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Dr. Julie Robinson, Monday, 12-21-15 December 22, 2015

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Dr. Julie Robinson, Monday, 12-21-15

http://archived.thespaceshow.com/shows/2609-BWB-2015-12-21.mp3

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Guest: Dr. Julie Robinson.  Topics:  The ISS and how it benefits humanity.  Please direct all comments and questions regarding Space Show programs/guest(s) to the Space Show blog, https://thespaceshow.wordpress.com.  Comments and questions should be relevant to the specific Space Show program. Written Transcripts of Space Show programs are a violation of our copyright and are not permitted without prior written consent, even if for your own use. We do not permit the commercial use of Space Show programs or any part thereof, nor do we permit editing, YouTube clips, or clips placed on other private channels & websites. Space Show programs can be quoted, but the quote must be cited or referenced using the proper citation format. Contact The Space Show for further information. In addition, please remember that your Amazon purchases can help support The Space Show/OGLF. See www.onegiantleapfoundation.org/amazon.htm.  For those listening to archives using live365.com and rating the programs, please email me as to why you assign a specific rating to the show. This will help me bring better programming to the audience.

We welcomed back to the program Dr. Julie Robinson, Chief Scientist for the ISS.  During the first segment of our 1 hour 25 minute program, I started the interview by asking our guest how research on the ISS benefits humanity.  Dr. Robinson told us about a special NASA website on this subject, www.nasa.gov/stationbenefits.com. You can freely download the NASA report on these benefits and contributions, “The International Space Station Benefits For Humanity, 2nd edition,” at https://www.nasa.gov/sites/default/files/atoms/files/jsc_benefits_for_humanity_tagged_6-30-15.pdf.  This website has terrific station information on it so I urge you to become familiar with it.  Our guest said that since 2011, there have been significant R&D benefits.  Dr. Robinson listed a few examples including the development and refining of ultra sound, drug work, mitigation strategies for Duchesne Muscular Dystrophy, protein crystal growth, the new discoveries regarding latent virus shredding, plus having tested the new drug, Prolia, for bone strengthening.  Listener Jackie wanted to know more about expansion plans.  Our guest mentioned the BEAM inflatable module experiment for the ISS in 2016 as one way to expand the ISS.  Our guest was asked about the priority of experiments given ISS participants are international and governed by a multi-nation ISS agreement.  Don’t miss how projects are selected and financed.  Helen sent in a note wanting to know how the ISS contributed to cleaning up global water supplies.  Dr. Robinson replied by talking about the powerful ISS observational role and close coordination with UN agencies that do help to clean up water supplies. Environmental monitoring mentioned as well.   Julie was asked about the possibility of ISS post 2024, the planned shut down date for the station.  She said the station was designed to last 30 years with good safety margins built into the design.  The actual shut down of the station will be made on a political and budgetary basis along with the station partners.  I asked her about the possibility of privatizing the station as many Space Show guests and listeners have advocated or even said would happen down the road. Our guest said the station was not designed to operate cheaply. When it was designed and built, it was pushing the edge of technology, design, engineering, and life support.  She suggested a private company would do much better developing a new station built upon what we have learned from many disciplines since the station was designed and built.  Dr. Robinson had more to say on this subject so don’t miss it.  Todd asked her about the use of robots on the station taking over most of the duties now performed by astronauts.  In short, she said that technology was not there yet, it was being worked on but it may be ten years or so out from now.  Before the break, a listener asked her about an earlier comments about the station not supporting humans to Mars.  Dr. Robinson corrected this listener.  As a National Lab, it is chartered to devote half its resources and budget to supporting humanitarian issues, projects and causes, and half to space exploration which would include Mars missions.

In the second segment, we discussed in more detail Earth Sciences, technology, education, and cognition experiments. For all these categories, our guest provided examples showing how these missions benefit humanity and the role the ISS played in them.  Listener Paul asked if the station had downward looking radar on it, then BJohn asked another question wondering how our guest would design the next station for a $100 billion dollar budget.  Julie said the station would not cost $100 billion, then she said the next station would likely be private, citing some additional examples to support her statement. Don’t miss what she had to say on this subject.  Animal experiments were mentioned, especially using mice.  She was asked about using other animals but she explained why mice and other rodents were the research animal of choice on land as well as in space.  In elaborating about technologies, she also cited many examples including one present in all our laptops as well as one involved in alloy manufacturing.  Regarding educational outreach, the ISS has many programs on a global basis but one she talked about was the one using ham radio operators to provide a link to talk to the station at various schools.  Space tourism on the station was discussed, so was commercial business including NanoRacks, and Chinese space station possibilities.  Near the end of the program, Dr. Robinson answered questions about the ISS budget and how to lower it.  Our guest offered us excellent closing comments.

