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Dr. Gil Levin, Friday, 9-25-15 September 26, 2015

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Dr. Gil Levin, Friday, 9-25-15

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Guest: Dr. Gil Levin. Topics: Live on Mars per the Viking Labeled Release experiments plus modern research analysis. Please direct all comments and questions regarding Space Show programs/guest(s) to the Space Show blog, https://thespaceshow.wordpress.com. Comments and questions should be relevant to the specific Space Show program. Written Transcripts of Space Show programs are a violation of our copyright and are not permitted without prior written consent, even if for your own use. We do not permit the commercial use of Space Show programs or any part thereof, nor do we permit editing, YouTube clips, or clips placed on other private channels & websites. Space Show programs can be quoted, but the quote must be cited or referenced using the proper citation format. Contact The Space Show for further information. In addition, please remember that your Amazon purchases can help support The Space Show/OGLF. See www.onegiantleapfoundation.org/amazon.htm. For those listening to archives using live365.com and rating the programs, please email me as to why you assign a specific rating to the show. This will help me bring better programming to the audience.

We welcomed Dr. Gil Levin back to the show to discuss Mars new updates, the possibility of life on Mars, and news based on his Viking Labeled Release life detection experiments from the two Viking missions to Mars in 1976. During the first segment of our 93 minute show, Dr. Levin told us about three important announcements that have either happened or will happen. The first was is by the ISRO in India saying they would release their methane experiment data from their Mars orbiter on Oct. 1. We discussed the implications of Martian methane later in the program. The second announcement which will take place on Monday, Sept. 27 with an afternoon NASA press conference is expected to announce the confirmation of flowing water on Mars. All NASA will say is they are going to finally disclose answers about a significant Mars mystery that has finally been answered. The speculation all points to water. The third news announcement was that the Viking 1 landing site from 1976 has been selected by the appropriate NASA team as the first landing site for the Mars human mission. Dr. Levin spent most of the rest of the first segment talking about the Viking Labeled Release experiments, why the science continues to be rejected today and some theories behind the rejection. Some of this discussion followed us into the second segment. I asked Gil to describe what a modern life detection experiment would consist of and he went into that in some detail. Gil was asked if he believed in conspiracy theories. He did not want to go there but we did talk about them from time to time during the show. BJohn for example suggested NASA did not want to announce life on Mars for fear of planetary protection rules and policies stopping their humans to Mars program. We also talked about that being a possible stumbling bloc for wealthy private sector space entrepreneurs to launch their own life detection experiment because planetary protection rules would impact their plans just as they would NASA. The 25 year NASA Roadmap to Mars program came up and like many others, Dr. Levin did not think it was credible. We spent mor time discussing wealthy private sector people possibly funding their own Mars science and eventual human missions. Gil addressed methane on Mars in some detail and what finding it on Mars may mean for life detection. He was also asked if he could propose experiments for missions from other national space agencies. He said he could but then told how he was doing that for Russia in 1996 & then the mission was cancelled because the US blocked him from exporting and talking about Carbon 14. As the first segment ended, Gil identified scientists that had published credible research in support of life on Mars. Don’t miss what he had to say about the scientists, their work, and what happened when it was published.

In the second segment, Gil suggested that possibly his work was dismissed because he was an engineer, not a scientist. He talked about this possibility in some detail. I asked him to support his contention that life existed on Mars now. For a significant part of this segment, he listed experiment after experiment, solid evidence, some solid theory, all in support of and to back up his claims. It was a convincing impressive list so don’t miss this part of the discussion. Ben from Chicago challenged Gill with a few hard hitting questions about his work being dismissed. Essentially he asked Gil if he might just be dismissed because he is seen as an old, angry guy, fighting for his decades old experiment to be valid so his claims and efforts are pretty much dismissed for those reasons. Gil agreed with part of it and said he was looking and hoping for younger, more open minded researchers to take a fresh look at the data. We talked about open minded researchers, their organizations, and institutions for a good portion of this segment. As the show was nearing its end, we talked about NASA life detection experiments that flirted with detecting past or present live as compared to experiments designed to confirm once and for all life or no life. As the show was ending, BJohn asked why everyone was in such a hurry to do the life detection experiments given Mars was not going anywhere. I thought Gil gave a terrific answer to this question which also served as his conclusion to our discussion. Don’t miss his response to BJohn. Let us know what you think by posting your thoughts on the blog.

Please post your comments/questions on TSS blog above. You can reach Dr. Gil Levin through me.

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John Batchelor Show Hotel Mars, Wednesday, 4-1-15 April 2, 2015

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John Batchelor Show Hotel Mars, Wednesday, 4-1-15

Special Guest:  Dr. Haym Benaroya

http://archived.thespaceshow.com/shows/2446-BWB-2015-04-01.mp3

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Guests: John Batchelor, Dr. Haym Benaroya, Dr. David Livingston. Topics: Mars HSF & settlement given Mars methane, water, & nitrogen. You are invited to comment, ask questions, and discuss the Space Show program/guest(s) on the Space Show blog. Comments, questions, and any discussion must be relevant and applicable to Space Show programming. Written Transcripts of Space Show programs are not permitted without prior written consent from The Space Show (even if for personal use) & are a violation of the Space Show copyright. We do not permit the commercial use of any Space Show program or part thereof, nor do we permit Space Show programs to be edited, placed on YouTube, or other private channels & websites. Space Show programs can be quoted in news articles, papers, academic & research work but must be cited or referenced in the proper citation format. Contact Dr. Livingston for questions about our copyright and trademark policies which we do enforce. This program is archived on The Space Show website, podcasting, and blog sites with permission from John Batchelor. Please visit the John Batchelor Show website for more information about this fine program, www.johnbatchelorshow.com. Remember, your Amazon Purchases Can Help Support The Space Show/OGLF (www.onegiantleapfoundation.org/amazon.htm). For those of you listening to archives on live365.com & rating the programs, please email me the reasons for your rating. This will definitely help improve Space Show programming. Thank you. Please note that audio and transition issues are a result of copying the John Batchelor broadcast & are not within my control as they originate in the Batchelor studio.

