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Dr. Stuart Robbins, Sunday, 9-27-15 September 28, 2015

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Dr. Stuart Robbins, Sunday, 9-27-15

http://archived.thespaceshow.com/shows/2561-BWB-2015-09-27.mp3

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Guest: Dr. Stuart Robbins. Topics: Craters throughout the solar system, Mars, lunar science, pseudo astronomy, education & public outreach. Please direct all comments and questions regarding Space Show programs/guest(s) to the Space Show blog, https://thespaceshow.wordpress.com. Comments and questions should be relevant to the specific Space Show program. Written Transcripts of Space Show programs are a violation of our copyright and are not permitted without prior written consent, even if for your own use. We do not permit the commercial use of Space Show programs or any part thereof, nor do we permit editing, YouTube clips, or clips placed on other private channels & websites. Space Show programs can be quoted, but the quote must be cited or referenced using the proper citation format. Contact The Space Show for further information. In addition, please remember that your Amazon purchases can help support The Space Show/OGLF. See www.onegiantleapfoundation.org/amazon.htm. For those listening to archives using live365.com and rating the programs, please email me as to why you assign a specific rating to the show. This will help me bring better programming to the audience.

We welcomed Dr. Stuart Robbins to the show to discuss craters throughout the solar system, life experiments for Mars, thresholds for evidence, his PseudoAstronomy blog and podcasts, and education plus public outreach. In the first segment of our 1 hour 37 minute program, Dr. Robbins started out by sharing with us how he got interested in Mars as part of his thesis project. We then discussed his crater analysis work on Mars, Mercury, our Moon, and Saturn’s moons. This detailed crater discussion was most interesting so don’t miss it. Additional topics included why study craters, dating, Carbon14 and other radio metric ways to date objects & zones off Earth. You will learn about the significance of crater size per planetary body, determining age, impacts and more. We even compared impact craters on Earth to those elsewhere in the solar system. Also discussed were Canyon Diablo Meteorites regarding Meteor Crater in Arizona, and the use of craters as a poor man’s drill. Listeners asked about asteroid impacts and the impact on possible life or past life traces in an impact crater. Prior to the segment ending, he talked about the high bar needed for confirming evidence of life off Earth.

In the second segment, Dr. Doug called in to talk about a way to do an experiment, possibly no costlier than Curiosity, to search for life on Mars. This involved the use of a tethered rover which our caller explained. More than technology issues, our guest pointed out the policy and economic challenges that are today governing space policy & projects which made him skeptical about doing something like Doug suggested. Dr. Robbins was asked several times during our discussion if NASA wanted to discover and disclose life on Mars. When this discussion comes up on programs, planetary protection is brought up and with Dr. Robbins, this is also what happened. Note how Dr. Robbins described planetary protection during our discussion. I switched topics and asked him to talk about his blog and podcast, Exposing PseudoAstronomy. You can read his blog @ https://pseudoastro.wordpress.com. You can hear his podcasts @ http://podcast.sjrdesign.net. More questions came in applicable to life on Mars, the threshold necessary for convincing evidence of Martian life, then I asked him about some of the popular paranormal and UFO topics that often pass off as real science. We talked about what makes so many of these stories believable to so many people. I wondered if it was our collective poor science education but Stuart suggested other reasons which you will hear him discuss. Adrian sent in a great email question about the expectation to find DNA off Earth which Adrian pointed was a bogus expectation. I read his note in full, Dr. Robbins agreed completely with him as do I so again, don’t miss what Adrian had to say. Stuart also talked about some of the famous UFO cases, image faking, CGI, and more. Near the end of the show, I asked if we could expect new big announcements from our Mars studies or would it be a much slower evolving process. He said the big things had probably been studied so he expected a type of evolutionary process for new Mars information. On the other hand, because we know so little about Pluto, New Horizons was providing us with giant leaps forward with our Pluto knowledge. The last question came in from Randy who wanted to zero out costs and risks and then find out if humans produced better research or was it robots. The answer was humans but when you add in risk and costs, the answer goes to robots. Listen to how Stuart explained this. Don’t miss Stuart’s closing comments.

