without prior written consent, even if for your own use. We do not permit the commercial use of Space Show programs or any part thereof, nor do we permit editing, YouTube clips, or clips placed on other private channels & websites. Space Show programs can be quoted, but the quote must be cited or referenced using the proper citation format. Contact The Space Show for further information. In addition, please remember that your Amazon purchases can help support The Space Show/OGLF. See www.onegiantleapfoundation.org/amazon.htm.  For those listening to archives using live365.com and rating the programs, please email me as to why you assign a specific rating to the show. This will help me bring better programming to the audience.

Welcome to our Open Lines program.  In the first segment of our 1 hour 56 minute discussion, I mentioned the Dark Matter article from The Economist as my friend sent me the actual article.  You can download or read it here:  www.economist.com/news/science-and-technology/21678126-powerful-gamma-rays-centre-milky-way-look-signs-elusive.  John from Fremont called and mentioned the article, then he talked about advanced propulsion, nuclear propulsion, and Vasimir. He wondered if NASA was serious about nuclear propulsion despite a slight increase in the R&D budget for it. He also wanted Dr. Judy Curry to return to the show in light of the Paris Global Warming Conf. going on this week.  I brought up our recent show on NASA’s OCO-2 satellite with guest Dr. David Crisp.  John from Ft. Worth called to talk advanced propulsion and much about Vasimir.  He also brought up global warming and unfortunately I let that topic take up way too much time on the show today.  We also talked about Dr. Jim Dewar coming back to the show on Sunday, Dec. 6 to talk about nuclear propulsion and his book giveaway which I will announce on the show next week.

In the second segment, I described Dr. Dewar’s book which will be the subject of the fundraiser for OGLF.  Dr. Doug from S. California called in to tell us he was considering a Kickstarter project to build a large inflatable simulated lunar hab, probably in Arizona.  Doug described his project, his lunar hab simulation model, his expectations, his cough estimates, plus he wanted Space Show listener feedback on the idea.  Post your feedback on the blog or send it directly to his email address which he gave out on air, or better yet, do both as listeners would like to know the feedback given Doug on this project.  Don’t miss his call and the opportunity to learn about this potential crowdfunding project.  Rick then emailed us to remind us that PISCES in Hawaii was a lunar simulation program.  Before the show ended, Doug emailed in about advanced propulsion, suggesting we start on programs using existing rockets and of course the Falcon Heavy.  I read his note on air, seems to me he is making sense though to really have an efficient and growing space program I believe we need to implement some form of nuclear propulsion, hopefully sooner rather than later.  Adrian emailed us about Vasimir, CO2 atmospheric emissions, and the use of solar power to offset high electrical costs in places such as California.  John from Freemont had the last word with a shout out for Blue Origin and an article on the www.theverge.com with Charles Miller explaining the differences in what Blue Origin did as compared to SpaceX recovering the first stage of the Falcon 9.

Please post your comments/questions on The Space Show Blog.

Dr. Donald Rapp, Monday, 4-20-15 April 21, 2015

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Dr. Donald Rapp, Monday, 4-20-15

http://archived.thespaceshow.com/shows/2457-BWB-2015-04-20.mp3

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Guest:  Dr. Donald Rapp.  We discussed using indigenous resources to facilitate HSF to Mars, then the great climate change debate based on facts not agendas.  Please direct all comments and questions regarding Space Show programs/guest(s) to the Space Show blog, https://thespaceshow.wordpress.com.  Comments and questions should be relevant to the specific Space Show program. Written Transcripts of Space Show programs are a violation of our copyright and are not permitted without prior written consent, even if for your own use. We do not permit the commercial use of Space Show programs or any part thereof, nor do we permit editing, YouTube clips, or clips placed on other private channels & websites. Space Show programs can be quoted, but the quote must be cited or referenced using the proper citation format. Contact The Space Show for further information. In addition, please remember that your Amazon purchases can help support The Space Show/OGLF. See www.onegiantleapfoundation.org/amazon.htm.  For those listening to archives using live365.com and rating the programs, please email me as to why you assign a specific rating to the show. This will help me bring better programming to the audience.