Please post your comments/questions on The Space Show blog.  You can reach Dr. Robinson through The Space Show as well as her NASA website.

 

Eric Berger, Monday, 4-26-15 April 28, 2015

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Eric Berger, Monday, 4-26-15

http://archived.thespaceshow.com/shows/2462-BWB-2015-04-27.mp3

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Guest:  Eric Berger.  Topics:  Space policy, NASA’s future, commercial space, human spaceflight challenges, & lots more. Please direct all comments and questions regarding Space Show programs/guest(s) to the Space Show blog, https://thespaceshow.wordpress.com.  Comments and questions should be relevant to the specific Space Show program. Written Transcripts of Space Show programs are a violation of our copyright and are not permitted without prior written consent, even if for your own use. We do not permit the commercial use of Space Show programs or any part thereof, nor do we permit editing, YouTube clips, or clips placed on other private channels & websites. Space Show programs can be quoted, but the quote must be cited or referenced using the proper citation format. Contact The Space Show for further information. In addition, please remember that your Amazon purchases can help support The Space Show/OGLF. See www.onegiantleapfoundation.org/amazon.htm.  For those listening to archives using live365.com and rating the programs, please email me as to why you assign a specific rating to the show. This will help me bring better programming to the audience.

We welcomed Eric Berger to the program for a wide ranging discussion on US space policy, NASA, our space future, commercial space and more.  During the first segment of our 1 hour 37 minute show, Eric started the discussion by talking about his early interest in space, his contacting NASA as a child, getting back a great set of photos and other information and being hooked and excited about space ever since.  Some of the early topics in this segment included his surprise that we are not yet beyond low earth orbit with manned spaceflight, then he addressed why it is taking so long to go to Mars , why Mars is the next big step for humans and why going to Mars is so hard.  In his discussion of these topics, he referenced Elon Musk and the SpaceX Mars plans, even Mars One.  I asked Eric for his perspective on the NASA ARM mission which led to one of many discussion of NASA budget constraints and the idea that this or that project is all that can be done within the budget permitted by Congress.  Eric started getting lots of listener emails.  Jenkins wrote in saying that its not the budget that is the problems, the choices we make as a country regarding how we spend money that is the problem.  Eric then referenced the human spaceflight study released last year by the NRC regarding the likelihood that we will be living with tight NASA budgets for the foreseeable future.  Paul in New Mexico asked Eric about the impact of commercial space on policy and NASA.  Eric said it was an important impact so don’t miss his full statement.  Later in the segment, we talked about his seven part “Adrift” series last year and I asked him what his biggest surprise was in researching the articles for the series.  He said it was finding a shift in his view on SLS and that SLS could very well be an important part of our spaceflight future but that it needs to be funded to launch real programs.  He also said that maybe Falcon Heavy could do most of what SLS could do, especially in the Earth-Moon systems but that remains to be seen.  We then talked about the time it took to do various parts of Apollo compared to how much time it takes to do just about anything in space today.  Michael Listner called to talk about needing both NASA & commercial space and some realities involved in policy and space issues.  As the segment was ending, a Portland listener asked if competition with China might develop and force the US to spend more and do more in space.  Don’t miss Eric’s answer.

