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Dr. Asif Siddiqi, Sunday, 2-22-15 February 23, 2015

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Dr. Asif Siddiqi, Sunday, 2-22-15

http://archived.thespaceshow.com/shows/2420-BWB-2015-02-22.mp3

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Guest:  Dr. Asif Siddiqi.  Topics:  Early space history through current times plus a historical perspective on commercial space & more.  Please direct all comments and questions regarding Space Show programs/guest(s) to the Space Show blog, https://thespaceshow.wordpress.com.  Comments and questions should be relevant to the specific Space Show program. Written Transcripts of Space Show programs are a violation of our copyright and are not permitted without prior written consent, even if for your own use. We do not permit the commercial use of Space Show programs or any part thereof, nor do we permit editing, YouTube clips, or clips placed on other private channels & websites. Space Show programs can be quoted, but the quote must be cited or referenced using the proper citation format. Contact The Space Show for further information. In addition, please remember that your Amazon purchases can help support The Space Show/OGLF. See http://www.onegiantleapfoundation.org/amazon.htm.   For those listening to archives using live365.com and rating the programs, please email me as to why you assign a specific rating to the show. This will help me bring better programming to the audience.

We welcomed Dr. Asif Siddiqi to the show.  During the first segment of our 1 hour 53 minute program, Dr. Siddiqi started out with my question about what was going on with space in 1946, the year I was born.  He talked about the early days of space programs from the war, the Soviet Union and the US.  We soon jumped forward to 1969, NASA, Apollo, the Moon, and how many of us from that era thought we were “entitled” to move forward in space to Mars and more.  Our guest had much to say about this space entitlement culture, expectations, and the realities of the time.  We talked about making giant leaps forward rather than a step by step evolving process of moving forward.  Listeners asked him who got the better deal after WW2 with the German rocket scientists, the Soviet Union or the US?  This opened the door to an extensive discussion about Dr. Wernher von Braun.  Asif talked about robotic exploration and the excellent work other space nations and agencies were doing in this field.  John in Ft. Worth called in talked about the impact of the failures of the Soviet Moon Rocket, the N-1.  Our guest and John also talked about the impact of not having competition in the Moon program and how that may have negatively influenced our space program going forward.  Dwayne called and we talked about many topics including the recently concluded Pioneering Space National Summit held in Washington, DC this past week to Mars One, the German rocket scientists after WW2, Arthur Rudolph and Karel Bossart of Atlas rocket fame.

In our second segment, John in Florida called to talk about the conspiracy theory that says the Germans purposely slowed progress on rockets.  This was refuted for other reasons that caused some delays in our program and Russian launching Sputnik before we launched our first satellite.  Next, we turned our attention to the Indian space program which is ambitious but Asif suggested that for now it may be exceeding its capabilities.  Our guest noted they were starting a human spaceflight program and that India was concerned with China and possibly competing with them in space.  The Indian military space program was mentioned as well.  Marshall called and talked about Elon and SpaceX.  Asif had some important things to say about SpaceX, commercial space and government programs.  As we were approaching the end of our program, I asked him what he thought the space history would reflect if written in 2025 for the past decade, the time from now to 2025.  Dr. Siddiqi said it was hard to look forward but he thought some form of Orion would be flying, was not sure about SLS given the proposed low flight rate and suggested ARM won’t happen.  He mentioned many other possibilities for this theoretical ten year time period .   Dwayne called back to comment on Asif’s earlier comments about corporate space programs and policies.  Asif mentioned books and subjects that he liked to review for historical purposes plus he said new historical documents were in such different formats than earlier documents he was not sure how this might influence or impact the work of future historians.  As the show ended, I asked him if thought the Moon would be as hard to return to as going to Mars might be for humans.  He said no because the barriers for going back to the Moon were low compared to Mars and other destinations.

Please post your comments/questions on TSS blog.  You can reach Dr. Asif Siddiqi through me.

Dr. Duane Graveline, Friday, 1-25-13 January 24, 2013

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Dr. Duane Graveline, Friday, 1-25-13