Please post your comments/questions on TSS blog above. You can reach Dr. Robbins through his website, http://about.sjrdesign.net, or me.

Dr. John Brandenburg, Monday, 1-5-15 January 6, 2015

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Dr. John Brandenburg, Monday, 1-5-15

http://archived.thespaceshow.com/shows/2387-BWB-2015-01-05.mp3

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Guest:  Dr. John Brandenburg.  Topic:  A giant nuclear explosion on Mars & “Death On Mars.” the new book by Dr. Brandenburg.  Please direct all comments and questions regarding Space Show programs/guest(s) to the Space Show blog, https://thespaceshow.wordpress.com.  Comments and questions should be relevant to the specific Space Show program. Written Transcripts of Space Show programs are a violation of our copyright and are not permitted without prior written consent, even if for your own use. We do not permit the commercial use of Space Show programs or any part thereof, nor do we permit editing, YouTube clips, or clips placed on other private channels & websites. Space Show programs can be quoted, but the quote must be cited or referenced using the proper citation format. Contact The Space Show for further information. In addition, please remember that your Amazon purchases can help support The Space Show/OGLF. See http://www.onegiantleapfoundation.org/amazon.htm.  For those listening to archives using live365.com and rating the programs, please email me as to why you assign a specific rating to the show. This will help me bring better programming to the audience.

We welcomed Dr. John Brandenburg back to the show to discuss his new book, “Death On Mars: The Discovery of a Planetary Nuclear Massacre” & the giant nuclear explosion on the surface of Mars.  Please remember to purchase the book through the OGLF/Space Show Amazon portal so Amazon will contribute to The Space Show. Contact me for added instructions if necessary.  In our first segment of our 1 hour 44 minute program, Dr. Brandenburg outlined the hypothesis behind the theory that there was a giant nuclear explosion on Mars a very long time ago that blew away most of the Martian atmosphere.  He cited evidence given the presence of Xenon 129 in the Martian atmosphere along with the presence of thorium and potassium around Mars.  He suggested listeners look at the Martian thorium and potassium distribution points by searching the maps that are widely available online.  Listeners had lots of questions about all of this, especially since Dr. Brandenburg estimated the size of the two explosions to be equal to something on the order of the Empire State Bldg, or a billion megatons.  We contrasted this explosion size with the largest nuclear bomb exploded on Earth, 50 megatons by the Soviet Union.  Furthermore, because of the size of the explosion, he suggested this was not a natural nuclear explosion but a weapon of some sort regardless of how impractical that might sound.  He also explained how the size and quality of the explosion could be calculated.

In the second half listeners had more questions.  Dr. Brandenburg agreed to send me his Journal of Cosmology article which I will upload to the blog when I archive this program.  The article is titled “Evidence of a Massive Thermonuclear Explosion on Mars in the Past, The Cydonian Hypothesis, and Fermi’s Paradox.”  Later in the segment Dr. Brandenburg did discuss the Fermi Paradox, the Cydonian connection and Mare Acidalium.  Before the show ended, John talked about his science fiction books and the latest one he is working on which will be out sometime this year.  John writes science fiction under the name Victor Norgard.

Please post comments/questions on TSS blog above.  Don’t forget to read Dr. Brandenburg’s reviewed paper on he blog.  You can contact Dr. Brandenburg through me.

                                                                                            Brandenburg-1

Matthew (Matt) Wallace, Tuesday, 12-2-14 December 3, 2014

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Matthew (Matt) Wallace, Tuesday, 12-2-14

http://archived.thespaceshow.com/shows/2367-BWB-2014-12-02.mp3

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Guest:  Matthew (Matt) Wallace.  Topics:  Mars science missions, Mars 2020, searching for lie on Mars.  Please direct all comments and questions regarding Space Show programs/guest(s) to the Space Show blog, https://thespaceshow.wordpress.com.  Comments and questions should be relevant to the specific Space Show program. Written Transcripts of Space Show programs are a violation of our copyright and are not permitted without prior written consent, even if for your own use. We do not permit the commercial use of Space Show programs or any part thereof, nor do we permit editing, YouTube clips, or clips placed on other private channels & websites. Space Show programs can be quoted, but the quote must be cited or referenced using the proper citation format. Contact The Space Show for further information. In addition, please remember that your Amazon purchases can help support The Space Show/OGLF. See http://www.onegiantleapfoundation.org/amazon.htm.  For those listening to archives using live365.com and rating the programs, please email me as to why you assign a specific rating to the show. This will help me bring better programming to the audience.