In the second segment, Eric was asked about space settlement being the goal and the purpose of our National Space Policy through a change in law per March Storm and other groups who are advocating this.  Eric was OK with space settlement but listen to his comments for the full context of his message.  He also said it was hard to figure out what to do with SLS but that some changes might be a full ten years out from today.  We talked about space technology advancements and then Gerald Driggers called in to say we had lots more work to do. For example, we talked about the need to fly a centrifuge in space to determine the gravity RX for humans.  The issue of the lack of space leadership came up from the White House down to the congress.  Many times our guest said it would take a change in leadership to get a change in space leadership but that just changing leadership does not mean the new leader(s) will care about or prioritize space.  Regarding commercial space, he went a bit deeper in this segment.  He said there was lots of commercial space activity but that NASA was still the center of it.  He made the case for the industry needing a broader base than just NASA.  I asked about a Europa mission and another listener asked he could articulate the Senator Ted Cruz view on space policy.  We talked timelines for humans to Mars and for a return to the Moon, he was asked if NASA should be eliminated in favor for a return to something like the old NACA, then Benny in Denver asked about the Texas spaceport facilities being developed for SpaceX and the Blue Origin facility.  As we neared the end of the program, Eric again stressed the difficulty in going to Mars, he looked back at our space history including Gemini 4, and he talked about the Obama policy from 2010 about not going back to the Moon though many in NASA do want to go back to the moon.  Bottom line was Mars around 2050.

Please post your comments/questions on The Space Show blog. You can reach Eric through me or the Houston Chronicle.

John Oehler, Sunday, 6-29-14 June 30, 2014

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John Oehler, Sunday, 6-29-14

http://archived.thespaceshow.com/shows/2270-BWB-2014-06-29.mp3

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 Guest:  John Oehler.  Topics:  We discussed the author’s new book, “Papyrus: A Thriller” along with 1983 space technologies, and more.  Please direct all comments and questions regarding Space Show programs/guest(s) to the Space Show blog, https://thespaceshow.wordpress.com.  Comments and questions should be relevant to the specific Space Show program. Written Transcripts of Space Show programs are a violation of our copyright and are not permitted without prior written consent, even if for your own use. We do not permit the commercial use ‘of Space Show programs or any part thereof, nor do we permit editing, YouTube clips, or clips placed on other private channels & websites. Space Show programs can be quoted, but the quote must be cited or referenced using the proper citation format. Contact The Space Show for further information. In addition, please remember that your Amazon purchases can help support The Space Show/OGLF. See http://www.onegiantleapfoundation.org/amazon.htm.  For those listening to archives using live365.com and rating the programs, please email me as to why you assign a specific rating to the show. This will help me bring better programming to the audience.

We welcomed John Oehler back to the program to discuss his new book,”Papyrus: A Thriller,” and some of the 1983 space technologies that contributed to the story.  During the first segment of this 90 minute discussion, Mr. Oehler responded to a few of my general questions regarding ground penetrating radar (GPR), book contests, and self-publishing.  Our guest then told us the story of writing this book, a project which was start and stop over many years.  He also explained why the 1983 setting.  We talked about Queen Tiye who was the mother of King Tutankhamen, the sun god focus, and how the Eritrean war of independence factored in to the story.  Without giving too much away, very early on we saw the use of modern technology and space based technology contributing to the story as a secret message was accidentally discovered to be under a papyrus written by Queen Tiye in the Cairo Museum.  John developed a very exciting way of getting the papyrus out of the museum to be scanned by high technology and from there the story goes back and forth from 1983 to the days of the 19th Dynasty and the focus on the sun god.  Our guest told us enough of the story to get us excited to read the entire book and having read it, I can tell you it’s a “you can’t put me down” type book to read.  One of the questions I asked our guest was could the story have been told or even worked had there been no space technology, specifically remote sensing.  John did not think it would have been written without that contribution.

In the second segment, we talked more about the sun god religion and what happened after the 30 year duration of the focus on the sun god.  I asked John about his next book, “Tepui,” which takes place in Venezuela.  Marshall called in to ask about the need for an author to actually have been to the ISS, the Moon, or Mars to write a good story just as John Oehler has been to the locations he writes about in his books.  We spent a good amount of time discussing this subject from the artist and craft perspective.  We even talked about the Mars Microphone idea and why that would be important for writing good stories about Mars.  More was said about both GPR and LIDAR and how they could be used to write a story based on Martian analysis and findings using these tools on Mars.  For more information about this book and all of John Oehler’s books, visit his website at http://johnoehler.com.  Remember to use the OGLF Amazon portal if you purchase this book through Amazon.

Please post all comments/questions on TSS blog.  You can reach our guest through his website or me.

