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Dr. Paul Sutter, Friday, 10-23-15 October 24, 2015

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Dr. Paul Sutter, Friday, 10-23-15

http://archived.thespaceshow.com/shows/2571-BWB-2015-10-23.mp3

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Guest: Dr. Paul Sutter. Topics:  Science, The Big Bang Theory, Dark Matter, Dark Energy and astrophysics.  Please direct all comments and questions regarding Space Show programs/guest(s) to the Space Show blog, https://thespaceshow.wordpress.com.  Comments and questions should be relevant to the specific Space Show program. Written Transcripts of Space Show programs are a violation of our copyright and are not permitted without prior written consent, even if for your own use. We do not permit the commercial use of Space Show programs or any part thereof, nor do we permit editing, YouTube clips, or clips placed on other private channels & websites. Space Show programs can be quoted, but the quote must be cited or referenced using the proper citation format. Contact The Space Show for further information. In addition, please remember that your Amazon purchases can help support The Space Show/OGLF. See www.onegiantleapfoundation.org/amazon.htm.  For those listening to archives using live365.com and rating the programs, please email me as to why you assign a specific rating to the show. This will help me bring better programming to the audience.

During the first segment of our 97 minute program, Dr. Sutter opened up with a detailed discussion of the big bang theory and the physics and science to go along with it and support it with scientific evidence.  Almost the entire first segment was devoted to this comprehensive discussion.  We talked about proof, theories, truth, alternative ideas and scientific evidence including the cosmological microwave background light which is the oldest light in the universe.  Paul described this in detail, explained that it was really microwave radiation and how it supported an expanding universe.  Rather than summarizing this segment in detail, I urge you to listen to this show because it is one of the best ever Space Show science shows and discussions.  In my opinion, Dr. Sutter is gifted in his ability to explain complex scientific theories and concepts in ways that those of us who are not scientists can grasp and understand facts, scientific evidence, and theories.  In addition to the science, several listener questions came up along with mine about the meaning of certain words in use by the general public as compared to a scientist.  This was a very illuminating discussion and I think you will agree when you hear how theory, fact, truth, plus other words are used in science and what they mean to a scientist  as compared to how we use the same words in our daily vocabulary and word use.  BJohn asked questions about star formation and John from Ft. Worth called and added to our scientific discussion given his physics expertise and knowledge.  I personally want to thank him for his two calls which advanced the quality of our discussion, especially about an open and closed universe.  Then our guest added a third possibility, a flat universe.  Don’t miss this part of our program.

In our second segment, we talked in more detail about Dark Matter.  This too was an example of the clarity given the topics by our guest so listen carefully and enjoy and appreciate how something so complex can be made so easy for us to grasp and understand.  Later in the segment, a listener asked about the impact a TV show like The Big Bang Theory might have on people given the way it portrays “scientists.”  As this was one of my favorite TV shows, I entered the conversation and had a different set of thoughts about its impact than did our guest.  Listen to hear what we both had to say about it.  As I said on the show, in the 2,571 programs I have done to date, plus with all the scientists and engineers that I have met in person at conferences and elsewhere, I have yet to meet a real scientist or engineer that even comes close to being in real life the way the four Big Bang TV Show guys are with their personalities and science.  They are extreme over the top whacky characters that I really enjoy.  We also talked about famous scientists coming on the show for cameo appearances and always playing a role supporting the four nerds.  Paul and I had a great discussion about the show and its impact so don’t miss it, especially if you watch this TV show.  Near the end of our program, we talked about real life science labs as compared to those seen in big hit movies and TV shows with lots of CGI and design added to them.  Dr. Sutter talked about science outreach, his target audience for his outreach, and why he chose his targeted audience.  Just before the show ended, Ft. Worth John called back to reference dark matter with gravity.  An excellent way to conclude our program.

Please post your comments and questions on TSS blog above.  You can reach Dr. Sutter through his website or me.  His websites are https://physics.osu.edu/people/sutter.84 and www.pmsutter.com/#intro.