We welcomed Matt Wallace from our Hotel Mars program to his first appearance on The Space Show.  During the first segment of our 90 minute program, Matt talked about his early mission assignments when he first came to JPL, then his shift to the Mars program.  We also talked about how the science missions and rovers are designed, managed, and eventually flown.  I asked our guest several questions about the science missions such as how a Deimos mission might differ from a mission to the surface of Mars.  Later, a listener asked our guest about a Europa mission and how that would differ. While there are clearly differences in the missions to different destinations, the trade process, planning, team organization and such all work pretty much the same.  We did spend some time talking about a Europa mission as that mission is a favorite for many of us, our guest included Most of the Europa mission discussion was in the second segment.  Matt talked about the new science instruments that will be on board Mars 2020, plus the extensive use of heritage hardware. He also said about 70% of the original MSL & Curiosity team would be working on Mars 2020, an important fact in managing the mission, costs and assuring mission success.  Matt was asked why it was so hard to confirm microbial life on Mars now or in the past & if there was one instrument that could do that.  This proved to be a fascinating and detailed discussion so don’t miss it.  Many listener emails addressed the rover control process.  There is no real time communication with the rover so Matt explained how they send commands to the rover, how the rover processes those commands and the safeguards built into it to protect the rover from accidents, etc.  He also talked about communication windows with Earth, when antennas are pointed toward Mars, and the busy DSN.  Listener Alex asked him about the book “The Martian” and wanted to know that were an astronaut stuck on Mars or needing some sort of emergency gear or something, could a defunct Mars rover be cannibalized for parts and made to work for the purpose needed by the person on Mars.  Matt’s answer might surprise you.  Several listeners wanted to know about a human Mars mission being more efficient for finding life signs than a rover.  Matt explained the trades involved. Doug emailed in a similar question during the second segment.  Matt said its not either or.  Instead, the rovers and a human mission are synergistic with one another.  As the segment ended, our guest was asked if NASA/JPL would consider partnering with a private human mission such as Mars One to use Mars One crew members for science missions.

In the second segment, we talked about other Mars rovers and mission including Maven and Insight.  Next, the question came in about Europa that was mentioned in the earlier segment.  Doug not only asked his robotic vs. human question but he sent in another question regarding the sample return mission and what methods might be used for collecting multiple samples.  He suggested a few different collection methods.  Matt said they discuss these types of options but in the end the trades opt for simpler missions for a variety of reasons.  See what you think of his answer & post your comment on the blog.  John, a high school student, sent in a note about colleges and the best path to be able to work in the space industry.  Barbara sent in a note asking if the EDL would be Seven Minutes of Terror Part 2 since they were using the same system as used for Curiosity or would it be less stressful.  Matt said they would still be nail biting all the way down.

Please post your comments/questions on TSS blog above.  You can reach Matt Wallace through me at drspace@thespaceshow.com.

John Batchelor Hotel Mars, Wednesday, 9-10-14 September 11, 2014

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John Batchelor Hotel Mars, Wednesday, 9-10-14

http://archived.thespaceshow.com/shows/2313-BWB-2014-09-10.mp3

Featuring Matt Wallace, Mars 2020 Deputy Program Manager

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Guests: John Batchelor, Matt Wallace, Dr. David Livingston. Topics: Mars 2020 Rover program.   You are invited to comment, ask questions, and discuss the Space Show program/guest(s) on the Space Show blog. Comments, questions, and any discussion must be relevant and applicable to Space Show programming. Written Transcripts of Space Show programs are not permitted without prior written consent from The Space Show (even if for personal use) & are a violation of the Space Show copyright. We do not permit the commercial use of any Space Show program or part thereof, nor do we permit Space Show programs to be edited, placed on YouTube, or other private channels & websites. Space Show programs can be quoted in news articles, papers, academic & research work but must be cited or referenced in the proper citation format. Contact Dr. Livingston for questions about our copyright and trademark policies which we do enforce. This program is archived on The Space Show website, podcasting, and blog sites with permission from John Batchelor. Please visit the John Batchelor Show website for more information about this fine program, www.johnbatchelorshow.com.  Remember, your Amazon Purchases Can Help Support The Space Show/OGLF (www.onegiantleapfoundation.org/amazon.htm).  For those of you listening to archives on live365.com & rating the programs, please email me the reasons for your rating. This will definitely help improve Space Show programming. Thank you.

