SWF-Space Show Webinar, Friday, 12-18-15 December 17, 2015Posted by The Space Show in Uncategorized.
Tags: 1 to 40 Gigahertz range, antennas, atmospheric absorption, atmospheric interference, Beau Backus, C-band, David Hartshorn, Dept. of Defense, enforcement., government regulation, high altitude communications platforms, higher satellite operational frequencies, Intentional RFI, International Mobile Telecommunications (IMT), ITU, KA band, lower frequency characteristics, Radio Frequency Interference (RFI), receivers, satellite communications equipment, satellite operators, satellite user groups, Secure World Foundation, Space Data Associations, Space Frequency Coordination Group, spectrum, Terahertz bands, training, transmitters, UAVs, unintentional RFI, United Nations, Victoria Samson, wireless industry, World Radiocommunication Conference (WRC)
SWF-Space Show Webinar, Friday, 12-18-15
http://vimeo.com/channels/thespaceshow- Video of webinar
Featured Guests: VICTORIA SAMSON,The Secure World Foundation; BEAU BACKUS, Senior Project Manager for Spectrum @ The Aerospace Corporation; DAVID Hartshorn, Secretary General of GVF
Guests (Webinar): Victoria Samson, Beau Backus, David Hartshorn. Topics: Radio Frequency Interference (RFI), satellite operators, users, wireless, & much more. This program was recorded as a webinar which you can view at https://vimeo.com/channels/thespaceshow. You can also listen to it as an audio only program as you would any archived Space Show program. Please note that there were some audio issues as all guests were using cell phones. Please direct all comments and questions regarding Space Show programs/guest(s) to the Space Show blog, https://thespaceshow.wordpress.com. Comments and questions should be relevant to the specific Space Show program. Written Transcripts of Space Show programs are a violation of our copyright and are not permitted without prior written consent, even if for your own use. We do not permit the commercial use of Space Show programs or any part thereof, nor do we permit editing, YouTube clips, or clips placed on other private channels & websites. Space Show programs can be quoted, but the quote must be cited or referenced using the proper citation format. Contact The Space Show for further information. In addition, please remember that your Amazon purchases can help support The Space Show/OGLF. See http://www.onegiantleapfoundation.org/amazon.htm. For those listening to archives using live365.com and rating the programs, please email me as to why you assign a specific rating to the show. This will help me bring better programming to the audience.
We welcomed Victoria Samson, Beau Backus and David Hartshorn to this Secure World Foundation-Space Show webinar to address radio frequency interference issues facing the satellite user and operators, plus much more. In addition, both Beau and David have reference material relevant to our webinar and the issues we discussed uploaded on The Space Show blog for this program date. Make sure you see these uploads and make use of the information in the documents: (https://thespaceshow.wordpress.com/2015/12/17/swf-space-show-webinar-friday-12-18-15). In the first 60 minute segment, each of our guests provided us with a short introductory statement regarding radio frequency (RF) issues plus their background & experience in the RF industry and policy fields. This was followed by Ms. Samson offering us a comprehensive assessment of RFI issues as of the close of 2015 given the increasing democratization of access to space. Do not miss her analysis as to why the RF spectrum is a critical component of space activities. Our guests talked about the traditional players in this industry, then they explained how the “player” filed has been expanding as space access expands. We also talked about intentional and unintentional interference with our guests providing us with a good working definition for each interference category. Several examples of intentional and unintentional interference were given. One of the biggest intentional (jamming) interference events was rooted in the Arab Spring movement. This came up several times during our webinar. We also learned that the overwhelming percentage of interference events were unintentional by at least 90% of all interference events. We talked about what causes an unintentional event, the need for better equipment and training, plus both the U.S. and international regulatory environment for spectrum regulation, enforcement and consequence for violations. Examples were provided including the recent Bolivia World Cup television event. As for intentional interference, we talked about & defined jamming. We talked about possible solutions though nation’s pursue their interests and as was evidenced in the Arab Spring movement, it was in the interest of some countries to jam radio signals from reaching desired groups of people and markets. Our guests talked about the difficulty in jamming enforcement given all nations do it through their military institutions and warfare when in their interest. Near the end of the first segment, our guests introduced us to the World Radiocommunication Conference 2015 (WRC) which was recently held in Geneva (see www.itu.int/en/ITU-R/conferences/wrc/2015/Pages/default.aspx) and the issues brought about by the wireless industry accessing C-band frequencies from 3.4-4.2 GHz as there can be wireless interference with satellite communications. Our guests explained the wireless and satellite industry positions in this issue. For the balance of the first segment, our guests talked about wireless industry issues, the challenges brought about by these issues, plus frequency allocations as a way to possibly mitigate some of the challenges and to protect important satellite band communications from potential wireless interference.
