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Dr. Michael Schmidt, Sunday, 5-17-15 May 18, 2015

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Dr. Michael Schmidt, Sunday, 5-17-15

http://archived.thespaceshow.com/shows/2474-BWB-2015-05-17.mp3

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Guest:  Dr. Michael Schmidt.  Topics: Personal spaceflight medicine, Omics, targeted genetic countermeasures.  Please direct all comments and questions regarding Space Show programs/guest(s) to the Space Show blog, https://thespaceshow.wordpress.com.  Comments and questions should be relevant to the specific Space Show program. Written Transcripts of Space Show programs are a violation of our copyright and are not permitted without prior written consent, even if for your own use. We do not permit the commercial use of Space Show programs or any part thereof, nor do we permit editing, YouTube clips, or clips placed on other private channels & websites. Space Show programs can be quoted, but the quote must be cited or referenced using the proper citation format. Contact The Space Show for further information. In addition, please remember that your Amazon purchases can help support The Space Show/OGLF. See www.onegiantleapfoundation.org/amazon.htm.  For those listening to archives using live365.com and rating the programs, please email me as to why you assign a specific rating to the show. This will help me bring better programming to the audience.

We welcomed back Dr. Michael Schmidt for updates and more information regarding Personal Spaceflight Medicine. Note that the abstract referenced in the second segment has been uploaded to the blog for this show.  During the first segment of our 92 minute program, Dr. Schmidt defined personal spaceflight medicine for us & talked about targeting individuals for specific countermeasures to human factors risks for longer duration spaceflight safety.  We talked about artificial gravity and radiation with our listeners asking questions about both fields.  Our guest cited several examples to make his point.  At one point he talked about the current twin study underway on the year long plus ISS experiment with a Russian cosmonaut as well.  Questions were asked about using pharmaceuticals in space, how they might react with different people, and the distribution methods so far which are not great.  At one point, Dr. Doug emailed in asking about the use of omics for space travel issues and if in fact the use of omics would reveal even more questions that cannot be answered, ultimately delaying long duration HSF missions even longer than they are delayed now.  Don’t miss the guest response to Doug’s question.  Kris emailed in asking about the use of deliberate hypothermia to store Mars bound astronauts, and then another Doug question came in about selecting the best people based on omics for a mission.  Near the end of the segment, I asked our guest if he had done work for Mars One. He explained their limited capacity relationship which I assume ended.

In the second segment, BJohn asked about the possibility of astronauts sleeping in a small vertical centrifuge.  Dr. Rowe called to talk about the issue relating to pharmaceutical use in space.  he talked about delivery methods, malabsorption, etc.  Later, Dr. Schmidt brought up the damage done from sleep deprivation and showed how this is a potential problem for space missions.  Doug emailed in a question about GCRs and radiation, then Dr. Schmidt talked about his new paper on BDNF with his associate Dr. thomas Goodwin, “Protecting Neural Structures and Cognitive Function During Prolonged Space Flight by Targeting The Brain Derived Neurotrophic Factor Molecular Network.”  We talked about BDNF and spaceflight, exercises, mitigation measures, and more. He referenced Mars simulation, behavioral issues and more. You don’t want to miss this discussion.  Dr. Schmidt provided us with excellent closing remarks.

Please post  your comments/questions on TSS blog above.  You can reach Dr. Schmidt through me.

SCHMID~4

Eric Berger, Monday, 4-26-15 April 28, 2015

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Eric Berger, Monday, 4-26-15

http://archived.thespaceshow.com/shows/2462-BWB-2015-04-27.mp3

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Guest:  Eric Berger.  Topics:  Space policy, NASA’s future, commercial space, human spaceflight challenges, & lots more. Please direct all comments and questions regarding Space Show programs/guest(s) to the Space Show blog, https://thespaceshow.wordpress.com.  Comments and questions should be relevant to the specific Space Show program. Written Transcripts of Space Show programs are a violation of our copyright and are not permitted without prior written consent, even if for your own use. We do not permit the commercial use of Space Show programs or any part thereof, nor do we permit editing, YouTube clips, or clips placed on other private channels & websites. Space Show programs can be quoted, but the quote must be cited or referenced using the proper citation format. Contact The Space Show for further information. In addition, please remember that your Amazon purchases can help support The Space Show/OGLF. See www.onegiantleapfoundation.org/amazon.htm.  For those listening to archives using live365.com and rating the programs, please email me as to why you assign a specific rating to the show. This will help me bring better programming to the audience.

