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Leonard David, Scott Sacknoff, Monday, 11-9-15 November 10, 2015

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Leonard David, Scott Sacknoff, Monday, 11-9-15

http://archived.thespaceshow.com/shows/2582-BWB-2015-11-09.mp3

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Guests: Leonard David, Scott Sacknoff.  Topics:  The new book, “Space Careers” plus student guidance, space history.  Please direct all comments and questions regarding Space Show programs/guest(s) to the Space Show blog, https://thespaceshow.wordpress.com.  Comments and questions should be relevant to the specific Space Show program. Written Transcripts of Space Show programs are a violation of our copyright and are not permitted without prior written consent, even if for your own use. We do not permit the commercial use of Space Show programs or any part thereof, nor do we permit editing, YouTube clips, or clips placed on other private channels & websites. Space Show programs can be quoted, but the quote must be cited or referenced using the proper citation format. Contact The Space Show for further information. In addition, please remember that your Amazon purchases can help support The Space Show/OGLF. See www.onegiantleapfoundation.org/amazon.htm.  For those listening to archives using live365.com and rating the programs, please email me as to why you assign a specific rating to the show. This will help me bring better programming to the audience.

We welcomed back Leonard David and for the first time Scott Sacknoff to the program to discuss their new book, “Space Careers.”  For more information, visit the book’s website, www.spacebusiness.com/careers.  Note that we did not take a break in our program so it is only one segment.  Scott Sacknoff started us off with an overview of their book, why they wrote it and the history behind it given that it was originally written in 1998.  It has been fully revised for the new edition.  This book was a response to the many space industry job seekers along with high school and college students interested in a possible space career but without any resources to help guide them & navigate the expanding field of opportunities.  The specific target market for the book is high school through those already in the industry wanting to change jobs or needing to move on from their current job to something else.  The book contains key sections including how to interview, development of your resume, and more (see the website for details).  Leaders from with in the industry offer guidance and wisdom and Scott referenced some of the contributors.  The book also outlines scholarship opportunities and more.  Several listeners emailed our guests with questions such as wanting to know if the book was designed to attract someone to the industry not already interested in space.  Another listener wanted to know if global job opportunities were highlighted or if the book was only applicable for the United States.  Our guests talked about making the book available to university resource centers and others in a position to guide and counsel students.  Later, I asked Scott to compare and contrast the differences in the industry from 1998 when the book first appeared to today, 2015.  This is an interesting compare and contrast discussion with our guests so don’t miss it.  In addition, our guests talked about why space businesses fail, then Helen wanted to know about gender differences in the industry from 1998 to today.  You might be surprised by the answer to this question.  We were going to take a break but I took a call instead from Dr. Bryan Laubscher.  Bryan wanted to know more about why many new and young space companies fail.  He specifically asked what one should look for, the telling signs.  Scott and Leonard offered several pointers for Bryan and listeners to consider, then I chimed in regarding planning based on having interviewed many Space Show guests wanting to do something with the ISS and not having a Plan B for when the ISS is retired.  Bryan then focused his questioning on the importance of high strength materials.  I strongly recommend you listen to this discussion and what Bryan had to say about this subject and the importance of the “unsung heroes” involved in working on high strength materials.  Next, Bryan wanted to know about press releases and how to create a high quality PR.  Scott talked about including visions of the future as people want to be involved in doing things for the benefit of humanity and the future.  Leonard also talked about the media and press releases as did I.  Dr. Doug sent in a note suggesting different reasons for motivation and inspiration.  In the remaining time left we focused on the journal, “Quest:  The History of Spaceflight.”  Find out more about this publication at www.spacehistory101.com.  Scott said the journal was peer reviewed, he went over the process for submitting a story or article.  He also described many of the stories and articles that have appeared in the journal over the years. Leonard talked about the value of history and cited several examples, including the recent release of previously classified space documents that will be researched resulting in interesting papers, stories, and lessons learned from our past.  Both our guests offered us words of wisdom and quality closing comments so don’t miss them.

Please post your comments/questions on TSS blog above.  You can reach Scott or Leonard through the websites or me.