 

We welcomed back to the show Dr. Donald Rapp to discuss two important topics.  In the first segment we addressed using indigenous resources to facilitate human spaceflight to Mars and the MOXIE experiment on Mars 2020.  In the second segment, Dr. Rapp examined the climate change debate without out preconceived belief systems by an honest examination of the data.  To start our first segment, Dr. Rapp talked about the massive amounts of propellant needed for a human mission to Mars which then led us to discussing using resources on Mars to make propellant for the return to Earth.  Our guest was asked about going to Mars via the Moon and using lunar ice to make propellant for the Mars mission.  This proved to be quite a mini-discussion as Dr. Rapp was skeptical about the use of lunar resources including water ice as an assist for a manned Mars mission.  Many listeners asked him challenging questions about his position and conclusions do don’t miss this important discussion.  Later in the segment a listener asked Dr. Rapp about the potential benefits of using nuclear power and nuclear propulsion.  This too was a fascinating mini-discussion so don’t miss it, especially the call on the subject from listener Kris.  Dr. Rapp was asked about the MOXIE experiment which we talked about at length, then he was asked about the need for heavy lift rockets to Mars.  Our guest supported heavy lift which he defined as a 100-120 tons to LEO.

 

In the second segment, climate change was our main topic.  Here he talked about extreme agendas by both the climate alarmists and the climate skeptics and said a new group was emerging which he called the “lukewarmists” who actually and honestly evaluated the data without a preconceived belief system.  Dr. Rapp went through the known facts, the history of the subject, the warming periods, the CO2 levels and where on Earth warming mostly took place though there has been no warming from 1998-2015.  We talked about sunspots and climate change and the impact of El Nino and La Nina.  He also talked about global energy usage and the projected increases for the 21st century and beyond.  The increasing use of power and pollution by China and India were important factors in this discussion.  Listeners had many questions for him including many wanting a way to deal with excessive, costly and unscientific regulations that are forced on the people by politicians who don’t know the facts and have an agenda to their behavior.  No solutions were offered.  A teacher wrote in about the challenges she has teaching factual climate change to her students because parents on both sides of the issue come in and complain that the “truth” was not being taught in the class.  Dr. Rapp offered us concluding remarks around the basic idea that everything is complicated including sending humans to Mars and dealing with climate change issues.

 

Please post your comments on TSS blog.  You can contact Dr. Rapp through me.

Open Lines, Sunday, 2-8-15 February 9, 2015

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Open Lines, Sunday, 2-8-15

http://archived.thespaceshow.com/shows/2410-BWB-2015-02-08.mp3

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Guests:  Open Lines with Dr. David Livingston.  Topics:  An open line discussion on many current and historical space topics.  Please direct all comments and questions regarding Space Show programs/guest(s) to the Space Show blog, https://thespaceshow.wordpress.com.  Comments and questions should be relevant to the specific Space Show program. Written Transcripts of Space Show programs are a violation of our copyright and are not permitted without prior written consent, even if for your own use. We do not permit the commercial use of Space Show programs or any part thereof, nor do we permit editing, YouTube clips, or clips placed on other private channels & websites. Space Show programs can be quoted, but the quote must be cited or referenced using the proper citation format. Contact The Space Show for further information. In addition, please remember that your Amazon purchases can help support The Space Show/OGLF. See http://www.onegiantleapfoundation.org/amazon.htm.  For those listening to archives using live365.com and rating the programs, please email me as to why you assign a specific rating to the show. This will help me bring better programming to the audience.

Welcome to our Open Lines discussion.  In the first segment of this 2 hour 2 minute program, I put forth some suggested topics and once again, I explained phone line issues for listeners regarding land lines, VoIP, compression, cordless phones, cell phones, digital phones, and even fiber lines.  Phone line issues remain the number one problem faced by The Space Show in delivering quality audio so once again I went over the requirements and the restraints based on our equipment and broadcasting equipment in general.  Several listeners did comment on the phone line issues via email.  John from Florida was the first caller and he talked about Ernst Stuhlinger and his work plus he requested Dr. Jeff Hoffman of MIT return as a guest to the show.  During our conversation, I mentioned ULA CEO Tory Bruno recent & his lecture at Stanford on the pros and cons of rocket reusability (www.youtube.com/watch?v=9DMb2yHh5CA).  Marshall was the next caller who talked about cell phones and the DSP computer in the phone. He also talked about SOHO and replacing old satellites with new ones. We talked about the cost of doing that and Marshall said he would gladly pay 5% more in taxes if he was guaranteed the money would be used for satellite replacement. I asked other callers if they would do that but nobody bothered to respond.  Marshall said we needed a satellite replacement program so jokingly, I suggested a Cash For Old Clunker Satellites modeled after the Cash for Clunkers car program several years ago.  Michael Listner called to talk about recent news articles suggesting the FAA was going to regulate lunar business.  He clarified this for us.  Emmet sent us a note suggesting Doug had a video on the net which had gone viral thus making Doug an internet star (www.youtube.com/watch?v=Rzy63276GEg).