 

We welcomed Matthew (Matt) Wallace, the Deputy Project Manager for Mars 2020, to discuss the Mars 2020 Rover Project and future Mars rover missions. We talked about similarities and improvements from the Curiosity rover including wheel changes.  The landing site selection process was talked about as the team now has over 50 possible landing sites to consider.  Mars 2020 will carry with it tools to search for organics and signs of past life and more.  The Mars Sample Return Mission was talked about, including a short brief on how Mars 2020 will capture and save possible sample return items.  Our guest also described in brief detail the rover’s capabilities to look for organics & signs of life with the use of a laser tool

 

Please post any comments/questions you might have on The Space Show blog. You can contact any of  us through .

Dr. William (Bill) Farrand, Tuesday, 1-21-14 January 22, 2014

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Dr. William (Bill) Farrand, Tuesday, 1-21-14

http://archived.thespaceshow.com/shows/2170-BWB-2014-01-21.mp3

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Guest:  Dr. William (Bill) Farrand.  Opportunity’s tenth anniversary, Mars rovers and science.  Please direct all comments and questions regarding Space Show programs/guest(s) to the Space Show blog, https://thespaceshow.wordpress.com.  Comments and questions should be relevant to the specific Space Show program. Written Transcripts of Space Show programs are a violation of our copyright and are not permitted without prior written consent, even if for your own use. We do not permit the commercial use of Space Show programs or any part thereof, nor do we permit editing, YouTube clips, or clips placed on other private channels & websites. Space Show programs can be quoted, but the quote must be cited or referenced using the proper citation format. Contact The Space Show for further information. In addition, please remember that your Amazon purchases can help support The Space Show/OGLF. See www.onegiantleapfoundation.org/amazon.htm.

We welcomed Dr. Farrand back to the show to talk about Opportunity’s 10th anniversary on the surface of Mars, Mars rovers in general and Martian science.  During the first segment of our 1 hour 37 minute discussion, Dr. Farrand was asked about 10 years for Opportunity effective Jan. 24 and to why he thought Opportunity was still going strong after ten years.  He gave credit to the JPL engineers that designed and built the rover and those that keep the systems going.  We talked about the loss of a few of Opportunity’s instruments over the past ten years plus the current science being done by the rover.  We also talked about its path to Endeavour Crater.  In response to one of my questions, Opportunity has traveled about 38 KM since it first landed on Mars ten years ago.  He also said the science was as exciting today as it was when Opportunity first started.  Listen to how he described the rover’s evolution with science and its work over the past decade.  From time to time, other Mars rover science questions and comments came up, especially related to comparing Curiosity to Opportunity.  Our guest was asked about Earth analog sites for Mars, then water on Mars.  Cathy asked how they kept the solar panels clear of dust for maximum solar power to the rover.  He said they rely on Martian winds to dust off the panels.  We also talked about bandwidth communications and the use of the Deep Space Network (DSN).

In the second segment, we talked about our guest’s, www.farrviewconsulting.com plus the pictures posted on the site. We also talked about the special rover exhibit now underway at the National Air & Space Museum in Washington, DC.  You can see some photos from the exhibit along with a picture of our guest on the website.  As you will hear, some of the photos in the exhibit were taken by Spirit before it suffered its untimely demise.  Bill was asked several questions about technology advancement from rover to rover and Mars in general.  Later, we talked about humans on Mars, the use of Phobos, and then Doug called in to ask if it was worth the cost to put humans on Mars given how many more rovers we could put on Mars for the cost of just one human mission.  As the program was ending, Dr. Farrand summarized his thoughts on ‘Oppy” and ten years, again giving a shootout to JPL engineers.  He said the outcome of Oppy was paradigm shifting!  The final question was from Sally asking about Martian fossils.  Don’t miss Bill’s final comments regarding this question.