Kathy Lueders; Dr. Heidi Fearn, Thursday, 9-3-15 September 4, 2015

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Mach Thruster

Kathy Lueders; Dr. Heidi Fearn, Thursday, 9-3-15

http://archived.thespaceshow.com/shows/2545-BWB-2015-09-03.mp3

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Guests: Kathy Lueders; Dr. Heidi Fearn; Topics: First segment: NASA Commercial Crew. Second segment, Dr. Heidi Fearn re Mach Thrusters. Please direct all comments and questions regarding Space Show programs/guest(s) to the Space Show blog, https://thespaceshow.wordpress.com. Comments and questions should be relevant to the specific Space Show program. Written Transcripts of Space Show programs are a violation of our copyright and are not permitted without prior written consent, even if for your own use. We do not permit the commercial use of Space Show programs or any part thereof, nor do we permit editing, YouTube clips, or clips placed on other private channels & websites. Space Show programs can be quoted, but the quote must be cited or referenced using the proper citation format. Contact The Space Show for further information. In addition, please remember that your Amazon purchases can help support The Space Show/OGLF. See www.onegiantleapfoundation.org/amazon.htm. For those listening to archives using live365.com and rating the programs, please email me as to why you assign a specific rating to the show. This will help me bring better programming to the audience.

Welcome to these two recorded interviews during the week of the AIAA Space 2015 conference. The first interview for about 40 minutes is with Kathy Lueders, the NASA Commercial Crew Program Manager. I was joined in the interview by my two co-hosts, Rand Simberg and Leonard David. The second interview took place on Thursday, Sept. 3 at Dr. Jim Woodward’s physics lab at Cal St. Fullerton University with the tour being conducted by Dr. Heidi Fearn. Robert Jacobson was my co-host. During the first segment, Ms. Lueders explained the commercial crew program, milestones, budget issues, program objectives, and the certification process. She explained these subtopics in detail. Rand, Leonard and I asked her many questions about the NASA definition of safety, we proposed “crazy thinking” scenarios to her to see how NASA might react in such a situation and if they would be flexible enough to use hardware that may be ready but not yet certified. Kathy pointed out that non-cash assistance was still flowing to Dream Chaser and Blue Origin. When asked if she thought NASA would get its full commercial crew budget that they are asking for, she was positive but you decide after listening to her. This was a good, comprehensive discussion on many important topics including NASA risk taking and the commercial crew astronaut selection process.

In the second segment, Robert Jacobson and I drove down to Cal St. Fullerton to see Dr. Woodward’s lab and to talk with Dr. Heidi Fearn about their mach thruster work. The lab was very small & most the equipment was made by Dr. Woodward years ago. Heidi showed us a mach thruster and explained how to see the effect on the computer that measures the small amount of movement from the thruster. She explained it very well so while you won’t be able to see what she is talking about, I believe you can easily follow along. We walked over to the vacuum cylinder which she explained, she then talked about the floating tables and why the need for them, plus we talked about scaling up mach thrusters. I asked her several questions about their out of the box work at Cal St. Fullerton, students, delivering papers, and her reception by her peers. You will find her responses to these questions to be very interesting. Later during the tour, she turned on the experiment and Robert and I could clearly see the computer recording the movement over the background noise. We have a cell phone picture of it which I will put on the blog for this show. Near the end of our 45 minute tour and discussion with Heidi, we asked her about funding and timelines. She suggested a timeline for going to Alpha Centauri which sounded way too soon to me but she explained why she thought it was plausible. Tell us what do you think?

Please post your comments/questions for either of our guests of the co-hosts on TSS blog above. You can email any of the guests or co-hosts through me at drspace@thespaceshow.com.

Mach Thruster

 Mach Thruster result graph

John Batchelor Hotel Mars, Wednesday, 12-4-13 December 5, 2013

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John Batchelor Hotel Mars, Wednesday, 12-4-13

http://archived.thespaceshow.com/shows/2136-BWB-2013-12-04.mp3

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Guests: John Batchelor, Leonard David, Gordon Chan, Dr. David Livingston.  Topics:  Chinese Chang’e 3 launch to the Moon, their lunar program.  You are invited to comment, ask questions, and discuss the Space Show program/guest(s) on the Space Show blog, https://thespaceshow.wordpress.com. Comments, questions, and any discussion must be relevant and applicable to Space Show programming. Written Transcripts of Space Show programs are not permitted without prior written consent from The Space Show (even if for personal use) & are a violation of the Space Show copyright. We do not permit the commercial use of any Space Show program or part thereof, nor do we permit Space Show programs to be edited, placed on YouTube, or other private channels & websites. Space Show programs can be quoted in news articles, papers, academic & research work but must be cited or referenced in the proper citation format. Contact Dr. Livingston for questions about our copyright and trademark policies which we do enforce.  This program is archived on The Space Show website, podcasting, and blog sites with permission from John Batchelor. Please visit the John Batchelor Show website for more information about this fine program, www.johnbatchelorshow.com.  Remember, your Amazon Purchases Can Help Support The Space Show/OGLF (www.onegiantleapfoundation.org/amazon.htm).

