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Dr. Pal Brekke, Friday, 5-22-15 May 23, 2015

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Dr. Pal Brekke, Friday, 5-22-15

http://archived.thespaceshow.com/shows/2478-BWB-2015-05-22.mp3

Your Amazon Purchases Helps Support TSS/OGLF (see www.onegiantleapfoundation.org/amazon.htm)

If you rate shows on live365.com, email me your rating reasons to help improve the showGuest:  Dr. Pal Brekke.  Topics:  The Northern Nights and solar activity.  Please direct all comments and questions regarding Space Show programs/guest(s) to the Space Show blog, https://thespaceshow.wordpress.com.  Comments and questions should be relevant to the specific Space Show program. Written Transcripts of Space Show programs are a violation of our copyright and are not permitted without prior written consent, even if for your own use. We do not permit the commercial use of Space Show programs or any part thereof, nor do we permit editing, YouTube clips, or clips placed on other private channels & websites. Space Show programs can be quoted, but the quote must be cited or referenced using the proper citation format. Contact The Space Show for further information. In addition, please remember that your Amazon purchases can help support The Space Show/OGLF. See www.onegiantleapfoundation.org/amazon.htm.  For those listening to archives using live365.com and rating the programs, please email me as to why you assign a specific rating to the show. This will help me bring better programming to the audience.

We welcomed back Dr. Pal Brekke to discuss the Northern Lights, his new documentary video on the Northern Lights, and solar activity.  During our one hour show, we started with the Northern Lights and his video, “Northern Lights-a Magic Experience DVD.”  You can see the trailer to the video and order it at www.solarmax.no/Aurora/DVD.html.  Dr. Brekke introduced us to the Northern Lights, talked about Northern Lights tourism, and where the best locations are to see them and during what season.  Our guest was asked about the same thing happening in the southern hemisphere and he said yes, the Southern Lights or Polar Lights.  Not only did Dr. Brekke talk about his documentary video but we discussed some of the mythology associated with the Northern Lights, mostly on the fear side of things.  Dr. Brekke then talked about how the Northern Lights can move south, sometimes even being visible as far south as Florida.  He then explained why this happens re the solar wind putting pressure on Earth’s magnetosphere.  Our guest was asked about the various colors in the lights and he explained it using a neon tube for advertising purposes as an example.  B John asked a series of questions including one about telescopes and gravitational lenses.  We then switched over to talk about sunspots, CMEs and the 11 year solar cycle.  A listener asked Dr. Brekke to explain solar weather and space weather, then Dr. Brekke was asked if Earth’s climate is impacted by sunspots and if so, how.  Don’t miss this discussion.  Jack sent in a question asking how close one can get to the sun without feeling the intense temperatures or having hardware destroyed.  You will be surprised by what Dr. Brekke said in response to this question so don’t miss it.  Our next topic included short comments on existing and future solar missions planned from Europe and the U.S.  B John then asked about a possible repeat of the Carrington Effect and what that might mean for Earth based and orbiting electronic hardware.  Dr. Brekke had much to say about such an event and the potential damage that could happen were another Carrington Effect realized.  Near the end of our discussion, a listener asked our guest how best to take photos of the Northern Lights.  He suggested using an SLR type camera, not a point and shoot or cell phone camera, use a tripod, a low f stop and a very high ISS setting.  He then touted the Sony A7S camera.  Before our discussion ended, our guest was asked about the best tools for solar research over the past decades and most important findings.  Again, don’t miss his answer.  As the show was about to end, the final listener question was how scientists predict how much life is left for our sun. Wait till you hear how much hydrogen the sun burns every second!

Please post your comments/questions on TSS blog above.  You can reach Dr. Pal Brekke through me.