 

Dr. Jim Woodward, Tuesday, 7-21-15 July 22, 2015

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Dr. Jim Woodward, Tuesday, 7-21-15

<a href=”http://archived.thespaceshow.com/shows/2509-BWB-2015-07-21.mp3

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Guest: Dr. James (Jim) Woodward. Topics: The Mach Effect, gravity, and breakthrough propulsion. Please direct all comments and questions regarding Space Show programs/guest(s) to the Space Show blog, https://thespaceshow.wordpress.com. Comments and questions should be relevant to the specific Space Show program. Written Transcripts of Space Show programs are a violation of our copyright and are not permitted without prior written consent, even if for your own use. We do not permit the commercial use of Space Show programs or any part thereof, nor do we permit editing, YouTube clips, or clips placed on other private channels & websites. Space Show programs can be quoted, but the quote must be cited or referenced using the proper citation format. Contact The Space Show for further information. In addition, please remember that your Amazon purchases can help support The Space Show/OGLF. See www.onegiantleapfoundation.org/amazon.htm. For those listening to archives using live365.com and rating the programs, please email me as to why you assign a specific rating to the show. This will help me bring better programming to the audience.

We welcomed back Dr. Jim Woodward to the program to discuss the Mach Effect, Mach thrusters and drive, and breakthrough propulsion. During our discussion, Dr. Woodward mentioned his book, “Making Starships and Stargates which you can order at http://ssi.org/exotic-propulsion-initiative as this allows SSI to get a royalty payment on the sale of the book. If you buy the book through Amazon using TSS/OGLF portal, The Space Show gets a percentage of the sales price of the book. In addition, the Charles Platt article, “Strange thrust: the unproven science that could propel our children into space” can be found here: http://boingboing.net/2014/11/24/the-quest-for-a-reactionless-s.html. Finally, Dr. Woodward mentioned the paper written by Dr. Heidi Fearn, “New Theoretical Results for the Mach Effect Thruster.” You can download this paper at www.researchgate.net/publication/280134421_New_Theoretical_Results_for_the_Mach_Effect_Thruster. Note that in the final minutes of our program, Dr. Woodward spoke very softly and we were unable to get some of what he said as part of his final comments. While the 1 hour 56 minute program was divided into two segments, this summary will be in one segment only and short as the papers above tell the story. I urge you to read them and become familiar with Dr. Woodward’s work either before or after listening to this discussion which was at times very technical and heavy in the theoretical physics fields for gravitational forces, electromagnetic forces and more as he described the Mach Effect. In addition to the physics, since Dr. Woodward’s work is dependent on funding so he spent a good amount of time in both segments answering questions and telling us what it was like trying to get funding, approved proposals, etc. for cutting edge work or even work considered to be out of the box or on the fringe. His realistic assessment of the challenges posed by his and similar work goes to the point of why we don’t see more out of the box science & advanced projects being financed. In addition to the physics and funding discussions, we talked timelines for his having commercial uses for small Mach thrusters which would start off servicing satellites. This discussion covered both segments.

Please post your comments/questions on TSS blog above. You can contact Dr. Woodward through me at drspace@thespaceshow.com or his Cal State Fullerton website.

Greg Meholic, Friday, 6-5-15 June 6, 2015

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Greg Meholic, Friday, 6-5-15

http://archived.thespaceshow.com/shows/2487-BWB-2015-06-05.mp3

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Guest:  Greg Meholic.  Topics:  Advanced propulsion concepts and more.  Please direct all comments and questions regarding Space Show programs/guest(s) to the Space Show blog, https://thespaceshow.wordpress.com.  Comments and questions should be relevant to the specific Space Show program. Written Transcripts of Space Show programs are a violation of our copyright and are not permitted without prior written consent, even if for your own use. We do not permit the commercial use of Space Show programs or any part thereof, nor do we permit editing, YouTube clips, or clips placed on other private channels & websites. Space Show programs can be quoted, but the quote must be cited or referenced using the proper citation format. Contact The Space Show for further information. In addition, please remember that your Amazon purchases can help support The Space Show/OGLF. See www.onegiantleapfoundation.org/amazon.htm.  For those listening to archives using live365.com and rating the programs, please email me as to why you assign a specific rating to the show. This will help me bring better programming to the audience.

