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Mike Simmons, Friday, 8-29-14 August 30, 2014

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Mike Simmons, Friday, 8-29-14

http://archived.thespaceshow.com/shows/2306-BWB-2014-08-29.mp3

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Guest:  Mike Simmons.   Topics:  Astronomers Without Borders, telescopes and astronomy as part of our culture and in international relations.  Please direct all comments and questions regarding Space Show programs/guest(s) to the Space Show blog, https://thespaceshow.wordpress.com.  Comments and questions should be relevant to the specific Space Show program. Written Transcripts of Space Show programs are a violation of our copyright and are not permitted without prior written consent, even if for your own use. We do not permit the commercial use of Space Show programs or any part thereof, nor do we permit editing, YouTube clips, or clips placed on other private channels & websites. Space Show programs can be quoted, but the quote must be cited or referenced using the proper citation format. Contact The Space Show for further information. In addition, please remember that your Amazon purchases can help support The Space Show/OGLF. See www.onegiantleapfoundation.org/amazon.htm.  For those listening to archives using live365.com and rating the programs, please email me as to why you assign a specific rating to the show. This will help me bring better programming to the audience.

 

We welcomed Mike Simmons to the program, Founder and president of Astronomers Without Borders (http://astronomerswithoutborders.org).  During our 61 minute discussion, Mr. Simmons started out by introducing us to Astronomers Without Borders and visits to Iran and Iraq.  He talked about astronomy as a cultural connection among nations and peoples, especially with young and well educated people around the world.  We discussed the organization and total eclipse tours, trips, and other astro tourism projects.  He mentioned the organization’s Monthly Hangout which is a Google Plus monthly meeting with guests which you can find on YouTube.  Our guest talked about the Mt. Wilson Observatory in Los Angeles and several listeners asked him about visiting the famous observatory.  The same for Mt. Palomar which is still in use and also in S. California.  Joe asked about the best age to introduce children to astronomy.  Mike then told us about telescopes and pointed us to basic telescopes his organization sells for those interested.  See http://store.astronomerswithoutborders.org.  Listeners asked Mike about their participation in Uwingu programs, specifically the Beam Me to Mars program.  We learned that the organization has been a beneficiary of Uwingu grants.  Listeners asked about night viewing, light pollution and dark skies programs.  Paul sent in a question inquiring about astronomy and the connection to space exploration & development which are major themes for The Space Show. This provoked an interesting discussion with our guest.  Near the end of our discussion, Mike talked about astronomy in the arts including astro crafts, astro poetry, space artists, and more.

 

Please post your comments/questions on TSS blog.  You can reach Mike through the email address he gave on air, his website, or me.

Dr. Alice Gorman, Tuesday, 1-7-14 January 8, 2014

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Dr. Alice Gorman, Tuesday, 1-7-14

http://archived.thespaceshow.com/shows/2160-BWB-2014-01-07.mp3

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Guest:  Dr. Alice Gorman.  Topics:  Space archaeology.  Please direct all comments and questions regarding Space Show programs/guest(s) to the Space Show blog, https://thespaceshow.wordpress.com.  Comments and questions should be relevant to the specific Space Show program. Written Transcripts of Space Show programs are a violation of our copyright and are not permitted without prior written consent, even if for your own use. We do not permit the commercial use of Space Show programs or any part thereof, nor do we permit editing, YouTube clips, or clips placed on other private channels & websites. Space Show programs can be quoted, but the quote must be cited or referenced using the proper citation format. Contact The Space Show for further information. In addition, please remember that your Amazon purchases can help support The Space Show/OGLF. See www.onegiantleapfoundation.org/amazon.htm.

We welcomed Dr. Alice Gorman to the show for this 1 hour 38 minute fascinating space archaeology discussion.  During our first segment, Dr. Gorman explained space archaeology, talked about space debris, cultural preservation, and much more.  We talked about archaeological techniques used here on Earth and how they can be applied to space archaeology.  We also talked about the fact that most space artifacts are in space so what we often find in museums are replicas or simulated items which are not the same and have a different meaning for the archaeologist.  Dr. Gorman then talked about the possibility of artifacts from other cultures or even extraterrestrial life and questioned if we could even recognize what we were looking at or working with since it might be radically different from what we know and work with on Earth.  Listener Jonny emailed in to ask what would happen if China went to an lunar Apollo landing site and took some of the items left on the Moon back to be displayed in a Chinese museum.  Dr. Gorman did not think that likely, spoke about the Outer Space Treaty and that items are always owned by the launching company, and the NASA heritage sites guidelines they have proposed. Several questions came in regarding growth in the private, commercial, & entrepreneurial segments of the space community and how cultural and heritage protection might work with these nongovernment entities.  This led to an interesting discussion about company behavior, culture, early planning, awareness, and even benefit sharing.  We had a fun discussion about advertising in space for the ad to be seen back on Earth and we talked about how many of us hold the night sky sacred and do not want it spoiled.