In the second segment, our guests explained more about C-band and why its in demand and its advantages. We talked about end user groups and their needs along with those of the satellite operators. The issues surrounding trade offs for different uses of spectrum were discussed in a way that clearly identified issues needing resolution. In this part of our webinar, we talked about how spectrum issues had changed and evolved over time, especially with the wireless industry’s better use of C-band. Our guests were asked about the physical imitations of various parts of spectrum. In response to these questions, our guests talked about atmospheric issues, weather, and more, plus what part of spectrum was most impacted by a specific type of event or condition. Victoria brought up the issue of UAVs (drones) and our guests received a question about cubesat communications and FCC regulations. We also discussed high altitude communications platforms which contain several communication advantages such systems. . Don’t miss the discussion on all of these issues. Our guests received a question about additional bands in the spectrum and in response, they told us how more and more of the higher bands were starting to be used by industry players. Toward the end of our program, we focused on solutions. Our three guests told us how the industry & the regulatory bodies were responding to the challenges, especially with a focus on better training given that operator errors have been proven to be a major source of unintentional interference. Focusing on better equipment was also mentioned, both on the transmission and receiving end as equipment problems cause another large part of the unintentional interference issues. They also discussed developments and changes in the wireless industry to resolve significant interference issues when wireless uses some of the same satellite bands or frequency bands very near the satellite bands. All three of our guests offered meaningful closing comments you will definitely want to hear.
Please post all comments/questions on TSS blog above. You can reach any of our guests through their websites or through me.
The slide presentation is here: Backus-Additional Information
From Mr. Hartshorn: A YouTube documentary on jamming: https://youtu.be/St9kKCtpGYA
Dr. Space, Host The Space Show
Dr. Tony Milligan, Monday, 3-30-15 March 31, 2015Posted by The Space Show in Uncategorized.
Tags: "Nobody Owns the Moon: The Ethics of Space Exploitation, Apollo landing sites, asteroid mining, benefit sharing, bilateral agreements, Common Heritage of Mankind, cultural significance, Dr. Tony Milligan, lunar development, Mars, moral commitment, regulatory rules, settlement, space ethics, strip mining, Thorium, thorium reactor and waste., trivial vs. non-trivial, United Nations, vandalism, visibility form Earth
Dr. Tony Milligan, Monday, 3-30-15
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Guest: Dr. Tony Milligan. Topics: Dr. Milligan’s new book, “Nobody Owns the Moon: The Ethics of Space Exploitation” plus commercial space development ethical issues. Please direct all comments and questions regarding Space Show programs/guest(s) to the Space Show blog, https://thespaceshow.wordpress.com. Comments and questions should be relevant to the specific Space Show program. Written Transcripts of Space Show programs are a violation of our copyright and are not permitted without prior written consent, even if for your own use. We do not permit the commercial use of Space Show programs or any part thereof, nor do we permit editing, YouTube clips, or clips placed on other private channels & websites. Space Show programs can be quoted, but the quote must be cited or referenced using the proper citation format. Contact The Space Show for further information. In addition, please remember that your Amazon purchases can help support The Space Show/OGLF. See www.onegiantleapfoundation.org/amazon.htm. For those listening to archives using live365.com and rating the programs, please email me as to why you assign a specific rating to the show. This will help me bring better programming to the audience.