We welcomed back to the show Greg Meholic to speak about advanced propulsion concepts, rocket reusability, and much more.  During the first segment of our 84 minute program, Mr. Meholic first defined what he meant by the term advanced propulsion.  Given this definition, we moved forward to discuss various concepts, propulsion methods, and propulsion research. During this segment, we talked about several propulsion technologies and Greg said thumbs up or thumbs down to their being advanced propulsion.  When it came to nuclear, Greg classified it as an alternative propulsion method, not an advanced propulsion.  Again, don’t miss his definition.  We talked near and intermediate term advanced propulsion concepts though it does not appear anything is really close at hand.  His timeline for a possible advanced propulsion technology was around 20 years.  He said not only do we need to understand the physics much better,  but the propulsion method much compete with current systems and produce benefits including cost benefits.  As far as choke points on advanced propulsion, he said understanding the fundamental physics involved was a big one.  We then talked about funding which is now mostly from companies and other private investor oriented sources.  I asked lots of questions about funding, especially how does one know when the point is reached to either kill the project or keep it going.  Don’t miss what he said about this.  Listeners also asked many questions.  In replying to one listener, he said it would be hard to beat chemical rockets to LEO but the door opens up BLEO though the Moon can be done with chemical rockets.  When asked about the anti-nuke movement and the impact on the nuclear rocket, he had some interesting observations, especially regarding the views of younger people.  When asked for leading advanced propulsion people and concepts, he mentioned former Space Show guest Dr. James Woodward and his work with Mach’s Principle several times during our show.  Greg was also asked about the work of Dr. Sonny White at JSC for warp drive and M drive.  Greg had much to say about his work including Q thruster and M drive.  John from Ft. Worth called in to talk about M Drive & Mach’s Principle along with gravity and magnetic frequencies.

In the second segment, Ashley sent in an email asking about going to the Moon and Mars for settlement and sustainability, wondering if advanced propulsion was needed for either location.  You might be surprised by Greg’s response to this question so listen carefully.  He did say there would be different requirements for the Moon and Mars.  With Mars, he also spoke about radiation and travel times.  Greg then had some things to say about artificial gravity.  One of his comments was that if we understood more of the physics, an eventual advanced propulsion system might enable an artificial gravity system without spinning or the need for tethers.  Brad in Tucson sent in a note asking about reusable first stage rocket launch systems.  Greg was delighted with the question as he works on such systems in his day job and he had much to say and offer about reusable first stage rockets.  He went through a brief summary of some of his work plus those attempting to design such systems including SpaceX.  I asked about a payload penalty with reusability.  Don’t miss his answer.  Our next caller was Marshall and he took us back to the artificial gravity discussion.  Marshal was asking questions about the amount of time spent in 1g as opposed to various fractional gravity loads.  As the program was ending, Greg received the final question which dealt with comparing the quality of government research to private sector research.  He reminded the listener that there very little to no government research funding for advanced propulsion, that it was almost all private sector funding.  He said the private funding was investor based so it comes with a commercial profit focus.

Please post your comments on The Space Show blog above.  Greg Meholic can be reached through me using drspace@thespaceshow.com.

Marc Millis, Sunday, 12-21-14 December 22, 2014

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Marc Millis, Sunday, 12-21-14

http://archived.thespaceshow.com/shows/2379-BWB-2014-12-21.mp3

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Guest:  Marc Millis.  Topics:  Advanced propulsion, interstellar flight & advanced physics leading to interstellar flight.  Please direct all comments and questions regarding Space Show programs/guest(s) to the Space Show blog, https://thespaceshow.wordpress.com.  Comments and questions should be relevant to the specific Space Show program. Written Transcripts of Space Show programs are a violation of our copyright and are not permitted without prior written consent, even if for your own use. We do not permit the commercial use of Space Show programs or any part thereof, nor do we permit editing, YouTube clips, or clips placed on other private channels & websites. Space Show programs can be quoted, but the quote must be cited or referenced using the proper citation format. Contact The Space Show for further information. In addition, please remember that your Amazon purchases can help support The Space Show/OGLF. See http://www.onegiantleapfoundation.org/amazon.htm.  For those listening to archives using live365.com and rating the programs, please email me as to why you assign a specific rating to the show. This will help me bring better programming to the audience.

