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Louise Riofrio, Sunday, 9-7-14 September 8, 2014

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Louise Riofrio, Sunday, 9-7-14

http://archived.thespaceshow.com/shows/2310-BWB-2014-09-07.mp3

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Guest:  Louise Riofrio.  Topics:  Her book “The Speed of Light,”  the change in the speed of light, lunar return missions, & much more.  Please direct all comments and questions regarding Space Show programs/guest(s) to the Space Show blog, https://thespaceshow.wordpress.com.  Comments and questions should be relevant to the specific Space Show program. Written Transcripts of Space Show programs are a violation of our copyright and are not permitted without prior written consent, even if for your own use. We do not permit the commercial use of Space Show programs or any part thereof, nor do we permit editing, YouTube clips, or clips placed on other private channels & websites. Space Show programs can be quoted, but the quote must be cited or referenced using the proper citation format. Contact The Space Show for further information. In addition, please remember that your Amazon purchases can help support The Space Show/OGLF. See http://www.onegiantleapfoundation.org/amazon.htm.  For those listening to archives using live365.com and rating the programs, please email me as to why you assign a specific rating to the show. This will help me bring better programming to the audience.

We welcomed back to the show Louise Riofrio to discuss her new book, “The Speed of Light.”  Remember that if you order this book through Amazon to use the OGLF Amazon portal so Amazon will make a contribution to TSS.  Instructions are on both The Space Show and our blog’s websites.  For more information, visit Riofrio’ s blog at http://riofriospacetime.blogsot.com. During the first segment of our 91 minute program, Louise told us about new developments and her work since her first Space Show appearance on Oct. 27, 2008.  She told her about her science work and related travels at JSC and her work with the moon rocks.  She also explained how her work with the moon rocks was important to human spaceflight, especially a return lunar mission and an asteroid mission.  She talked about why a lunar return mission was so important for science & why it was better to have astronauts on the mission rather than only robotic.  Out of this discussion came another SLS discussion as Louise pointed out the need for heavy lift for a lunar or any BLEO mission.  I explored her thoughts and opinions on SLS, asking her about the perspectives provided by those not supporting SLS.  In my opinion, Louise put forth excellent arguments in support of SLS during the show.  I even suggested she become the spokesperson for SLS and lunar return missions given how well she articulated and explained the need for SLS.  Louise also spoke about the distance from Earth to the Moon and the lunar orbit, referencing the LLRE (The Lunar Laser Ranging Experiment) from the Apollo era.  She used information from this device in comparison with three other measuring methods to support her theory that the speed of light is slowing down.  Listen to her explanation behind her theory assumptions.  Louise then mentioned the very accurate atomic clock soon to go up to the ISS, ACES (see http://www.esa.int/Our_Activities/Human_Spaceflight/Human_Spaceflight_Research/Atomic_Clock_Ensemble_in_Space_ACES).  She said this would be very helpful in detecting and clarifying the change in the speed of light.  John from Ft. Worth called with several questions and comments about the speed of light.   Next, Paul asked a series of email questions about time travel.

In the second segment, we started off discussing time travel and speed of light changes for a multi-generational human mission.  Louise introduced us to time dilation.  John in Montana asked about GPS timing & the change in the speed of light.   Christine emailed a question about an RTM mission and asked what might change if the speed of light is slowing down.  Next, we talked about Planck units and the equation GM=TC^3 which is the same as M=R=t.  Peer review was discussed as were the challenges of getting new theories introduced into the literature.  As you will hear, old ideas do not go lightly into the dark, so to speak.  Louise then talked about having discovered a lunar orbit anomaly and referenced her paper, “Calculating a Lunar Orbit Anomaly” which you can download at http://www.lpi.usra.edu/meetings/lpsc2013/pdf/2436.pdf.  As the program neared its end, I asked our guest about her idea that there might be a mini black hole in our sun.  Louise told us about her theory & talked in general about mini black holes.  Our last subject dealt with her interest in positive pressure suits for IVA purposes.

If you have comments/questions, please post them on TSS blog. You can reach Louise through her blog or me.

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Kevin Heath, Tuesday, 4-1-14 April 2, 2014

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Kevin Heath, Tuesday, 4-1-14

http://archived.thespaceshow.com/shows/2220-BWB-2014-04-01.mp3

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Guest:  Kevin Heath.  Topics:  The company Waypoint 2 Space for human spaceflight training was introduced to us.  Please direct all comments and questions regarding Space Show programs/guest(s) to the Space Show blog, https://thespaceshow.wordpress.com.  Comments and questions should be relevant to the specific Space Show program. Written Transcripts of Space Show programs are a violation of our copyright and are not permitted without prior written consent, even if for your own use. We do not permit the commercial use of Space Show programs or any part thereof, nor do we permit editing, YouTube clips, or clips placed on other private channels & websites. Space Show programs can be quoted, but the quote must be cited or referenced using the proper citation format. Contact The Space Show for further information. In addition, please remember that your Amazon purchases can help support The Space Show/OGLF. See http://www.onegiantleapfoundation.org/amazon.htm.  For those listening to archives using live365.com and rating the programs, please email me as to why you assign a specific rating to the show. This will help me bring better programming to the audience.