We welcomed Eric Berger to the program for a wide ranging discussion on US space policy, NASA, our space future, commercial space and more.  During the first segment of our 1 hour 37 minute show, Eric started the discussion by talking about his early interest in space, his contacting NASA as a child, getting back a great set of photos and other information and being hooked and excited about space ever since.  Some of the early topics in this segment included his surprise that we are not yet beyond low earth orbit with manned spaceflight, then he addressed why it is taking so long to go to Mars , why Mars is the next big step for humans and why going to Mars is so hard.  In his discussion of these topics, he referenced Elon Musk and the SpaceX Mars plans, even Mars One.  I asked Eric for his perspective on the NASA ARM mission which led to one of many discussion of NASA budget constraints and the idea that this or that project is all that can be done within the budget permitted by Congress.  Eric started getting lots of listener emails.  Jenkins wrote in saying that its not the budget that is the problems, the choices we make as a country regarding how we spend money that is the problem.  Eric then referenced the human spaceflight study released last year by the NRC regarding the likelihood that we will be living with tight NASA budgets for the foreseeable future.  Paul in New Mexico asked Eric about the impact of commercial space on policy and NASA.  Eric said it was an important impact so don’t miss his full statement.  Later in the segment, we talked about his seven part “Adrift” series last year and I asked him what his biggest surprise was in researching the articles for the series.  He said it was finding a shift in his view on SLS and that SLS could very well be an important part of our spaceflight future but that it needs to be funded to launch real programs.  He also said that maybe Falcon Heavy could do most of what SLS could do, especially in the Earth-Moon systems but that remains to be seen.  We then talked about the time it took to do various parts of Apollo compared to how much time it takes to do just about anything in space today.  Michael Listner called to talk about needing both NASA & commercial space and some realities involved in policy and space issues.  As the segment was ending, a Portland listener asked if competition with China might develop and force the US to spend more and do more in space.  Don’t miss Eric’s answer.

In the second segment, Eric was asked about space settlement being the goal and the purpose of our National Space Policy through a change in law per March Storm and other groups who are advocating this.  Eric was OK with space settlement but listen to his comments for the full context of his message.  He also said it was hard to figure out what to do with SLS but that some changes might be a full ten years out from today.  We talked about space technology advancements and then Gerald Driggers called in to say we had lots more work to do. For example, we talked about the need to fly a centrifuge in space to determine the gravity RX for humans.  The issue of the lack of space leadership came up from the White House down to the congress.  Many times our guest said it would take a change in leadership to get a change in space leadership but that just changing leadership does not mean the new leader(s) will care about or prioritize space.  Regarding commercial space, he went a bit deeper in this segment.  He said there was lots of commercial space activity but that NASA was still the center of it.  He made the case for the industry needing a broader base than just NASA.  I asked about a Europa mission and another listener asked he could articulate the Senator Ted Cruz view on space policy.  We talked timelines for humans to Mars and for a return to the Moon, he was asked if NASA should be eliminated in favor for a return to something like the old NACA, then Benny in Denver asked about the Texas spaceport facilities being developed for SpaceX and the Blue Origin facility.  As we neared the end of the program, Eric again stressed the difficulty in going to Mars, he looked back at our space history including Gemini 4, and he talked about the Obama policy from 2010 about not going back to the Moon though many in NASA do want to go back to the moon.  Bottom line was Mars around 2050.

Please post your comments/questions on The Space Show blog. You can reach Eric through me or the Houston Chronicle.

Sonia Van Meter, Sunday, 4-12-15 April 13, 2015

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Sonia Van Meter, Sunday, 4-12-15

http://archived.thespaceshow.com/shows/2451-BWB-2015-04-12.mp3

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Guest: Sonia Van Meter. Topics: The Mars 100, going to & living on Mars, human spaceflight, space exploration, STEM. Please direct all comments and questions regarding Space Show programs/guest(s) to the Space Show blog, https://thespaceshow.wordpress.com. Comments and questions should be relevant to the specific Space Show program. Written Transcripts of Space Show programs are a violation of our copyright and are not permitted without prior written consent, even if for your own use. We do not permit the commercial use of Space Show programs or any part thereof, nor do we permit editing, YouTube clips, or clips placed on other private channels & websites. Space Show programs can be quoted, but the quote must be cited or referenced using the proper citation format. Contact The Space Show for further information. In addition, please remember that your Amazon purchases can help support The Space Show/OGLF. See www.onegiantleapfoundation.org/amazon.htm. For those listening to archives using live365.com and rating the programs, please email me as to why you assign a specific rating to the show. This will help me bring better programming to the audience.