We welcomed back Marc Millis to discuss the needed advanced physics for interstellar spaceflight plus his take on the new hit movie, “Interstellar.”  During our 90 minute program without a break, Marc debriefed us on his take on the science behind and involved with the new movie, “Interstellar.”  He said there were things about the science and the movie that he liked and that they did a good job with and other things that got a less than positive grade.  For example, he said the way the movie depicted the worm hole was nicely done & he explained why.  One area he did not like was the shuttle like craft being blasted to space on a Saturn V like vehicle but then going back and forth to the other planets.  He said this raised serious fuel issues & questions.  He also said the time dilation effects were confusing and inconsistent.  We talked about black holes, then Marc mentioned the Incessant Obsolescence Postulate which suggests that should a probe or occupied spaceship be launched to the stars, eventually a more modern one will pass it in the future enabling it to reach the destination a lot sooner than the initial ship.  Marc returned to discussing worm holes and the negative energy needed for them to be useful tools for interstellar spaceflight.  A listener from Boston asked about nuclear propulsion and if that was the advanced propulsion needed for interstellar flight.  Marc talked about both fission and fusion propulsion & their respective applicability & usefulness for interstellar flight.  SLS John called for an advanced physics discussion which included the inertial frame of reference and gravity discussion, Mach’s principle, the Equivalence principle, the Higgs particle and more.  This is a great discussion, don’t miss it.  Another listener asked Marc what the minimum advanced physics and propulsion would be to get started with an interstellar flight, then evolving to more advanced tools over time.  Marc outlined a plan he talked about earlier for doing small steps at a time as opposed to a giant leap needing far more advanced technology than what is available now or will be in the near future.  Another listener asked a similar question focusing on the minimum amount of knowledge needed to get started with interstellar spaceflight.  Pooley called in to talk about the Equivalence Principle.  Marc talked about the Tau Zero Foundation and its needs, and then Beth asked why we don’t focus on Mars or the clouds on Venus, both of which are more doable than interstellar flight.  Marc said we need to focus on both at the same time so don’t miss his excellent answer.

Please post your comments/questions on The Space Show blog above.  Marc can be reached through me.  To learn more, visit http://www.tauzero.aero.

Rob Godwin, Friday, 9-12-14 September 13, 2014

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Rob Godwin, Friday, 9-12-14

http://archived.thespaceshow.com/shows/2314-BWB-2014-09-12.mp3

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Guest:  Robert (Rob) Godwin.  Topics:  We discussed the new ApogeePrime book “2001: The Heritage And Legacy Of The Space Odyssey” & more.  Please direct all comments and questions regarding Space Show programs/guest(s) to the Space Show blog, https://thespaceshow.wordpress.com.  Comments and questions should be relevant to the specific Space Show program. Written Transcripts of Space Show programs are a violation of our copyright and are not permitted without prior written consent, even if for your own use. We do not permit the commercial use of Space Show programs or any part thereof, nor do we permit editing, YouTube clips, or clips placed on other private channels & websites. Space Show programs can be quoted, but the quote must be cited or referenced using the proper citation format. Contact The Space Show for further information. In addition, please remember that your Amazon purchases can help support The Space Show/OGLF. See http://www.onegiantleapfoundation.org/amazon.htm.  For those listening to archives using live365.com and rating the programs, please email me as to why you assign a specific rating to the show. This will help me bring better programming to the audience.

We welcomed back to our program Rob Godwin to discuss his new book, “2001: the Heritage And Legacy Of The Space Odyssey.”  During the first segment of our 90 minute program, Rob began by paying tribute to the late Fred Ordway, co-author of the book as Fred recently passed away.  Fred was also the technical advisor on the movie “2001: A Space Odyssey” so Rob spent some time discussing his role, the contacts he had in the global aerospace industry to help make the film accurate, even in the future.  Rob explained the structure of the book with the first two parts coming from Fred and the third part contributed by Rob.  Early in the segment, I asked Rob why this movie still had such a large following and appeal.  Listen to Rob’s explanation.  Why do you think this movie remains so popular today?  Rob talked at length throughout our discussion about Fred’s contacts and he even told stories about Fred getting the latest lunar photos from the Soviet Union and a leading French observatory to help assure the film would not be out of date at release time.  Our guest also talked about Sir Arthur Clarke, his role in the early days of the British Interplanetary Society (BIS) and his work with the director, Stanley Kubrick.  Rob went back in time when discussing the first two segments of the book to talk about classic space themed science fiction movies and books.  If this interests you, listen to the program with pen and paper so you can jot them down to find them online at a later date.  In talking about these old classics, Rob showed us how 2001 and later movies were built upon the themes, story lines, and even the special effects of many of these old classics.  Listeners had lots of questions.  Todd wanted to know about the movies impact on our actual space program.  Another asked Rob about the movie’s impact on the NewSpace community. Ben wanted to know about the “hidden & deep meaning” of 2001 movie.  As the segment was ending, we talked about Star Wars, Star Trek & other movies in context with 2001.  Rob hit on  Clarke’s “The Lost Worlds of 2001” as to how he explained the meaning of the movie.