We welcomed Kevin Heath, CEO and President of Waypoint 2 Space, a new human spaceflight training company located near JSC near Houston, Texas.  Visit their website for more information, http://www.waypoint2space.com.  While our program was 90 minutes and covered two segments, since we talked about Waypoint 2 Space in both segments, along with their training program and plans, this summary will cover both segments as one.  We started our discussion with Mr. Heath providing us with an historical overview leading up to the creation of Waypoint 2 Space followed by the why of starting this business.  One of the important points made early in the discussion was the fact that Waypoint has received the FAA Safety Approval which is important, especially for the platform customers.  Kevin then went over their training plans and programs, explaining that they will have three main programs, a Level 1 Spaceflight Fundamentals; Level 2 Sub-orbital Training & Level 3 Orbital Training.  Waypoint also has a Commercial Payload Specialist Program which was explained to us.  Our guest went through the special equipment they have and will acquire as Kevin made the point throughout our discussion that Waypoint provided comprehensive spaceflight training.  As you will hear, the programs are being implemented as the markets appear. For example, the Level 3 Orbital Training Program will be delayed until there are orbital flights available for their customer base.  Kevin talked a lot about spacesuits in the training, having sizes for their customer base, and he described more regarding their comprehensive spacesuit training.  He also talked about making Waypoint broad to appeal to and serve a large and diverse market.  When asked, our guest went over the physical requirements for the program along with the guidelines for one’s health.  Listeners asked lots of questions, including wanting to know if training for focus, calmness, and on psychological concerns was part of the training.  Others asked questions about the training per se, space sickness, competition, and of course the pricing.  The price for the Level 1 Program is $45,000 & Kevin spent some time discussing pricing with us.  Later we learned that Waypoint has expansion plans that may even include a foreign type of franchise at various spaceport locations around the world.  Kevin was asked about special lunar or Mars mission profile and settlement training, plus I asked him if he used space tourism market studies in his creating the business.  Our guest had much to say about this particular subject.  Others wanted to know about class size, registration, & possible NASA endorsements to the training.

Please post your comments/questions on TSS blog above.  You can reach Kevin Heath through the Waypoint website or me.

Heather Archuletta, Tuesday, 1-8-13 January 9, 2013

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Heather Archuletta, Tuesday, 1-8-13

http://archived.thespaceshow.com/shows/1926-BWB-2013-01-08.mp3

Guest: Heather Archuletta.  Topics:  NASA bed rest and simulation studies.  Please direct all comments and questions regarding Space Show programs/guest(s) to the Space Show blog, https://thespaceshow.wordpress.com. Comments and questions should be relevant to the specific Space Show program. Written Transcripts of Space Show programs are a violation of our copyright and are not permitted without prior written consent, even if for your own use. We do not permit the commercial use of Space Show programs or any part thereof, nor do we permit editing, YouTube clips, or clips placed on other private channels & websites. Space Show programs can be quoted, but the quote must be cited or referenced using the proper citation format. Contact The Space Show for further information.  We welcomed Heather Archuletta to the program to discuss her first hand experiences with three NASA bed rest studies plus her recruitment work for new NASA study applicants.  Heather is known as the Pillow Astronaut.  Check out her website at www.pillownaut.com and her blog at http://pillownaut.blogspot.com. Our discussion was divided into two segments but this summary will not reflect segments since many of the same themes and topics overlapped the two segments. I believe this to be a very informative and a very entertaining Space Show program offering a comprehensive and insiders view of a subject we have not covered in any detail on any of our programs in our broadcasting history. We started out with Heather explaining the bed rest simulation studies, the different kinds of studies, and the basic qualifications to participate in a study.  We talked about studies ranging from 24 days to 100 days.  Heather was terrific about explaining the protocols to us, what each day was like, what the food was like, the ongoing medical testing, the helpers that did practically everything for the participants, plus the type of recreation they had given they all had to remain in their beds in the position required by the specific study.  We talked extensively about the recreation from reading to movies, to being able to get fresh air outdoors, to using computers, webcams, and phones.  Heather also explained the personal and privacy issues all the participants had to comply with and experience.  If you embarrass easy, these studies are likely not for you.  Diet was a big part of the study and our guest explained how tightly controlled the diet was and how it was made to order for each participant.  In response to questions about the application and process, we learned about the medical and psychological screening, bone scans, etc.  There was also outreach to family, friends, and significant others as there were strict rules about visiting and of course applicants did not need opposition by those in their lives.  The goal of these studies, as you will hear, was to work toward developing counter measures for the effects of microgravity on bones.  Physical intervention techniques such as exercise were tested as well as chemical mitigation techniques depending on the nature of any given study.  Several listeners asked why the participants chose to do this.  One listener asked how Heather talked with the general public to get them to see that spaceflight was worthwhile.  Don’t miss this discussion, it’s a good one.  Making a difference and helping to pave the way for long duration human spaceflight were important reasons given by the participants for enduring the study constraints and protocols.  Heather went over the basic medical and physical requirements for being a participant and she talked about her getting others interested in the studies given her own experience with three studies.  She uses social media for outreach and also various conferences and speaking engagements.  Heather also told us about the pictures on her blog, including pictures of her doing the studies in her bed.  Scroll down on her blog for more information and the pictures. Also, there are journals on the blog regarding the day to day activity in the study.  We learned that reading was a favorite activity as was working on laptops.  When Heather was asked about pets coming to visit them with family members when visiting was possible, we learned that some of the participants kept fish with them in their rooms but no dogs, cats, or birds.  Later in the discussion, she talked about the use of smart pills in some of the studies.  She mentioned the founder of the bed rest studies, Dr. Duane Graveline and she told us how the bed rest  and water immersion studies came about. Heather also said that the term “sleep study” was incorrect as the participants were not there to sleep!  We learned that when the study ended, there was about a two week rehab period for the person to be able to function again.  Sometimes the participants could not drive for up to three weeks after the study ended.  Listeners asked Heather how accurate the simulations were compared to what the astronauts experienced on the ISS and the space shuttle.  As you will hear, these studies appear to be excellent analog studies to actual spaceflight.