In the second segment, Doug called the show & explained the video as a product of http://www.moonandback.com.  Doug talked about the planned SpaceX launch later in the day, the recovery of the first stage and the Falcon Heavy as part of his overall heavy lift discussion.  He also raised some questions about the Dawn Mission and its potential findings regarding Ceres.  Turbo pumps came up as did other issues with liquid rocket motors such as which fuel to use given my promoting the late April webinar addressing these and other rocket issues.  Ken from Dallas called to talk about Moon Day set for July 18, STEM, and he also mentioned Asteroid Day set for June 30.  As Ken is a sci fi movie authority, we talked some movies and TV shows.  John from Ft. Worth called and mentioned a movie and the satellite being launched by SpaceX nicknamed the Al Gore Satellite for Climate Change.  John briefly mentioned The Telegraph article showing how temperature data had been tampered with and calling it the biggest scandal ever (www.telegraph.co.uk/news/earth/environment/globalwarming/11395516/The-fiddling-with-temperature-data-is-the-biggest-science-scandal-ever.html).  John put forth some growth and population statistics as part of his argument against global warming.  Other subjects mentioned during this open lines by listener emails included why there was no live streaming of the first stage recovery attempt for the Falcon 9, why drones were not suitable for live streaming as they were with the Orion flight, plus many listeners emailed in about Cash for Clunkers & old satellites and the projects and work of Ernst Stuhlinger.

Please post your comments/questions on TSS blog above. You can reach any of the callers or those sending email through me.

Space Show-Secure World Foundation Webinar, Monday, 9-22-14 September 22, 2014

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Space Show-Secure World Foundation Webinar, Monday, 9-22-14

Featuring: 

Laura Delgado López, Project Manager, Secure World Foundation; Yana Gevorgyan,   Senior International Relations Expert, US National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration;  Yusuke Muraki, Space Technology Specialist, Asian Development Bank

https://vimeo.com/107098124 – Webinar Video

http://archived.thespaceshow.com/shows/2322-BWB-2014-09-22.mp3 – audio only

Guests: Laura Delgado Lopez, Yana Gevorgyan, Yusuke Muraki.  Topics:  Using space and satellite resources to mitigate Earth disasters.  Please direct all comments and questions regarding Space Show programs/guest(s) to the Space Show blog, https://thespaceshow.wordpress.com.  Comments and questions should be relevant to the specific Space Show program. Written Transcripts of Space Show programs are a violation of our copyright and are not permitted without prior written consent, even if for your own use. We do not permit the commercial use of Space Show programs or any part thereof, nor do we permit editing, YouTube clips, or clips placed on other private channels & websites. Space Show programs can be quoted, but the quote must be cited or referenced using the proper citation format. Contact The Space Show for further information. In addition, please remember that your Amazon purchases can help support The Space Show/OGLF. See www.onegiantleapfoundation.org/amazon.htm. For those listening to archives using live365.com and rating the programs, please email me as to why you assign a specific rating to the show. This will help me bring better programming to the audience.  You can view the webinar at https://vimeo.com/107098124.  Note that several guests used cell phones so you will hear audio issues from time to time.  Please note that guest and panel member Yusuke Muraki posted a Power Point presentation on this topic which can be found at the end of The Space Show blog  archive summary (https://thespaceshow.wordpress.com).