We welcomed Sonia Van Meter to the show to discuss Mars One and the Mars 100 as Sonia was selected to be part of the Mars 100. During the first segment of our 100 minute program, Sonia was asked when she first knew she wanted to go to Mars. Though she has always been interested in space and related topics, it was not until she discovered Mars One that she became interested in going to Mars. During the early part of this discussion, Sonia puts forth why she wants to go to Mars & why she thinks it is important to go there. These themes were repeated throughout our discussion. Sonia got many questions about how difficult it might to leave family and friends plus listeners wanted to know if she was a skeptic about the Mars One mission. Sonia explained the importance of looking forward and focusing on the future, not on being skeptical. She was asked how she got her Mars information. She does due diligence on her own as well as receiving some information from Mars One. Sonia said she was in touch with many of the other Mars 100 finalists and they also due their own due diligence and discuss topics among themselves on a frequent basis. Listener questions by emailed were coming in rapidly asking everything from her backup plan if she did not go to Mars to what she would do for healthcare on the Mars One mission. Many listeners asked her about the risks including human spaceflight medical issues, launch risks, and more. She said the mission would need to be vetted by scientists and medical types and if she did not think it was safe, she would pull out of it. Other listeners wanted to know her perception of living conditions and the Martian environment. I asked if spacesuits would be used and if she did any rough camping, backpacking, etc. as a kid that might have helped her prepare her for tough living conditions on Mars. The MIT Study came up and was discussed as well as growth for the Mars One settlement coming either from Earth, the settlers, or both. She said there would be no childbirth for years as it was not safe so for the time being, the settlement would be growing by subsequent Mars One missions. Doug called to make the case for going to the Moon first. Sonia explained to him that she had no opportunities for going to the Moon though she would take them if offered. The only opportunity she had was Mars One. Sonia was looking at the picture from the vantage point of her own objectives while Doug had the big picture of lunar return and development in mind.

In the second segment, Bill from Virginia asked if Bas or other Mars One executives were planning to go on the mission to Mars. Don’t miss her answer. Todd wanted to know about a possible rescue mission and Andrew sent in a note about Mars One simulations & developing the infrastructure to live off world. I asked our guest if she had factored in launch risks & Randy in Boston asked if she had done a cost benefit analysis on the value of the mission versus the costs of it. Sonia said the educational outreach PR was a large part of the value for her. Privacy issues came up plus she was asked if Mars One went to a moon of Mars would she be disappointed. Don’t miss her answer to this question. Near the end of the show, I asked Sonia for her thoughts should American government regulations make her Mars One trip impossible. I also asked if she had considered or would consider pre-emptive surgery to have her appendix or gall bladder removed before going to Mars. Kris in Denver wanted to know if Mars one went under and the people on Mars were stranded, was it the responsibility of nations and their public sectors to attempt a rescue mission for the stranded “Martians.” Sonia was asked if she would be OK with nuclear propulsion if it shortened her transit time to Mars and then at the end, I asked her about planetary protection and the limits on landing humans on Mars. I directed her to the NASA Office of Planetary Protection for more information.

Please post your comments/questions on TSS blog above. You can reach Sonia through me using drspace@thespaceshow.com.

Chris Carberry, Tuesday, 4-7-15 April 8, 2015

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Chris Carberry, Tuesday, 4-7-15

http://archived.thespaceshow.com/shows/2448-BWB-2015-04-07.mp3

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Guest: Chris Carberry. Topics: Explore Mars Humans2Mars Summit, Mars and moon discussion, affordable space policy, NASA budgets, private sector & more. Please direct all comments and questions regarding Space Show programs/guest(s) to the Space Show blog, https://thespaceshow.wordpress.com. Comments and questions should be relevant to the specific Space Show program. Written Transcripts of Space Show programs are a violation of our copyright and are not permitted without prior written consent, even if for your own use. We do not permit the commercial use of Space Show programs or any part thereof, nor do we permit editing, YouTube clips, or clips placed on other private channels & websites. Space Show programs can be quoted, but the quote must be cited or referenced using the proper citation format. Contact The Space Show for further information. In addition, please remember that your Amazon purchases can help support The Space Show/OGLF. See www.onegiantleapfoundation.org/amazon.htm. For those listening to archives using live365.com and rating the programs, please email me as to why you assign a specific rating to the show. This will help me bring better programming to the audience.