Co-Host Heather Archuletta

http://archived.thespaceshow.com/shows/1936-BWB-2013-01-25.mp3

Guests: Dr. Duane Graveline, Heather Archuletta.  Topics: Bed rest microgravity simulation studies. Dr. Graveline is the father of this research. Please direct all comments and questions regarding Space Show programs/guest(s) to the Space Show blog, https://thespaceshow.wordpress.com.  Comments and questions should be relevant to the specific Space Show program. Written Transcripts of Space Show programs are a violation of our copyright and are not permitted without prior written consent, even if for your own use. We do not permit the commercial use of Space Show programs or any part thereof, nor do we permit editing, YouTube clips, or clips placed on other private channels & websites. Space Show programs can be quoted, but the quote must be cited or referenced using the proper citation format. Contact The Space Show for further information.  We welcomed Dr. Duane Graveline to the program to discuss bed rest simulation microgravity studies, the early days of pioneering of his having pioneered this research, aerospace medicine and much more in our 1 hour 23 minute discussion. Dr. Graveline is the father of this research dating back to the late 1950s.  Please visit his website, www.spacedoc.com.  Heather Archuletta, the Pillownaut Astronaut, returned to co-host with me for this important discussion.  Check out Heather’s blog posts about Dr. Graveline and his work at http://pillownaut.blogspot.com/2013/01/the-bed-pilot-pioneer.html.  Dr. Graveline has allowed us to use two specific pictures referring to his pioneering work and both are on The Space Show blog per the above URL.  Picture 1 is Dr. Graveline’s water immersion tank and Picture 2 is the LBNP device. He discusses both of these in the program’s first segment.  Dr. Graveline started out with an overview of his early work, how he got into the field, his decision to join the Air Force and why this area of medicine interested him.  He explained his early bed rest tests and talked about the challenges with the test subjects. Heather and Dr. Graveline compared those early tests to those of today that Heather has participated in.  It was a fascinating compare and contrast, especially regarding the discipline of test subjects then and now. Dr. Graveline talked about water immersion, the aerospace lab he used, and his water immersion tank.  Don’t forget to check out the picture of it on the blog.  Dr. Graveline is looking through the window at the floating test subject.  Would you like to float as Dr. Graveline explained for one full week nonstop?  Throughout our discussion, Dr. Graveline told us many interesting and sometimes funny stories from his past like his visit to the Today Show and their wanting him to wear “flippers!”  Our guest described the low body negative pressure device (LBNP) which you can see in the second photo on the blog.  He talked about it, the old Soviet program, Mir and tilt table tests.  Dr. Graveline talked extensively about the Soviet program, how he was able to monitor much of their data, & he told us about Alexi Leonov when he had serious problems when caught outside his spaceship.  Many questions were asked about early animal studies, Laika, and more.  He told us how they were able to do blood pressure readings on dogs & the Soviets bragged about it since Dr. Graveline was able to figure out, copy, & improve the Soviet system.  Mice and centrifuge studies were discussed in some detail & Heather and Dr. Graveline had comprehensive discussions about exercise in the bed rest studies of today as compared to none in the early days of the studies. Dr. Graveline talked with Heather about his idea to abandon exercise in space so the astronauts could concentrate on their work, then return in a hydropod and rehab completely back on Earth for a few months.  You don’t want to miss this discussion or explanation from Dr. Graveline as to why this approach should be considered and tested by NASA.

     In the second segment, we talked about bone density issues and the applicability of space research and findings to terrestrial medical issues for people with this medical problem.  He was asked about a long duration HSF to Mars and he said the bigger problem was galactic radiation which he talked about in some detail.  He said that as of today, there are no mitigation tools for this problem.  The discussion went back and forth about water immersion and the use of the hydropod for returning astronauts & Heather talked about prohibitive costs & that immersion is not used today.  One of our UK listeners asked Dr. Graveline about his being part of Group 4 – The Scientists.  As this was the first astronaut group that was not composed of test pilots, our listener wanted to know about the selection process & getting more scientists to the Moon & on missions.  Dr. Graveline had much to say about this subject & shared with us some terrific & historical stories from the past.  He talked about Spacelab, astronaut Bill Pogue, & shared science stories with us.  During our program, Heather, with her bed rest study experience & her recruiting work (listen to her Space Show program on the studies she has recent completed at http://archived.thespaceshow.com/shows/1926-BWB-2013-01-08.mp3 from Jan. 8, 2013), contributed greatly to the discussion and Dr. Graveline was equally interested in talking with her about the program today as compared to the program he started decades ago.  Dr. Graveline’s book, “From Laika With Love: Secret Soviet Gifts to Apollo,” is still available. If you order it from Amazon using this link, Amazon will make a contribution to The Space Show/OGLF:  http://www.amazon.com/From-Laika-With-Duane-Graveline/dp/1424338700/ref=onegiantlea20.  Dr. Graveline was also asked about the use of his research today and if young scientists & researchers interested in the field still study his early work.  He said yes and talked about how much easier it was to do that today due to the internet.

     If you have questions/ comments for Dr. Duane Graveline or Heather Archuletta, post them on The Space Show blog per the URL above.  If you want to email Dr. Graveline or Heather, you can do so through me.  You can also comment and contact Heather through her blog which is mentioned earlier in this summary.

Here are Dr. Graveline’s photos discussed above:

Graveline Immersion Tank

Graveline Immersion Tank

 

Graveline LBNP Device

Graveline LBNP Device