 

We welcomed Laura Delgado Lopez, Yana Gevorgyan, & Yusuke Muraki to the program to discuss the use of space resources and satellites for mitigating Earth-based disasters.  During the first segment of our 1 hour 58 minute webinar, Laura Delgado Lopez introduced us to the discussion topic.  Laura talked about the benefits & value all people receive from the use of satellite tools in aiding disaster management.  She explained how space tools were used in decision making & how there are more and more new applications coming to market all the time.  Yana Gevorgyan explained the role of NOAA as a government science agency & she talked about extreme weather events.  As a science agency, she also spoke to the science & technology benefits along with the increasing use of international data sharing .  Yusuke Muraki spoke to the role of the Asian Development Bank (ADB) in regional economic development, regional disaster management, all being assisted by satellite technology.  They focused on decision management as their programs work to alleviate poverty in the area, track rainfall data & more.  He cited several recent Asian weather and storm events as examples of their role & data sharing among agencies and governments.  I asked our guests about the current & future role of cubesats in this field.  Laura spoke to the reliability of cubesats & the limited amount of data they could send back. She said cubesats were evolving & would one day be more valuable in this area.  Yusuke said cubesats were not yet fully ready for a role in this field but that as they become more powerful they will play an increasingly important role over time.  A listener asked about the use of drones.  Yusuke said they were not very good for covering large areas.  Listeners asked our panel about forecasting and even prevention rather than using these tools for after the event assistance.  Yana suggested that since each disaster is unique, even extreme weather events, lots of data sharing and international cooperation takes place.  She listed several types of disasters that are better understood than others.  Slow onset disasters such as draughts are not as well understood as the extreme weather event or those that unfold very fast.  Another listener emailed in about space assets being used for he Ebola outbreak.  Lots was also said about the role of the U.S. leadership in global disaster management.  Other topics in this segment included disaster policy, federal data management, and accessing data by the public.  As the segment was closing, I asked our guests if the space tools were applicable/useful for individuals impacted by disasters.  As you will hear, the space/satellite tools are not that useful for individuals at this time but more work needs to be done & is being done in this area.  I also inquired about the space IQ of the public and if it was important for people to know that space assets were being used to help them in a disaster.

 

In the second segment, we talked about search and rescue (SARSAT).  Our guests said that since 1982 about 35,000 people had been rescued in the U.S. alone.  Several listeners and I asked about the data, where did it come from, what type of data was it, was there a central clearing house, etc.   Later, I asked what the worst type of disaster there was for management.  Yusuke said the worst disasters dealt with water related activities.  Due to comments about earthquakes, tornados, floods, even tsunamis, we learned that people get used to the warnings and even try to go to locations  to see the disasters unfold. This has proved to be very risky, even the getting used to the warnings is risky on the part of people.  Harold emailed in asking if space tools can stop a disaster from happening.  We also talked about lessons learned and if the lessons were being applied to better handle future disaster events.  Another set of listener inquiries addressed the question of the cost of data and if in a disaster situation, do organizations and governments buy the data or get it for free.  The answer was mixed as you will hear.  Later, listeners asked each guest about the biggest challenges in the field for using space assets for disaster management here on Earth.  Each of our guests offered summary and closing comments, both as to the work done by their respective organizations as well as from the general perspective of available space tools and how they are being used and will likely be used in the future.

 

Please post your comments/questions on The Space Show blog above.  Each of our panel members can be reached through me at drspace@thespaceshow.com.

 

Webinar(22SEP14)

Dr. Jason Reimuller, Tuesday, 10-22-13 October 23, 2013

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Dr. Jason Reimuller, Tuesday, 10-22-13

http://archived.thespaceshow.com/shows/2109-BWB-2013-10-22.mp3

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Guest:  Dr. Jason Reimuller.  Topics:  Project PoSSUM, manned suborbital polar research flights, noctilucent clouds, rescue & recovery.  Please direct all comments and questions regarding Space Show programs/guest(s) to the Space Show blog, https://thespaceshow.wordpress.com.  Comments and questions should be relevant to the specific Space Show program. Written Transcripts of Space Show programs are a violation of our copyright and are not permitted without prior written consent, even if for your own use. We do not permit the commercial use of Space Show programs or any part thereof, nor do we permit editing, YouTube clips, or clips placed on other private channels & websites. Space Show programs can be quoted, but the quote must be cited or referenced using the proper citation format. Contact The Space Show for further information. In addition, please remember that your Amazon purchases can help support The Space Show/OGLF. See www.onegiantleapfoundation.org/amazon.htm.