Adam Brinckerhoff, Friday, 3-28-14 March 29, 2014

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Adam Brinckerhoff, Friday, 3-28-14

http://archived.thespaceshow.com/shows/2217-BWB-2014-03-28.mp3

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Guest:  Adam Brinckerhoff.  Topics:  SpaceUnited & space missions to benefit humanity.  Please direct all comments and questions regarding Space Show programs/guest(s) to the Space Show blog, https://thespaceshow.wordpress.com.  Comments and questions should be relevant to the specific Space Show program. Written Transcripts of Space Show programs are a violation of our copyright and are not permitted without prior written consent, even if for your own use. We do not permit the commercial use of Space Show programs or any part thereof, nor do we permit editing, YouTube clips, or clips placed on other private channels & websites. Space Show programs can be quoted, but the quote must be cited or referenced using the proper citation format. Contact The Space Show for further information. In addition, please remember that your Amazon purchases can help support The Space Show/OGLF. See http://www.onegiantleapfoundation.org/amazon.htm.  For those listening to archives using live365.com and rating the programs, please email me as to why you assign a specific rating to the show. This will help me bring better programming to the audience.

We welcomed Adam Brinckerhoff to discuss SpaceUnited (www.spaceunited.org).  During the first segment of our 1 hour 34 minute program, Mr. Brinckerhoff introduced us to SpaceUnited and told us about their three main programs, ExploraLab, Home-1, and Shim-1.  To learn more about these innovative participatory space programs, visit http://spaceunited.org/missions and click on each specific mission.  ExploraLab is a program where you can create your own experiment, fly it to the stratosphere in a balloon & have it returned to you.  Home-1, the Human Optimized Modular Environment program, seeks to improve human life by improving housing with technologies that are also beneficial off Earth.  The SHIM-1progject, the Satellite Humanitarian Imagery Mission, strives to purchase real-time and archive satellite photos for humanitarian efforts including emergency relief organizations and international human rights watchdogs.  During this segment, Adam explained how these programs work, how they are funded, and how the benefits are shared with those designated to receive the benefits.  SpaceUnited is a nonprofit organization that not only uses space technology, it implements space missions such as the three programs described above.  Listeners asked several email questions to explain the programs and also to inquire as to possible future programs.  Adam mentioned that for now, everyone associated with SpaceUnited was on a volunteer basis but that would change when warranted by company operations and growth.

In the second segment, questions about space tourism & other technologies came up.  Adam talked about a future program to bring internet service to poor nations around the world via satellite.  He said this was a long term goal for the company.  A listener email asked him to compare and contrast SpaceUnited plans with those of Facebook & Google to deliver worldwide wifi.  Later in the segment, we talked about the SpaceUnited blog and their use of Google + hangouts for a weekly interview show each Tuesday at 11:30 AM Mountain time.  These sessions cover topics such as asteroid mining, nanosat issues and more.  To find out more about these half hour programs, visit http://spaceunited.org/blog.  Later, we talked about their store and his offer to listeners to win an IPhone case over the next two weeks.  You can see the cases at http://www.cafepress.com/spaceunited/10837486.  Another product they offer is the mushroom kit (http://spaceunited.org/back-to-the-roots).  As we were nearing the end of our discussion, we talked about the impressive SpaceUnited Board of Advisors and Board of Directors, plus I asked him for their 3-5 year plan for growth and new projects.

Please post your comments/questions on TSS blog above.  You can contact Adam through me or use the Contact button in the upper right corner of their home page.

Mark Bray, Tuesday, 2-11-14 February 12, 2014

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Mark Bray, Tuesday, 2-11-14

http://archived.thespaceshow.com/shows/2185-BWB-2014-02-11.mp3

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Guest:  Mark Bray.  Topics:  Huntsville area space update, SLS from the inside, U.S. space policy, leadership issues. Please direct all comments and questions regarding Space Show programs/guest(s) to the Space Show blog, https://thespaceshow.wordpress.com.  Comments and questions should be relevant to the specific Space Show program. Written Transcripts of Space Show programs are a violation of our copyright and are not permitted without prior written consent, even if for your own use. We do not permit the commercial use of Space Show programs or any part thereof, nor do we permit editing, YouTube clips, or clips placed on other private channels & websites. Space Show programs can be quoted, but the quote must be cited or referenced using the proper citation format. Contact The Space Show for further information. In addition, please remember that your Amazon purchases can help support The Space Show/OGLF. See www.onegiantleapfoundation.org/amazon.htm.

