Dr. Ian Crawford, Friday, 5-29-15 May 30, 2015Posted by The Space Show in Uncategorized.
Tags: "Lunar Resources: A Review, 3D Printing, asteroid resource usage., cis-lunar development, Dr. Haym Benaroya, Dr. Ian Crawford, HE3, inflatable structures, international space policy, legal framework for lunar operations, LRO, lunar commercial operations, lunar dust, lunar exploration, lunar habitat, lunar mining equipment, lunar nitrogen., lunar remote sensing, lunar scientific potential, lunar water ice, Mars, PGM, polar volatiles, robotics, solar wind, The Global Exploration Strategy, The International Space Exploration Coordination Group, U.S. space leadership
Dr. Ian Crawford, Friday, 5-29-15
Dr. Haym Benaroya, Co-host
Download his paper here: http://www.homepages.ucl.ac.uk/~ucfbiac/Lunar_resources_review_preprint_accepted_manuscript.pdf
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Guests: Dr. Ian Crawford, Dr. Haym Benaroya. Topics: Lunar resource and policy. Please direct all comments and questions regarding Space Show programs/guest(s) to the Space Show blog, https://thespaceshow.wordpress.com. Comments and questions should be relevant to the specific Space Show program. Written Transcripts of Space Show programs are a violation of our copyright and are not permitted without prior written consent, even if for your own use. We do not permit the commercial use of Space Show programs or any part thereof, nor do we permit editing, YouTube clips, or clips placed on other private channels & websites. Space Show programs can be quoted, but the quote must be cited or referenced using the proper citation format. Contact The Space Show for further information. In addition, please remember that your Amazon purchases can help support The Space Show/OGLF. See www.onegiantleapfoundation.org/amazon.htm. For those listening to archives using live365.com and rating the programs, please email me as to why you assign a specific rating to the show. This will help me bring better programming to the audience.
We welcomed Dr. Ian Crawford to the program to discuss his work and paper “Lunar Resources: A Review.” This paper can be found on The Space Show blog for this date and show, https://thespaceshow.wordpress.com. In addition, Dr. Haym Benaroya co-hosted the program with me. During the first segment of our 1 hour 20 minute discussion, Dr. Crawford explained the motivation behind his research plus I asked him about any surprises he came upon during his research. Two areas that surprised him included Platinum Group Metals (PGM) and helium three (HE3). He referred to HE3 several times but he discussed it in more detail in the second segment so I will defer until then. We talked at length as to why the Moon was of interest. He talked about the scientific value of the Moon as well as learning how to do things in space that we will need later on gong to Mars or other destinations. He said the Moon was resource rich but that we were only beginning to learn what we can do on the Moon and how to benefit from its resources. Both our guests were asked if we were nearing the maximum point of benefit for remote sensing lunar operations. The answer was yes but we were not there yet as more improvements in HD resolution and other areas are yet to be realized. That said, robotic lunar exploration is now available as is human exploration. Both Haym and Ian said the format for lunar exploration would likely need to be public private partnerships, even with international missions. They also said we need to start doing it now. Haym said it was a bootstrap type of process and Ian said it was a learn as you do process. On the job lunar training! Haym also mentioned that 3D printing and robotic systems would lead the way before humans. He also suggested they might evolve to the point that they can do construction so astronauts going to the Moon do not have to be “construction workers.” As the segment was ending, Ian was asked about the needed legal infrastructure to commercialize lunar resources. He had much to say about this before the segment ended. As the segment was ended, an 11th hour question was asked about making rocket fuel from water ice & could we do it today.
In the second segment, Doug from S. California called & wanted to know if there was any resource needed for settlement on the Moon that was completely lacking or unavailable on the Moon. Ian said it was a complicated answer given that a resource might be there but the needed energy to use it might make it impractical. He said for a long time to come we would be making things on Earth and importing Earth products to the Moon but as Haym said earlier, it would be a bootstrapping and learn as you go and do process. Ian then talked about the solar wind and its deposits of material in the lunar soil such as nitrogen, HE3 and more. He talked some about polar ice, then told us why he did not think there was an economic case for HE3 and that its claims were vastly overstated. Doug got in a question about inflatable lunar structures and Haym said they would need to be made rigid but otherwise a good way to start. Doug did not like the Caterpillar analogy for lunar mining equipment given such equipment would not look like Earth equipment, especially since here on Earth equipment works in 1G. We talked about the likelihood that companies like Caterpillar would still have their orange paint and logo on the Moon because if there was an equipment business case to be made, existing companies would likely want to compete in that market & Caterpillar is an industry leader. Near the end of the discussion, Frank sent in a question asking him about his comments in his paper about cis-lunar being the first market available for exploitation. Ian responded to Frank’s question so don’t miss the answer. Jane emailed in asking if there was a resource case to be made for HSF to Mars. Another Frank emailed in from Dallas asking about U.S. space leadership and could the international community carry on a robust lunar development program with the U.S. sitting on the sidelines. Dr. Crawford talked for some time addressing this issue. He also pointed to additional resources by checking out the Global Exploration Strategy and The International Space Exploration Coordination Group. The latter has a document on its website outlining the major benefits of space exploration, www.globalspaceexploration.org/wordpress/wp-content/uploads/2013/10/Benefits-Stemming-from-Space-Exploration-2013.pdf. Before the program ended, he was asked about using asteroid resources so don’t miss his response on this timely topic. In closing comments, Haym made the case for the Moon being the logical next step on our space development timeline. Ian supported those comments adding even more rational to what Dr. Benaroya said.