In the second segment, Angela asked Alice when space archaeology would come into its own.  Alice replied that it already had “arrived” and cited many examples proving this.  Kimberly emailed in about the usefulness for archaeological purposes of space settlement garbage. Mars One was the model for this.  As we learned, archaeologists learn much from garbage so don’t miss what Alice said might result from a Mars One garbage dump analysis.  Todd emailed in about pets going to space settlements and if archaeologists would look for pet remains or traces of human pet relationships to learn about a space settlement.  We talked about Dark Skies and raising our awareness for specific issues, plus the need for early planning by businesses.  As the show was about to end, I asked our guest for the hottest topics in space archaeology. Alice named three topics.  The final question asked Alice to look forward five years and describe the field of space archaeology in 2019.

Post your comments/questions on The Space Show blog above.  Check our Dr. Gorman’s blog, Space Age Archaeology, at http://zoharesque.blogspot.com.  Her university website is www.flinders.edu.au/people/alice.gorman.  Her email address is listed on the page.

Dr. Jerome Klingaman, Friday, 5-24-13 May 24, 2013

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Dr. Jerome Klingaman, Friday, 5-24-13

http://archived.thespaceshow.com/shows/2015-BWB-2013-05-24.mp3

Guest:  Dr. Jerome (Jerry) Klingaman.  Topics:  Astrophotography, astronomy, and advanced imagery work.  Please direct all comments and questions regarding Space Show programs/guest(s) to the Space Show blog, https://thespaceshow.wordpress.com. Comments and questions should be relevant to the specific Space Show program. Written Transcripts of Space Show programs are a violation of our copyright and are not permitted without prior written consent, even if for your own use. We do not permit the commercial use of Space Show programs or any part thereof, nor do we permit editing, YouTube clips, or clips placed on other private channels & websites. Space Show programs can be quoted, but the quote must be cited or referenced using the proper citation format. Contact The Space Show for further information.

We welcomed Dr. Jerome (Jerry) Klingaman to the program to talk about astrophotography, how to do it, the needed equipment, what to expect, astronomy, and why it is so rewarding to engage in this field.  During the first segment of our 1 hour 34 minute program, Jerry told us how he got his interest in astronomy and astrophotography.  It’s a great story stemming from his Air Force flight days.  After the experience he described to us, he started reading about astronomy, he bought a basic refractor telescope, and over time that evolved into a system for astrophotography geared to taking pictures of nebulae.  Jerry described his system for us with technical detail and he explained the importance of the components in the system.  He talked about starting out looking at the M5 star cluster, working with the right kind of mount that does the tracking, and the CCD camera.  A listener asked if he could visibly see the items in the sky and he said no. Focusing in on a target was by trial and error which he explained in detail later in our discussion.  We also talked about exposure time, light filters, and stacking.  He mentioned other star clusters, M86, M87, and The Wizard.  Jerry was asked about light pollution and he had much to say on this topic and the need for dark skies.  I asked him about atmospheric interference, another topic he had much to say about, even with a CCD camera.

In our second segment, we talked about visual astronomy and astronomy with a digital camera.  He told us how to focus on the image and this is where our guest went into detail on the trial and error method of focusing.  I asked our guest about image quality, specifically the quality we see in popular astronomy magazines.  He had interesting observations about having his and other astrophotography pictures published in these magazines. I learned for example that typically one does not do any touchup work on these photos. I thought otherwise.  I’m sure you will find this discussion highly interesting.  We also talked telescope size, focal length size and the cost of systems, including a system like Jerry’s.  This led to a listener asking about buying good equipment used.  Jerry supported this and told us about a website for this purpose.  As we were getting near the end of the show, we talked about reflector as compared to refractor.  This is also an interesting discussion.  Our caller near the end of the program talked about digital SLR basic photography, even using iPhones and getting excellent pictures.  In fact, if you are interested in astrophotography, you will be most interested in this discussion as its an inexpensive way to test it out before buying more costly gear.  At the end, listener Dave asked Jerry to tell us the name of his observatory which is the Lake View Garden Observatory.  You will understand the name when you hear Jerry’s description of it.  At the end, Jerry said he would send listeners a few of his photos so if this interests you, please send your request to me and I will forward it to Jerry.