We welcomed back Mark Bray for a Huntsville space area update and a unique view from the inside on SLS and U.S. space policy.  In the first segment of our 1 hour 49 minute discussion, Mark shared his personal assessment of the Huntsville area space economy, the moods of contractors and NASA workers, & the space IQ for the Huntsville general population.  For the most part, Mark reported stability but lots of uncertainty.  In contrast, the last time Mark did an area update for us, there were still layoffs happening, lots of uncertainty and personal stress, and stability was far from the scene.  We then switched to SLS which was a topic through most of the show because Mark is a contractor working on SLS.  Its important to note that Mark was speaking for himself on the program, not for his employer, NASA, or his fellow workers and area space employees.  Mark works in the SLS materials lab so we asked him all sorts of questions about the big rocket.  For example, I drilled him on the mood of SLS workers given they certainly had to know about the hate-love war going on over SLS within the space community.  Mark answered all these questions for us, including questions about possible competitive pressure from SpaceX.  We talked extensively about commercial space development and the need for commercial markets.  Mark spent some time on the issue of markets because without them, one has no viable commercial activity.  Mark then honed in on the problem of political leadership regarding space saying that NASA and related organizations were not the problem. This opened the door for multiple discussions during the balance of the program going after what Mark and I both thought was an absence of quality political leadership in the country and the partisan warfare between the two main parties preventing workable solutions for many if not all the nation’s problems.  Before the segment ended, I asked Mark about the Chinese lunar lander & robot and what people thought about it.  He said most were frustrated that we (the U.S.) was not doing more as we were not operating even close to our potential.

In the second segment, Doug called to ask about public/private partnerships, COTS like programs, and he talked about his Lunar Cots ideas.  Doug asked about reducing costs.  Mark seized the opportunity to again state that engineering technology & NASA management were not the real problems but that leadership issues in Washington were at the center of the problems.  John then called from Ft. Worth.  He wanted to talk about SLS cost numbers & asked Mark why it was so expensive given the assumption that much of it came from already developed projects including Ares components and more. Don’t miss what Mark had to say about this.  John then asked Mark for his personal thoughts on the news that SpaceX will build a rocket larger than the Saturn V in about ten years.  Again, don’t miss his answer.  Near the end of the show, in summary mode, Mark repeated that the biggest challenge was a market challenge.  What is the market? Is there a long term market? How big is the market?  As the show was ending, we asked Mark about the viability of human spaceflight.

Please post your comments/questions on TSS blog above.  You can reach Mark Bray through me.

Christopher (Chris) Stone, Sunday, 11-10-13 November 11, 2013

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Christopher (Chris) Stone, Sunday, 11-10-13

http://archived.thespaceshow.com/shows/2118-BWB-2013-11-10.mp3

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Guest:  Christopher Stone. Topics:  Space advocacy and National Security Space regarding Chinese and American perceptions on space deterrence.  Please direct all comments and questions regarding Space Show programs/guest(s) to the Space Show blog, https://thespaceshow.wordpress.com.  Comments and questions should be relevant to the specific Space Show program. Written Transcripts of Space Show programs are a violation of our copyright and are not permitted without prior written consent, even if for your own use. We do not permit the commercial use of Space Show programs or any part thereof, nor do we permit editing, YouTube clips, or clips placed on other private channels & websites. Space Show programs can be quoted, but the quote must be cited or referenced using the proper citation format. Contact The Space Show for further information. In addition, please remember that your Amazon purchases can help support The Space Show/OGLF. See www.onegiantleapfoundation.org/amazon.htm.

We welcomed Christopher (Chris) Stone to the program for a 1 hour 44 minute discussion on space advocacy and an analysis of his recent Space Review article, “Re-thinking the National Security Space Strategy: Chinese vs. American perceptions of space deterrence” which appeared on TSR November 4, 2013.  You can read the article at www.thespacereview.com/article/2395/1.  Don’t forget to read the comments associated with the article.  During our first segment, we mostly talked about space advocacy issues.  Chris was asked about advocacy groups both supporting and opposing SLS as an example of their possible effectiveness in influencing policy.  As you will hear, it seems that the influence regardless of the position is marginal.   Chris suggested that many advocacy groups are not that understanding as to who is in charge of space policy and how policy is made and how it works.  He talked about policy coming from the congressional side, the White House, and industry.  Often, both the Senate and House have at least a slightly different view of policy than the other policy participants.  We also talked about unrealistic advocacy expectations and priorities.