In the second segment, we talked about buying the book at http://www.apogeeprime.com. Rob also told us about an upcoming special event at the IAC in Toronto to honor Fred Ordway and a possible US touring exhibit related to the book and film.  Listeners asked about modern space sci fi films including Gravity & Prometheus, then the discussion returned to Star Trek and the introduction of the idea of suspended animation in film.  Listeners kept bringing up other sci fi films for discussion and Rob stressed the importance of the early& classic work by Voltaire, “Micromegas.” This is a free download at http://www.gutenberg.org/ebooks/30123.  The final part of our discussion focused on classic space TV and movie serials.

Please post your comments/questions on TSS blog above.  You can contact Rob Godwin through the ApogeePrime website or me.

Dr. Rick Linnehan, Friday, 8-22-14 August 23, 2014

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Dr. Rick Linnehan, Friday, 8-22-14

http://archived.thespaceshow.com/shows/2301-BWB-2014-08-22.mp3

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Guest:  Dr. Rick Linnehan, NASA Astronaut; Topics:  Animals in space, human long duration spaceflight.  Please direct all comments and questions regarding Space Show programs/guest(s) to the Space Show blog, https://thespaceshow.wordpress.com.  Comments and questions should be relevant to the specific Space Show program. Written Transcripts of Space Show programs are a violation of our copyright and are not permitted without prior written consent, even if for your own use. We do not permit the commercial use of Space Show programs or any part thereof, nor do we permit editing, YouTube clips, or clips placed on other private channels & websites. Space Show programs can be quoted, but the quote must be cited or referenced using the proper citation format. Contact The Space Show for further information. In addition, please remember that your Amazon purchases can help support The Space Show/OGLF. See http://www.onegiantleapfoundation.org/amazon.htm.  For those listening to archives using live365.com and rating the programs, please email me as to why you assign a specific rating to the show. This will help me bring better programming to the audience.

We welcomed NASA Astronaut Dr. Rick Linnehan to the program to discuss animals and their place in space in history, the present, and the future, plus human concerns for long duration spaceflight.  During this one hour program, we stared off by asking Dr. Linnehan for an overview of the role played by animals in space, including looking to the future for animals for agriculture, research pathology work, comfort, & other purposes.  We talked about microgravity issues and countermeasures, then I asked specifically about taking chickens to Mars for feed purposes.  Our guest talked about the effect of microgravity on chickens and the egg laying process.  He said a few times that while we might likely evolve over many years, decades or even longer to having a larger role for animals in space, most of the ideas and concepts today are pie in the sky.  We talked about some of the animals that had been and are in space including lab rodents, fruit flies, some small fish and others.  Our guest talked about the space acclimation process for animals, including the small fish, and we learned that in many instances the animals acclimate to microgravity faster than humans.  Our guest mentioned the need for advanced propulsion for long duration human spaceflight and suggested that Mars was on the edge of the possible using chemical rockets.  Rick mentioned some of the other human factors issues such as radiation and psychological challenges.  We also discussed astronaut exercise routines and the countermeasure exercise equipment currently being used with efforts underway to redesign the equipment to be more effective and lighter.  Several questions came up about private sector humans to Mars missions and crew health.  When asked if we could do a humans to Mars mission now or by the early 2020s, our guest said yes but listen to the details of this discussion.  Also, with regards to the private astronaut missions to Mars or elsewhere, several questions arose about the conditioning of the private astronaut crew, what microgravity countermeasures and exercise equipment they would have on board, what routines they would strictly follow and more.  Our guest was mostly referring to space agency astronauts in terms of our readiness to do human spaceflight to Mars now or the very near future.  He was unable to address private astronaut missions or their details because they are unknown.  We did talk about gravity and the absence of it in spaceflight, both for humans and animals.  Advanced propulsion questions and comments kept coming up during the entire show. At one point, I asked how essential advanced propulsion was for long duration human spaceflight and he said there would be no long duration spaceflight without.  Listen for the details regarding his opinion on this issue. Doug called to ask about bacteria, DNA, cat implants and more.  Artificial insemination came up with regards to surrogate species.  Doug also raised questions about the size for a minimum viable population.  After Doug’s call, I asked what our guest thought the priorities should be for Mars human spaceflight.  He listed advanced propulsion technology as first followed by human quality of life issues which he described for us.  I also asked questions about crew compatibility for psychological reasons as well as the probable command structure for the crew on a long duration human spaceflight.  One listener asked Dr. Linnehan about the differences in a zoo vet as compared to the typical vet we use for our dogs and cats.  Larry emailed in to ask if an animal had ever been on a space walk.  Rick said not his knowledge, talked about the need for an animal EVA suit of which there are none, and when I asked about taking an animal with an astronaut on an EVA for research purposes, he explained why that was impractical.  The microgravity simulation work in the NASA neutral buoyancy pool came up and our guest said that for about every hour he spends on an EVA, he would have spend about 12 hours in the pool.  Near the end of our hour long discussion, Jack emailed in for the best goals for human space flight.  Our guest suggested evolving stage by stage with cislunar, La Grange points, lunar settlement and out further and further to other destinations as our capabilities and technology improved.  B John had emailed in a few questions about microbes and the sea plankton announced by the Russians as existing on the outside of the ISS.  While we discussed these questions earlier in the show, near the end I asked our guest his question about microbes traveling greater distances in space than humans have and if our missions that have entered interstellar space carry microbes with them.  In his summary, Dr. Linnehan stressed the importance of continuing to explore space, to leave our planet, set up settlements, and to do what we can to keep pressure on the policy makers as we know the importance of space development and exploration.  He supports the private/commercial efforts and missions and even suggested he would do a one way Mars trip to help open up a Martial settlement.