We welcomed Chris Carberry back to the show to discuss Explore Mars events & activities. During the first segment of our 96 minute program, Chris started out by telling us about the upcoming Humans2Mars Summit planned for May 5-7 in Washington, DC. All the conference and registration information is available at http://h2m.exploremars.org. This discussion led me to asking him why we should go to Mars and why now. As part of this discussion, I challenged Chris on using tax payer money for a Mars mission rather than letting the private sector do it. In fact, he did get a listener question about this, suggesting that either Mars One or SpaceX take us to Mars, not the government. Eric sent in a note asking who we thought might be the next NASA administrator or at least who the candidates might be. He also wanted Chris to advise how best to influence officials, policy makers, members of congress, etc. to go to Mars. Chris offered several suggestions to this part of Eric’s two question email. Chris responded to emails about the Affordable Mars Workshop architecture for Mars that we have been hearing about over the past week, plus the recent NSS-SFF meeting where settlement seemed to be the agreed upon goal. Don’t miss what Chris had to say about these events as he attended both. Doug called from S. California to make the case for going back to the Moon on its own, not just as a stepping stone to Mars. Doug suggested that the lunar return folks team with the Mars folks to find the best way to do both missions as it should not be one or the other. He also wanted to make sure going back to the Moon did not delay going to Mars and that going to Mars did not delay or destroy the opportunities for returning to the Moon. Chris and Doug had a vibrant exchange on this subject, especially given this era of tight budgets & constraints.

In the second segment, John from Ft. Worth called to express a concern that going to Mars might end up like Apollo and after a few Martian visits, we quit that too. Chris explained why he did not think that would happen. Later, Dr. Lurio called and said that “these guys are ALL living in fantasy land, one version or another.” His call was to pick up from the email he sent us and to elaborate on his position which was hotly debated and challenged by Chris. One thing Chris and Charles agreed upon was that there would be no repeat of a so-called “Kennedy Moment.” As the show was ending, Chris went over the Humans2Mars Summit again and we talked about the need to start working on Mars plans rather than always just talking and “planning” about them.

Please post your comments/questions on TSS blog above. You can reach Chris through the Explore Mars website or me.

Open Lines, Sunday, 3-29-15 March 30, 2015

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Open Lines, Sunday, 3-29-15

http://archived.thespaceshow.com/shows/2443-BWB-2015-03-29.mp3

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Guest:  Open Lines.  Topics: We discussed a wide variety of space news and current topics of interest.  Please direct all comments and questions regarding Space Show programs/guest(s) to the Space Show blog, https://thespaceshow.wordpress.com.  Comments and questions should be relevant to the specific Space Show program. Written Transcripts of Space Show programs are a violation of our copyright and are not permitted without prior written consent, even if for your own use. We do not permit the commercial use of Space Show programs or any part thereof, nor do we permit editing, YouTube clips, or clips placed on other private channels & websites. Space Show programs can be quoted, but the quote must be cited or referenced using the proper citation format. Contact The Space Show for further information. In addition, please remember that your Amazon purchases can help support The Space Show/OGLF.  See http://www.onegiantleapfoundation.org/amazon.htm.  For those listening to archives using live365.com and rating the programs, please email me as to why you assign a specific rating to the show. This will help me bring better programming to the audience.

Welcome to our final Open Lines show for March 2015.  During the first segment of the two hour show, I suggested topics addressing the modification of the NASA ARM with the boulder, the NASA proposed cancellation of the LRO and Opportunity missions. I read an email from BJohn about the ISS and our inability to get humans to Mars.  Michael Listner was the first caller. He addressed many topics including Russian-NASA ISS negotiations, Mars one, and I asked him about the topic for the Monday show regarding Tony Milligan and his new book, “Nobody Owns The Moon.  Doug was the next caller to talk about the NASA modified ARM and planetary defense, Mars One, space tourism, and then he promoted his special COTS 2 segment at the upcoming Space Access Conference at the end of this month in Phoenix.

In the second segment, Kris was our first caller and he addressed the ethical and legal issues mentioned around the Tony Milligan Monday show and his book and said China and Russia would ignore such issues which would only serve to restrain America and the west.  I asked Kris some follow up questions from our nuclear discussion last Friday and when I mentioned the Outer Space Treaty, he dismissed it as not being that effective with China and Russia should they choose to violate provisions in it.  Dwayne called to provide the details around the NASA ARM mission regarding the boulder & the baggie options. This is a good and comprehensive discussion so don’t miss it. Dwayne also mentioned Mars One and its PR machine, then he clarified some comments I made on the last Hotel Mars show regarding the Air Force Super Strypi rail small satellite launcher.  We talked in general about the small satellite launch industry as well.  Ft. Worth John was our final caller. He clarified some of his previous remarks regarding the Falcon 9 and the use of side boosters.  We also talked some about the proposed NASA budget leading to the cancellation  of LRO and Opportunity.

Please post your comments/questions on TSS blog above.  You can reach any of the callers or participants through me.