In the second segment, we talked about the article written by our guest for TSR per the URL above.  Chris provided his perspective on our space deterrence policy as well as his perspective on the Chinese program, plus he talked about the Chinese perspective based on his readings and work in the field.  Listeners asked questions such as the Chinese view on space settlement and their lunar plans.  Another listener asked about the policy prohibiting NASA from talking with their Chinese counterparts.  Doug called to talk about ASAT tests and the vulnerability of LEO, MEO, and GEO satellites.  This discussion took us to one about the goals of responsive space strategies.  Christ talked about space weapons and possible conflicts in and around space resource utilization.  He was asked about a possible China cislunar type of program and here he referred to a 2011 Chinese White Paper regarding space resources including space solar power.  As the program drew to a close, Chris was asked about other national space programs and his perspective on them in contrast to his thoughts on the China policy.  Don’t miss his closing comments.

Post your comments/questions on The Space Show blog per above.  You can contact Chris through me at drspace@thespaceshow.com.

Sara Meschberger, Monday, 6-24-13 June 25, 2013

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Sara Meschberger, Monday, 6-24-13

http://archived.thespaceshow.com/shows/2035-BWB-2013-06-24.mp3

 

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Guest:  Sara Meschberger;  Topics:  We discussed the NewSpace Conference 2013 from July 25-27 in San Jose, CA.  Please direct all comments and questions regarding Space Show programs/guest(s) to the Space Show blog, https://thespaceshow.wordpress.com.  Comments and questions should be relevant to the specific Space Show program. Written Transcripts of Space Show programs are a violation of our copyright and are not permitted without prior written consent, even if for your own use. We do not permit the commercial use of Space Show programs or any part thereof, nor do we permit editing, YouTube clips, or clips placed on other private channels & websites. Space Show programs can be quoted, but the quote must be cited or referenced using the proper citation format. Contact The Space Show for further information. In addition, please remember that your Amazon purchases can help support The Space Show/OGLF. See www.onegiantleapfoundation.org/amazon.htm.  For those of you interested in the opportunity to submit feedback on the NRC congressionally mandated Human Spaceflight Study, please go to www.nationalacademies.org/humanspaceflight.  Please remember that your Amazon Purchases Can Help Support The Space Show/OGLF (http://www.onegiantleapfoundation.org/amazon.htm).

We welcomed Sara Meschberger to the program for the first hour to discuss the upcoming NewSpace Conference, July 25-27 at the DoubleTree Hotel in San Jose, CA.  For more information about the conference, including online registration, visit http://newspace.spacefrontier.org.  During the first hour of our 1 hour 8 minute program, Sara took us through the highlights for this year’s conference including panel topics, keynote speakers, and panel speakers.  You can follow along with us by using the Agenda and Speakers tabs on the NewSpace 2013 website.  This is a single track conference with lots of networking and social activities.  Sara answered many listener email questions about the conference.  For example, it will be live streamed and archived for those of you unable to attend in person.  The Saturday evening event is the 25th Anniversary Black-Tie Birthday Party for SFF and special programming and an MC are planned.  During our discussion, Sara was asked about recent trends for the NewSpace Conference and the Business Plan Competition which will be held in the fall with prizes totaling $135,000!  Toward the end of our hour discussion, Sara was asked about her experiences with SEDS and similarities with SFF & the NewSpace focus on commercial and private space, plus a listener wanted to know how Sara got her interest in space.  Sara’s space history was fascinating starting at a very early age and including building and flying rockets plus astronomy.  Before our program ended, we talked about the NewSpace Exhibit Hall, Media Alerts for the conference, & advocacy outreach and support.  After our hour long discussion, I returned for about eight minutes to go over some of the details for upcoming Space Show programming, including an added show this week for Wednesday morning and that there would be no Hotel Mars segment this week regarding my appearances on The John Batchelor Show.

If you have comments or questions about this year’s NewSpace 2013 Conference or for Sara, not only can you post them on The Space Show blog above.  You can also email Sara at sara.meschberger@spacefrontier.org.