During our 11 minute plus discussion, John, Leonard David, Gordon Chang & I discussed the recent Chinese Chang’e 3 launch to the Moon on Dec. 2, 2013.  We discussed the lunar orbiting of the spacecraft before its attempted landing at Sinus Iridum (Bay of Rainbows).  We talked about some of the complexities of a soft landing and the scientific instrument package on board. Of special interest was the autonomous hazard avoidance capability that even NASA has not yet tried on a spacecraft. Leonard was asked about the Chinese military in their space program and their overall plans for the Moon as part of their space program.  They do have a lunar sample return mission planned and their program is advancing.  Leonard talked about their rover, the mission, and suggested it was clearly a 21st century effort.

Please post any comments/questions you might have on The Space Show blog.  You can contact any of us through drspace@thespaceshow.com.

Dr. Buzz Aldrin, Monday, 5-13-13 May 14, 2013

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Dr. Buzz Aldrin, Monday, 5-13-13

http://archived.thespaceshow.com/shows/2007-BWB-2013-05-13.mp3

Guest:  Dr. Buzz Aldrin.  Topics:  Buzz talks about his Unified Space Vision, Mars settlement and his new book, “Mission to Mars: My Vision for Space Exploration.” Please direct all comments and questions regarding Space Show programs/guest(s) to the Space Show blog, https://thespaceshow.wordpress.com.  Comments and questions should be relevant to the specific Space Show program. Written Transcripts of Space Show programs are a violation of our copyright and are not permitted without prior written consent, even if for your own use. We do not permit the commercial use of Space Show programs or any part thereof, nor do we permit editing, YouTube clips, or clips placed on other private channels & websites. Space Show programs can be quoted, but the quote must be cited or referenced using the proper citation format. Contact The Space Show for further information.

We welcomed back Buzz Aldrin to discuss his Unified Space Vision (USV) including Martian settlement, plus his new book, “Mission To Mars: My Vision for Space Exploration.”  Leonard David was the co-author of the book.  Visit www.buzzaldrin.com for more about the book and new, upcoming projects related to the book and the Aldrin vision. The book is available as hardback and as an e-book. If you use either of these links with Amazon to buy the book, Amazon will make a donation to The Space Show/OGLF: (hardback) www.amazon.com/Mission-Mars-Vision-Space-Exploration/dp/1426210175/ref=onegiantlea20 and (Kindle) www.amazon.com/Mission-Mars-Vision-Exploration-ebook/dp/B008EDPMB2/ref=onegiantlea20.  During our 94 minute program in one long segment, Buzz started out by describing his Unified Space Vision (USV) and its five main components, exploration, science, development, commercial, & security.  Buzz also introduced us to the United Strategic Space Enterprise (USSE) which forms a integral part of his Mars vision.  We discussed the role of China, India, Russia, the ISS, and why we should not engage in a Moon race with China.  In fact, part of the USV includes an international lunar post but not publicly funded by American taxpayers.  John in Hawaii asked about PISCES validating INSITU technologies, then Buzz was asked to explain his Mars cycler concept and orbits.  Following this discussion, Dr. Rowe called in to raise specific human factors health concerns regarding dust issues, Moonwalker astronauts EKG results, and down the road genetic modification for long duration spaceflight and settlement.  I then asked Buzz about the role of space tourism in his vision as well as the need for SLS.  Dr. Paul Deer called in from Cambridge in the UK to ask Buzz about risk taking.  Listeners emailed Buzz about the proposed NASA asteroid retrieval mission which Buzz said was a distraction.  Don’t miss his comments on this issue.  Another listener wanted to know why Phobos rather than Mars.  We talked about the ILDC and the concept of the international lunar base as a stepping stone for going on to Mars.  We also talked about more uses for the ISS, including inflatables, to support the USV.  Near the end of the show, John called Buzz to inquire about the space exploration contribution to student7 youth inspiration, STEM, and science development.  Buzz confirmed all of these as beneficiaries of space exploration and development.  I urge you to read this book and check back at the Buzz Aldrin website for updates and book/USV related projects.