Post your comments/questions on TSS blog above.  Dr. Farrand can be reached through his website or me.

John Batchelor Hotel Mars, Wednesday, 12-11-13 December 12, 2013

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John Batchelor Hotel Mars, Wednesday, 12-11-13

http://archived.thespaceshow.com/shows/2141-BWB-2013-12-11.mp3

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Guests: John Batchelor, Dr. William (Bill) Farrand, Dr. David Livingston.  Topics:  Chinese Chang’e 3 launch to the Moon, their lunar program.  You are invited to comment, ask questions, and discuss the Space Show program/guest(s) on the Space Show blog, https://thespaceshow.wordpress.com. Comments, questions, and any discussion must be relevant and applicable to Space Show programming. Written Transcripts of Space Show programs are not permitted without prior written consent from The Space Show (even if for personal use) & are a violation of the Space Show copyright. We do not permit the commercial use of any Space Show program or part thereof, nor do we permit Space Show programs to be edited, placed on YouTube, or other private channels & websites. Space Show programs can be quoted in news articles, papers, academic & research work but must be cited or referenced in the proper citation format. Contact Dr. Livingston for questions about our copyright and trademark policies which we do enforce.  This program is archived on The Space Show website, podcasting, and blog sites with permission from John Batchelor. Please visit the John Batchelor Show website for more information about this fine program, www.johnbatchelorshow.com.  Remember, your Amazon Purchases Can Help Support The Space Show/OGLF (www.onegiantleapfoundation.org/amazon.htm).

During our 11 minute plus discussion, John, Dr. Farrand & I discussed the upcoming tenth anniversary for the Mars rover Opportunity.  We talked about what Opportunity was currently doing on Mars, its climb up Solander Point, roving on Endeavour Crater, and more. We talked about wintering over to keep warm.  We also talked about Spirit and what happened to it, plus lessons learned from the Spirit sand trap.  We talked about Opportunity as compared to Curiosity, then I asked if the geology on Mars was the same as Earth. For example, was igneous rock on Mars the same as igneous rock on Earth?  As you will hear, for the most part they are the same but there are differences and different formations with different characteristics.  Also discussed were water flows and a study of the Martian atmosphere and water flows by the en route Maven mission.

Please post any comments/questions you might have on The Space Show blog.  You can contact any of  us through drspace@thespaceshow.com.

Dr. Gilbert (Gil) Levin, Monday, 10-7-13 October 8, 2013

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Dr. Gilbert (Gil) Levin, Monday, 10-7-13

http://archived.thespaceshow.com/shows/2101-BWB-2013-10-07.mp3

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Guest:  Dr. Gil Levin.  Topics:  Life on Mars, Viking 1 and 2, Labeled Release Experiments, NASA & more.  Please direct all comments and questions regarding Space Show programs/guest(s) to the Space Show blog, https://thespaceshow.wordpress.com.  Comments and questions should be relevant to the specific Space Show program. Written Transcripts of Space Show programs are a violation of our copyright and are not permitted without prior written consent, even if for your own use. We do not permit the commercial use of Space Show programs or any part thereof, nor do we permit editing, YouTube clips, or clips placed on other private channels & websites. Space Show programs can be quoted, but the quote must be cited or referenced using the proper citation format. Contact The Space Show for further information. In addition, please remember that your Amazon purchases can help support The Space Show/OGLF. See www.onegiantleapfoundation.org/amazon.htm.

We welcomed back Dr. Gil Levin to continue our discussion about Viking 1 and 2, the possibility of finding life on Mars, and the Viking Labeled Release Experiment.  In the first segment of our 1 hour 21 minute discussion, Dr. Levin explained why the name “Labeled Release Experiment” was used rather than his first choice, Gulliver.  Dr. Levin talked about liquid water on Mars with the findings that there is probably 2% liquid water in the surface area.  He compared that to the amounts of water found in in dry soils on Earth which supports microbial life.  He also talked about complex organics which he says has not yet been confirmed though he questions why certain Curiosity experiments which he believes have been done have yet to release their findings.  Rick was our first caller with questions about water, NASA policy, and green spots found on rock and what that might mean.  Gil also spoke about his presentation at the SPIE Conference recently held in San Diego and the panel he was part of with a NASA representative.