Walt Anderson, Friday, 10-5-12 October 5, 2012

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Walt Anderson, Friday, 10-5-12

http://archived.thespaceshow.com/shows/1866-BWB-2012-10-05.mp3

Guest:  Walter (Walt) Anderson.  Topics:  Walt rejoins the space community after seven plus years & talks about it all!  You are invited to comment, ask questions, and discuss the Space Show program/guest(s) on the Space Show blog, https://thespaceshow.wordpress.com. Comments, questions, and any discussion must be relevant and applicable to Space Show programming. Transcripts of Space Show programs are not permitted without prior written consent from The Space Show (even if for personal use) & are a violation of the Space Show copyright. NOTE:  Walt’s comments and opinions are his and his alone, some may be controversial, & some of you may be offended. As I said at the end of the program & on various blog posts during the week before this program, The Space Show believes Mr. Anderson has as much right to speak freely on The Space Show as any other guest.  We strongly believe in second chances for people and new beginnings.  We are an educational program and we air all sides of complicated issues & do not shy away from controversy.  Walt Anderson is not an exception to Space Show policy.  On a personal note, I wish Walt great success in his new ventures and in fulfilling his deep commitment to expanding space for the benefit of us all.  All listeners are encouraged & welcome to post comments about this program on The Space Show blog with civility being the only requirement for your comments.
     During the first segment of our discussion, I asked Walt to tell us how the space industry has changed during his absence from the business.  Walt talked about many changes for the better, noting the change in government policy which is now supportive of the private space industry.  A listener asked him about his thoughts on NewSpace being ready for prime time investment. Walt had much to say on this topic & specifically mentioned three prime areas including resource usage & asteroid mining/capture, SSP, & space habitats.  From this discussion, Walt talked about management team importance & quality.  Walt was asked about technology changes & his getting up to speed with new technology.  He had interesting things to say so don’t miss it.  Next, our discussion took a different turn as Ben asked about movie & TV prison stereotypes, prison friends, running the “biz” from prison, etc.  Walt spoke openly and directly in response to Ben’s questions.  He also had much to say about prisoner treatment in our federal prison system.  Carl emailed in to ask Walt about federal liens against him & what happens to any new monies raised for new business ventures.  Does the government seize such funds raised?  Walt openly addressed these concerns.
     In our second segment, Trent from Down Under asked about the upcoming SpaceX mission to the ISS and Nanoracks.  From here we started talking about MirCorp & the efforts to privately buy Mir, Walt’s role in that, what happened with NASA, Dan Goldin, even Dennis Tito.  Walt discussed the electrostatic tether project & what happened just a day too late.  Rick Tumlinson called & also talked about Mir, Dennis Tito, & this early commercial attempt to buy the Mir Space Station.  At my request, Rick told us about his new Earthlight Institute project.  Near the end, Walt was asked about suborbital space developments & citizen science projects.  Final discussion topics included his preference for either human spaceflight or commercial robotic missions, asteroid and lunar mining, & NASA budget issues.  Walt left us with a set of thoughtful concluding comments so make sure you hear them.
     Please post your comments/questions on The Space Show Blog.  If you want to email Walt, do so through me & I will forward your note to him.

Dr. John Jurist, Dr. Haym Benaroya, & DrSpace, Monday, 4-9-12 April 9, 2012

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Dr. John Jurist, Dr. Haym Benaroya, & DrSpace, Monday, 4-9-12

http://archived.thespaceshow.com/shows/1748-BWB-2012-04-09.mp3

Guests:  Dr. John Jurist, Dr. Haym Benaroya.  Topics:  Space policy ideas as presented in our Op-Ed & Open Letter which you can read on The Space Show blog.  You are invited to comment, ask questions, and discuss the Space Show program/guest(s) on the Space Show blog, https://thespaceshow.wordpress.com. Comments, questions, and any discussion must be relevant and applicable to Space Show programming. Transcripts of Space Show programs are not permitted without prior written consent from The Space Show (even if for personal use) & are a violation of the Space Show copyright.  We welcomed back Drs. Jurist and Benaroya to discuss our two articles to be published regarding U.S. space policy.  You can read the drafts of these two articles on The Space Show blog per the URL above for this particular program and date.  We are asking for your constructive feedback, comments, and questions as our intention is to refine both letters and submit them for publication.  All comments and feedback are welcome but the most useful feedback will offer suggestions for how to make our letters more effective in fostering space policy that supports economic, STEM, and space program growth on the civil side as well as on the private, entrepreneurial, & commercial side.  In addition, The Space Show suggests that listeners write their own 1,000 word Op-Ed and submit it to The Space Show.  I will put it up on the blog, plus offer you time on The Space Show to articulate your perspective and views. We know that some of you will disagree with what we have said and we do want your contribution to the discussion as you will hear during this program.  So do join in on the overall space policy debate.  Don’t just sit on the sidelines, get your ideas out there to advance the discussion.  During our discussion which was 90 minutes without a break, the three of us explained why we decided to write and publish our thoughts on space policy and our future in space, plus we went into some detail as to the content of leach letter.  We fielded several listener questions which offered suggestions as well as critiques of both our approach and our content.  Several of the listener comments offered no suggestions for making the letters more effective, opting instead to tell us where we were going wrong.  Please post your comments, suggestions, and feedback on the blog.  Any emails sent directly to me regarding our letters and this discussion will be posted on the blog in your name without any editing on my part.  If you want to send an email to Dr. Jurist or Dr. Benaroya, please send it to me at drspace@thespaceshow.com and I will gladly forward it for you.