Please post your comments/questions on TSS blog above.

 

Jim Lewis, Sunday, 12-8-13 December 9, 2013

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Jim Lewis, Sunday, 12-8-13

http://archived.thespaceshow.com/shows/2138-BWB-2013-12-08.mp3

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Guest:  Jim Lewis.  Topic:  Animals in space based on his documentary film, “America’s Animal Astronaut Heroes.” Please direct all comments and questions regarding Space Show programs/guest(s) to the Space Show blog, https://thespaceshow.wordpress.com.  Comments and questions should be relevant to the specific Space Show program. Written Transcripts of Space Show programs are a violation of our copyright and are not permitted without prior written consent, even if for your own use. We do not permit the commercial use of Space Show programs or any part thereof, nor do we permit editing, YouTube clips, or clips placed on other private channels & websites. Space Show programs can be quoted, but the quote must be cited or referenced using the proper citation format. Contact The Space Show for further information. In addition, please remember that your Amazon purchases can help support The Space Show/OGLF. See www.onegiantleapfoundation.org/amazon.htm.

We welcomed back Jim Lewis to this 90 minute discussion on the documentary film project his company is completing, “America’s Animal Astronaut Heroes.”  For those of you on Facebook, search for the title and LIKE the page for additional information.  In our first segment, Jim told us how this project came to be as well as why it was targeted it for kids.  We talked about various animals that had been to space, including the Soviet dog Laika which Jim said was a one of the Soviet wild dogs taken off the street.  I think you will find interesting the reason why the Soviets chose wild dogs off the street for space experiments.  We also talked about a project, Rats with Hats and fruit fly experiments.  Jim got several questions asking about taking pets to space on space settlement missions as well as taking animals for feedstock.  Later in the segment, we got into talking about the chimps that NASA sent to space and here, Jim had many chimp stories. In addition, Jim talked about fish in space and getting seasick in their aquariums.  Marshall called in to talk about taking chickens and goats to space (the latter for goat’s milk).  Another question dealt with wondering if the animals liked being in space.  Don’t miss his answer to this question.  Then we went back to mice and rat stories and the chimps.  Jim also mentioned the frog-tadpole and toadfish experiments.  Listeners wanted to know about small animal commercial experiments on the ISS.  Before the segment ended, listeners asked about a future time when service dogs might be welcome on board to help a blind or deaf spaceflight participant, settler, or crew member.

In the second segment, Jim said the most favorite animals were the space monkeys Abel and Baker.  At one time, Baker was getting 200-300 letters from fans a day!  In talking about our future in space,  Jim said that animals were still pioneering for humans in the future.  We talked about animals having gone to space from ESA, India, Russia, etc.  We also talked about NASA rules as compared to potentially different rules on a private launch to a private space station.  Near the end of the program, Jim updated us on space activities in Florida and along the space coast.  SpaceX was a huge positive sign, plus many aviation companies have moved in to take advantage of the skilled workforce no longer involved in space work.

Please post your comments/questions on The Space Show blog above.  You can reach Jim Lewis through me at drspace@thespaceshow.com.

