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Louise Riofrio, Sunday, 9-7-14 September 8, 2014

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Louise Riofrio, Sunday, 9-7-14

http://archived.thespaceshow.com/shows/2310-BWB-2014-09-07.mp3

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Guest:  Louise Riofrio.  Topics:  Her book “The Speed of Light,”  the change in the speed of light, lunar return missions, & much more.  Please direct all comments and questions regarding Space Show programs/guest(s) to the Space Show blog, https://thespaceshow.wordpress.com.  Comments and questions should be relevant to the specific Space Show program. Written Transcripts of Space Show programs are a violation of our copyright and are not permitted without prior written consent, even if for your own use. We do not permit the commercial use of Space Show programs or any part thereof, nor do we permit editing, YouTube clips, or clips placed on other private channels & websites. Space Show programs can be quoted, but the quote must be cited or referenced using the proper citation format. Contact The Space Show for further information. In addition, please remember that your Amazon purchases can help support The Space Show/OGLF. See http://www.onegiantleapfoundation.org/amazon.htm.  For those listening to archives using live365.com and rating the programs, please email me as to why you assign a specific rating to the show. This will help me bring better programming to the audience.

We welcomed back to the show Louise Riofrio to discuss her new book, “The Speed of Light.”  Remember that if you order this book through Amazon to use the OGLF Amazon portal so Amazon will make a contribution to TSS.  Instructions are on both The Space Show and our blog’s websites.  For more information, visit Riofrio’ s blog at http://riofriospacetime.blogsot.com. During the first segment of our 91 minute program, Louise told us about new developments and her work since her first Space Show appearance on Oct. 27, 2008.  She told her about her science work and related travels at JSC and her work with the moon rocks.  She also explained how her work with the moon rocks was important to human spaceflight, especially a return lunar mission and an asteroid mission.  She talked about why a lunar return mission was so important for science & why it was better to have astronauts on the mission rather than only robotic.  Out of this discussion came another SLS discussion as Louise pointed out the need for heavy lift for a lunar or any BLEO mission.  I explored her thoughts and opinions on SLS, asking her about the perspectives provided by those not supporting SLS.  In my opinion, Louise put forth excellent arguments in support of SLS during the show.  I even suggested she become the spokesperson for SLS and lunar return missions given how well she articulated and explained the need for SLS.  Louise also spoke about the distance from Earth to the Moon and the lunar orbit, referencing the LLRE (The Lunar Laser Ranging Experiment) from the Apollo era.  She used information from this device in comparison with three other measuring methods to support her theory that the speed of light is slowing down.  Listen to her explanation behind her theory assumptions.  Louise then mentioned the very accurate atomic clock soon to go up to the ISS, ACES (see http://www.esa.int/Our_Activities/Human_Spaceflight/Human_Spaceflight_Research/Atomic_Clock_Ensemble_in_Space_ACES).  She said this would be very helpful in detecting and clarifying the change in the speed of light.  John from Ft. Worth called with several questions and comments about the speed of light.   Next, Paul asked a series of email questions about time travel.

In the second segment, we started off discussing time travel and speed of light changes for a multi-generational human mission.  Louise introduced us to time dilation.  John in Montana asked about GPS timing & the change in the speed of light.   Christine emailed a question about an RTM mission and asked what might change if the speed of light is slowing down.  Next, we talked about Planck units and the equation GM=TC^3 which is the same as M=R=t.  Peer review was discussed as were the challenges of getting new theories introduced into the literature.  As you will hear, old ideas do not go lightly into the dark, so to speak.  Louise then talked about having discovered a lunar orbit anomaly and referenced her paper, “Calculating a Lunar Orbit Anomaly” which you can download at http://www.lpi.usra.edu/meetings/lpsc2013/pdf/2436.pdf.  As the program neared its end, I asked our guest about her idea that there might be a mini black hole in our sun.  Louise told us about her theory & talked in general about mini black holes.  Our last subject dealt with her interest in positive pressure suits for IVA purposes.

If you have comments/questions, please post them on TSS blog. You can reach Louise through her blog or me.

Eric Lerner, Sunday, 12-15-13 December 16, 2013

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Eric Lerner, Sunday, 12-15-13

http://archived.thespaceshow.com/shows/2143-BWB-2013-12-15.mp3

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Gust:  Eric Lerner.  Topics:  Alternative fusion ideas, Focus Fusion. cosmology, the Big Bang & alternative theories to an expanding universe.  Please direct all comments and questions regarding Space Show programs/guest(s) to the Space Show blog, https://thespaceshow.wordpress.com.  Comments and questions should be relevant to the specific Space Show program. Written Transcripts of Space Show programs are a violation of our copyright and are not permitted without prior written consent, even if for your own use. We do not permit the commercial use of Space Show programs or any part thereof, nor do we permit editing, YouTube clips, or clips placed on other private channels & websites. Space Show programs can be quoted, but the quote must be cited or referenced using the proper citation format. Contact The Space Show for further information. In addition, please remember that your Amazon purchases can help support The Space Show/OGLF. See www.onegiantleapfoundation.org/amazon.htm.