Please post your comments/questions on The Space Show blog above. You can reach Dr. Crawford or Dr. Benaroya through their university websites or me.
Tags: " Mars human spaceflight missions, " SpaceX, "Pathways to Exploration: Rationales and Approaches for a U.S. Program of Human Space Exploration, Dr. Frank Martin, GCRs, ISS, Moon, NASA budgets, National Research Council, private space development to Mars., space settlement, U.S. space leadership
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The John Batchelor Show Hotel Mars, Wednesday, 7-2-14
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Guests: John Batchelor, Dr. Frank Martin, Dr. David Livingston. Topics: The NRC study “Pathways to Exploration: Rationales and Approaches for a U.S. Program of Human Space Exploration.” You are invited to comment, ask questions, and discuss the Space Show program/guest(s) on the Space Show blog. Comments, questions, and any discussion must be relevant and applicable to Space Show programming. Written Transcripts of Space Show programs are not permitted without prior written consent from The Space Show (even if for personal use) & are a violation of the Space Show copyright. We do not permit the commercial use of any Space Show program or part thereof, nor do we permit Space Show programs to be edited, placed on YouTube, or other private channels & websites. Space Show programs can be quoted in news articles, papers, academic & research work but must be cited or referenced in the proper citation format. Contact Dr. Livingston for questions about our copyright and trademark policies which we do enforce.This program is archived on The Space Show website, podcasting, and blog sites with permission from John Batchelor. Please visit the John Batchelor Show website for more information about this fine program, www.johnbatchelorshow.com. Remember, your Amazon Purchases Can Help Support The Space Show/OGLF (www.onegiantleapfoundation.org/amazon.htm). For those of you listening to archives on live365.com & rating the programs, please email me the reasons for your rating. This will definitely help improve Space Show programming. Thank you.
We welcomed to Hotel Mars Dr. Frank Martin who was part of the study team for the National Research Council’s “Pathways to Exploration: Rationales and Approaches for a U.S. Program of Human Space Exploration” study. You can download a free copy of the 280 page report as a pdf document at www.nap.edu/catalog.php?record_id=18801. Dr. Martin introduced us to the report which focused on the goal of human spaceflight to Mars. During our Hotel Mars summary of the report and related issues, we discussed the problems with constrained budgets, the risks it poses for our human spaceflight program, and the leadership vacuum it creates in the U.S. human spaceflight program. John asked Dr. Martin about radiation, the use of the ISS, using the Moon to facilitate Mars, and the incremental approach to going to Mars. At the end of the 11.5 minute segment, Dr. Martin was asked about the private sector doing the Mars human spaceflight mission, particularly SpaceX.
Please post any comments/questions you might have on The Space Show blog. You can contact any of us through firstname.lastname@example.org.
Steven Wolfe, Monday, 7-8-13 July 9, 2013Posted by The Space Show in Uncategorized.
Tags: "The Obligation, Endowments, Law of Space Abundance, NASA, self-publishing, space advocacy, space passion, space settlement, Space Settlement Act, space settlement debate, Steven Wolfe, U.S. Congress & space, U.S. space leadership, U.S. space policy
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Steven Wolfe, Monday, 7-8-13
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Guest: Steven Wolfe. Topics: Space Settlement, “The Obligation: A Novel.” Please direct all comments and questions regarding Space Show programs/guest(s) to the Space Show blog, https://thespaceshow.wordpress.com. Comments and questions should be relevant to the specific Space Show program. Written Transcripts of Space Show programs are a violation of our copyright and are not permitted without prior written consent, even if for your own use. We do not permit the commercial use of Space Show programs or any part thereof, nor do we permit editing, YouTube clips, or clips placed on other private channels & websites. Space Show programs can be quoted, but the quote must be cited or referenced using the proper citation format. Contact The Space Show for further information. In addition, please remember that your Amazon purchases can help support The Space Show/OGLF. See www.onegiantleapfoundation.org/amazon.htm Please remember that your Amazon Purchases Can Help Support The Space Show/OGLF (http://www.onegiantleapfoundation.org/amazon.htm).