 

John Batchelor Hotel Mars, Wednesday, 3-25-15 March 26, 2015

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John Batchelor Hotel Mars, Wednesday, 3-25-15

http://archived.thespaceshow.com/shows/2441-BWB-2015-03-25.mp3

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Guests: John Batchelor, Doug Messier, Dr. David Livingston. Topics: Mars One, small satellite launchers with VG & others. You are invited to comment, ask questions, and discuss the Space Show program/guest(s) on the Space Show blog. Comments, questions, and any discussion must be relevant and applicable to Space Show programming. Written Transcripts of Space Show programs are not permitted without prior written consent from The Space Show (even if for personal use) & are a violation of the Space Show copyright. We do not permit the commercial use of any Space Show program or part thereof, nor do we permit Space Show programs to be edited, placed on YouTube, or other private channels & websites. Space Show programs can be quoted in news articles, papers, academic & research work but must be cited or referenced in the proper citation format. Contact Dr. Livingston for questions about our copyright and trademark policies which we do enforce. This program is archived on The Space Show website, podcasting, and blog sites with permission from John Batchelor. Please visit the John Batchelor Show website for more information about this fine program, www.johnbatchelorshow.com. Remember, your Amazon Purchases Can Help Support The Space Show/OGLF (www.onegiantleapfoundation.org/amazon.htm). For those of you listening to archives on live365.com & rating the programs, please email me the reasons for your rating. This will definitely help improve Space Show programming. Thank you. Please note that audio and transition issues are a result of copying the John Batchelor broadcast & are not within my control as they originate in the Batchelor studio.

 

John Batchelor and I welcomed back Doug Messier to discuss Mars One, Virgin Galactic and Launcher One. Mars One was up first, then John focused on Virgin Galactic. Doug talked about their recent job fair success in Long Beach, their new hanger for Launcher One and we talked about the small satellite launch business in general including the Air Force rail gun small satellite launcher, Super Strypi. John asked lots of questions about the viability of Mars One plus the small satellite launcher industry and the new participants developing this industry at a fast clip.

 

You can email Mr. Batchelor or Doug Messier through me at drspace@thespaceshow.com. Doug can also be reached through his excellent website, Parabolic Arc.

 

 

Robert (Bob) Zimmerman, Tuesday, 3-24-15 March 25, 2015

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Robert (Bob) Zimmerman, Tuesday, 3-24-15

http://archived.thespaceshow.com/shows/2440-BWB-2015-03-24.mp3

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Guest:  Robert (Bob) Zimmerman.  Topics: A variety of space news topics and projects were discussed on this two hour program. Please direct all comments and questions regarding Space Show programs/guest(s) to the Space Show blog, https://thespaceshow.wordpress.com.  Comments and questions should be relevant to the specific Space Show program. Written Transcripts of Space Show programs are a violation of our copyright and are not permitted without prior written consent, even if for your own use. We do not permit the commercial use of Space Show programs or any part thereof, nor do we permit editing, YouTube clips, or clips placed on other private channels & websites. Space Show programs can be quoted, but the quote must be cited or referenced using the proper citation format. Contact The Space Show for further information. In addition, please remember that your Amazon purchases can help support The Space Show/OGLF. See www.onegiantleapfoundation.org/amazon.htm.  For those listening to archives using live365.com and rating the programs, please email me as to why you assign a specific rating to the show. This will help me bring better programming to the audience.

 

We welcomed back Bob Zimmerman to the show for this 122 minute discussion on a wide range and variety of space news and project topics.  During the first segment, Bob spoke about Virgin Galactic and Launcher One delays, comparing it to the recent news that the AF will soon be testing a small satellite rail gun launcher, Super Strypi.  Bob suggested that the market might be passing VG by.  He also spoke to suborbital space both with VG and XCOR and true to form, was still skeptical about their potential success.  Some of Bob’s comments were challenged by listeners later in the show so stay tuned.  Next up Bob talked about the Russians opening up ISS tourism again in 2018 saying that the Russians believe the American private sector will be successful in transporting astronauts to and from the ISS by then so they will have available seats for tourists.  Don’t miss his comments on this subject.  He was asked about XCOR and he offered more comments on the company and suborbital space in general.  He then turned to the current round of ISS cargo bidding and compared it to the first round of cargo bidding a decade ago.  His comparison was most interesting and goes to the success being made by the developing commercial space sector.  Marshall was our first caller and talked about the next big planetary or HSF mission.  He also wanted Bob to discuss colonization.  Bob said he supported it but was realistic.  Bob then spoke about both the new Russian spaceport Vostochny and compared it to the progress being made by SpaceX and their new Brownsville spaceport.  He had much to say on this.  A listener emailed him to explain the space policy position of Sen. Ted Cruz.  That turned out to be quite a discussion, including Bob opining once again on SLS. Becky in Florida asked Bob about Mars One and Bob said it was a boondoggle.