 

 

Dr. Edgar Bering, Friday, 1-30-15 January 31, 2015

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Dr. Edgar Bering, Friday, 1-30-15

http://archived.thespaceshow.com/shows/2404-BWB-2015-01-30.mp3

Your Amazon Purchases Helps Support TSS/OGLF (see www.onegiantleapfoundation.org/amazon.htm)

If you rate shows on live365.com, email me your rating reasons to help improve the show

Guest:  Dr. Edgar Bering; Topics:  “Mars Rover Model Celebration and Competition,” Dr. Bering’s undergraduate student balloon projects, cubesat project to Mars.  Please direct all comments and questions regarding Space Show programs/guest(s) to the Space Show blog, https://thespaceshow.wordpress.com.  Comments and questions should be relevant to the specific Space Show program. Written Transcripts of Space Show programs are a violation of our copyright and are not permitted without prior written consent, even if for your own use. We do not permit the commercial use of Space Show programs or any part thereof, nor do we permit editing, YouTube clips, or clips placed on other private channels & websites. Space Show programs can be quoted, but the quote must be cited or referenced using the proper citation format. Contact The Space Show for further information. In addition, please remember that your Amazon purchases can help support The Space Show/OGLF. See www.onegiantleapfoundation.org/amazon.htm.  For those listening to archives using live365.com and rating the programs, please email me as to why you assign a specific rating to the show. This will help me bring better programming to the audience.

We welcomed Dr. Edgar Bering  to the show to discuss the “Mars Rover Model Celebration and Competition ” and his undergraduate student balloon projects to study the Northern Lights and more.  During our one segment one hour program, we focused the first half on the Mars Rover Celebration aimed at both elementary and middle school students while in the second part of the segment, we talked about Dr. Bering’s balloon projects and even a possible cubesat to Mars project.  Dr. Bering explained the Mars Rover Model competition which has the students doing a six week Mars course in preparation for their rover mock-ups.  You can learn more about this competition at their website, http://marsrover.phys.uh.edu/about.php.  Dr. Bering took us through the requirements, differences in the competition for the elementary school students compared to the middle school students and he even responded to a question as to how to get a six week Mars curriculum into the school program.  He said the rover categories included a free form model rover made of “stuff” plus a solar power model, and for the older students a radio controlled model made from the parts of an RC model car.  Our guest would asked if the model rover program would work for going to the Moon, not just Mars.  He said yes but don’t miss his full reply.

In the second half of our segment, we talked about his high altitude undergraduate student balloon projects to study the Northern Lights and its effect on the upper atmosphere.  He will be taking his students to Alaska to  see the Northern Lights and to conduct the balloon studies.  He talked about the significant improvements in miniaturizing with the needed electronics, sensors, and cameras, plus today’s high reliability of these components.  He point out that instruments capable of doing the work of today’s instruments would have weighed around 120 lbs. in previous years.  Now they are shooting for a total mass for the instruments of less than 6 lbs for doing meaningful science.  In 1985, the ultra-lute instrument package would have been 50 lbs.  Dr. Bering was asked if his students did cubesat projects and he told us about a possible Mars cubesat project.  He was confident they could get telemetry back from Mars with a cubesat and talked about new antenna improvements.  Toward the end of our discussion I asked if he had any stats on students doing these programs from elementary and middle school and if they went on to careers in space, science, etc.  Don’t miss his response.

Please post your comments on TSS blog above.  You can reach Dr. Bering through the Mars Model Rover website or me.

The John Batchelor Show Hotel Mars, Wednesday, 7-10-13 July 11, 2013

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The John Batchelor Show Hotel Mars, Wednesday, 7-10-13

http://archived.thespaceshow.com/shows/2046-BWB-2013-07-10.mp3

Guests: John Batchelor, Dr, Pal Brekke, Dr. David Livingston:  Topics: The Northern Lights, solar cycles, Solar Max & Earth’s climate.  You are invited to comment, ask questions, and discuss the Space Show program/guest(s) on the Space Show blog, https://thespaceshow.wordpress.com. Comments, questions, and any discussion must be relevant and applicable to Space Show programming. Written Transcripts of Space Show programs are not permitted without prior written consent from The Space Show (even if for personal use) & are a violation of the Space Show copyright. We do not permit the commercial use of any Space Show program or part thereof, nor do we permit Space Show programs to be edited, placed on YouTube, or other private channels & websites. Space Show programs can be quoted in news articles, papers, academic & research work but must be cited or referenced in the proper citation format. Contact Dr. Livingston for questions about our copyright and trademark policies which we do enforce.  This program is archived on The Space Show website, podcasting, and blog sites with permission from John Batchelor. Please visit the John Batchelor Show website for more information about this fine program, www.johnbatchelorshow.com.  Remember, your Amazon Purchases Can Help Support The Space Show/OGLF (www.onegiantleapfoundation.org/amazon.htm).