We welcomed Dr. Jason Reimuller to the program to discuss Project PoSSUM (Polar Suborbital Science in the Upper Mesosphere).  For more information, please visit their website, www.projectpossum.org. In the first segment of this 1 hour 29 minute discussion, Dr. Reimuller started off by telling us the history of Project PoSSUM and its focus on noctilucent clouds.  Jason described noctilucent clouds and their importance.  I also suggest you read about them on their website at http://projectpossum.org/2015-possum-nlc-campaign/about-noctilucent-clouds.  We talked about the high latitudes, the short window for observing these clouds, and the interest in using the XCOR Lynx vehicle as the RLV of choice though other suborbital RLVs are also being considered.  We talked about funding as a NASA Flight Opportunities Program and down the road a specialized Kickstarter program.  Jason also described the payloads, missions and the Aeronomy Lab, the PoSSUM observatory and much more.  He described the types of experiments the scientists want to do during the suborbital flight. Jason also pointed out the use of a general aviation turbo-Mooney aircraft for noctilucent cloud observation, plus the rocket flight profile for maximum viewing and studying during the science mission.

In the second segment, we talked about how Project PoSSUM can enable and influence science globally plus the international interest in science missions to study these clouds.  Here, Jason pointed out that their choice vehicle was actually the Lynx Mark II.  A listener asked if the clouds were also present in the deep southern latitudes and they are during the southern hemisphere summer as they are in the northern hemisphere summer.  Given that Jason had worked on the NASA Constellation program, I asked him questions about Constellation of which he had much to say.  He also expressed a concern regarding the private rocket companies and their astronaut rescue and recover programs. He talked about the Constellation rescue and recovery program, the trades they had to consider, plus all the variables that had the potential to impact a crew rescue & recovery attempt. He also described the infrastructure in place to aid in rescue and recovery for government missions but that this infrastructure may not be applicable or available to private launch vehicles and commercial astronauts.  Connie wanted to know if there was any difference in the noctilucent clouds over land as compared to the oceans.  We also talked about science mission conclusions regarding climate change issues.

For more information, Dr. Reimuller can be reached through the PoSSUM website plus each of the Project PoSSUM programs has contact info on the website. Post your comments/questions on The Space Show blog.

Robert (Bob) Zimmerman, Tuesday, 9-17-13 September 18, 2013

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Robert (Bob) Zimmerman, Tuesday, 9-17-13

http://archived.thespaceshow.com/shows/2088-BWB-2013-09-17.mp3

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Guest:  Robert (Bob) Zimmerman.  Topics: This was a wide ranging discussion starting with climate change & ending with budget, CR, & commercial crew issues.  Please direct all comments and questions regarding Space Show programs/guest(s) to the Space Show blog, https://thespaceshow.wordpress.com.  Comments and questions should be relevant to the specific Space Show program. Written Transcripts of Space Show programs are a violation of our copyright and are not permitted without prior written consent, even if for your own use. We do not permit the commercial use of Space Show programs or any part thereof, nor do we permit editing, YouTube clips, or clips placed on other private channels & websites. Space Show programs can be quoted, but the quote must be cited or referenced using the proper citation format. Contact The Space Show for further information. In addition, please remember that your Amazon purchases can help support The Space Show/OGLF. See www.onegiantleapfoundation.org/amazon.htm.

We welcomed Bob Zimmerman back to the show for this one hour 55 minute discussion starting with the announcement regarding climate change and the upcoming IPCC report which has been leaked to the press.  The primary topic for this first segment was climate change, the leaked IPCC report and an analysis of it.  Bob fielded listener comments and questions including Marshall’s who had hands on experience with the very first computer climate model in the early 70’s.  Bob summarized all his comments saying that science needed to be skeptical and he was optimistic that skepticism was coming back to the field of climate science.  We then switched to space and NASA for the balance of this program.  As a transition, Bob talked about solar activity and the solar max.  In response to a listener question, he commented that if Mars or anyplace in space were developed using the Antarctica model, it would doom commercial space activity.  He stated over and over again that the model needed was the profit model for space and planetary development.