  One additional point and that is we talked about the Whitehouse.gov petition on nuclear propulsion. For those of you interested in this petition, you can get information about it at http://cosmiclog.nbcnews.com/_news/2013/01/08/16385852-nuclear-power-in-space-petition-asks-white-house-to-rekindle-project.

     Please post your comments/questions on The Space Show blog.  You can email Heather through me or through her website and blog.

Open Lines, Tuesday, 4-24-12 April 25, 2012

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Open Lines, Tuesday, 4-24-12

http://archived.thespaceshow.com/shows/1759-BWB-2012-04-24.mp3

Guest:  Open Lines with Dr. David Livingston.  Topics:  asteroid mining, Planetary Resources, Inc.  SLS.  You are invited to comment, ask questions, and discuss the Space Show program/guest(s) on the Space Show blog, https://thespaceshow.wordpress.com. Comments, questions, and any discussion must be relevant and applicable to Space Show programming. Transcripts of Space Show programs are not permitted without prior written consent from The Space Show (even if for personal use) & are a violation of the Space Show copyright. We welcomed an Open Lines discussion inviting calls and emails on all space related topics. As it turned out, two topics were primary during the program and as a result of that, I will not summarize this program by segment as I usually do.  First, the asteroid mining venture as put forth in the press conference for Planetary Resources, Inc. was primary throughout the program.  The second commanding topic was the SLS and Op-Ed in the Houston Chronicle on April 20, 2012 by the JSC former director, Chris Kraft & Tom Moser.  You can read the article at  www.chron.com/opinion/outlook/article/Space-Launch-System-is-a-threat-to-JSC-Texas-jobs-3498836.php. You can read more about this Op-Ed on Space News at www.spacenews.com/commentaries/120423-fromwires-sls-threat-jsc-jobs.html.  Many of the callers throughout the discussion commented on the Op Ed, the SLS, and its future.  We also talked about the need for heavy lift, having a specific mission or missions for a rocket, destinations, and a time line for milestone accomplishment.  Our first caller was Charles in Las Vegas who commented that he thought Planetary Resources was more “sizzle than steak.”  Charles was not supportive of a business model relying on secondary payloads. Instead, he said the company had to control its own launch needs.  During our three segments, many listeners said they did not agree with Charles, including me. Many of us thought it was possible to use secondary payloads and during our 105 minute program, we covered this subject with the benefits and risks of relying on others, on sole source providers, etc.  As for the Op Ed, we talked about it at length, wondered about the NASA lunar study mentioned by Mr. Kraft as well as the existing rockets that could do HSF to the Moon or beyond LEO.  The consensus for those calling tonight’s show was that SLS in its present format using the current management program will probably be cancelled in 2013 or 2014 despite the support Congress appears to be giving it at this time.  Mixed in with the SLS calls, we did talk about the new launch date for the Falcon 9, there was lots of interest in asteroid mining and new technology development to make it happen, plus a few other topics that brought to the listeners attention.  When we came back from the final break which was at the 90 minute point, I used the remaining time to highlight some of the special upcoming Space Show programs for the rest of this month into early summer.

Please post your comments/questions on The Space Show blog.  If you want to email any of the callers or those sending in email questions for this program, send your note to me and I will forward it to you.