In the second segment, Gil took a question about the meaning of perchlorates on Mars, he addressed additional questions on liquid water and discussed the recent press releases from NASA and others that there was no methane on Mars and what this might mean for looking for life on the Red Planet.  Regarding methane, our guest had much to say and that the findings were not conclusive for all of Mars nor does there have to be methane for organics.  I asked him about the timelines involved in Viking 1 and 2 and you might be surprised to learn it was a 20 year process.  A listener asked about the odds of finding intelligent life on Mars and our guest said pretty slim.  He was also asked about searching for life elsewhere in the solar system and he said Mars was the best choice and listed the reasons why, including the economics of space exploration.  A listener asked if Curiosity & other missions were shut down due to the government budget crisis. Doug emailed us that Curiosity was still up and running.  Later, Doug called at the end of the show to inquire about possible organic detection using the Rock Abrasion Tool (RAT) from Spirit and Opportunity. We concluded with Dr. Levin suggesting we contact NASA to release information about the green spots on Mars and liquid organic analysis of the surface. Also during this segment and not related to Mars, a listener asked Gil a few questions about his WW2 experience in the Merchant Marine in the N. Atlantic and the Pacific.  It was an interesting digression and I still found a way to connect it to space and Mars!

Please post your comments/questions on The Space Show blog.  You can contact Dr. Levin through his website, www.gillevin.com.

John Oehler, Sunday, 3-10-13 March 11, 2013

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John Oehler, Sunday, 3-10-13

http://archived.thespaceshow.com/shows/1969-BWB-2013-03-10.mp3

Guest:  John Oehler.  Topics:  John’s new book, “Aphrodesia,” smell and smell issues relating to space.  Please direct all comments and questions regarding Space Show programs/guest(s) to the Space Show blog, https://thespaceshow.wordpress.com. Comments and questions should be relevant to the specific Space Show program. Written Transcripts of Space Show programs are a violation of our copyright and are not permitted without prior written consent, even if for your own use. We do not permit the commercial use of Space Show programs or any part thereof, nor do we permit editing, YouTube clips, or clips placed on other private channels & websites. Space Show programs can be quoted, but the quote must be cited or referenced using the proper citation format. Contact The Space Show for further information.

We welcomed John Oehler to the program to discuss his book, “Aphrodesia: A Novel of Suspense,” which focuses on creating a perfume scent based on the fragrance used by the Queen of Sheba to seduce King Solomon.  It’s a great murder mystery which you will enjoy, but it also opened the door for us to discuss smell, space, Mars, the smell of the insides of a space vehicle, and more.  If you buy the book at Amazon using this link, www.amazon.com/Aphrodesia-Novel-Suspense-John-Oehler/dp/1477680306/ref=onegiantlea20.com, Amazon will make a contribution to The Space Show/OGLF.  During the first hour of this two hour program, we talked about perfumes, scents, biblical references to the same, and then we talked about smell and fragrance in space.  Our guest had much to say about the ISS as well as the shuttle.  We talked about perfume schools, specifically ISIPCA which was the school used for the book. Another issue that came up was determining what was in an ancient scent given archaeological findings of perfume bottles, containers and such.  Other issues regarding scent were discussed including pheromones, fragrance R&D, and the possible use of fragrances to have a more cooperative or supportive mission effort on a long duration human spaceflight.

In our second segment, we talked about their being a smell of Mars and if any of our rovers could detect it.  John also thought having a simple microphone on a Mars rover to record the sounds from Mars would be worth doing.  In this segment we returned to talking about John’s book and the lead character Eric as the story is a very good mystery story. Doug emailed and called in regarding smell, olfactory neurons and chemical bonding, and he asked about certain dog sniffer behaviors.  This opened up an entire new line of discussion regarding the sense of smell of dogs and also the People Sniffer used by our military during the Vietnam war.  Toward the end of the show, our guest talked about Sherlock Holmes and TV shows based on that character, plus we talked about ethical issues using fragrance to manipulate consumers to buying this or that product.  Our last topic had John telling us about the memory of astronauts regarding the smell of space and why bananas are no longer taken to space for fresh food for the astronauts.