 

In the second segment, Dr. Charles Lurio was our first caller.  Charles wanted to take Bob behind the woodshed on three points:  First, his comments on Kistler were wrong as the company was Rocketplane Kistler plus other details Bob missed. Second, he said Excalibur Almaz was not a fraud. This resulted in quite the exchange with Bob. The third area that upset Charles the most dealt with the comments Bob made about XCOR.  Charles was determined to correct the record on XCOR so again, don’t miss this exchange.  I asked Bob about the Indian space program and specifically their human spaceflight program.  Jerry from Florida emailed in additional info on Rocketplane Kistler.  SLS John called in to argue with Bob on his SLS comments.  I call their argument a draw with all participants including myself saying what we have been saying about SLS for years.  The subject of presidential leadership came up and Bob did his best to point out that it was probably a myth as far as space goes plus he cited supporting examples.  I pointed out that more than likely our next president, regardless of party, would have their hands full of solving major problems and I cited education as an example, referencing a recent survey I had seen showing just how poorly the US ranks worldwide in several educational areas.  This opened up a STEM discussion with Tim in Huntsville and Bob.  Jerry from Florida emailed in data showing that the Falcon Heavy would have more capability than SLS block one according to comments made by Ms. Shotwell at Satellite 2015.  This opened up another discussion on SLS, Falcon 9 and Falcon Heavy.  Here is an Aviation Week article that summarizes the comments Shotwell made at the event: http://aviationweek.com/blog/spacexs-gwynne-shotwell-talks-raptor-falcon-9-crs-2-satellite-internet-and-more.  Thanks to Jerry for providing us with this information and the article.   As the show was ending, Bob identified areas to watch for the second quarter and the balance of the year.

 

Please post your comments/questions on TSS blog above.  Bob can be reached through me or his email address provided in his bio posted on the archives on TSS website.

Open Lines, 3-8-15 March 9, 2015

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Open Lines, 3-8-15

http://archived.thespaceshow.com/shows/2429-BWB-2015-03-08.mp3

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Guest: Open Lines with Dr. David Livingston. Topics: A variety of space related discussion topics and news items per numerous callers to the program. Please direct all comments and questions regarding Space Show programs/guest(s) to the Space Show blog, https://thespaceshow.wordpress.com. Comments and questions should be relevant to the specific Space Show program. Written Transcripts of Space Show programs are a violation of our copyright and are not permitted without prior written consent, even if for your own use. We do not permit the commercial use of Space Show programs or any part thereof, nor do we permit editing, YouTube clips, or clips placed on other private channels & websites. Space Show programs can be quoted, but the quote must be cited or referenced using the proper citation format. Contact The Space Show for further information. In addition, please remember that your Amazon purchases can help support The Space Show/OGLF. See www.onegiantleapfoundation.org/amazon.htm.  For those listening to archives using live365.com and rating the programs, please email me as to why you assign a specific rating to the show. This will help me bring better programming to the audience.

Welcome to this Open Lines program in which many space topics were discussed by those emailing and calling today’s show. During the first segment of our very long 2 hour 37 minute program, I suggested several topics for discussion including Gliese 581d, topics suggested by listener Kirk in a before the show email, the SpaceX vs. Blue Origin patent litigation, and the recently held Pioneering Space National Summit with space settlement and cheap access to space as the consensus goals of the summit. To begin the program I read an email from a Portland listener wanting information about Mars One. Our first caller was Michael Listner who explained in some detail the ruling recently handed down by the court regarding the SpaceX vs. Blue Origin patent challenge regarding landing a first stage on a floating barge and restarting the rocket engine. Michael did a great job in walking us through the decision, what it means and what to expect next so don’t miss what he had to say about this important case. Blue Origin was granted the patent in 2013. Marshall called to talk about this being the year of the Dwarf Planet with Dawn and Ceres plus later on New Horizons reaching Pluto. Jon from NJ called and we talked about communicating over interstellar space given the story I reported on regarding Gliese 581d 22 light years from earth. We lamented the amount of time it would take to send signals back and forth were it an inhabited planet. Jon thought there might be faster ways of communicating using packets of data. He also suggested a themed Open Lines show, “Confessions of a Space Cadet.”