In the second segment, we talked about new commercial contracts for Arianne 5 recently announced, and how important these were to Arianne who needs to show a profit for the first time.  I asked Bob about NASA’s Redirect Asteroid Mission given all the attention it got last week at AIAA Space 2013.  Bob had much to say about this mission, most of it not supportive or positive, and then I mentioned the NASA press conference which is archived as part of the Space 2013 taped interviews and the fact that it is to be SLS dependent. This started Bob and others on SLS rants, mostly not supportive of it, and also Orion.  Bob was emphatic that Orion with SLS would not be a deep space mission & at one point he cited comments by Russian that their next generation Soyuz would have bathroom facilities on board and Bob said with Orion, it was strictly diapers for the crew.  We talked about Inspiration Mars and Mars One.  Bob was skeptical about both happening. Listen to the reasons he cited for his perspective.  Bob also talked about Bigelow Aerospace and its potential, listeners asked about Planetary Resources and the Redirect Mission, then we talked about the need to lower the launch costs to LEO.  Bob brought us current with SpaceShip2 & the latest powered demo flight, then John called in to argue about SLS with Bob.  This was an interesting give and take.  As Bob has done on other programs, he continued saying he does not want a space program which is a government program which in his eyes is doomed to failure.  He wants the private sector to prevail.  As the show was ending, I asked Bob for this thoughts on the budget, CR, and future commercial crew funding .

Please post your comments/questions on The Space Show blog.  Check out Bob’s website, www.beyondtheblack.com.  You can email bob through is website or using zimmerman at nasw dot org

The John Batchelor Show Hotel Mars, Wednesday, 7-10-13 July 11, 2013

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The John Batchelor Show Hotel Mars, Wednesday, 7-10-13

http://archived.thespaceshow.com/shows/2046-BWB-2013-07-10.mp3

Guests: John Batchelor, Dr, Pal Brekke, Dr. David Livingston:  Topics: The Northern Lights, solar cycles, Solar Max & Earth’s climate.  You are invited to comment, ask questions, and discuss the Space Show program/guest(s) on the Space Show blog, https://thespaceshow.wordpress.com. Comments, questions, and any discussion must be relevant and applicable to Space Show programming. Written Transcripts of Space Show programs are not permitted without prior written consent from The Space Show (even if for personal use) & are a violation of the Space Show copyright. We do not permit the commercial use of any Space Show program or part thereof, nor do we permit Space Show programs to be edited, placed on YouTube, or other private channels & websites. Space Show programs can be quoted in news articles, papers, academic & research work but must be cited or referenced in the proper citation format. Contact Dr. Livingston for questions about our copyright and trademark policies which we do enforce.  This program is archived on The Space Show website, podcasting, and blog sites with permission from John Batchelor. Please visit the John Batchelor Show website for more information about this fine program, www.johnbatchelorshow.com.  Remember, your Amazon Purchases Can Help Support The Space Show/OGLF (www.onegiantleapfoundation.org/amazon.htm).

During our 11 minute plus discussion with Dr. Pal Brekke & John Batchelor, we discussed the current solar cycle 24, the Solar Max, sunspots, climate change, and the Northern Lights (Aurora Borealis).  Please note that John Batchelor spoke with Dr. Brekke in Norway via a cell phone so the audio is up to its usual quality.  Dr. Brekke explained the Northern Lights, answered many questions and then we connect our discussion to the current solar cycle, the issue of fewer sunspots at this time and why, plus what does it mean to see fewer sunspots.  Near the end of the segment, I asked Dr. Brekke about the impact of the double peak which is making the Solar Max quite different.

Please post any comments/questions you might have on The Space Show blog.  You can contact any of  us through drspace@thespaceshow.com.

 

Dr. Farouk El-Baz, Friday, 8-24-12 August 24, 2012

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Dr. Farouk El-Baz, Friday, 8-24-12

http://archived.thespaceshow.com/shows/1839-BWB-2012-08-24.mp3

Guest:  Dr. Farouk El-Baz.  Topics:  Apollo lunar landing site selection, lunar geology, Mars-desert analogs and more.  You are invited to comment, ask questions, and discuss the Space Show program/guest(s) on the Space Show blog, https://thespaceshow.wordpress.com. Comments, questions, and any discussion must be relevant and applicable to Space Show programming. Transcripts of Space Show programs are not permitted without prior written consent from The Space Show (even if for personal use) & are a violation of the Space Show copyright.  We welcomed Dr. Farouk El-Baz to The Space Show.  Please visit his website for lots more information on the topics we discussed, lots of great pictures, plus many additional important topics, www.faroudelbaz.com. We started our discussion with Dr. El-Baz having a Star Trek shuttle craft named in his honor. Its a great story you will enjoy hearing. From Star Trek, we got down to business and wanted to know about the Apollo lunar landing site selection process. Dr. El-Baz told us how they did it, especially given the absence of any real information about the lunar geology and surface.  Three of the concerns he mentioned included the site being free of rocks, absolutely flat, and making sure the Lunar Lander would not sink in the lunar dust.  What’s more, Dr. El-Baz was 29 years old when he was in charge of doing this.  As you will hear, age is an important part of this discussion in the second segment near the end of the program.  I did ask Dr. El-Baz about selecting sites using Egyptian mythology as conspiracy theories suggest, plus his response to those who do not believe we ever went to the Moon. With the latter point, he had much to say about Moon rocks as proof of our lunar visits.  His comments on Orion and mythology were very interesting.  Another question asked him dealt with the shutting down of the program.  NASA risk averseness was the top reason.  Nels asked many questions about a possible Apollo polar orbit and lunar ice.  Our guest had much to say about this, the sun angles needed for landing, lighting, and more.  As we moved to lunar commerce, our guest talked about mining titanium and HE3 but not at this time.  I asked Dr. El-Baz about the Apollo-Soyuz Test Flight (ASTF) and working with the Soviets, then we returned to the plausibility of lunar commerce at this time.

