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Dr. Paul Sutter, Friday, 10-23-15 October 24, 2015

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Dr. Paul Sutter, Friday, 10-23-15

http://archived.thespaceshow.com/shows/2571-BWB-2015-10-23.mp3

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Guest: Dr. Paul Sutter. Topics:  Science, The Big Bang Theory, Dark Matter, Dark Energy and astrophysics.  Please direct all comments and questions regarding Space Show programs/guest(s) to the Space Show blog, https://thespaceshow.wordpress.com.  Comments and questions should be relevant to the specific Space Show program. Written Transcripts of Space Show programs are a violation of our copyright and are not permitted without prior written consent, even if for your own use. We do not permit the commercial use of Space Show programs or any part thereof, nor do we permit editing, YouTube clips, or clips placed on other private channels & websites. Space Show programs can be quoted, but the quote must be cited or referenced using the proper citation format. Contact The Space Show for further information. In addition, please remember that your Amazon purchases can help support The Space Show/OGLF. See www.onegiantleapfoundation.org/amazon.htm.  For those listening to archives using live365.com and rating the programs, please email me as to why you assign a specific rating to the show. This will help me bring better programming to the audience.

During the first segment of our 97 minute program, Dr. Sutter opened up with a detailed discussion of the big bang theory and the physics and science to go along with it and support it with scientific evidence.  Almost the entire first segment was devoted to this comprehensive discussion.  We talked about proof, theories, truth, alternative ideas and scientific evidence including the cosmological microwave background light which is the oldest light in the universe.  Paul described this in detail, explained that it was really microwave radiation and how it supported an expanding universe.  Rather than summarizing this segment in detail, I urge you to listen to this show because it is one of the best ever Space Show science shows and discussions.  In my opinion, Dr. Sutter is gifted in his ability to explain complex scientific theories and concepts in ways that those of us who are not scientists can grasp and understand facts, scientific evidence, and theories.  In addition to the science, several listener questions came up along with mine about the meaning of certain words in use by the general public as compared to a scientist.  This was a very illuminating discussion and I think you will agree when you hear how theory, fact, truth, plus other words are used in science and what they mean to a scientist  as compared to how we use the same words in our daily vocabulary and word use.  BJohn asked questions about star formation and John from Ft. Worth called and added to our scientific discussion given his physics expertise and knowledge.  I personally want to thank him for his two calls which advanced the quality of our discussion, especially about an open and closed universe.  Then our guest added a third possibility, a flat universe.  Don’t miss this part of our program.

In our second segment, we talked in more detail about Dark Matter.  This too was an example of the clarity given the topics by our guest so listen carefully and enjoy and appreciate how something so complex can be made so easy for us to grasp and understand.  Later in the segment, a listener asked about the impact a TV show like The Big Bang Theory might have on people given the way it portrays “scientists.”  As this was one of my favorite TV shows, I entered the conversation and had a different set of thoughts about its impact than did our guest.  Listen to hear what we both had to say about it.  As I said on the show, in the 2,571 programs I have done to date, plus with all the scientists and engineers that I have met in person at conferences and elsewhere, I have yet to meet a real scientist or engineer that even comes close to being in real life the way the four Big Bang TV Show guys are with their personalities and science.  They are extreme over the top whacky characters that I really enjoy.  We also talked about famous scientists coming on the show for cameo appearances and always playing a role supporting the four nerds.  Paul and I had a great discussion about the show and its impact so don’t miss it, especially if you watch this TV show.  Near the end of our program, we talked about real life science labs as compared to those seen in big hit movies and TV shows with lots of CGI and design added to them.  Dr. Sutter talked about science outreach, his target audience for his outreach, and why he chose his targeted audience.  Just before the show ended, Ft. Worth John called back to reference dark matter with gravity.  An excellent way to conclude our program.

Please post your comments and questions on TSS blog above.  You can reach Dr. Sutter through his website or me.  His websites are https://physics.osu.edu/people/sutter.84 and www.pmsutter.com/#intro.

 

Eric Lerner, Sunday, 12-15-13 December 16, 2013

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Eric Lerner, Sunday, 12-15-13

http://archived.thespaceshow.com/shows/2143-BWB-2013-12-15.mp3

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Gust:  Eric Lerner.  Topics:  Alternative fusion ideas, Focus Fusion. cosmology, the Big Bang & alternative theories to an expanding universe.  Please direct all comments and questions regarding Space Show programs/guest(s) to the Space Show blog, https://thespaceshow.wordpress.com.  Comments and questions should be relevant to the specific Space Show program. Written Transcripts of Space Show programs are a violation of our copyright and are not permitted without prior written consent, even if for your own use. We do not permit the commercial use of Space Show programs or any part thereof, nor do we permit editing, YouTube clips, or clips placed on other private channels & websites. Space Show programs can be quoted, but the quote must be cited or referenced using the proper citation format. Contact The Space Show for further information. In addition, please remember that your Amazon purchases can help support The Space Show/OGLF. See www.onegiantleapfoundation.org/amazon.htm.