In the second segment, Kelly Starks called and was extremely controversial. First, let me say that Kelly’s statements, perspectives and views are not those of The Space Show, One Giant Leap Foundation, or me, David Livingston. They represent only Kelly and nobody else. The controversy came when Kelly compared working for old space as compared to New Space companies and then accused NewSpace companies of cutting corners for safety, compromising designs, etc. I strongly disagreed with Kelly through the length of his call and at times cautioned him in making unfounded accusations against his former employer. He said he could back up his accusations but as you will hear, I was very skeptical of his ability to do that and told him so. Toward the end of his comments, he mentioned his old ArcJet space plane project which died for lack of funding, interest, and support. He called back before the end of the show getting in the last call of the show to tell us more about ArcJet plus I told him if he had any material on it that was handy, I would upload it to the blog. For those of you interested in Kelly’s ArcJet project, I have uploaded two of his papers to the blog for this specific show so you can download them as you please. John from Ft. Worth called in to give a different “spin” and take to Kelly’s comments but I was not really accepting of John’s take on what Kelly had to say. Doug called to also talk about dwarf planets and suggested we might be in a golden era of planetary science. He said the Ceres white spot might prove to be very interesting if its water. Doug and I also talked about his concept of going directly to the Moon. At first I misunderstood what he was talking about but in the end we were both on the same page as to what he had to say about the issue and I thanked him for clearing up my confusion over his comments. I asked him for his views on what Kelly had to say but for the most part he just said it was not something he was interested in.

Please post your comments/questions on TSS blog. For those of you wanting to take issue or support what Kelly had to say, civility is required when posting on the blog. Ideas can be held up to the light of day and are fair game. Any posts lacking civility will be removed from the blog.

                                          Sub_orbital_Biz_jet_proposal_11-30-08

                                            ArcJet project history

John Putman, Friday, 2-27-15 February 28, 2015

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John Putman, Friday, 2-27-15

http://archived.thespaceshow.com/shows/2424-BWB-2015-02-27.mp3

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Guest:  John Putman.  Topics:  Neurofeedback and EEG to improve peak performance in both short & long duration spaceflight.  Please direct all comments and questions regarding Space Show programs/guest(s) to the Space Show blog, https://thespaceshow.wordpress.com. Comments and questions should be relevant to the specific Space Show program. Written Transcripts of Space Show programs are a violation of our copyright and are not permitted without prior written consent, even if for your own use. We do not permit the commercial use of Space Show programs or any part thereof, nor do we permit editing, YouTube clips, or clips placed on other private channels & websites. Space Show programs can be quoted, but the quote must be cited or referenced using the proper citation format. Contact The Space Show for further information. In addition, please remember that your Amazon purchases can help support The Space Show/OGLF. See http://www.onegiantleapfoundation.org/amazon.htm.  For those listening to archives using live365.com and rating the programs, please email me as to why you assign a specific rating to the show. This will help me bring better programming to the audience.

We welcomed John Putman to the show to discussed neurofeedback in the context of astronaut peak performance training for both long and short duration spaceflight missions.  During the first segment of our 1 hour 26 minute program, Mr. Putman explained biofeedback and the specifics of neurofeedback, neuro-diagnostics and electroencephalography (EEG).  He also explained the linkage of this research to astronauts for both long and short duration human spaceflight missions.  Much of our fist segment provided the groundwork for our discussion, addressing the fight or flight response which is automatic, sensorimotor rhythm (SMR), and more.  Our guest explained how the training is conducted and how it works.  Also discussed was seizure disorder and space adaptation syndrome (space sickness).  Listeners had many questions for our guest including if it was being applied to or made part of suborbital flight training for participants.  Beverly wanted to know if astronauts would have time to do this type of training given how their schedules are planned.  Microgravity came up and John spoke to the fact that humans were 1g and it was simply not known what type of effects would befall humans in prolonged microgravity, up to ten years or more, even with some artificial gravity for mitigation.  As the result of another listener question, John spoke to the fact that the Moon was much closer, only three days away and possibly a good training ground for understanding microgravity, neurofeedback in space and more.  Michael Listner called to support Mr. Putman’s comments and then he brought up the Mars One project which both John and Michael discussed for a few minutes.  As the segment was about to end, a listener asked if the astronauts would be too “macho” to do neurofeedback training.  John said it was actually peak performance training & that much had changed today so he did not see attitude as a problem.  He even cited training feedback with Edwards AFB test pilots and the need to disengage from your stressful activity.  BJohn got in a question about rotation and artificial gravity and Kelly called from Phoenix to inquire about the training and its impact on fluid redistribution related to microgravity.