We welcomed back Eric Lerner for updates on his Focus Fusion work and then later, his work in cosmology as he challenges the Big Bang & expanding universe theories.  In the first segment of this 1 hour 40 minute show, we focused on fusion.  For more information, visit http://focusfusion.org.  Since much of this discussion involves physics, technical explanations, and more, referring to the website will be helpful.  Eric started out with an overview of focus fusion (Aneutronic Fusion).  He made clear their goal was to demonstrate the scientific feasibility of focus fusion.  Eric then described the challenges, possible solutions and progress being made in reaching their goal.  I suggest you review these website pages to help you understand what he talked about:  http://focusfusion.org/index.php/site/category/C36; http://focusfusion.org/index.php/site/category/C63; http://focusfusion.org/index.php/site/category/C70.  During this segment, Eric explained in detail the process, the physics, the science and more of what they do, have done, and still need to do.  We talked about pulse power, time sequences, the amount of power needed, and what has to happen to get more energy out than what they put into their reactor.  Marshall called to ask about computer power needed and simulations compared to actual experiments.  Eric also talked fuel options and then he talked about their financial needs.  He said they would soon be doing both a short movie and a Kickstarter program.  In fact, he made a call for volunteers so if you are interested, email him at eric@lphysics.com.  Questions came up about the safety of their work, then listeners asked how they contain such high temperatures, even if for a fraction of a second.  He talked about the need for using tungsten & we talked some about tungsten supplies and pricing.  Charles called in with several questions and comments about fuels and then about instead of using tungsten electrodes why not use boron or beryllium as the low atomic weight would contaminate the plasma less.  Charles & Eric has a very interesting discussion about these matters.  We then did a theoretical comparison of the potential cost of fusion energy with coal, natural gas & other conventional fuels.  Near the end of the segment, Eric was pressed for timelines to commercial breakeven if he had adequate funding.  Direct Energy Conversion was our last session topic.

In the second segment, Tim called to ask about fusion for space propulsion.  Next, Eric talked about cosmology as he said there was a debate about the Concordance Model which supports an expansive universe and The Big Bang Theory.  Eric challenges this and in this segment, provided support for his challenge to the Concordance Model of the Universe.  He also pointed out that his book on the topic is still in print so if you are interested, use the OGLF Amazon portal to buy “The Big Bang Never Happened.” OGLF portal instructions are in all program summary statements and blog archives.  You can also email me for help at drspace@thespaceshow.com.  Eric’s discussion of The Big Bang Theory and why he says it is likely incorrect was most interesting and I urge you to carefully listen to what he had to say about this & cosmology in general.  He also talked about how difficult it is to be published if you have a contrary theory and how peer review science flows to the status quo.

Please post your comments/questions on TSS blog above.  You can contact Eric at his email address listed in this summary.

Dr. Friedmann Freund & Brian Shiro, Tuesday, 6-5-12 June 6, 2012

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Dr. Friedmann Freund & Brian Shiro, Tuesday, 6-5-12

http://archived.thespaceshow.com/shows/1788-BWB-2012-06-05.mp3

Guests:  Dr. Friedmann Freund, Brian Shiro.  Topics:  Earthquake forecasting & space resources.  You are invited to comment, ask questions, & discuss the Space Show program/guest(s) on the Space Show blog, https://thespaceshow.wordpress.com. Comments, questions, & any discussion must be relevant & applicable to Space Show programming. Transcripts of Space Show programs are not permitted without prior written consent from The Space Show (even if for personal use) & are a violation of the Space Show copyright. We welcomed Dr. Friedmann Freund & the return of Brian Shiro to the program to discuss earthquake forecasting & analysis using space based resources.  During our first segment, Dr. Freund & Mr. Shiro outlined the basis of their research & we talked about the use of both terrestrial & space based tools to aid the process.  We talked about satellite detection of the Ion currents & changes in the ionosphere & how this data is correlated with terrestrial data.  We talked about the direction earthquake prediction was heading & were told why the use of “prediction” was not preferable. Instead, the more accurate & useful term is forecasting.  Also mentioned was a private company with a series of ground stations, QuakeFinder (www.quakefinder.com).  Our guest talked about how this private sector commercial data gets integrated into the public sector data base & why their information is both valuable & important.  Questions were asked about the importance of the ionosphere but we also learned that the currents & waves start deep in the Earth, work their way to the surface & then can be detected as they move upward through the various atmospheric layers to the ionosphere.  Our guests explained how our space resources actually track & monitor this information.  Another point made was that we do not have real time information in advance of an event though if we had swarms of satellites or a satellite network designed to monitor areas 24/7, we would be able to be present with “eyes” before & when an event happened.  Funding issues were discussed & we heard that much of the research discussed on our program is considered “out of the box” & difficult to fund by the traditional process along with getting projects peer reviewed.  I asked about the potential of the philanthropic model for this research as it has come up on several Space Show programs.  Our guests had much to say about this potential source of funding.

In our second segment, we talked about progress being made between traditional geophysical researchers & those doing the out of the box work such as our guests.  As it turns out, there is progress on this front & Dr. Freund updated us on it.  We switched to the suborbital field as I met Dr. Freund at the recently held suborbital conference & our discussions over lunch formed the basis for this program. There does appear to be sufficient commercial suborbital research opportunities with this developing seismic research field. Next, we talked about animal behavior for earthquake forecasting & both our guests told us anecdotal stories. We learned how Dr. Freund is correlating animal behavior earthquake research with the scientific research. Toward the end of the program, Emma in NYC who asked several questions, wanted to know about Mars quakes & Moon quakes.  Our guests talked about earthquake research throughout the solar system & what we know & don’t know.  We learned that there are no geophysical research instruments providing direct information to us from Mars or anywhere in space because of the high cost of the hardware, the quantity of research tools needed, & the complex & costly operating expenses.  Other discussion topics included the possibility of mitigating an earthquake, various research projects such as the USGS Parkfield Earthquake Experiment & the EarthScope Project.  Please post your comments/questions on the blog.

If you want to email either of our guests, do so through me & I will forward your note.