Please post your comments/questions on The Space Show blog.  Visit John’s website for more information at www.johnoehler.com.

The John Batchelor Show Hotel Mars, Wednesday, 2-27-13 February 28, 2013

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The John Batchelor Show Hotel Mars, Wednesday, 2-27-13

http://archived.thespaceshow.com/shows/1960-BWB-2013-02-27.mp3

Guests:  John Batchelor, Dr. Samuel Kounaves, Dr. David Livingston:  Topics: Curiosity drilling, Mars soil samples, search for organics.  You are invited to comment, ask questions, and discuss the Space Show program/guest(s) on the Space Show blog, https://thespaceshow.wordpress.com. Comments, questions, and any discussion must be relevant and applicable to Space Show programming. Written Transcripts of Space Show programs are not permitted without prior written consent from The Space Show (even if for personal use) & are a violation of the Space Show copyright. We do not permit the commercial use of any Space Show program or part thereof, nor do we permit Space Show programs to be edited, placed on YouTube, or other private channels & websites. Space Show programs can be quoted in news articles, papers, academic & research work but must be cited or referenced in the proper citation format. Contact Dr. Livingston for questions about our copyright and trademark policies which we do enforce.  This program is archived on The Space Show website, podcasting, and blog sites with permission from John Batchelor. Please visit the John Batchelor Show website for more information about this fine program, www.johnbatchelorshow.com.

During our 11 minute plus discussion with Dr. Kounaves, we discussed the recently completed first drilling effort by Curiosity on Mars.  Dr. Kounaves brought us up to date with the search for organics on Mars, he talked about the finding of Martian gray soil under the surface and he explained the red oxidized dust color on the surface of Mars.  We also talked about how the earlier rovers have built upon one another in advancing Martian exploration and science up to and including Curiosity.  Our guest suggested we may have to drill deep down in the Martian soil, perhaps 600 feet or more to find organics.  He noted that there are analogs for this here on Earth.

Please post any comments/questions you might have on The Space Show blog.  You can contact any of  us through drspace@thespaceshow.com.

 

The John Batchelor Show “Hotel Mars,” Wednesday, 2-20-13 February 21, 2013

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The John Batchelor Show “Hotel Mars,” Wednesday, 2-20-13

http://archived.thespaceshow.com/shows/1954-BWB-2013-02-20.mp3

Guests:  John Batchelor, Dr. William Farrand,  Dr. David Livingston:  Topics: Ten years with the Mars rover Opportunity.  You are invited to comment, ask questions, and discuss the Space Show program/guest(s) on the Space Show blog, https://thespaceshow.wordpress.com. Comments, questions, and any discussion must be relevant and applicable to Space Show programming. Written Transcripts of Space Show programs are not permitted without prior written consent from The Space Show (even if for personal use) & are a violation of the Space Show copyright. We do not permit the commercial use of any Space Show program or part thereof, nor do we permit Space Show programs to be edited, placed on YouTube, or other private channels & websites. Space Show programs can be quoted in news articles, papers, academic & research work but must be cited or referenced in the proper citation format. Contact Dr. Livingston for questions about our copyright and trademark policies which we do enforce.  This program is archived on The Space Show website, podcasting, and blog sites with permission from John Batchelor. Please visit the John Batchelor Show website for more information about this fine program, www.johnbatchelorshow.com.

During our 11 minute plus discussion with Dr. Farrand, we celebrated ten years of the Mars rover Opportunity exploring and doing science on the Red Planet.  Opportunity has outlived its fellow rover, Spirit, has traveled about 22 miles and been engaged in some amazing discoveries and research.  Our guest talked about the instruments that are still working, those that have quit, what it is finding and how it can compliment Curiosity.  We also talked about the demise of Spirit and how that happened.

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