In the second segment, BJohn led off with another question about using the training to overcome sensitivity to bad smells thinking about sulfur on Mars as a possible example.  John was also asked about integrating neurofeedback training into missions using newly designed hardware such as the Dragon V2, Orion, CST`100, and Dream Chaser.  We talked about technology improvements and the likelihood of soon being able to do some of the training on a small device such as a smartphone.  I asked John about other space agencies doing astronaut training in this area.  He mentioned ESA as well as the Dept. of Defense and athletes interested in peak performance training.  Joan asked him about ISS experiments.  He said none yet and explained the difficult challenges he has had as a small business getting an experiment on the ISS.  We talked about possible gender and race differences but he said there were none and then we talked about sleep loss and how the training mitigates that problem.  John also talked about NASA, I asked about any interest by private space companies such as Bigelow and SpaceX, plus I asked if there had been an experiments with the Navy and submarines.  Visit his websites, http://www.eeginfo.com and http://www.jputmaneeg.com for more information.

Please post your comments/questions on TSS blog above.

Dr. Asif Siddiqi, Sunday, 2-22-15 February 23, 2015

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Dr. Asif Siddiqi, Sunday, 2-22-15

http://archived.thespaceshow.com/shows/2420-BWB-2015-02-22.mp3

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Guest:  Dr. Asif Siddiqi.  Topics:  Early space history through current times plus a historical perspective on commercial space & more.  Please direct all comments and questions regarding Space Show programs/guest(s) to the Space Show blog, https://thespaceshow.wordpress.com.  Comments and questions should be relevant to the specific Space Show program. Written Transcripts of Space Show programs are a violation of our copyright and are not permitted without prior written consent, even if for your own use. We do not permit the commercial use of Space Show programs or any part thereof, nor do we permit editing, YouTube clips, or clips placed on other private channels & websites. Space Show programs can be quoted, but the quote must be cited or referenced using the proper citation format. Contact The Space Show for further information. In addition, please remember that your Amazon purchases can help support The Space Show/OGLF. See http://www.onegiantleapfoundation.org/amazon.htm.   For those listening to archives using live365.com and rating the programs, please email me as to why you assign a specific rating to the show. This will help me bring better programming to the audience.

We welcomed Dr. Asif Siddiqi to the show.  During the first segment of our 1 hour 53 minute program, Dr. Siddiqi started out with my question about what was going on with space in 1946, the year I was born.  He talked about the early days of space programs from the war, the Soviet Union and the US.  We soon jumped forward to 1969, NASA, Apollo, the Moon, and how many of us from that era thought we were “entitled” to move forward in space to Mars and more.  Our guest had much to say about this space entitlement culture, expectations, and the realities of the time.  We talked about making giant leaps forward rather than a step by step evolving process of moving forward.  Listeners asked him who got the better deal after WW2 with the German rocket scientists, the Soviet Union or the US?  This opened the door to an extensive discussion about Dr. Wernher von Braun.  Asif talked about robotic exploration and the excellent work other space nations and agencies were doing in this field.  John in Ft. Worth called in talked about the impact of the failures of the Soviet Moon Rocket, the N-1.  Our guest and John also talked about the impact of not having competition in the Moon program and how that may have negatively influenced our space program going forward.  Dwayne called and we talked about many topics including the recently concluded Pioneering Space National Summit held in Washington, DC this past week to Mars One, the German rocket scientists after WW2, Arthur Rudolph and Karel Bossart of Atlas rocket fame.

In our second segment, John in Florida called to talk about the conspiracy theory that says the Germans purposely slowed progress on rockets.  This was refuted for other reasons that caused some delays in our program and Russian launching Sputnik before we launched our first satellite.  Next, we turned our attention to the Indian space program which is ambitious but Asif suggested that for now it may be exceeding its capabilities.  Our guest noted they were starting a human spaceflight program and that India was concerned with China and possibly competing with them in space.  The Indian military space program was mentioned as well.  Marshall called and talked about Elon and SpaceX.  Asif had some important things to say about SpaceX, commercial space and government programs.  As we were approaching the end of our program, I asked him what he thought the space history would reflect if written in 2025 for the past decade, the time from now to 2025.  Dr. Siddiqi said it was hard to look forward but he thought some form of Orion would be flying, was not sure about SLS given the proposed low flight rate and suggested ARM won’t happen.  He mentioned many other possibilities for this theoretical ten year time period .   Dwayne called back to comment on Asif’s earlier comments about corporate space programs and policies.  Asif mentioned books and subjects that he liked to review for historical purposes plus he said new historical documents were in such different formats than earlier documents he was not sure how this might influence or impact the work of future historians.  As the show ended, I asked him if thought the Moon would be as hard to return to as going to Mars might be for humans.  He said no because the barriers for going back to the Moon were low compared to Mars and other destinations.

Please post your comments/questions on TSS blog.  You can reach Dr. Asif Siddiqi through me.

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