Please post your comments/questions on The Space Show blog.

Open Lines, Tuesday, 9-4-12 September 5, 2012

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Open Lines, Tuesday, 9-4-12

http://archived.thespaceshow.com/shows/1848-BWB-2012-09-04.mp3

Guest:  Open Lines with Dr. David Livingston.  Topics:  Life outside the solar system, Philadelphia light pollution, ion propulsion, U.S. economy, NASA, space program funding.  You are invited to comment, ask questions, & discuss the Space Show program/guest(s) on the Space Show blog, https://thespaceshow.wordpress.com. Comments, questions, & any discussion must be relevant & applicable to Space Show programming. Transcripts of Space Show programs are not permitted without prior written consent from The Space Show (even if for personal use) & are a violation of the Space Show copyright.  As Open Lines started, I put two discussion topics on the table.  These two topics focused on the Republican party platform & its space policy plus the reaction to it by various sectors of the space community, specifically NewSpace.  The second topic I mentioned was the state of the U.S. economy & how it impacts NASA & space funding.  My theory was & is that it does impact the state of NASA funding & what happens in the private sector but I asked others who have economic experience & knowledge to tell me why so many talk space policy without factoring in our domestic as well as economic condition.  When I opened up the phone line, the first caller was Wade Hobbs who talked about life having developed elsewhere in the solar system, mainly in the oceans of Europa.  He said his theory offered statistical proof of life in Jupiter’s moon Europa & he pointed us toward his Kindle book, “Question Answered.”  If you purchase his book using this URL, Amazon will donate to The Space Show/OGLF:  www.amazon.com/Question-Answered-ebook/dp/B008ZFZ05W/ref=onegiantlea20.  He explained his theory & invited comments & questions.  His email address is w_hobbs@mail.com.  Our second caller was Ed Murray who called our attention to a light pollution public art project scheduled soon for Philadelphia.  The project, Open Air” by artist Rafael Lozano-Hemmer of Canada & approved by the Art Association of Philadelphia is described here:  www.knightarts.org/community/philadelphia/preparing-for-open-air-in-philadelphia.  Many in the astronomy & Dark Skies fields are objecting to the project which will last nearly two months & probably blot out most of the Philadelphia night sky.  Ed & others are seeking ideas & help to minimize the project or cancel it.  They have sought help from the International Dark Skies organization & others.  If this project interests you, follow up on the suggestions offered on the blog by Ed & others which detail their concerns about the project.

In our second segment, John from Atlanta called in to discuss ion propulsion & fuel plus he wanted to address the economic issues I raised in the introduction to tonight’s program.  Regarding the economic issues, John suggested we were still not so bad where the economy would start to impact NASA funding but if thing worsen, it is likely that NASA & all space funding will be impacted.  John & I went back & forth for several minutes discussing the economic situation, the national debt, space & more, both from the U.S. domestic perspective as well as the global perspective. We talked about the total budget going to NASA being so small as a factor.  John & I talked about the Republican platform suggestion that despite the language, commercial crew to the ISS would continue.  John suggested an early down select to SpaceX but I advocated for at least another round of competition with Sierra Nevada & Boeing, possibly others too.  Our final call was from Tim who talked about ion propulsion & space nuclear propulsion.  He introduced the idea of carbon nano tubes for use in rocket materials & I suggested that was way out in the future.  Tim also suggested the private sector bypass NASA & do its “own thing.”

Please post your comments/questions on The Space Show blog above.  If you want to email any of the callers, send your note to me & I will forward it.

David Fuller, Sunday, 4-8-12 April 9, 2012

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David Fuller, Sunday, 4-8-12