 

John Batchelor and I welcomed back Dr. Haym Benaroya to discuss Mars habitats and the use of Martian insitu resources. We talked about Mars methane, nitrogen in the Martian soil, water on Mars, the use of lava tubes, Mars gravity, engineering Martian structures and more. John asked Dr. Benaroya for a timeline for going to and living on Mars. He suggested around the time range of 2075. He also said robots would go there first and pave the way for humans.

 

You can email Mr. Batchelor or Dr. Benaroya through me at drspace@thespaceshow.com. Doug can also be reached through his excellent website, Parabolic Arc.

 

The John Batchelor Show Hotel Mars, Wednesday, 1-21-15 January 22, 2015

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The John Batchelor Show Hotel Mars, Wednesday, 1-21-15

Guest:  Dr. Ashwin Vasavada

http://archived.thespaceshow.com/shows/2398-BWB-2015-01-21.mp3

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Guests: John Batchelor, Dr. Ashwin Vasavada, Dr. David Livingston. Topics: Mars Curiosity findings announced Dec. 2013. You are invited to comment, ask questions, and discuss the Space Show program/guest(s) on the Space Show blog. Comments, questions, and any discussion must be relevant and applicable to Space Show programming. Written Transcripts of Space Show programs are not permitted without prior written consent from The Space Show (even if for personal use) & are a violation of the Space Show copyright. We do not permit the commercial use of any Space Show program or part thereof, nor do we permit Space Show programs to be edited, placed on YouTube, or other private channels & websites. Space Show programs can be quoted in news articles, papers, academic & research work but must be cited or referenced in the proper citation format. Contact Dr. Livingston for questions about our copyright and trademark policies which we do enforce.  This program is archived on The Space Show website, podcasting, and blog sites with permission from John Batchelor. Please visit the John Batchelor Show website for more information about this fine program, www.johnbatchelorshow.com. Remember, your Amazon Purchases Can Help Support The Space Show/OGLF (www.onegiantleapfoundation.org/amazon.htm). For those of you listening to archives on live365.com & rating the programs, please email me the reasons for your rating. This will definitely help improve Space Show programming. Thank you.

 

John Batchelor and I welcomed Dr. Ashwin Vasavada to Hotel Mars to discuss the latest findings announced by NASA in December 2013 regarding methane discoveries, organics in rocks, and indications that there had been flowing water on Mars, perhaps during the first billion years of Mars. As we learned, the first billion Martian years were likely to have been more supportive of microbial life than later times on Mars for a variety of reasons which our guest discussed during our 20 minute Hotel Mars segment. During our two part segment, we talked about free flowing water on Mars, the Mars methane as detected by Curiosity, and the organics found in Cumberland Rock. We asked Dr. Vasavada, the new Chief Scientist for MSL and Curiosity, many questions pertaining to these three end of the year 2013 NASA announcements and our guest guided us through the science, discoveries, plus he responded well to our inquiries. This is a Hotel Mars segment you will not want to miss! Note that the two parts of this segment are joined together as I eliminated the break.

 

Please post your comments/questions on TSS blog. You can email Mr. Batchelor or Dr. Vasavada through me at drspace@thespaceshow.com.

John Batchelor Hotel Mars with Dr. David Brain, Wednesday, 11-20-13 November 21, 2013

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John Batchelor Hotel Mars with Dr.  David Brain, Wednesday, 11-20-13

http://archived.thespaceshow.com/shows/2126-BWB-2013-11-20.mp3

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Guests: John Batchelor, Dr. David Brain, Dr. David Livingston:  Chinese lunar launch, the Chang’e 3 mission.  You are invited to comment, ask questions, and discuss the Space Show program/guest(s) on the Space Show blog, https://thespaceshow.wordpress.com. Comments, questions, and any discussion must be relevant and applicable to Space Show programming. Written Transcripts of Space Show programs are not permitted without prior written consent from The Space Show (even if for personal use) & are a violation of the Space Show copyright. We do not permit the commercial use of any Space Show program or part thereof, nor do we permit Space Show programs to be edited, placed on YouTube, or other private channels & websites. Space Show programs can be quoted in news articles, papers, academic & research work but must be cited or referenced in the proper citation format. Contact Dr. Livingston for questions about our copyright and trademark policies which we do enforce.  This program is archived on The Space Show website, podcasting, and blog sites with permission from John Batchelor. Please visit the John Batchelor Show website for more information about this fine program, www.johnbatchelorshow.com.  Remember, your Amazon Purchases Can Help Support The Space Show/OGLF (www.onegiantleapfoundation.org/amazon.htm).

During our 11 minute plus discussion, John, David Brain, and I talked about the Maven mission from its recent launch to its orbital insertion at Mars in approximately ten months.  We talked about its trajectory course to Mars, its mission to answer questions about what happened to the water on Mars and in the Martian atmosphere, to find out if the water went up to space or down inside the planet or to the polar ice caps.  Dr. Brain was asked about the instrument package and sensors to better understand how Maven accomplishes its mission.  Another topic was the ten year mission for Maven as a relay communication satellite for rover data back to Earth but only a one year mission for the atmospheric studies.  We learned that if the scientists think it is warranted after the year is up, they can apply to extend the science mission.  We talked about the Indian Mars mission also on the way to Mars and arriving a few days past Maven’s arrival. 

Please post any comments/questions you might have on The Space Show blog.  You can contact any of  us through drspace@thespaceshow.com