As we started the second segment, we talked about commercial ROI opportunities for cargo to the ISS by the private companies but he suggested everything else was more distant and would probably need testing & seeding by the government.  I then asked him about his work studying deserts and using Earth deserts as analogs for studying Mars.  Dr. El-Baz had much to say about deserts, Mars, about their formation by rivers that had dried up & were buried under sand and how they know that.  We talked about Earth movement, especially the SaharaDesert, and the impact of natural geological events on climate change.  Imaging satellites were discussed & I asked our guest if we would have been able to have today’s knowledge were it not for the space program.  Don’t miss his fascinating answer.  At another point in our discussion, Dr. El-Baz mentioned 126 separate university research projects during Apollo.  The last listener question asked our guest about the extremely young age of the Apollo scientific & work force.  Dr. El-Baz had much to say about this, said that the work could only have been done by people in their 20’s and 30’s.  He said the older folks need to step aside and let the young people go forward, make the mistakes & solve the problems.  In the end, age made a huge difference for the good of the Apollo program.  Our guest also commented on our present day aging space & technology workforce.

Please post your comments/questions on the blog.  If you want to email Dr. El-Baz, send your note to me & I will forward it to him.

Robert (Bob) Zimmerman, Tuesday, 7-3-12 July 4, 2012

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Robert (Bob) Zimmerman, Tuesday, 7-3-12

http://archived.thespaceshow.com/shows/1807-BWB-2012-07-03.mp3

Guest:  Robert (Bob) Zimmerman.   Topics:  Recent space news and announced projects.  You are invited to comment, ask questions, and discuss the Space Show program/guest(s) on the Space Show blog, https://thespaceshow.wordpress.com. Comments, questions, and any discussion must be relevant and applicable to Space Show programming. Transcripts of Space Show programs are not permitted without prior written consent from The Space Show (even if for personal use) & are a violation of the Space Show copyright.  We welcomed Bob Zimmerman back to the show.  Check out his blog at www.behindtheblack.com.  We started off our first long segment (90 minutes) by mentioning the 50th anniversary of Telstar 1, the death of our friend, Al Zaehringer, AT&T and our early space program, plus the word coming from CERN that they may have found the Higgs-Boson particle.  I then asked Bob to comment on the global warming statements being made about the current East Coast heat wave, followed by comments by Newt about the power grid outages and a taste of what an EMP would be like.  We then turned to space and Bob talked about the recent success with Dragon and Falcon 9.  He then talked about government space programs as compared to private programs.  Throughout our 135 minute discussion, he reiterated his opposition to space programs, making it clear that he does not want a “program” and why.  Let us know on the blog if you agree with him.  Bob suggested we were in a period of space revolution and that it would be very exciting over the next five years.  He talked about SpaceX compared to the Russians and the Chinese.  He did say we were in competition with them for control of space and this led us to a discussion about culture and the space frontier.  We talked about recently announced projects, Planetary Resources, Mars One, and one by the B612 Foundation.  He thought B612 was the only real one of the three.  Terry called from Texas to discuss using an Orion for a LEO mission, the Falcon Heavy for a Moon mission, Delta IV heavy and SLS.  Jerry called in from Florida and among our topics were frontier development, the Oregon Trail, the CERN reactor in Switzerland rather than in Texas, and more.  No space programs per Bob’s preferences again came up.  Let us know your thoughts about these issues on the blog.  As the segment ended, Bob was asked about Skylon which was the subject of yesterday’s program.