During our 11 minute plus discussion with Dr. Pal Brekke & John Batchelor, we discussed the current solar cycle 24, the Solar Max, sunspots, climate change, and the Northern Lights (Aurora Borealis).  Please note that John Batchelor spoke with Dr. Brekke in Norway via a cell phone so the audio is up to its usual quality.  Dr. Brekke explained the Northern Lights, answered many questions and then we connect our discussion to the current solar cycle, the issue of fewer sunspots at this time and why, plus what does it mean to see fewer sunspots.  Near the end of the segment, I asked Dr. Brekke about the impact of the double peak which is making the Solar Max quite different.

Please post any comments/questions you might have on The Space Show blog.  You can contact any of  us through drspace@thespaceshow.com.

 

Dr. Pal Brekke, Monday, 3-26-12 March 27, 2012

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Dr. Pal Brekke, Monday, 3-26-12

http://archived.thespaceshow.com/shows/1743-BWB-2012-03-26.mp3

Guest: Dr. Pal Brekke.  Topics:  Solar physics, astronomy, and his new book, “Our Explosive Sun.”  You are invited to comment, ask questions, and discuss the Space Show program/guest(s) on the Space Show blog, https://thespaceshow.wordpress.com. Comments, questions, and any discussion must be relevant and applicable to Space Show programming. Transcripts of Space Show programs are not permitted without prior written consent from The Space Show (even if for personal use) & are a violation of the Space Show copyright.  We welcomed Dr. Peter Brekke to the program to discuss his new book, “Our Explosive Sun: A Visual Feast of our Source of Light and Life.”  The book is available on Amazon & if you use this link for your purchase, Amazon will donate to The Space Show/OGLF:  www.amazon.com/Our-Explosive-Sun-Visual-Source/dp/146140570X/ref=onegiantlea20.  Additional information you will hear discussed during this interview can be found at the following websites:  www.norway.org/News_and_events/Research–Technology/Pal-Brekke-at-the-Smithsonian-/www.solarmax.no/Aurora/Home.html; http://www.springer.com/astronomy/extraterrestrial+physics,+space+sciences/book/978-1-4614-0570-2. Dr. Brekke began our discussion with an overview of his new book, how he structured the book, & its appeal to readers of all ages.  We talked about how our knowledge of the sun has increased in recent years, especially since the SOHO satellite in 1995.  He told us that his book is arranged as a visual tour.  We also discussed the sun & cultural differences around the world. Listener Sandy wanted to know about solar storms, solar flares, & CMEs.  This led to a question about the relationship of the sun to climate change on Earth.  Don’t miss this part of our discussion.  Dr. Brekke introduced us to the subjects of auroras & space weather. As the segment ended, a listener asked about the physical location of solar satellites.  How close can they be to the sun? As you will hear, most of the solar satellites are orbiting Earth, but SOHO is the one that is the greatest distance from Earth, parked at 1% of the distance to the sun so it can observe the sun 24 hours day.

In the second segment, Dr. Brekke talked about the SWIFT Gamma-Ray Burst Mission. space solar power, & reflective mirrors in space to beam sunlight to the Earth.  I asked our guest several questions about the Norwegian Space Centre & the Norwegian space industry.  We learned that their industry makes many parts for satellites for NASA as well as ESA.  He said the space awareness of Norwegians is good as they know quite a bit about space.  Binary star systems, the Northern Lights, the southern hemisphere, Polar Lights, & the cause of the auroras were also mentioned.  Near the end of the program, I asked about the impact of NASA budget cuts & program cancellations on the Norwegian space industry.  As you will hear, what NASA & our Congress do does impact the Norwegian industry.  He also talked about the IRIS High Resolution Spectrometer being worked on by Lockheed in the Palo Alto area.  Before the program ended, I asked if the high launch costs impacted the Norwegian industry.  He said no because they make parts for satellites & missions & are not directly involved in the launch side of space.  We also talked about the rate at which solar knowledge was increasing, was there a role for the ISS in solar research, & the increasing role of Earth-based telescopes in solar observation.

If you have comments/questions, please post them on The Space Show blog URL above.  If you want to email our guest, please send it to me and I will forward it for you.