We welcomed back Steve Wolfe to discuss his new book, “The Obligation.” Visit www.theobligatonbook.com for more information. During the first segment of our 1 hour 26 minute program, Steve talked with us about his passion for space settlement, how he developed his interest in the field which eventually enabled him to draft the Space Settlement Act which was eventually signed into law by President Reagan. He told us the core idea for his new book came to him in 2002 with certain insights allowing him both the realization and understanding that part of our DNA was hard wired to moving toward getting us off Earth and establishing space settlement as a reality. Don’t miss what Steve had to say about this. Steve then talked about the book and took us through a few of the Endowments (there are eight in total). Several listeners sent him email questions and Bob Krone in particular asked about his plans for implementing his vision. Eric emailed in wanting details and information about self-publishing a book, then Steve explained to the listeners certain special offers he was making available to Space Show listeners. Listen carefully for the coupon codes Steve provided as you will need them for ordering the book. The Kindle version can also be ordered through The Space Show/OGLF Amazon arrangement & Amazon will then make a contribution to us. Follow the Amazon links & instructions in our archive summaries, on the blog, The Space Show website, and on the OGLF website. Toward the end of the first segment, we lost Steve’s phone connection twice & you will hear these glitches. We apologize in advance for these disruptions.
In the second segment, listener Curt emailed in several questions including wanting to know what had influenced Steve in his writing of the book. In addition to Steve mentioning the Overview Effect, he mentioned the works of others and the references in the book for more specific citations. Curt also asked him how he can convince people regarding space settlement. Another listener emailed in wanting to know if Steve’s space settlement vision included destination priorities. Steve said that it did not though he did admit to having a personal preference for returning to the Moon. Ken wanted to know about the importance of space settlement in light of our tight economy, then Bob wanted to know what might happen if we do not accept the Law of Space Abundance. We had quite a discussion on this issue and related issues, including my short rant regarding the question with my response to i. As the program was ending, Steve gave us his takeaways for the book & he offered us a “tease” for his next book.
Please post your comments/questions on The Space Show blog. Steven can be reached through is website or via email@example.com.
Tags: cryogenic propellant transfer, Falcon Heavy, GEO, Hu Davis, ISS, KIBO Japanese ISS Module, LEO, NASA, nuclear propulsion, orbital refueling, public opinion, Return to the Moon, reusable launch vehicles, SLS, space education, space infrastructure, space policy, space policy advisors, Space Shuttle, space solar power, SRBs, SSP economics, SSP engineering, U.S. congress, U.S. space leadership, William (Bill) Ketchum
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Hu Davis and William (Bill) Ketchum, Sunday, 5-5-13
Guests: Hu Davis & William (Bill) Ketchum. Topics: Space infrastructure, SSP, SLS, Falcon Heavy, reusability, space policy and U.S. space leadership. Please direct all comments and questions regarding Space Show programs/guest(s) to the Space Show blog, https://thespaceshow.wordpress.com. Comments and questions should be relevant to the specific Space Show program. Written Transcripts of Space Show programs are a violation of our copyright and are not permitted without prior written consent, even if for your own use. We do not permit the commercial use of Space Show programs or any part thereof, nor do we permit editing, YouTube clips, or clips placed on other private channels & websites. Space Show programs can be quoted, but the quote must be cited or referenced using the proper citation format. Contact The Space Show for further information.
We welcomed Hu Davis and Bill Ketchum to the program to discuss the need for space infrastructure development, SSP, and a space leadership policy by the United States. In the first segment of our 91 minute program, we talked about the need for space infrastructure development, reusable rockets, and space solar power. Our guest Hu Davis has a Power Point presentation on SSP that will be uploaded to The Space Show blog summary so don’t forget to check it out on the blog. I will also upload to the blog Bill Ketchum’s pdf paper, “What Will America Do In Space Now?” We discussed the history of various space infrastructure studies and efforts and the same for SSP studies, pointing out how new technologies, engineering methodologies, and sophisticated manufacturing have made many projects cost effective today when that was not the case years ago. Our guests fielded several questions from listeners about the SSP business case, reusability and the SLS compared to the Falcon Heavy. Doug asked about the use of in space resources & our guests suggested that for SSP for example, using in space resources could account for 90% SSP components. Questions were asked about the land cost and the use of rectennas.