1.  9 April 2012 – Open Letter to Our Government

2.  9 April 2012 – The United States at the Crossroads

Don Kessler, Dr. Darren McKnight, Tuesday, 2-7-12 February 8, 2012

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Don Kessler, Dr. Darren McKnight, Tuesday, 2-7-12

http://archived.thespaceshow.com/shows/1707-BWB-2012-02-07.mp3

Guests:  Donald J. Kessler, Dr. Darren McKnight.  Topics:  The National Research Council  report: Limiting Future Collision Risk to Spacecraft: An Assessment of NASA’s Meteoroid and Orbital Debris Programs (http://www.nap.edu/catalog.php?record_id=13244). You are invited to comment, ask questions, and discuss the Space Show program/guest(s) on the Space Show blog, https://thespaceshow.wordpress.com.  Comments, questions, and any discussion must be relevant and applicable to Space Show programming. Transcripts of Space Show programs are not permitted without prior written consent from The Space Show (even if for personal use) & are a violation of the Space Show copyright.  We welcomed Donald (Don) Kessler and Dr. Darren McKnight to the program to discuss the above mentioned NRC orbital debris report.  Mr. Kessler started us out with the background and reasons for the current NRC study.  He directed us to the list of goals on P. 3 of the report, a list that we talked about during the entire program.  In this introductory discussion, he talked about space policy and the need to clean the space environment, saying mitigation was insufficient on its own.  In talking about the structure, organization and work of the committee doing the study, our guests provided us with a comprehensive description of the space debris problem, the types of technologies being considered for use in addressing the problem, and time lines for LEO, MEO, & GEO intervention.  Listeners asked about behavior in response to comments made by our guests for rules of the road and we took a hard look at intentional acts as compared to behavior out of ignorance or not understanding the problem.  Insurance rates and our decades long history of space activity was made part of the analysis  Some debris technologies and counter measures were talked about such as tethers, satellite drag devices, radar and its issues, and more. I asked both our guests if we were at a point where commercial/entrepreneurial businesses could take hold regarding debris cleanups.  As you will hear, we are getting close but not quite there yet.  Our guests gave us many examples to illustrate the points they were making in this discussion.  As related to the comments on behavior, caller Jon brought up Game Theory along with the Tragedy of the Commons.  One of the main points made throughout the program was that there were lots of variables and uncertainties in how best to deal with debris issues.  The uncertainties make it far more difficult for companies to take action and for policy to be made.  This is a discussion you do not want to miss.  Later, Alistair called in with concern for MEO debris and collisions.  One of his questions concerned potential damage to SSP materials from debris impact.  Our guests had much to say about this issue which might just be an SSP show stopper!  Throughout the first segment, we talked about the need for a NASA & other agency budget increase for cleaning up the space environment, space cleanup expenses, who might pay for them and also the Kessler Syndrome and that even if there were no new launches, the debris issue would continue escalating. 

In our second segment, John called in wondering if down the road using RLVs would help the problem given there would be less space junk hardware left in obit.  As you will hear, it helps but it is not a solution to the debris problem.  During this shorter segment, other ideas were mentioned in the context of their applicability to LEO or another location.  Near the end of the program, Darren said it comes down to paying now or paying much more later. 

Please post your comments/questions for our guests on The Space Show blog.