If you have comments/questions from this show, please post them on The Space Show blog above.

 

Michael Ciannilli, Leonard David, Tuesday, 7-17-12 July 17, 2012

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Michael Ciannilli, Leonard David, Tuesday, 7-17-12

http://archived.thespaceshow.com/shows/1816-BWB-2012-07-17.mp3

Lessons Learned from the Columbia accident & NASA’s human spaceflight experience

Guests:  Michael Ciannilli, Leonard David.  Topics:  Columbia lessons learned & human spaceflight safety issues.  You are invited to comment, ask questions, and discuss the Space Show program/guest(s) on the Space Show blog, https://thespaceshow.wordpress.com. Comments, questions, and any discussion must be relevant and applicable to Space Show programming. Transcripts of Space Show programs are not permitted without prior written consent from The Space Show (even if for personal use) & are a violation of the Space Show copyright.  We welcomed Michael Ciannilli of NASA to the program to discuss lessons learned from the Columbia accident & NASA’s history of human spaceflight. Leonard David of Space.com returned as a co-host for this program.  Our nearly two hour no break discussion started with Michael providing us with an historical overview of the Columbia accident.  We talked about the debris retrieval process & the fact that about 38% of Columbia was retrieved.  Michael was asked about surprises & among the many he mentioned, one in particular dealt with the tile & thermal impact showing burning on the inside & how that was a clue to what happened to Columbia.  Michael then listed several lessons learned.  When I asked if he could prioritize the items he mentioned, he said they were all important.  We talked about the Columbia Accident Investigation Board (CAIB), return to flight, incorporating lessons learned, & more.  Leonard asked about the idea of NASA HSF safety excesses & we asked Michael if lessons learned & HSF safety issues were shared with both the private sector companies & the Russians.  I asked Michael about educational outreach & he had some interesting things to say about the international internet audience as well as the local audience.  The subject of urban legends came up in the outreach discussion & we honed in on the idea of the possibility of a rescue mission.  You do not want to miss this important discussion.  Other issues discussed included the foam problem, Leonard asked about the “bone matrix” he saw in use at the CAIB hearings, & I mentioned the need to really know & understand the hardware given our recent intimate visit with Endeavour.  Cultural issues were a part of this discussion, including the risk of workforce lulls & the need to avoid complacency.  Michael cited tile issues as an example going back to STS 1 and studying all missions to really understand tile concerns.  One email dealt with NASA risk aversion & some space enthusiasts saying that to open the space frontier we need to “kill more people.”  Michael addressed these issues, going over the NASA mission & imperatives, their responsibilities, and the risks of all sorts of consequences coming to life.  We talked about individual worker responsibility and accountability with Michael giving us both NASA and personal insights into this subject.  We then talked about the balancing act required in weighing the risk trades of cutting costs, cutting corners, taking more risks, taking less risks, etc.  He suggested private companies will go through a similar process and talked about the consequences of decisions which can be devastating with the loss of a crew to the termination of a program or the loss of the company.  Michael explained the Criticality One status and what it means in the risk analysis process.  Another listener asked if shuttles still had life left in them at the time of retirement. The short answer was yes but don’t miss what Michael has to say about the condition of space shuttle fleet at the time of retirement.  Another issue discussed dealt with trying to find a lower cost way of operating shuttle and dealing with all their infrastructure without compromising safety.  Near the end of the program, we took a Southern California call asking about potentially different standards for government astronauts and private-sector astronauts.  I was asked to lead off with my opinion which I did from a business liability perspective, then Michael and Leonard discussed the subject. We had lots to say about informed consent, litigation, & the uncertainties inherent when involved in a jury trial.  As we were winding down the program, Michael provided us with his closing comments, then I added in my own comments that focused on the sports inspirational speaker, Ray Lewis, linebacker with the Baltimore Ravens, who gives a terrific inspirational speech to teams around the country, “Pissed Off For Greatness.”  You can find lots of information about this by using Google for his name or the speech title.  Essentially, this is about not accepting mediocrity in what you do & I extrapolated it to space.  HSF workers, regardless of being with NASA or any company as well as others involved in the space field cannot accept mediocrity.  Being pissed off for greatness implies that if you are not pissed off for greatness, then you willing to settle for being mediocre in what you do.  Michael, Leonard and I talked about this at the end of the program.  I hope you will concur with me that extrapolating this inspirational sports talk to space fits.  Michael closed us out by saying it takes courage to stand up and say something if you believe something is off or not right in the program.  He further said it takes a lot to challenge the bureaucracy and stand up but that we all have to do it when the situation arises.