In our second segment, we talked about nuclear propulsion and tax/economic subsidies to our current terrestrial energy industry which make it harder to develop SSP. We talked about the problem and the lack of viability for SLS. Questions came in regarding on orbit propellant transfer and cryogenic transfer development. As our program was ending, our guests talked about space education outreach, persuading congressional leaders and the public to support space infrastructure development, SSP , and more.
Please post your comments/questions for our guests on The Space Show blog and I will make sure they know about them. You can email either of our guests through me at Drspace@thespaceshow.com.
Dr. William Bainbridge, Friday, 2-8-13 February 6, 2013Posted by The Space Show in Uncategorized.
Tags: CCI Games, citizen science, Dr. William Bainbridge, EVE Online, frontier development, Galaxy Zoo, gaming, JPL, NASA, NASA story telling, nuclear propulsion, pioneering, science fiction, Sean Smith (Vile Rat), space economic issues, Space Futures Space Survey, space industry knowledge and perceptions, space policy, The Committee for the Future, the next fifty years in space, The Syncon Process, U.S. space leadership, Vile Rat., virtual reality
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Dr. William Bainbridge, Friday, 2-8-13
Guest: Dr. William Bainbridge. Topics: The Space Futures Space Questionnaire about space exploration and the next fifty years. Please direct all comments and questions regarding Space Show programs/guest(s) to the Space Show blog, https://thespaceshow.wordpress.com. Comments and questions should be relevant to the specific Space Show program. Written Transcripts of Space Show programs are a violation of our copyright and are not permitted without prior written consent, even if for your own use. We do not permit the commercial use of Space Show programs or any part thereof, nor do we permit editing, YouTube clips, or clips placed on other private channels & websites. Space Show programs can be quoted, but the quote must be cited or referenced using the proper citation format. Contact The Space Show for further information.
We welcomed Dr. William Bainbridge to the program to discuss the Space Futures project which is to help define the future of space our space program for the next fifty years. Perceptions of informed, interested, and space conscious individuals are sought for the Space Futures space questionnaire. The questionnaire is based on years of prior research conducted by Dr. Bainbridge as well as other more recent surveys. You can read about the Space Future Questionnaires (different platforms are available for it) at http://convergentsystems.pbworks.com/w/page/16444389/FrontPage. If you use the Droid platform, click on the links that allow you download a free Droid APP which enables you to instantly transmit your survey responses to the survey data base. For everyone else, you can download the survey as a Word document which you can complete online and email to Dr. Bainbridge. The Word document questionnaire with 300 questions is at http://convergentsystems.pbworks.com/w/file/62227159/Space%20email%20survey.doc. Make sure you click on the DOWNLOAD tab in the upper left corner. There is a shorter 200 question Word document questionnaire on The Space Show blog. During our discussion, Dr. Bainbridge provided us with the history of this project, how the information has been and is now collected, processed, and used. We also talked about the importance of space aware people taking the time to complete the questionnaire. Lots of listeners asked Dr. Bainbridge questions about who should participate from Middle School students to those in the general population to people outside the U.S. All groups are welcome but as you will hear, it is very important to get the perceptions and opinions of those that have knowledge and expertise about space exploration and development. We talked about question groupings such as around topics including the Moon or Mars. We discussed changing trends overtime and current influences on our opinions such as today’s economic problems. I brought up the decades old Syncon Process and how some attitudes and perceptions are even stronger today than they were decades ago with Syncon. For example, attitudes including space benefitting all of humanity and more. This topic took us toward the virtual world, gaming to help increase space awareness and expertise. I mentioned the recent discussion re the lunar space elevator program this past Monday regarding CCI Games in Iceland. This was our cliff hanger as we went to our break waiting for Dr. Bainbridge’s comments about his being involved with CCI Games.