We welcomed back Eric Lerner for updates on his Focus Fusion work and then later, his work in cosmology as he challenges the Big Bang & expanding universe theories.  In the first segment of this 1 hour 40 minute show, we focused on fusion.  For more information, visit http://focusfusion.org.  Since much of this discussion involves physics, technical explanations, and more, referring to the website will be helpful.  Eric started out with an overview of focus fusion (Aneutronic Fusion).  He made clear their goal was to demonstrate the scientific feasibility of focus fusion.  Eric then described the challenges, possible solutions and progress being made in reaching their goal.  I suggest you review these website pages to help you understand what he talked about:  http://focusfusion.org/index.php/site/category/C36; http://focusfusion.org/index.php/site/category/C63; http://focusfusion.org/index.php/site/category/C70.  During this segment, Eric explained in detail the process, the physics, the science and more of what they do, have done, and still need to do.  We talked about pulse power, time sequences, the amount of power needed, and what has to happen to get more energy out than what they put into their reactor.  Marshall called to ask about computer power needed and simulations compared to actual experiments.  Eric also talked fuel options and then he talked about their financial needs.  He said they would soon be doing both a short movie and a Kickstarter program.  In fact, he made a call for volunteers so if you are interested, email him at eric@lphysics.com.  Questions came up about the safety of their work, then listeners asked how they contain such high temperatures, even if for a fraction of a second.  He talked about the need for using tungsten & we talked some about tungsten supplies and pricing.  Charles called in with several questions and comments about fuels and then about instead of using tungsten electrodes why not use boron or beryllium as the low atomic weight would contaminate the plasma less.  Charles & Eric has a very interesting discussion about these matters.  We then did a theoretical comparison of the potential cost of fusion energy with coal, natural gas & other conventional fuels.  Near the end of the segment, Eric was pressed for timelines to commercial breakeven if he had adequate funding.  Direct Energy Conversion was our last session topic.

In the second segment, Tim called to ask about fusion for space propulsion.  Next, Eric talked about cosmology as he said there was a debate about the Concordance Model which supports an expansive universe and The Big Bang Theory.  Eric challenges this and in this segment, provided support for his challenge to the Concordance Model of the Universe.  He also pointed out that his book on the topic is still in print so if you are interested, use the OGLF Amazon portal to buy “The Big Bang Never Happened.” OGLF portal instructions are in all program summary statements and blog archives.  You can also email me for help at drspace@thespaceshow.com.  Eric’s discussion of The Big Bang Theory and why he says it is likely incorrect was most interesting and I urge you to carefully listen to what he had to say about this & cosmology in general.  He also talked about how difficult it is to be published if you have a contrary theory and how peer review science flows to the status quo.

Please post your comments/questions on TSS blog above.  You can contact Eric at his email address listed in this summary.

Dr. Peter Shaver, Monday, 1-23-12 January 23, 2012

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Dr. Peter Shaver, Monday, 1-23-12

http://archived.thespaceshow.com/shows/1696-BWB-2012-01-23.mp3

Guest:  Dr. Peter Shaver.  Topics:  Dr. Shaver’s boo, “Cosmic Heritage,” the universe, cosmology, consciousness, cognition.  You are invited to comment, ask questions, and discuss the Space Show program/guest(s) on the Space Show blog, https://thespaceshow.wordpress.com.  Comments, questions, and any discussion must be relevant and applicable to Space Show programming. Transcripts of Space Show programs are not permitted without prior written consent from The Space Show (even if for personal use) & are a violation of the Space Show copyright.  We welcomed Dr. Peter Shaver to the show to discuss his new book, “Cosmic Heritage: Evolution from the Big Bang to Conscious Life.  Dr. Shaver started our discussion by telling us what motivated him to write this book as well as the search for answers to the Big Three questions:  (1) What are the origins of life; (2) What is the nature of life; (2) To understand consciousness.  We talked about the big bang, the microwave background and the early phases of the universe.  We also discussed cosmology & the inter-disciplinary nature of his book, including the fields of psychology, consciousness, and biology.  We talked about the age of the universe at 13.7 billion years.  Dr. Shaver then described the timeline by referencing the Sagan Calendar. I asked him about a section of his book, “Are There Questions That Science Can Never Address?” starting on page 238.  Dr. Shaver talked about taboos and the limits of science. Recurring events or experiences in the natural world can be subject to the scientific method.  A once-only event may not be due the inability to repeat the experiment.  Also, if something is outside the natural world, the paranormal for example, science would not likely be able to address that issue or question. Later, Dr. Shaver was asked what came before the Big Bang.  Here, he introduced us to multiverse theories.  He mentioned the work being done with the Large Hadron Collider and the search for the search for the Higgs-boson particle. Another project he mentioned was the European Space Agency Planck Satellite designed to observe the anisotropies of the cosmic microwave background.  A listener asked about the political nature of science, especially science funding.  Dr. Shaver had much to say in response to this question, including the use of peer review.  Other listener questions asked him about big science projects and their value compared to cost such as the James Webb Space Telescope.  Cognition and consciousness were discussed in the context of his book which addresses the field of neuroscience.  Terry called to ask we will see in telescopes as we get closer to the big bang. Will we still see stars, planets, or just matter in chaos?  Dr. Shaver then guided us through gazing through the dark sky at night and slowly removing from our view the sources of light until we reach the edge of the universe which he referred to as the Near Side of Dark Ages.  Another listener asked if we could actually see the big bang and he talked about the microwave background and fog that we cannot see through.  This brought up the Hubble Deep Field, then Andrew asked if we could use a telescope to see the first light from Earth when it was formed. As our discussion was drawing to a close, we talked about the rate of advancements in science, finding planets in the habitable zone and the future for those wanting to study science or have a science related profession.  Post your comments/questions on The Space Show blog URL above. You can order the book from Amazon using www.amazon.com/Cosmic-Heritage-Evolution-Bang-Conscious/dp/3642202608/ref=onegialeafou-20. Remember, when using this Amazon URL, Amazon contributes to The Space Show/OGLF.  Dr. Shaver can be reached at p4shaver@gmail.com.