Adam Johnson, Monday, 11-11-13 November 12, 2013

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Adam Johnson, Monday, 11-11-13

http://archived.thespaceshow.com/shows/2119-BWB-2013-11-11.mp3

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Guest:  Adam K. Johnson.  Topics:  The lost science behind the making of the film 2001: A Space Odyssey, photos & science discussed in detail.  Please direct all comments and questions regarding Space Show programs/guest(s) to the Space Show blog, https://thespaceshow.wordpress.com.  Comments and questions should be relevant to the specific Space Show program. Written Transcripts of Space Show programs are a violation of our copyright and are not permitted without prior written consent, even if for your own use. We do not permit the commercial use of Space Show programs or any part thereof, nor do we permit editing, YouTube clips, or clips placed on other private channels & websites. Space Show programs can be quoted, but the quote must be cited or referenced using the proper citation format. Contact The Space Show for further information. In addition, please remember that your Amazon purchases can help support The Space Show/OGLF. See www.onegiantleapfoundation.org/amazon.htm.

We welcomed Adam Johnson to the program for a fascinating discussion regarding the lost science, photography, and people behind the famous 2001: A Space Odyssey movie.  In the first segment of this 1 hour 33 minute discussion, we talked about Adam’s book, 2001: The Lost Science; The science and technology of the most influential film ever made.  The book, published by Apogee Prime, is a large format, high resolution picture and fact book documenting the making of the 2001 movie.  The people behind the movie and the science are both fact and photographed detailed, the models used and developed for the film are in the book, and little or unknown facts behind the making of this film are revealed, maybe for the first time.  Adam talked at length about the science advisors including Fred Ordway, Arthur C. Clarke, Henry Lange, and others.  He had much to say about Kubrick and his making of the film, plus his visit to the archives at the space center in Huntsville and getting those archives in order for research and for historical purposes.  Adam found blueprints related to the film and so much more. He was asked about the movie sets and props and we learned that Kubrick ordered them destroyed after the film was made to keep them from being used in a B rated sci fi movie.  Listeners asked about the science fiction in the movie largely becoming reality today.  Mr. Johnson had much to say about the utopian viewpoint expressed in the movie, the fact that Russians actually visited the set and one was a spy.  We even discussed the still photography, the two photographers, and black and white as compared to color photography.  Doug asked about the large scale props in the moving having influence on our use of large scale space hardware for real such as in heavy lift the and the shuttle.  At the end of the segment, we learned that Adam is working on Volume 2 to be released next year.  Also, he mentioned the Kubrick and other view that only scientists and educated people, test pilots, and the like would ever be able to go to space.

In the second segment, Dave Hook emailed in to ask if our guest could reference modern sci fi movies that would be icons like 2001.  He mentioned two movies.  Billy wanted to talk about Apollo 13 and the later film, Apollo 18.  When Adam was asked what was most impactful to him, he mentioned the Russian story and the contributions by Fred.  I asked about the theme song and Kubrick having taken it from the famous Strauss symphony.  Adam gave us the fascinating history behind the use of this music.  Hint: God , asking unanswerable questions about ourselves and our place in the universe.  Near the end, we talked about modern day space having a legacy from this film.  We also talked about the nuclear rocket and how the movie changed the lives of countless people that saw it.

Please post comments/questions on TSS blog.  Information about the book is at www.apogeeprime.com/prime/bookpages/9781926837192.html.

Open Lines, Tuesday, 10-8-13 October 9, 2013

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Open Lines, Tuesday, 10-8-13

http://archived.thespaceshow.com/shows/2102-BWB-2013-10-08.mp3

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Guest:  Open Lines with Dr. David Livingston.  Topics:  The movie Gravity, NASA budget issues, ISS, Commercial Crew, SLS missions, Orbital, SpaceX and more.  Please direct all comments and questions regarding Space Show programs/guest(s) to the Space Show blog, https://thespaceshow.wordpress.com.  Comments and questions should be relevant to the specific Space Show program. Written Transcripts of Space Show programs are a violation of our copyright and are not permitted without prior written consent, even if for your own use. We do not permit the commercial use of Space Show programs or any part thereof, nor do we permit editing, YouTube clips, or clips placed on other private channels & websites. Space Show programs can be quoted, but the quote must be cited or referenced using the proper citation format. Contact The Space Show for further information. In addition, please remember that your Amazon purchases can help support The Space Show/OGLF. See www.onegiantleapfoundation.org/amazon.htm.