In our second segment of this 1 hr. 45 minute program, Dr. Bainbridge talked about his research with the CCI gaming product, EVE Online as he plays the game. He had much to say about the space awareness of this game and the team in Iceland that created it. He also said that Sean Smith, one of those slain in the terrorist attack in Benghazi, Libya was a player of EVE Online. His game name was “Vile Rat” and there is a huge outpouring of support and comments about him on the internet. Google Vile Rat to see these comments & news stories. We talked about other scientific games and new technologies for developing a space consciousness and expertise about space exploration. We talked about space and innovation along with frontier development, pioneering & what it means to both continue it or stop it for the future of a nation. John called to talk with Dr. Bainbridge about his surprise in taking the survey in finding out he was potentially more pessimistic about the future than he had thought he was because like so many others, he had expectations for more advancement in space exploration, development, even settlement than what exists with our present day reality. Dr. Bainbridge helped put these thoughts and realizations into context with our actual space exploration and development over the past decades. It’s a fascinating discussion and analysis, don’t miss it. Near the end of the program, a listener asked how to realize space as an investment rather than just another government expense item. We talked about better story telling by everyone concerned. Dr. Bainbridge also linked the survey questionnaires to this question because the results will help pinpoint our space insights along with the value stream. While there is a March 1 questionnaire due date, this is not a hard date and Dr. Bainbridge encouraged people to participate, even if later than March 1. Also, if someone wants hard copies of the questionnaire to distribute at a space conference or other event, perhaps even a Meetup, you can contact him for copies or you can download the questionnaire from the links provided above. Another idea is to make a simple flyer with the basic information and the URLs for space or related event distribution. I did the 300 questionnaire Word document and can’t wait to see the analysis. I certainly plan on bringing Dr. Bainbridge back to the program to discuss the project findings.
Please post your comments/questions on the blog. If you do the questionnaire, share your thoughts with us on the blog. If you want to contact Dr. Bainbridge, you can do so through me at firstname.lastname@example.org.
The shorter 200 question survey is available for download here:
Mark Bray, Monday, 12-12-11 December 12, 2011Posted by The Space Show in Uncategorized.
Tags: aerospace liability issues, aerospace standards, ANC- Bulletin, ATK, Braynstorms.com, civility, Commercial Space Launch Amendments Act of 2004, Dr. Mike Griffin, Federal Acquisition Rules (FAR), Ford Motor Co. standards, government procurement., Henry Ford, Liberty Launch Vehicle, Mark Bray, Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC)., MIL-HDBK-17, Mil-HDBK-5, NASA, NASA standards, NewSpace, Professional Engineer title (PE), Space Shuttle, Space X, testing methods, U.S. space leadership
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Mark Bray, Monday, 12-12-11
GuestSearch: Mark Bray. Topics: Aerospace engineering standards. You are invited to comment, ask questions, and discuss the Space Show program/guest(s) on the Space Show blog, https://thespaceshow.wordpress.com. Comments, questions, and any discussion must be relevant and applicable to Space Show programming. Transcripts of Space Show programs are not permitted without prior written consent from The Space Show (even if for personal use) & are a violation of the Space Show copyright. The Space Show/OGLF is now engaged in its annual fundraising drive. Please see & act upon our appeal at https://thespaceshow.wordpress.com/2011/11/21/space-show-2011-fundraising-campaign. We welcomed Mark Bray back to the program to discuss standards for NASA and the aerospace engineering field. You can also check out Mark’s blog at http://braynstorms.com as was mentioned near the end of this two hour discussion. Also, The White Paper referred to in our discussion, “Achieving Innovation and Affordability Through Standardization of Materials Development and Testing” can be downloaded from http://braynstorms.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/12/Achieving-Innovation-and-Affordability.pdf. NOTE THAT MR. BRAY IS SPEAKING FOR HIMSELF DURING THIS INTERVIEW. HE IS NOT SPEAKING FOR NASA, ANY CONTRACTOR OR ANY OTHER PARTY. As we began our discussion with Mark, we talked about the situation at Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) and Huntsville in terms of projects, employees, moods, morale, etc. Mark was comprehensive in his perspective, even talking about ATK, New Space and government procurement as well as the FAR. Mark then shifted to standards and talked quite a bit about testing methods and why standards are needed. Listeners asked about Space X and standards as well as Dr. Mike Griffin and standards at NASA when he was the administrator. Later in the segment, we backed up and got Mark to explain the problems regarding standards or the lack thereof. Later, a listener asked Mark for some examples. One example he gave us was Henry Ford and standards at the early Ford Motor Company. Toward the end of the segment, Mark started addressing liability issues along with fielding a question about the Dream Chaser vehicle. In the second segment, we talked about government contracts and some oversight. Mark explained testing in greater details and we asked why there would be opposition to standards. Mark also raised the issue of why there was no PE title for aerospace engineers. You might be surprised by what he had to say about this. During this segment, we again discussed liability protection for the developing companies. Mark was very critical of putting energy into liability shielding and protection over standards. I supported Mark in his comments. Make sure you hear this discussion which may prove controversial for many of you. Near the end, I asked Mark about his fellow employees at MSFC and how they processed the economic news regarding the US and from around the world. I wanted to know how the teams understood and applied to their jobs and profession the economic information and conditions in the country. Don’t miss his pearls of wisdom closing comments.