Tim’s call started our second segment & he asked about a lox paraffin hybrid rocket motor. We also talked about the space shuttle & its capabilities.  While Bob praised aspects of shuttle, he said the program was a failure.  I did not agree with him but listen and let us know what you think regarding this issue. Note that as the program ended, Martin sent us info on the hybrid motor mentioned earlier by Tim so check out  www.youtube.com/watch?v=o9erCLJ5KVg as Brian Cantwell delivered a presentation at Stanford on the state of the art of hybrid rockets.  Bob then updated us on the bat situation with the white nose fungus. As our program ended, Bob talked about upcoming events starting with Orbital’s Cygnus/Antares debut, Dream Chaser and other competitors.  He had some brief comments about the suborbital industry and citizen science projects and concluded by saying we were no longer in a holding pattern re commercial space.

If you have comments/questions, please post them on our blog.

 

Walter Cunningham, Tuesday, 6-19-12 June 20, 2012

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Walter Cunningham, Tuesday, 6-19-12

http://archived.thespaceshow.com/shows/1799-BWB-2012-06-19.mp3

Guest:  Walter Cunningham.  Topics:  An inside view of the American space program from Apollo to today.  You are invited to comment, ask questions, & discuss the Space Show program/guest(s) on the Space Show blog, https://thespaceshow.wordpress.com. Comments, questions, & any discussion must be relevant & applicable to Space Show programming. Transcripts of Space Show programs are not permitted without prior written consent from The Space Show (even if for personal use) & are a violation of the Space Show copyright.  We welcomed Walt Cunningham to discuss our space program from Apollo through today’s developing commercial space industry.  For more information, visit his website, www.waltercuningham.com.  You can buy “The All-American Boys: An Insider’s Look At The U.S. Space Program” from Amazon & they will make a contribution to The Space Show/OGLF if you use this URL: www.amazon.com/All-American-Boys-Walter-Cunningham/dp/1876963247/ref=onegiantlea20.  I started the discussion by asking Walt about his perspective on Apollo 7 today, 44 years later.  Walt had some interesting things to say about perspective, especially over the past 10-20 years as compared to when he actually carried out the mission.  A few times during our discussion, questions came up about the so called “mutiny” with the crew & NASA ground control so listen to how Walt described what was mostly a non-event despite media & blog reports to the contrary.  He did talk about Wally Schirra, his head cold & the Actifed commercials, but there was far more to the mission & to the significance of Apollo 7.  Dr. Jurist asked about the ride on a Saturn 1B, professors & experiences while both were at UCLA.  We discussed risk regarding his ride on the Saturn 1B. Walt had much to say about risk during the Apollo era as compared to now.  We extrapolated from this discussion to Columbia’s foam issues. We talked about commercial space.  Walt suggested that today’s commercial space efforts were not purely commercial given government funding & missions. He also said that retiring the shuttle when we did was a big mistake.  He then took us through a cost analysis process to illustrate that space is & always will be costly.  At the end of the first segment, one way trips to Mars & reality TV show funding were mentioned.

In the second segment, Terry called with questions about Von Braun. Walt had high praise & much to say about Von Braun & his experiences with him.  Commercial space came up again & I asked him about asteroid mining.  He did not think it would be a good investment & talked about the need to pay attention to the laws of physics.  We talked about He3 on the Moon, fusion energy possibilities & more.  I read an email from a London listener asking about the Apollo rocket & mission sounds on Apollo 7.  We talked some more about the problems on board Apollo 7, this time regarding Wally & the TV broadcast delay & the wearing of the newly designed helmets during reentry.  Walt talked about climate change & global warming, urging people to do their own research & examine the data rather than believing what people had to say regardless of their position.  John in Atlanta called in about global warming & said that there was no practical mitigation strategy. Our guest shared what he perceived to be the true motivation of global warming extremists.  John also talked about having built a next gen space shuttle from the old space shuttle to avoid retiring it or having to build an entirely new & very costly program.  Walt supported that idea but history proved otherwise.  Toward the end we discussed the pros & cons of international cooperation & competition, Ares 1 as a safe rocket for HSF, & the cost of the ISS being more due to international cooperation.  Our final topic was risk versus reckless behavior & the difference between the two.

If you have comments/questions, please post them on The Space Show blog.