http://archived.thespaceshow.com/shows/1747-BWB-2012-04-08.mp3

Guest:  David Fuller.  Topics:  Dark Skies, light pollution, telescopes, astronomy.  You are invited to comment, ask questions, and discuss the Space Show program/guest(s) on the Space Show blog, https://thespaceshow.wordpress.com. Comments, questions, and any discussion must be relevant and applicable to Space Show programming. Transcripts of Space Show programs are not permitted without prior written consent from The Space Show (even if for personal use) & are a violation of the Space Show copyright. We welcomed David Fuller to the program.  Please follow along with us on his website, www.eyesonthesky.com.  Our program started off with David talking with us about his interest in astronomy and light pollution issues, followed by the founding of his website Eyes On The Sky, and the weekly educational videos he makes regarding astronomical events.  We talked about his videos which can also be found on YouTube, the purpose of them as well as the themes for this form of astronomy education.  Later during this segment, listeners told us how they at least partially combated light pollution in their area using UV camera filters for their SLR cameras with telephoto lenses.  We also talked about his blog and his current article dealing with the Mayan calendar issue due to take place later this year.  David also told us about his networking through Facebook and the photographic website, Pinterest.  To find links to these Eye On The Sky networking pages, scroll down on the home page as they are all listed.  In the second segment, David explained more about the site Pinterest which he said was still in beta format but when you go to his Pinterest page, you will see his invitation for all to join and participate.  In this longer second segment, we talked about international dark skies efforts and starting a local chapter.  Our topics then switched to astronomy outreach, Tim called in with technical telescope questions which led to me asking about a Dobsonian telescope.  Listeners asked about Hollywood and the night sky, taking liberty to change the sky around without regard to reality at the time of the event depicted in the movie, or more likely, to simply be ignorant of night sky issues.  The movie Titanic was brought up as an example.  Another listener asked our guest about any relationship between astrology and astronomy.  We talked about NASA budget cuts for planetary exploration and other science missions.  As our program was ending, we zeroed in on more issues regarding light pollution, not just for space and stargazing, but for overall health issues as well.  Please post your comments/questions on The Space Show blog URL above.  you can email our guest at dave@eyesonthesky.com.

Chris Luginbuhl, Friday, 1-6-12 January 6, 2012

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Chris Luginbuhl, Friday, 1-6-12

http://archived.thespaceshow.com/shows/1684-BWB-2012-01-06.mp3

 

Guest:  Chris Luginbuhl.  Topics:  Dark Skies, light and air pollution, lighting, clear night skies. You are invited to comment, ask questions, and discuss the Space Show program/guest(s) on the Space Show blog, https://thespaceshow.wordpress.com. Comments, questions, and any discussion must be relevant and applicable to Space Show programming. Written transcripts of Space Show programs are not permitted without prior written consent from The Space Show (even if for personal use) & are a violation of the Space Show copyright.  We welcomed Chris Luginbuhl back to the show for important updates in progress with combating light pollution and establishing Dark Skies programs in areas where one cannot see a real night sky.  Our guest started our discussion by mentioning technology improvements in hardware but improvements on policy and adoption of Dark Skies programs has been less than desired.  We talked about the issues involved in Dark Skies policies including building codes, economic arguments, vision issues, brighter lighting or less lighting, lighting as a marketing tool, and more.  As you will hear, solid research is needed in many of these areas to be able to wisely craft policy and make effective hardware.  We also talked about glare issues and shielding light so that it is directed downward.  Listeners asked questions about lighting and building codes but here good, independent research is badly needed.  Chris mentioned several organizations and websites for additional information.  Checkout the Flagstaff Dark Sky Coalition at www.flagstaffdarksies.org.  Also check out the International Dark-Sky Organization in Tucson at www.darksky.org.  Terry called in to talk about the night sky picture of Earth taken from the ISS as it orbits, including the area of N. Korea which essentially has little or no night lighting.  As this segment was drawing to a close, we talked about Flagstaff as a model city for Dark Skies policies and programs.  Southern California light and air pollution came up in the context of limiting the capabilities of the two famous observatories, Mt. Wilson and Mt. Palomar.  As we started our second segment, we talked about the various observatories in Flagstaff and asked questions about why there was a Naval Observatory Station in Flagstaff.  A listener asked Chris for his opinion on funding and completing the James Webb Space Telescope and this led us to a brief discussion about the need to continue to invest in space, science and STEM education.  As Chris said, such investments strongly influence our spirit and desire to look outward.  While discussing the Flagstaff Naval Observatory Station, we talked about GPS and timing issues. As the program was nearing its end, I asked our guest to look forward five years and tell us what he would like to see accomplished during that time period.  Chris repeated what he said earlier in that we needed real, quantifiable data and answers addressing issues of how much light is needed, does it really help deter or prevent crime, what is the effect of light on seniors or young people, does it help businesses, what levels are acceptable and what levels of lighting are not acceptable.  He said issues of glare also needed to be studied and that this research should be the focus for the next five year.  We took two more listener questions, one from a Toronto listener about Dark Skies programs in Canada.  The other comment/question was from a New York City resident regarding the light pollution issues in the Big Apple.  Here, Chris and I both came up with some ideas to raise the awareness of the issues in the City. Chris also said that even a 25% improvement would make a huge difference.  This is an important discussion applicable to all of us regardless of where we live so don’t miss it.  Post your comments/questions on The Space Show blog URL above.  You can contact Chris through the Flagstaff website.