Please post your comments and questions on The Space Show blog URL above.  If you want to email Michael or Leonard, do so through me at drspace@thespaceshow.com and I will forward it to the person of your choice.

ISU Space & Media Panel, KSC VIP Tour Report, Friday, 7-6-12 July 6, 2012

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ISU Space & Media Panel, KSC VIP Tour Report, Friday, 7-6-12

http://archived.thespaceshow.com/shows/1808-BWB-2012-07-06.mp3

Guests:  Dr. David Livingston; Jim Lewis & Bill Allen in the second segment.  Topics: ISU Space & Media Panel, KSC special VIP tour report.  You are invited to comment, ask questions, and discuss the Space Show program/guest(s) on the Space Show blog, https://thespaceshow.wordpress.com. Comments, questions, and any discussion must be relevant and applicable to Space Show programming. Transcripts of Space Show programs are not permitted without prior written consent from The Space Show (even if for personal use) & are a violation of the Space Show copyright.  During the first segment of this program, I talked about my recent experience as moderator of the International Space University (ISU) Summer Session Space and Media Panel.  I would also like to refer you to an article on the panel with pictures at www.americaspace.org?p=22002.  Panel members were Irene Klotz, Bill Harwood, Leonard David, & Jim Lewis.  We talked about various journalistic, media, alternative and new media issues, science and space reporting issues for 90 minutes, then took questions from the ISU students &visitors for half an hour.  I highlighted many of the questions asked of the panel, some of the discussion topics, & student questions.

In the second segment, I was joined by Jim Lewis & Bill Allen.  Jim commented on the earlier media panel discussion, but we focused on the KSC tour.  We described what we saw on Pad 39 A, the shuttle control room, and in the Vehicle Assembly Building (VAB) with the crawler, the mobile launcher, & the shuttle bays.  We went inside Endeavour where astronaut Nicole Stott kindly showed us around, answered our questions, explained the crew cabin & taught us Space Shuttle 101. We commented on just how tight the living conditions were in the shuttle & how hard it was to sit in the command & pilot seats.  Doing so in a space suit & with the shuttle in the vertical position for launch seemed an impossible task.  Much of the equipment had been removed on both decks, especially the seats (other than the command & pilot seats) plus the galley was gone, so we actually saw Endeavour with room to spare than when outfitted for flight & seven crew members.  We walked around Endeavour, inspected the tiles, the payload bay, the SMEs (they had been removed) & I must say that despite seeing shuttle launches in person & on television, seeing it in person as we did gave us all a different perspective on current HSF policy issues.  Jim, Bill & I talked about the human cost because winding down this program did & still does have a human cost & face to it.  We also talked about the capacity shuttle gave us that we have given up since none of the new space vehicles can compare to what shuttle was able to do.  I commented on the engineering marvel of much of the HSF infrastructure I saw & stood on, in the VAB, Pad 39A, the escape chutes to the Rubber Room & more. We saw the brand new Constellation control room which was finished, & is now in stand down mode pending possible modifications for commercial opportunities.  We saw the shuttle & Apollo control rooms of which the latter is being remodeled for the changing program. An amazing NASA workforce team showed us around.  We were all very impressed by this space workforce, making it even more difficult to think about so many exceptional people who have lost their jobs & more. While I know many of you will disagree with some of my shuttle & space workforce comments, seeing it in person & talking to the people involved, well, its very different from hearing about it on TV, reading an article, an op-ed, or hearing people talk about it at a space conference.

Post your comments/questions on the blog. If you want to email Jim, Bill, or anyone from our media panel, send the note to me & I’ll forward it on your behalf.