Welcome to our two hour Open Lines discussion program.  For the first hour, our discussion topics included the movie Gravity and its special effects plus as said by many calling and emailing on the topic, “really bad orbital dynamics!”  We had fun talking about Gravity, the cast, the story line, and how Hollywood often gets the science and engineering wrong.  John Hunt also talked about SLS and basic physics, the gravitational constant theory, quantum vacuum thrusters, and he responded to Doug’s question about light, mass, and momentum.  John also addressed issues with the quantum theory.  Dr. Lurio of the Lurio Report was next to phone in after “SLS Man” as he referred to John, cleared the line.  As frequent listeners know, Dr. Lurio and John are on opposite sides of the SLS issue which I guess earned John the title SLS Man.  Charles, perhaps you will write about SLS Man in the Lurio Report?  Charles talked about the recent successes with Orbital and Space X and the attempted return of the Falcon fist stage in the reusability test.  Charles talked about the developing nanosat business and the opening up of commercial opportunities on the ISS, all in the context of choices NASA may have to make regarding funding priorities including SLS, ISS, Commercial Crew (see  http://spaceref.com/missions-and-programs/nasa/nasa-will-face-solomons-choice-in-2014.html.

In our second segment,  Doug called in to talk about the Mars SLS option (here is the URL for the story:  www.nasaspaceflight.com/2013/10/nasa-con-ops-baseline-slsorion-mission-mars).  Doug then talked about a cislunar transportation system and how it was the key to expanding space development.  The Shackleton Energy lunar development plan came up  as did Bigelow space stations.  Charles Pooley called in from Las Vegas and guess what!!!! His Microlaunchers book is almost finished and ready for distribution!!!!  Now pick yourself off the floor so you can read the rest of the summary and listen to the show but yes, we are all in a daze, a fog and a varying degrees of shock.  I told Charles that when it is out as an ebook and a paperback, he can definitely come back on the show and talk about it.  He said it should be finished by November or so as it is out to 5 people (I am not one of them) to review and edit the manuscript.  All of here at The Space Show wish Charles Godspeed in finishing the book and we hope it meets all of his expectations.  Tim was our last caller.  He thought that if push came to shove, SLS would be shut down before the ISS.  He also suggested a Bigelow station would help enable Shackleton. I gave him and the audience a sort of business perspective on what would be needed in order for a Bigelow station to support and enhance the Shackleton plan.

Please post your comments/questions on The Space Show blog.

Adam Crowl, Sunday, 10-6-13 October 7, 2013

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Adam Crowl, Sunday, 10-6-13

http://archived.thespaceshow.com/shows/2100-BWB-2013-10-06.mp3

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Guest:  Adam Crowl.  Topics:  Adam talks about his chapter, “Starship Pioneers,” in the Starship Century book plus interstellar travel possibilities & technologies.  Please direct all comments and questions regarding Space Show programs/guest(s) to the Space Show blog, https://thespaceshow.wordpress.com.  Comments and questions should be relevant to the specific Space Show program. Written Transcripts of Space Show programs are a violation of our copyright and are not permitted without prior written consent, even if for your own use. We do not permit the commercial use of Space Show programs or any part thereof, nor do we permit editing, YouTube clips, or clips placed on other private channels & websites. Space Show programs can be quoted, but the quote must be cited or referenced using the proper citation format. Contact The Space Show for further information. In addition, please remember that your Amazon purchases can help support The Space Show/OGLF. See www.onegiantleapfoundation.org/amazon.htm.

We welcomed Adam Crowl to the program for a one hour twenty minute discussion on interstellar travel, propulsion and technology potentials.  During the first segment, we talked about the book Starship Century and his chapter in it, “Starship Pioneers.” the early rocket pioneers and their thoughts on interstellar travel as the idea as it has has been with us and our imagination forever.  We talked about theoretical backing, actual capabilities, time lines, and more. Some of the technologies were addressed such as nuclear fusion plus some of the models he showed pictures of in his chapter in the book.  We also talked about solar sail and then I asked about human flights to Mars and the Moon as stepping stones for interstellar flight.  Antigravity was discussed along with antimatter, lasers, proton beams, and more. Our callers asked about these futuristic technologies and even the types of interstellar missions that could unfold down the road.

In the second segment, faster than light travel came up with Dr. Harold (Sonny) White and his work.  More calls came in regarding gravitational theory, particle physics, and beam propulsion.  Another John called in wondering about the accuracy of today’s interstellar speculation.  Multi-generational starships were discussed plus Adam made a point saying the profits from the book go to support interstellar research.  Check this out at the book’s website, www.starshipcentury.com.  As the program was ending, Randy sent in a note about the inspirational and motivational value of interstellar travel discussions.

Post your comments/questions on The Space Show blog above.  You can contact our guest through his website and read his blog at www.crowlspace.com.