We welcomed Dr. Tony Milligan to the show to discuss his new book, “Nobody Owns the Moon: The Ethics of Space Exploitation.” Note that at approximately 1 hour 47 minutes into the program we lost our guest. I took a short break and was able to get him back with us for the final ten minutes of our 1 hour 58 minute discussion. In the first segment of the show, Dr. Milligan introduced us to the book and the topic from a moral and ethical perspective. He said that he was in the middle range from not wanting any space development activity for ethical reasons to uncontrolled commercial development as in free market activity. He said we had an obligation to do it right but defining what right meant was challenging. I asked him about enforcement and that turned out to be a significant discussion topic for most of our program. I took an early call from Kris in Wyoming who challenged our guest on all levels given his wanting to put a thorium reactor on the Moon, dispose of thorium waste inside a crater, and fuel a lunar settlement. Kris and Tony went back and forth on the issues, approvals that should be required, trivial versus non-trivial, who decides or makes the decisions. Tony cited the Sphinx and Pyramids to make a point which Kris and others rejected during their give and take and the show. One of the issues that kept coming up was that the celestial item in discussion had cultural significance which Tony worked to define. Many emails were received and discussed regarding cultural significance issues, the comparisons to terrestrial monuments and a celestial body, plus the point that the development on the Moon or Mars would not be visible from Earth so why should it matter. See if you agree with Dr. Milligan on the visibility issue. We talked about Ch. 7 in his book on mining off world. Trivial and non-trivial pursuits came up again as our guest would not be inclined to approve a trivial pursuit but if it was significant, it would probably be approved. Of course who decides if a project is trivial or not and then attempts to enforce all of this remains an issue. Michael Listner called in and largely supported our guest saying this discussion was highly relevant. We also talked about the NASA ARM mission , lunar protection, and more.
In the second segment, Tim from Huntsville was our first caller. He misread the bio for our guest but wanted to talk about vandalism and other issues but they were descriptive used for another book written by Dr. Milligan. More emails came in including from Doug wanting to know who or by what process the Moon was assigned value and are there other countries where one could go to do commercial activities in space without regard to the issues our guest was speaking about. Don’t miss Tony’s response to both of Doug’s questions. Kirk wanted to know if Tony thought there was a difference in speaking about these issues in Europe as compared to the U.S. , then Doug called to talk with Tony about striking a balance and getting Tony to say what he would and would not be willing to approve. In this discussion the cultural value of the Moon came up as Doug asked if he would approve this or that project. Of course this means that Tony, someone else or some organization would have the approval or disapproval power based on certain criteria that may or may not be objective or to the liking of the entrepreneur for reasons totally contrary to the project’s goals. Doug talked about the rational man standard but even that can be subjective as everyone always believes they are being rational. I used as an example the current nuclear talks with Iran. From the Iranian perspective, their demands are rational and in keeping with their “rational man” standards but not ours. Michael Listner emailed in about the Apollo landing sites NASA guidelines. Other emails came in including one four part note from Ken. Tony responded to Ken with one consolidated answer for all his four questions. Perhaps Ken will post his questions on the blog though I read the email on air. Tim called back about the time we lost Tony on the call. Tim wanted to talk about Common Heritage of Mankind and benefit sharing plus the UN but Tony was already off the call. I paused the discussion to get Tony back on the line for the last ten minutes of our show. When Tony came back on we talked about the differences in the Moon and Mars regarding ethical issues, settlement as being trivial or non-trivial, and that only non-trivial pursuits should be permitted. In the end, our guest said his book was meant to open these discussions and that all sides should be represented and have a voice, even those poorer nations that cannot access or do anything with space though he did not say they should have an equal voice to the space fairing nations. As the program was ending, I asked Dr. Milligan about his upcoming book which will be an edited volume on these issues featuring both sides to the argument. For sure we will invited Dr. Milligan back when that book is available.
Post your comments/questions on TSS blog above. You can reach Dr. Milligan through me or his University of Hertfordshire website. If you buy his book, please do so through the OGLF Amazon portal so that Amazon will contribute to The Space Show. Instructions are on all website archived summaries as well as the blog archive summaries.
Dr. Edythe Weeks, Tuesday, 11-20-12 November 21, 2012Posted by The Space Show in Uncategorized.
Tags: "Outer Space Development, benefit sharing, capitalism, citizen science, commercial space development, Common Heritage of Mankind, creating an ideological shift, Dr. Edythe (Edy) Weeks, environmental issues, giggle factor, IAF, International Institute of Space Law, international relations, International Relations and Space Law: A Method for Elucidating Seeds, NewSpace, nonprofit, private investment, public/private partnerships, revenue sharing, space entrepreneurism, space law, space mining, space property rights. The Outer Space Treaty, space resources, space tourism, tattoos, taxes, The Moon Treaty, United Nations, venture capital
Dr. Edythe Weeks, Tuesday, 11-20-12